267-Essay 2

267-Essay 2 - Joe Pucci Hist 2670 December 1 2008 Essay#2...

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Joe Pucci Hist 2670 December 1, 2008 Essay #2 TA: Michael Dybicz Oration in Cicero’s Speeches against Catilina Cicero is widely regarded as one of the best orators in the history of Rome . As consul, he used his ability as an orator to deliver captivating and convincing speeches to both the Roman Senate and Roman Assembly . Many of these speeches were given in condemnation of other political figures in the Republic . One such political figure was Catilina . In his speeches against Catilina, Cicero uses oratorical invective, among other oratorical strategies, to attempt to persuade his respective audiences that Catilina was indeed a threat to the Roman Republic . In analyzing the oratorical strategies in his first two speeches, one can gain a unique insight into Roman history at the time Cicero wrote, as well as a general understanding of the usefulness of these speeches in interpreting Roman history . One must understand the context of the two speeches before being able to fully analyze them . Cicero is giving his first speech in front of the Senate at the temple of Jupiter . This location was only used in the most important of circumstances, and this surely set the stage for an effective speech by Cicero . This was coupled with the fact that Catilina actually appeared at the senatorial meeting . This prompted much of Cicero’s first speech to be aimed directly at Catilina, thus inciting a different form of rhetoric . Cicero’s second speech was given in front of the Assembly, convening in the Roman forum . This
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was a common forum for such political discussions . Furthermore, Catilina had already exiled himself, as Cicero had requested of him in his first speech . Thus, much of his second speech is aimed towards Catilina’s conspirators who remained in Rome . Cicero’s oratorical strategies in the two speeches differ as much as their settings and audiences . However, now that a context has been established, ample analysis can be done on them
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267-Essay 2 - Joe Pucci Hist 2670 December 1 2008 Essay#2...

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