Psych Test 2 With Key - Name Student ID PSYCH 1101 Fall 2013 Dr Goodie T Th 9:30 Exam 2 Version A key 1 The tendency of an examiner to favor information

Psych Test 2 With Key - Name Student ID PSYCH 1101 Fall...

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Unformatted text preview: Name _____________________________ Student ID ________________________________ PSYCH 1101, Fall 2013, Dr. Goodie, T Th 9:30, Exam 2 Version A key 1) The tendency of an examiner to favor information that confirms his or her beliefs or hypothesis is _________________ a. availability bias b. confirmation bias* c. belief bias d. syllogistic reasoning 5) __________ is responsible for the theory of multiple intelligences. a. b. c. d. Alfred Binet Theodore Simon Sir Francis Galton Howard Gardner* 6) ______ is generally more life threatening than _________. 2) The concept that old information interferes with new information is _______. a. interactive interference b. retroactive interference c. rational choice theory d. proactive interference* 3) If two individuals with mild intellectual disability reproduce their children will most likely be… a. More intellectually disabled than their parents b. Equally intellectually disabled as their parents c. Less intellectually disabled than their parents* d. Of greater intelligence than the population average a. b. c. d. anorexia….bulimia* bulimia….anorexia binge-eating disorder….anorexia bulimia (non-purging type) ….anorexia 7) ________is the study of the sound of language. a. b. c. d. semantics syntax phonology* pragmatics 8) Which of the following is not a likely treatment for someone suffering from anorexia nervosa a. taking away high fashion 4) If you are under 85% of your body weight and purge after eating, you are suffering from which of the following a. bulimia nervosa b. restrictive anorexia c. bulimic anorexia* d. purging disorder magazines b. systematic desensitization c. changing the way the person thinks about food d. being harshly critical about the person’s physical appearance * 9) The smallest unit of language that has meaning is the ______. Name _____________________________ Student ID ________________________________ PSYCH 1101, Fall 2013, Dr. Goodie, T Th 9:30, Exam 2 Version A key a. b. c. d. semantics syntax morpheme* phoneme 14) According to the theory of multiple intelligences, naturalistic intelligence refers to______. a. being in tune with nature and an 10) The study of the structure of language, or how we arrange sounds in organized or meaningful units, is called: a. b. c. d. phonology syntax* semantics pragmatics 11) Autism is caused by ________. a. any immunization b. the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination c. high levels of mercury ingestion d. none of the above* 12) The best way to treat autism is through a. b. c. d. psychotherapy behavior modification* systematic desensitization eclectic theories 13) Which of the following is not a common treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder/ Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? a. b. c. d. e. negative reinforcement behavior modification psychotherapy* classroom management psychopharmacology interest in nurturing* b. being able to solve non-physical problems c. the ability to reason about emotions and use emotions to enhance reasoning d. the ability to see abstract relationships 15) Crystallized intelligence refers to______. a. the ability to retain and use knowledge that was acquired through experience* b. the ability to see abstract relationships and draw influences c. the ability to reason about emotions and use emotions to enhance reasoning d. . being able to solve non-physical problems 16) Intelligence correlates with all of the following except______? a. income b. occupational status c. parents’ SES d. school performance e. relationship status* 17) A gang member would most likely have which type of conduct disorder? a. socialized* b. undersocialized c. unsocialized Name _____________________________ Student ID ________________________________ PSYCH 1101, Fall 2013, Dr. Goodie, T Th 9:30, Exam 2 Version A key d. Conduct disorder NOS d. the idea that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible 18) Which of the following symptoms of conduct disorder is least likely to appear in an adolescent who does not have 22) When infants in new situations conduct disorder? examine their mother ’s face for cues a. lying about what to do, they are b. stealing demonstrating________. c. abusing animals* d. truancy a. joint attention e. drug usage b. imitation c. social referencing* d. habituation 19) An infant with _____ attachment would be distressed if their mother leaves but would be ambivalent when 23) When small children cover their the mother returns. eyes during hide and seek they believe a. secure that because they cannot see b. avoidant themselves others can’t see them either. c. insecure* This is an example of _____. d. disorganized a. egocentrism* b. conservation 20) The two-factor theory of intelligence c. object permanence is a combination of specific abilities and d. assimilation _____ 24) Which of the following is NOT a a. creative intelligence defining feature of Piaget’s b. primary mental abilities preoperational stage? c. general ability* a. Representation (especially with d. analytic intelligence toys) b. Lack of mental manipulation c. Beginning of “theory of mind”* 21) Accommodation refers to ______ d. Failures of conservation, egocentrism a. theories or models of the way the world works b. the processes by which infants 25) When asked which kills more apply their schemas in novel people each year, shark attacks or situations falling airplane parts, most people c. The process by which infants thought the correct answer was shark revise their schemas in light of attack. This is an example of: new information* a. The availability heuristic* b. Judgment and decision making Name _____________________________ Student ID ________________________________ PSYCH 1101, Fall 2013, Dr. Goodie, T Th 9:30, Exam 2 Version A key c. Representativeness a. Mental manipulation of objects d. A rule of thumb b. Pure math* c. Theory of mind d. Performing cartwheels 26) A young child tells her babysitter “I always get dessert when I eat all my dinner” with the intention of sending the message “you’re supposed to give me 31) When ________ is damaged, dessert now!” This is an example of: patients can produce sentences, but they tend to be meaningless a. Illocutionary intent* a. Wernicke’s area* b. Locutionary intent b. The right hemisphere of the brain c. Telegraphic speech c. Broca’s area d. Heuristic d. Aphasia’s area 27) Piaget’s study of _______ largely contributed to his theory of cognitive development. a. Attachment in monkeys b. Children with intellectual disabilities c. Mental manipulation of objects d. His 3 children* 28) At 4-6 months of age, children typically begin: a. Cooing b. Babbling, unless they are deaf c. Babbling, even if they are deaf* d. Telegraphic speech 29) Thurstone proposed that ______ was a primary mental ability that allows us to detect visual details quickly. a. Space b. Word fluency c. Number d. Perceptual learning* 30) What is a typical deficit during the stage of concrete operations? 32) In 4 years, a young female chimpanzee named Washoe learned approximately 160 words and could construct simple sentences by primarily using _______. a. Tokens b. A geometric keyboard system c. American Sign Language* d. Their strong vocal tracts 33) Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon developed the first intelligence test in order to: a. Identify gifted students in elementary French elementary schools b. Determine a child’s ratio IQ c. Identify unique types of intelligence d. Identify children who needed re...
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