Abram 188 mdtm - Maia Kazaks ES188 F07 Midterm essay Part...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Maia Kazaks ES188 F07 Midterm essay Part One: The Essay Abram versus the Rest of the World: Challenging the Basis of Technocentrism The development of the modern objective perspective, through the separation of humans and self from nature, or the other, produced an anthropocentric arrogance, lacking deeper awareness and connection to the earth. David Abram challenges the values and ethics that form the basis of our society’s technocentric worldview by looking at philosophical theories of the past. Using major ideas and theories of Merleau-Ponty, Abram finds relief from the despair of a failed modernity through perception. The Cartesian dichotomy, so essential for justifying the abuse of the Other, is countered in Abram’s over-arching philosophy of interconnected beings, reflected in the principle of Gaia and several aspects of the ecocentrism understanding. From Aristotle to Descartes to Al Gore Our separation from other life and thus, other levels of understanding, may be founded in Aristotle. Aristotle’s theory that plants exist for the use of animals, and both existing for the purpose of humans, hammered a wedge between one species and all the others on this planet. Aristotle assigned these roles to the various forms of life by making assumptions about the souls of these beings, the vegetal, animal and rational souls.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Descartes decided that it is humans alone, with intellect and “thinking minds”, who can and should make decisions for all beings who are “incapable of actual experience, unable to feel pleasure or suffer pain. Hence, we humans need have no scruples about manipulating, exploiting, or experimenting upon other animals in any manner we see fit” (Abram, p48). This is based on two views: that as a human one has a separation from the entirety of the natural world (self and other), and that nature exists (and is valued as) a resource, rather than an interconnected community of beings and the assumption of an inherent hierarchy with humans as rulers. The only things beyond human control are mathematical regularities and natural laws, which, according to Descartes and Galileo, govern all aspects of non-human life.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern