anth142week8 - WEEK 8 QUESTIONS - #1-23 1. What are four...

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WEEK 8 QUESTIONS - #1-23 1. What are four reasons that women in India are reluctant to divorce? 1) Discrimination of self and children (stigma and harassment) 2) Dowry was given (but technically illegal) 3) Entire family is involved 4) Difficult to obtain (pressured to reconcile) 5) Hard to have economic independence (is she educated? Can she get a job?) 6) Reluctance to return to her own family 7) No one will marry her 2. What was the young widow in Mysore, Kumudavathi, talking about when she quoted the Kannada proverb, "A given girl is out of the family," and then added, "Once she is given out, we wash our hands of her."? Widows are considered to be inauspicious, not productive, are polluted and are a financial burden to the family as once they are given, they cannot return to their natal family for support. This caused them to become beggars and join together to live in an ashram for widows. (The following refers to the bride which can be viewed as a set-up for the problem of the widow.) She is sent out of the home, given in marriage to another person, as a ‘wife’ of someone else. once married to a man, she has to live her whole life with that person. It is a common practice in India that when a women enters the home of her husband the first day when she is brought in as a newly-wed wife, she does not, and cannot leave her husband’s home during her lifetime. 3. What was the original purpose of dowry? 1) provides independent wealth for bride (inheritance); and 2) woman's share of parental wealth given at marriage. Why did this change under British rule? land ownership. Why did some groups, who did not practice dowry before, change under colonial rule? 1) To kept up with the capitalist economy (taxes and consumerism); 2) To provide income to the grooms family; and 3) To no longer pay a Bride-price. The Dowry system (non-existent before the 18th c.) can be attributed to the coming of the colonial and imperialist British with their land ownership rights and the associated revenues. Prior to the British instituted system, no single person held land ownership; the village as a whole owned the land so no one could give or take could be possible during weddings. Once individual and fractious land ownership was forcibly introduced by the British, it became possible for land to be traded and offered as gift or transferred. Prior to the British Dowry system, the only wealth given during weddings was the jewelry/ornaments passed from mother to daughter as has been happening since generations. Even now this tradition continues, but has been subsumed by the larger British Dowry system. (wikipedia) 4. What is "dowry harassment" and "dowry death?" The bride and her family are asked for specific items and are held hostage until requests are provided. If the bride’s family fails to provide required dowry to the groom’s family, in a specified period of time, a result may be the torture or killing of the bride by the groom’s family. What are two of the reasons that perpetrators are rarely prosecuted?
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anth142week8 - WEEK 8 QUESTIONS - #1-23 1. What are four...

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