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CULTURE EXAM II REVIEW 02.26.08 VIDEO: POWHATAN Jamestown needed more land for their cash crop of tobacco By 1645, the battle between the two fur lands was hopeless and the war ended with the leader’s capture and murder Thanksgiving (1621) 1619 – a man named Tisquantum who had been captured and sold into slavery but had been freed and escaped hurried back to his village but no one was alive, due to disease December 1620 – the Mayflower sailed to the bay of Tisquantum’s old village site and renamed it Plymouth o 1 st Winter: 100 colonists reduced in number due to sickness and starvation; no Indians helped due to the past devastation from colonists o In Spring, they were greeted by an Indian (Samoset) who told them the story of the village that used to be there Later went to a nearby Indians and bame back with an entourage along with Tisquantum that resulted in a treaty with the colonists because of the threat of rival Indians to the north who were unaffected by the plague (strength in numbers) o Tisquantum remained with the pilgrims and taught them how to plant and the annual ceremony of Thanksgiving that lasted 3 nights; invited the Wampanoag people (leader: Massasoit) who came (90 people with 5 deer to feast on) Promised to make feast a ritual in remembrance of their friendship o In about 40 years, Plymouth had expanded and had 50 years of peace maintained 1660 = Massasoit died and his 24 year old son, Phillip, took over and he was not adverse to fighting o At this time, Plymouth had about 50,000 residents o Indian culture was seen as inferior and savages; the culture was dying o English made the Indians go by the Christian way (pray or be shot) 15 years after Massasoit’s death, King Phillip urged for war because the allegiance of the people was dying and the culture was dissolving o Summer 1675 – King Phillip’s War began English towns were burnt down (but warnings were sent to old family friends who Phillip knew had been good to him and his father) o Great Swamp Massacre (Dec. 19, 1675) – many people were burned alive in their wigwams and the Indian morale started to die while the English got their luck back o Phillip’s wife and 9 year old son were captured and sold into slavery in Bermuda
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It was the last straw: Aug. 12, 1676 – English allies came and he fought, though he died by getting shot through the heart by an Indian mercenary Fur Trade – (1600s) fur traders went into the deep interior in order to get more fur which became a highly anticipated commodity due to the popularity of (beaver) felt hats Higher prices = Indians wanted to trade more than to go back to the old ways o Young men pursued commercial hunting while field lay abandoned and ancient values came under attack o Within decades, animal populations were completely extinguished in whole regions o The emergence of alcohol lead to the rise of alcoholism amongst the Indian men Red vermillion paint was introduced by the whites and were used instead of the
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course ANT 326L taught by Professor Wilson during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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