anth142week9-2 - Week 9 Final Batch of Questions 1...

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Week 9: Final Batch of Questions 1. According to Metcalf and Metcalf ('India in the Nineties'), what is Huntington's premise for "The Clash of Civilizations," and why is it incorrect? There was deep & enduring differences/characteristics of Islam, Indic civilizations & the West. These, with the end of the Cold War, would shape international relationships. Incorrect because of the great variety of traditions; long history of interactions were unchanged & there were great variations in patterns of interaction among civilizations. (250 - ¶ 1) 2. Metcalf and Metcalf say that India's social and economic policies indicate an 'ambivalence' between viewing society as a collection of free and equal individuals on the one hand, and as corporate groups on the other. What are two of these corporate groups, and how is this ambivalence expressed in government policies? Muslims & untouchables & other disadvantaged tribes The constitution sought to eliminate colonial categories yet minority categories were still used commission reports (human/civil rights) [250 - ¶ 2] 3. Give one example of the way in which economic liberalization in India exacerbated political mobilization around caste or religion. With an increasing consumer-oriented society, lifestyle of those profiting in the new economy visible, tension between class and regional deprivation grew. Liberalization and concomitant withdrawal of protection to agriculture & public sector did not help. There was increased violence against presumed rivals for economic preference & assertion of state/caste. (251 ¶ 1) 4. What three states in India were seeking separation in the 1990s? How were these dealt with, and what has been the outcome in each case? 1) Kashmir; 2) Punjab; 3) Assam; military presence and crackdown on militants. 1. Kashmir, a demand for a secular & autonomous state (Kashmir Liberation Front). There was a larger issue related to Muslims which made this matter difficult to settle. Military presence was increased to 1 in 5 and 30,000 people died. 2. Punjab, the Sikh’s separatist movement simmered with accommodation from the centre, which equated to a return to normalcy. 3. Assam this move for independence was fueled by ‘internal colonialism’ as non- Assamese were in control. Major armed operations and incorporation of Assamese into political/business institutions were remedial. 5. What is the Mandal Commission report?
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Mandal Commission report was used to identify the socially or educationally backward. Headed by Indian parliamentarian Prasad Mandal to consider the question of seat
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course ANTH 142 taught by Professor Taber during the Spring '06 term at UCSB.

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anth142week9-2 - Week 9 Final Batch of Questions 1...

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