Ancient Greece4 - Ancient Greece Chapter Four-The Archaic Age Thursday 4:31 PM Timeline o o o o o Before 750 BC Phoenicians found colonies in

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Thursday, February 02, 2006 4:31 PM Timeline:  o Before 750 BC: Phoenicians found colonies in western Mediterranean,  such as at Cadiz (in modern Spain) o 750 BC: Greek city-states beginning to organize spatially and socially o 750-550 BC: Greek colonies founded all around Mediterranean region o 700-650 BC: Hoplite armor becoming much more common in Greece o 600 and after: Chattel slavery becomes increasingly common in Greece   1. Developing the City-State a. Name comes from art history i. Named based on aesthetics of the art b. Organized on the principle of citizenship i. Complex community made up of people of different legal and social  statuses ii. Even the poorest free-born members could be citizens or even  granted some rights c. The Characteristics of the City-State i. Polis was not just a city surrounded by walls, but also the  countryside for some miles 1. Citizens could live in the city or on a isolated farm ii. Only men were citizens, although women were counted politically,  socially, and religiously iii. God was the protector of the community 1. i.e. Athena for Athens 2. Cults were expected to sacrifice animals a. Demonstrate the respect and piety of the members of  the polis iv. Independent of its neighbors v. Near Eastern traders had a lot of contact with mainland Greece  during the "Bronze Age" 1. Influence? vi.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIS 116 taught by Professor Crawford during the Spring '08 term at Mount St. Marys College.

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Ancient Greece4 - Ancient Greece Chapter Four-The Archaic Age Thursday 4:31 PM Timeline o o o o o Before 750 BC Phoenicians found colonies in

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