CHHI 525 Research Paper - LIBERTY UNIVERSITY THE INFLUENCES...

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY THE INFLUENCES OF JOHN CALVIN AND THE CONTRIBUTIONS THAT HE FACED SUBMITTED TO DR.BRUCE SNAVELY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPLETION OF THE COURSE, BY BEVERLY MANNING LYNCHBURG, VA OCTOBER 11, 2014 Thesis Statement
John Calvin has a profound impact on history and the 16th century. Calvin made major strides with his teachings and ministry, and his teachings and ministry was faced with a lot controversy. The reason for this research is to look at the contributions that John Calvin made to religion and to look at the controversies that rose up due to his contributions, both in the 16 th century and today. 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Influence of Calvin’s Early Life on his Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 The Organizations of the Christian Religion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Opponents and Debates of the 16th Century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Predestination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Calvin’s Method of TULIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Total Depravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Unconditional Election . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Limited Atonement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Irresistible Grace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Perseverance of the Saints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Debates of Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3
Introduction Unless one mentions Martin Luther, there hasn’t been a Protestant leader that has had a more lasting impression on Western culture than John Calvin. 1 Gonzalez compared Luther and Calvin. He stated that Luther was “wild boar that trampled the Lord’s vineyard.” 2 On the other hand, Calvin could be described as a “careful thinker who bound the various Protestant doctrines into a cohesive whole.” 3 Calvin made numerous contributions to religion with his teaching and ministry, and his theory TULIP was just one of them. TULIP is an acronym that means: Total depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace and Perseverance of the Saints. This is not an inclusive canon of Calvin’s teachings of destiny, but it includes a lot of Calvin’s versions of the word of God and a framework of his own doctrine. Although Calvin made numerous contributions, his teachings and ministry was not received by everyone, and he had a lot of critics. These people challenged his beliefs and religious doctrines and tried to discredit him. For instance, one of the main issues that his critics challenged him own was Jesus’ existence in the Holy Communion. Influence of Calvin’s Early Life on his Philosophy 1 David Steinmetz, Calvin in Context, (New York, NY: Oxford, 1995), 3. 2 Justo L. Gonzalez, The History of Christianity Volume Two: The Reformation to the Present Day, (New York: Harper One, 2010), 19. 3 Ibid, 77. 4
The great philosopher was born in Noyon, France on July 10, 1509. At this time, Martin had given many of his teachings, and the Protestant Reformation was about to come on the scene. While studying in Paris, he begin to learn about humanism and the traditional response that many had about it.

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