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exam_1_key - PSC 41: Research Methods Exam 1 This exam...

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PSC 41: Research Methods Exam 1 This exam consists of 50 multiple-choice questions (each worth 2 points). It may seem that some of the multiple-choice questions have more than one answer that “could” be correct. This is a necessary aspect of multiple-choice tests. Please choose the one BEST answer to each question. Relax, and good luck! 1. Psychology and biology are both sciences because they share the assumption that: a. our physical needs are the root of all behavior b. behavior follows general rules c. creativity is best left to artists d. skepticism is a negative quality 2. Psychology is considered a science because it a. relies on advanced technologies b. accepts ideas that seem plausible c. relies on objective observation d. studies animal as well as human behavior 3. Which statement is most representative of a reason that a scientist would reject a claim a. “That sounds weird!” b. “That’s not what I’ve heard from other people!” c. “That goes against the objective evidence!” d. “If that were true, I would have heard about it already!” 4. Hypotheses are statements that a. may be disproven b. have already been supported by data c. seem reasonable d. are made “after-the-fact” 5. Testable statements tend to include: a. operational definitions b. specific predictions c. neither a nor b d. both a and b 6. When you define "marital satisfaction" as a score on an marital satisfaction measure, you are: a. being vague b. being skeptical c. creating an operational definition d. improving the external validity of your study Page 1 of 8
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7. If a research study, such as a survey, describes how people feel, but does not tell us a why they feel that way, the study: a. is unethical b. lacks external validity c. lacks internal validity d. lacks construct validity 8. A researcher is looking at the effects of self-esteem on aggressive behavior. The research defines aggressive behavior as “trying to kill other participants in the study”. If another researcher thinks that this is a poor operational definition of aggressive behavior, this criticism addresses a. internal validity b. construct validity c. external validity d. all of the above 9. Construct validity is a property of research that allows one a. to generalize results to other subjects and settings b. to attribute causality c. to claim appropriate measurement of variables d. to claim that the hypotheses are correct 10. A manipulation causes participants in the experimental group to score higher on a certain measure than the control group participants. The researcher claims that the measure is a measure of self-esteem when, in fact, the measure really assesses mood. The researcher repeats the study numerous times, using a wide variety of participants. The same pattern of results are obtained each time. This study has a. good validity; good reliability b. good validity; poor reliability c. poor validity; good reliability d. poor validity; poor reliability 11. Whether the results of animal research will apply to people is a question of
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exam_1_key - PSC 41: Research Methods Exam 1 This exam...

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