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Chapter 9 Review - Ch 9 Noam Chomsky One or the most...

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Ch 9 Noam Chomsky One or the most influential theorist in modern linguistics. Wrote textbook (1957) led to a decreased in behaviorism (debate with Skinner) Proposed humans have innate language skills. o LAD-Language acquisition device o Inborn understanding o Children learn linguistic structures way before they master other simpler tasks, such a mental arithmetic. Proposed language is modular o Not just a byproduct of other cognitive processes, but a distinct ability. Argued that human language abilities could be explained only in terms of a complex system of rules and principles represented in minds of speakers. o Innate grammar structure in humans. Transformational Grammar Surface Structure : Words o Example George rolled the ball to me The ball was rolled to me by George It was George who rolled the ball. Deep Structure: The meaning of words Transformational grammar : how we get from surface to deep structure and back.
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