Remembering_the_Kanji_volume_3

Remembering_the_Kanji_volume_3 - CONTENTS PREFACE by Tanya...

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Unformatted text preview: CONTENTS PREFACE by Tanya Sienko INTRODUCTION PART ONE: 5 7 WRITING 15 28 144 160 162 165 1 2 3 4 5 6 New Primitives & Kanji Primitives Major Primitive Elements Miscellaneous Kanji Western Measurements Phonetic Characters Old & Alternate Forms PART TWO: READING 177 203 236 264 299 344 355 359 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Old Pure Groups New Pure Groups Semi-Pure Groups Mixed Groups A Potpourri of Readings Kanji with Japanese Readings Only Readings of Old & Alternate Forms 14 Supplementary Kanji INDEXES 1 INDEX 2 INDEX 3 INDEX 4 INDEX Number of Strokes Keywords and Primitive Meanings Readings Primitive Elements 371 389 418 487 490 491 493 Layout of Frames for Part One Layout of Frames for Part Two ABOUT THE AUTHORS Preface Tanya Sienko WHEN I FIRST contacted Dr. Heisig with a proposal to add a third volume to Remembering the Kanji, I somehow left the impression that it was my rather esoteric needs as a scientist that left me hankering for more kanji than the 2,042 I had learned with his method. Actually, it was not the technical prose of Yukawa and Tomonaga on ³eld theory that were causing me my biggest headaches but ordinary Japanese novels. Having read mystery novels to polish my reading in other languages, I was disappointed to ³nd that the “essential” or “general-use” characters were simply not enough to gain entry into the Japanese thriller. After just a few chapters, my maiden voyage ended on the rocks. So much for “basic literacy,” I thought to myself. And so was born the idea for this book. During the time of the American Occupation, the Japanese writing system underwent a complete overhaul, which saw the number of Chinese characters to be learned during the years of compulsory education reduced to a bare minimum of 1,850. The idea was to simplify the system and facilitate literacy by removing rarely used kanji from circulation. What the reformers did not count on in their long-range plan was the resistance of the general public to the disappearance of many kanji customarily used for names. Families reacted by continuing to name their children with “traditional” names, but the government refused to register the kanji. This resulted in the bizarre situation where a number of Japanese were growing up legally nameless. In 1951 the Ministry of Education grudgingly backed down and approved another 92 “legal” characters for names, followed by another 28 in 1976. In 1981 the number of “general-use” kanji was increased in 1,945 and in 1990 the 6 PREFACE kanji approved for use in names was increased to 284. This is the situation at present. Of course, there were still numerous kanji outside the list that continued to be used in place names, or that appeared in books published before the educational reforms and were impractical to update. Over the past twenty years many of these exiled characters have migrated back into daily use. Advertisers often prefer the compactness and precision of older kanji to their phonetic equivalents. Increasing competition has induced universities to include more and more “unof³cial” kanji in their entrance examinations. And popular novelists, as always, cling tenaciously to their cache of little-known glyphs as a mark of the trade. Finally, the ubiquitous word processor has turned the distinction between what is “allowed” and what is “disallowed” into something of an anachronism. For the foreign student who has landed in this mess, there have been only two alternatives: either you adhere to the of³cial list, or you stumble about blindly trying to improve your knowledge as best you can. The idea behind the present book was to offer a third choice: supplementary kanji to lay a solid basis for contemporary Japanese. In addition to the method of selection explained in Dr. Heisig’s introduction, I myself checked the ³nal list against Edward Daub, et al., Comprehending Technical Japanese (University of Wisconsin Press, 1975), which used frequency lists to determine the 500 kanji most used in technical writings. With the exception of characters speci³c to one ³eld, this list is represented in the pages that follow. Of the many people who assisted me in this project, I would like particularly to thank Ronald D. Mabbitt for help in the cross-referencing and for his many useful suggestions on the structure of the book; and Kanda Yumiko P,ÆË{ for checking some of the more obscure compounds. Introduction THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHER William James once wrote that a great idea goes through three stages on its way to acceptance. First, it is dismissed as nonsense. Then it is acknowledged as true, but insigni³cant. Finally, it is seen to be important, but not really anything new. Time and again history con³rms the wisdom of James’s observation, but it also reminds us that the very same bias that resists the invasion of novelty also serves to swat away many a µea-brained idea buzzing about for attention. In this connection, I must admit I am of two minds about Remembering the Kanji and its companion volumes. I have always had the sense that there was something µea-brained about the whole project. Its reception by students of the Japanese language across the world has been as much a surprise to me as to the publishers, the Japan Publications Trading Company. We had expected no more than a short buzz, followed by a ³rm whack into oblivion. From the start I was convinced that if there was anything important in the method, it surely was nothing new. All I had done, after all, was to put some semblance of order into what students of the kanji had always done: trick their minds into making easily forgettable shapes more memorable. The sales of the books, as well as scores of letters from readers, has convinced me that this is in fact the case. On the one hand, the method seems to have proved itself a natural one suited to large number of students motivated to study the kanji on their own. On the other, it remains virtually useless for classroom instruction. This is hardly surprising, since it aims to do something the classroom cannot do, namely to tap the imagination of the individual at the individual’s own learning pace. To the native speaker of Japanese trained in the traditional school system and trying to teach the Japanese writing system to those whose primary education was outside of the “kanji curtain,” it can only appear a distracting gimmick. For one who does not know from experience the question behind the method, the answer—even if it works—makes no sense. Whatever the merits of 8 INTRODUCTION Remembering the Kanji as a learning tool, then, its demerits as a teaching tool are beyond redemption. This is probably for the best. To force the expectations of the textbook on the method would probably only end up frustrating everyone—teachers and students. The saving grace of the books is that they are simply too µea-brained to run the circuit of “course work.” Letters from readers have combined expressions of gratitude with more good ideas for improvements than I could ever assimilate into subsequent editions. The misprints that had slipped in along the way, thanks again to alert readers, have been periodically corrected in later printings. For the rest I have let the books stand as they are, reckoning that their unpolished edges encourage the very kind of participation that makes them work in the ³rst place. The one most common request that has haunted me over the years has been for a supplementary volume that would pick up some of the more useful kanji outside the lists propagated as standard by Japan’s Ministry of Education. The request always seemed reasonable enough. When I myself had worked through the of³cial list of kanji, I was left with much the same feeling: learning to write the characters is so simple—now if there were some list that could guide me into learning more of them…. The only solution I could see was to learn new characters as they showed up in reading. Unfortunately, I kept no records, and could only reply to readers that they, too, let their particular reading habits guide their acquisition of new kanji. But I always knew it was not quite the right answer to an important question. Then, about a year and a half ago, Tanya Sienko, a theoretical physicist from the United States employed at Japan’s National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, persuaded me that something concrete could be done. Her idea was for a volume that would aim at raising pro³ciency to the level of 3,000 kanji, based on the methods of volumes I and II of Remembering the Kanji. The present book is the result of our combined efforts. The initial decision to aim at a list of 3,000 characters was not based on any established measure of “upper-level pro³ciency,” but simply out of the need for some parameters within which to begin working. As the selecting of new characters progressed, the decision justi³ed itself and was left to stand. The choice of which kanji to include and which to leave out was far from simple. In 1990 the Ministry of Education published a revised list of characters for use in names, 284 in all. Kanji from this list that had INTRODUCTION 9 not been covered in volumes I and II were added ³rst, together with all their readings. The next step was to consult a list of 3,505 characters published in 1963 by the National Japanese Language Research Institute.1 Since 1956 the Institute had been issuing periodic reports of research on the frequency with which kanji appeared in various ³elds of study. Based on some 90 academic and popular journals, a team of scholars turned up 3,328 characters, to which the Institute added another 177. Although the list was not based on the Ministry of Education’s list of general-use kanji (øä+°), it includes all the kanji found in the latter (latest revision, 1977) but, as you might suspect, does not include all the characters from the Ministry’s 1990 revised list for use in names. In any case, all new kanji in the list with a frequency of more than 9 were selected. The following chart shows the breakdown of the frequency and the overlay of kanji used for names. The darkened areas represent the ³rst two groups of kanji checked for inclusion in the present volume: The next problem was how to sift through the remaining kanji to reach a total of 3,000. The solution consisted in overlaying a completely new system of classi³cation that has taken the world of Chinese characters by storm since the time of the frequency studies. 1978 marks a watershed in the story of the kanji and in the compilation of frequency lists. It was in that year that the Japanese writing system was converted into computer code, opening the way to the use of the personal computer in Japan. There was never any question that 1 AêÖP£GY)uäBä°B C³C³BÓÁ‹³²D 22 (1963). } 3,505 ° 10 INTRODUCTION Japan would march enthusiastically to the drum of the computer revolution. But to do so, some way had ³rst to be found around the obvious impossibility of squeezing the Japanese writing system into the 7-bit character codes that make up the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) character sets. In response to the challenge, the Japan Industrial Standard or JIS was born. From the outset the JIS classi³cation has never wanted for critics, but the complaints were largely mufµed by the sheer thrill of having a simple tool to manipulate the Chinese characters. In the early stages, a ³rst list of less than 3,000 kanji (JIS-12) was installed as standard in personal computers and printers, while a second list of over 4,000 kanji (JIS-2) was sold separately. Writers and specialists grumbled about characters that had been left out of JIS-1 and relegated to the “second-class” status of JIS-2. By the end of the 1980s, both character sets had been adjusted and are now installed as standard in most computer equipment.3 The kanji that had been left out of both lists were another matter. Nearly all word-processing programs have included utilities for creating ‘° or “excluded characters.” Eventually a third set, the JIS-supplement, was devised. To date, it covers an additional 5,801 kanji. This supplement is not yet standard in personal computers and printers, though newer dictionaries include the code numbers that have been assigned.4 In the near future it is reasonable to expect that they, too, will become standard equipment. The control of language, which has been an important cultural weapon in the arsenal of modern governments for the past four centuries and more, has brought political complications to the computerization of the kanji in Japan, often masquerading in the robes of scholarly objectivity. Indeed, the more voracious the popular appetite for computer access to kanji becomes, the more these issues come to the fore. The Ministry of Education, for example, which seems to have felt slighted by 2 JIS-1 includes basic Roman, Greek, and Cyrillic characters, as well as a handful of general-use typesetting symbols. 3 Meantime, the early 1990s saw the arrival of Unicode, a workable worldwide standard, based on 16-bit code, that would cover all writing and symbol systems. By that time the Japanese JIS had already become a permanent ³xture, and adjustments were made to assign it a place in the Unicode structure that would not conµict with Korean and Chinese. 4 For an example of the most up-to-date kanji dictionary, which was relied on heavily for the production of this book, see: à, ±%y[¨°Áq CØ+BnD (Tokyo: Taishðkan, 1992). INTRODUCTION 11 the designers of the new computer standards, still make no mention of the J IS ’s existence in their of³cial lists of general-use characters. Meantime, efforts by the Ministry to regulate the number of kanji in general use have been undercut by the very computers they use to compose and print their regulations. There is no reason to think that the situation will change in the years to come.5 Most important for our purposes here, the wealth of characters seems to have retarded research into standards of “upper-level pro³ciency.” After its latest revision in 1990, the tripartite JIS list now contains a whopping 12,156 characters but does nothing to address the problem of frequency of use. A simple, if time-consuming, procedure was followed in making the selection of the remaining characters for this volume. First, all kanji that appeared less than 9 times in the National Japanese Language Research Institute list and which also appeared in JIS-1 were included. The selection was then rounded off with a few characters that fell outside these borders but which, from personal judgment, we thought it best to include. Graphically, the ³nal results look like this: 5 For a fuller account of these conflicts, see special issues of C ^rQD dealing with + ° o»ûÜí2Ç [Kanji and the computer], 1/2 (1990), and J ‰ + ° u y °5 ¤ “ L [Rethinking the standardization of the kanji at present], 4/2 (1993). 12 INTRODUCTION Chapter 14 is intended to reµect the authors’ dissatisfaction with the unavoidable arbitrariness in the selection process. It opens with a list of 7 kanji (3001–3007) deliberately excluded from the selection process: 5 of them from the list of names and 2 from JIS-2 that seem worth learning. Space is left for you to record additional characters that you feel belong to “upper-level pro³ciency.” In future editions, we hope to be able to add to this list of 7, but that will depend on signi³cant numbers of readers sending in their lists for us to compare. Parts One and Two follow, respectively, the methods of volumes I and II of Remembering the Kanji. The layout of the frames has changed somewhat, but a full graphic description is included at the end of the book, after the Indexes. The choice of sample words for on-yomi readings has been made with an eye to providing useful vocabulary wherever possible, but here, too, there was some arbitrariness. In the course of assigning readings to the kanji, a shelf of dictionaries based on the JIS lists was consulted and compared, only to ³nd inconsistencies at every turn. Given the ease with which computerized data can be accessed, one would expect at least an overall accuracy in indexing and cross-referencing. This was not the case. To compensate for this, Index 3 errs on the side of excess, including more readings than are mentioned in the frames of Part Two. The only exception was made for names: only those readings in the Ministry of Education’s updated list are contained in the index. Otherwise, all four indexes cover all the kanji and readings contained in the three volumes of the Remembering the Kanji series. . James W. Heisig Nagoya PART ONE WRITING CHAPTER 1 New Primitives & Kanji Primitives _NEW PRIMITIVES_ We begin our journey to 3,000 kanji with the addition of a few new primitive elements to those already included in volume I. They have been included only if they appear frequently enough in the kanji in general to be useful, or if at least three instances appear in this volume. Each new element is followed by the new characters in which it appears. After this, all the primitives in this volume will already be familiar to you. If you get stuck, consult the comprehensive list in Index 4 at the end of this volume. 2043. this here R-2670 Â Û ÷ footprint … spoon. [6] 2044. brushwood R-2671 this here … tree. [10] 2045. fort R-2672 this here … stone. [11] 16 NEW PRIMITIVES 2046. whit R-2673 Ô Ñ Ï this here … two. [8] 2047. beard R-3140 hair … shape … this here. [16] * sheik top hat … villain … belt … elbow. [10] This element is already familiar from the character ? (I.1492). The reason the part for elbow requires 3 strokes instead of the usual 2 is that the combination of elements l is actually a radical classically de³ned as having 5 strokes. 2048. crystal R-2454 8 9 ? m jewel … sheik. [15] This is one of the seven classical stones of China. 2049. fowl R-2843 umbrella … sheik. [12] 2050. apple R-2844 tree … fowl. [16] * shoeshine rice … sunglasses. [12] NEW PRIMITIVES 17 This combination of elements has already been learned from the character t (I.1311). The assignation of the primitive meaning is almost entirely arbitrary. 2051. sympathize with R-2499 œ p v state of mind … shoeshine. [15] 2052. phosphorus R-2496 ³re … shoeshine. [16] 2053. camelopard R-2498 deer … shoeshine. [23] The keyword here refers to a motley-colored mythical creature from China with the body of a deer, the tail of a cow, and the crest and claws of a bird. 2054. scaled R-2497 u ³sh … shoeshine. [23] The “scales” referred to here are the kind found on ³sh, dragons, and so forth. 2055. encompassing R-2583 Õ St. Bernard … eel. [8] The sense of the keyword is of something that is expansive and covers over everything. When used as a primitive, this will take the meaning of a dachshund. Think here of a particularly large and l-o-n-g one to combine the qualities of the eel and the St. Bernard. 18 NEW PRIMITIVES 2056. hermitage R-2582 I Ù cave … dachshund. [11] 2057. shrouded R-2584 ³ngers … dachshund. [11] The sense of the keyword does not refer to an actually funeral “shroud,” but only to the sense of being covered over or concealed. 2058. myself R-2585 , person … dachshund. [10] The keyword refers to a very familiar way of referring to oneself, usually restricted to men. * streetwalker ¢ We learned this combination earlier in the character p (I.1014) as composed of the elements person … license … walking legs. The primitive meaning covers the sense of one “walking around licentiously.” [7] 2059. make amends R-2501 Ï v state of mind … streetwalker. [10] 2060. steed R-2503 team of horses … streetwalker. [17] NEW PRIMITIVES 19 2061. steep R-2500 q t ¡ mountain … streetwalker. [10] 2062. complete a job R-2502 vase … streetwalker. [12] 2063. mortar R-2973 back-to-back staples. [6] The mortar referred to here is a stone or wooden basin used for grinding with a pestle. As a primitive element it keeps the same meaning. 2064. father-in-law R-3085 + Q ß mortar … male. [13] 2065. mouse R-2964 mortar … two plows … four drops … hook. [13] 2066. bore R-3039 standing in a row upside down … mortar and walking stick … missile … metal. [28] The sense of the keyword is boring a hole into something. 2067. break R-3043 8 mortar … soil … missile. [13] 20 NEW PRIMITIVES 2068. small craft R-2383 9 p boat … mortar … walking stick … crotch. [15] * I Ching The appearance of this element looks enough like one of the combinations used in the Chinese Book of Changes, the I Ching, to give us a meaning for this element. Note that there is always something that comes between the two halves to keep them apart. [4] 2069. rhinoceros R-3018 õ Q Ñ o Æ flag … I Ching … walking stick … cow. [12] 2070. lunar month R-3007 white dove … I Ching … needle. [11] 2071. spinal column R-2915 I Ching … umbrella … flesh. [10] * stitching This element is actually a character in its own right, a pictograph of something that has been stitched. [8] 2072. rice-³eld footpath R-3141 ³eld … stitching. [13] The character learned for paddy-ridge in volume ‘ (I.1204) and that for paddy-³eld ridge –, which we will meet in FRAME 2571, NEW PRIMITIVES 21 both mean the “ridges” that run between rice paddies. The character introduced here refers directly to the ridge that is used as a walking path. 2073. mend R-2918 » ¹ thread … stitching. [14] 2074. let it be R-2473 spike … eight … belt … stitching. [14] Note that the writing of element for spike is interrupted by the element eight. This character—among whose older usages was as a polite form of addressing someone—is now used chiefly in names, except for the famous Buddhist expression that will be introduced when its reading comes up in Part Two. 2075. imperial seal R-2474 º W œ ‹ let it be … jewel. [19] * hill of beans This element (actually a rather rare character in its own right) is made up of exactly what it says: a hill of beans. [10] 2076. suit of armor R-2486 metal … hill of beans. [18] 2077. triumph R-2485 hill of beans … wind. [12] 22 NEW PRIMITIVES * sapling drop … St. Bernard. [4] _ This element is easily confused with the shape of the character ú in such kanji as þ (I.634) and in the element å (I, PAGE 155). It meaning comes from the rather rare kanji on which it is based. 2078. bewitched R-2862 Ø ó µ { Ú Ã woman … sapling. [7] 2079. irrigate R-2861 water … sapling. [7] 2080. quaff R-2914 sapling … mouth. [7] * green onion un- … floor. [9] 2081. leek R-3142 flowers … green onion. [12] 2082. lottery R-2835 bamboo … assembly line … ³esta … green onion. [23] The character can also replace a ssembly line and ³ esta with Thanksgiving: Ä. This alternate form is less common, however. NEW PRIMITIVES 23 2083. penitential R-3047 H state of mind … green onion. [20] As in the previous frame, assembly line and ³esta can be replace with Thanksgiving: I, though again less commonly. 2084. hay R-3047 M Think of this element as showing two ricks of dried hay lying on top of each other. The element for bound up is familiar. The 3stroked piece being bound up appeared in the primitive for mountain goat Ã. Think of the goat burying his “missing” horns in the hay to pick them up and toss them.[10] 2085. chick R-2466 Œ ‹ hay … turkey. [18] 2086. scurry R-2465 run … hay. [17] The sense of this keyword is the way someone in kimono runs, taking short steps quickly. 2087. understandably R-3001 ‹ — chihuahua with one human leg. [4] The sense of the keyword is that something “stands to reason.” 2088. training R-3001 wheat … chihuahua with one human leg … delicious. [15] 24 KANJI PRIMITIVES 2089. immense R-3035 G cliff … chihuahua with one human leg … shape. [9] _NEW KANJI FROM OLD PRIMITIVES_ We close this ³rst chapter with a handful of kanji that were already learned as primitive elements but not as kanji in their own right. The only thing you will have to learn now is their keyword meaning, which does not in each case accord with the meaning they have been assigned as primitive elements. Try to relate the two meanings together if this causes confusion. 2090. grab R-2565 ô vulture … tree. [8] We already met this combination in the characters ï, û, and í (1.733, 734, 1714). 2091. a R-3143 E mouth … floor … ³esta. [8] This character is roughly equivalent to the inde³nite article a in English or to the phrase a certain… It appears as a primitive in the characters o and Î (I.356, 614). KANJI PRIMITIVES 25 2092. chop off R-2411 k car … axe. [11] You may recall that this character already appeared as a combination of primitives in the character l (I.1134). 2093. rabbit R-2839 0 drop of … day on its side … human legs … drop of. [8] The older form from which the rabbit primitive was derived is actually −, but the abbreviation in this frame has, with the support of its listing in the ³rst JIS list, come to take over. Note that the primitive for rabbit q (I, P. 421) differs again from both of these by lacking the ³nal stroke. To distinguish the ³rst drop of from the last, you might think of the rabbit’s long ears and short tail. 2094. est R-2770 ˜ This is the element we learned as scorpion. We give the Latin word est as a keyword to stress the “classical” µavor of the character, which appears today chieµy in names. [3] 2095. lofty R-2550 # ú This was the primitive element we learned as strawman. [8] 2096. comma-design R-2762 The primitive meaning learned in vol. I, mosaic, is close to the meaning of the original character here, which is the shape of a “comma” used in heraldic designs, the most familiar of which has 3 “commas” swirling around each other. (If it is any help in remembering the character, one older meanings is an “elephant-eating snake.”) [4] 26 KANJI PRIMITIVES 2097. offspring R-2682 ¡ Thie character, none other than the element we learned as dogtag, is a nickname for a male child and is now chieµy used in personal names. [7] 2098. critters R-3144 Ð „ Conveniently, the original kanji of the element we learned as zoo means a counter for animals in general. [5] 2099. violet R-2314 The element we learned as meaning cabbage comes from the kanji meaning for a violet. The addition of the 4th stroke appears in older forms of kanji that use this element also. Here you may think of it as a “purple cabbage” hanging on an overhead tressel of violets to recall the difference. [11] 2100. mandala R-2347 R Since this character is most familiarly used in transcribing the Sanskrit word mandala, we shall allow its primitive meaning to stand as the keyword for the kanji also. [11] 2101. towel R-3019 2 If we allow the full range of original meanings for the English word towel, which includes cleaning cloths, covering cloths and strips of cloth used in clothing, we can keep the primitive meaning for the keyword here. [3] KANJI PRIMITIVES 27 2102. quote R-2848 ° í å ] The primitive we learned as rising cloud is actually a kanji used to indicate someone’s spoken words. [4] 2103. augury R-2442 The primitive meaning of wand is not far from the sense of the original kanji here. [2] 2104. heaven-high R-2350 This character was learned as the primitive angel. [12] 2105. shalt R-2551 The keyword here is meant to suggest the “Thou s halt ” and “Thou shalt not of the commandments. [10] CHAPTER 2 Major Primitive Elements The kanji treated in this chapter comprise the bulk of PART ONE of this book, some 734 characters in all. Each character is entered under its principal primitive element, and the elements themselves are arranged in their dictionary order. _: 2106. Yamato R-2534 PERSON_ È Û À I person … committee. [10] 2107. chivalry R-2265 person … scissors. [8] 2108. fed up R-2549 person … scroll. [11] 2109. comely R-2504 person … mingle. [8] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS E:F ƒ + 3 / 4 29 2110. abrupt R-2286 _ µ } o ² 8 / { person … ego. [9] 2111. work a ³eld R-2789 person … ³eld. [7] 2112. minstrel R-2491 person … orders. [7] 2113. animal offspring R-2795 person … child. [5] 2114. foe R-2788 person … nine. [4] 2115. look after R-2685 person … add. [7] 2116. triµe R-2313 person … cabbage. [12] 2117. biased R-2624 person … ketchup. [15] 30 E:F ƒ + 3 / 4 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2118. make a pro³t R-2738 „ L Ü Q Z ë H A person … various. [17] If it helps, you can also read the primitives as believe … puppet. 2119. bliss R-2461 person … happiness. [10] 2120. emigrant R-2349 person … angel. [14] 2121. partner R-2790 person … spine. [9] 2122. performing artist R-2754 person … branch. [6] 2123. integrity R-2969 person … mouth … µood. [8] 2124. mate R-3022 person … tool. [10] 2125. as is R-3145 person … exhaust. [8] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS E:F ƒ + 3 / 4 31 2126. adjutant R-2648 · 9 Ö Ú Ô m } person … right. [7] 2127. fork in a road R-3146 person … mouth … heaven. [9] 2128. hire R-2406 person … commonplace. [13] 2129. memorial R-2423 person … think. [11] 2130. dried meat R-2852 person … walking stick … taskmaster … meat. [11] 2131. my son R-3051 person … graduate. [10] 2132. make do R-3137 person … happenstance. [11] The keyword combines the meanings of the character for make 6 (I.1142) and ` do (I.1918). 32 : EƒF + 3 / 4 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _ƒ 2133. nifty R-2390 ICE_ ¢ ) ice … wife. [10] 2134. sharp R-2667 ice … tusk. [7] The sense of this keyword is broad enough to include “bright,” “clear,” and “on one’s toes.” 2135. wilt R-2766 u Y ™ Î ice … circumference. [10] 2136. pull through R-2353 ice … rice-seedling … walking legs. [10] 2137. metallurgy R-2654 ice … pedestal. [7] 2138. stately R-3045 ice … -times … altar. [15] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS :ƒ E+ 3F / 4 33 _+ 2139. kite R-3105 WIND_ í ½ e Ð wind … towel. [5] 2140. lull R-3104 wind … stop. [6] 2141. earlybird R-2946 wind … bone. [6] 2142. phoenix R-2934 wind … ceiling … bird. [14] _3 2143. slaughter R-2528 SABRE_ G receipt … sword … metal … sabre. [15] 34 ƒ + E3 /F 4 S MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2144. moment R-3042 Þ M Ë sheaf … tree … sabre. [8] The keyword here is the noun meaning “a brief moment.” 2145. peel off R-2912 broom … rice grains … saber. [10] 2146. shave R-2639 younger brother … saber. [9] _/ BOUND UP_ 2147. aroma R-3103 Ð Q bound up … spoon. [4] 2148. µexed R-2842 bound up … elbow. [4] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 3 / E4F S F œ 35 _4 CLIFF_ 2149. despondent R-2933 Ñ cliff … wagging tongue … moon … dog. [14] This character, which carries the sense of being weighted down by the meaningless of life, calls to mind a vivid image of despair in Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra that makes it simple to remember. Walking the dark cliffs at midnight, Zarathustra hears a dog howling. He approaches, and under the light of the moon sees a shepherd lad lying on the ground with a thick, black snake hanging out of his mouth (like a long, wagging tongue, we might add). The snake had crawled in while he was asleep and grabbed on to the lad’s throat. Zarathustra tells him to bite off the head of the snake and become free of the despair that holds him in tortured captivity. 2150. wild goose R-2596 U T p B cliff … person … turkey. [12] 2151. counterfeit R-2595 wild goose … money. [19] 2152. kitchen R-2866 cliff … table … glue. [12] 2153. insinuate R-3055 cliff … person. [4] 36 / 4 ESF F œ { MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _S 2154. scout R-2627 MOUTH_ « Å f Ø v } X mouth … candle. [10] 2155. derision R-2578 mouth … morning. [15] 2156. reprehend R-3036 walking legs … person … mouth. [8] 2157. whisper R-3135 mouth … three ears. [21] 2158. chatter R-2506 mouth … generations … tree. [12] 2159. windpipe R-2598 mouth … cause. [9] 2160. quarrel R-2373 mouth … splendid. [13] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS / 4 ESF F œ { 37 2161. gossip R-3147 − ’ Å V ³ ð £ à mouth … revered. [15] 2162. cough R-2768 mouth … acorn. [9] 2163. clamor R-3024 mouth … proclaim. [12] 2164. throat R-2328 mouth … marquis. [12] 2165. saliva R-2679 mouth … droop. [11] 2166. bash R-2923 mouth … stamp. [5] 2167. ³b R-2571 mouth … void. [14] 2168. peck at R-2929 mouth … sow. [10] 38 / 4 ESF F œ { MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2169. curse R-2930 2 é Ä á × ` ¡ w mouth … older brother. [8] 2170. barking R-2931 mouth … chihuahua. [7] 2171. dangle R-3056 mouth … towel. [6] 2172. chew R-3148 mouth … teeth. [15] 2173. within my ability R-3057 mouth … needle. [5] 2174. sides of the mouth R-2967 mouth … knot. [7] 2175. stammer R-2876 mouth … beg. [6] 2176. spin a tale R-3149 mouth … new. [16] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS / 4 ESF F œ { 39 2177. miso R-2646 ; mouth … increase. [14] Miso is the fermented soybean paste commonly used in Japanese cooking as a base for soups and stews. 2178. pop song R-2459 ¤ mouth … shell. [10] This character was originally used to indicate songs accompanied by the shamisen but now most commonly refers to pop songs. 2179. scold R-2924 Í Ë mouth … diced. [5] 2180. city walls R-3058 mouth … mosaic. [7] This is the parent character from which the primitive Vis derived. 2181. dumbfounded R-3052 ² V mouth … tree. [7] 2182. ingest R-3150 mouth … eat. [12] 40 4 S EFF œ { L MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _F 2183. clay R-2708 SOIL_ + Æ soil … straightaway. [11] 2184. authochthonous R-2569 soil … monkey. [8] In Chinese astrology and divining, this character refers to “the earthly” and stands counter to ê as the “moist” against the “dry.” 2185. piled high R-2783 À ¨ X & soil … turkey. [11] 2186. dugout R-2379 soil … overpowering. [17] Compare ª (FRAME 2306). 2187. blemish R-2409 soil … empress. [9] 2188. µat R-2554 soil … nightbreak. [8] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 4 S EF œF { L 41 2189. wharf R-2482 % ù Ô 2 soil … large city. [11] 2190. stuff up R-2694 soil … true. [13] 2191. dam R-2432 soil … box … sun … woman. [12] 2192. railing R-2739 soil … puppet. [12] _œ R-2968 WOMAN_ 2193. suckling infant two shells … woman. [17] ¸ ô 2194. violate R-2928 three women. [9] 42 4 S F EœF { L MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2195. jealous R-2902 4 Š ‡ ³ ‰ $ l woman … rock. [8] 2196. handmaiden R-2621 woman … lowly. [11] 2197. well ³nished R-2635 woman … address. [11] 2198. harlot R-2268 woman … prosperous. [11] 2199. courtesan R-2755 woman … branch. [7] Take care not to confuse with harlot in the previous frame. 2200. fair R-2753 woman … ivy. [9] The sense here is of someone lovely to behold. 2201. niece R-3020 woman … climax. [9] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 4 S F EœF { L 43 2202. envy R-2429 Ð Á ¨ õ ? a woman … rapidly. [13] 2203. mistress R-2305 woman … demand. [17] The sense of the keyword here is the feminine form of “master.” 2204. aged woman R-3089 woman … old man. [9] 2205. mother-in-law R-2657 woman … old. [8] 2206. young miss R-3119 woman … shelf. [8] 2207. overjoyed R-2403 woman … rejoice. [15] 44 S F œ E{ LF _ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _{ R-3136 CHILD_ 2208. expecting ³st … child. [5] The keyword here means “pregnant.” ¬ ‡ 2209. assiduous R-2885 child … taskmaster. [7] _L 2210. soothe R-2841 HOUSE_ » Y ] house … possession. [9] 2211. imply R-2724 house … Talking Cricket. [12] 2212. extensive R-2613 house … by one’s side … elbow. [7] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS œ { EL _F [ 2 45 2213. jail R-2927 » ê [ Ê house … cow. [7] 2214. block up R-2926 house … celery … animal legs … soil. [13] 2215. Sung dynasty R-2925 house … tree. [7] 2216. venison R-3111 house … six. [7] This character is used for the meat of wild animals in general, particularly boar and deer—hence the choice of the keyword. __ R-2740 FLAG_ 2217. butchering µag … puppet. [11] 5 46 { L E_F [ 2 X MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2218. fart R-2630 Ö ` : Ý | Û µag … compare. [7] 2219. rubbish R-2628 µag candle. [10] 2220. buttocks R-3151 µag … baseball team. [5] 2221. frequently R-2988 µag … rice … woman. [12] 2222. corpse R-2792 µag … death. [9] 2223. folding screen R-2513 µag … puzzle. [9] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS L _ E[F 2 X ¸ 47 _[ R-2513 MOUNTAIN_ 2224. high-reaching mountain … tall. [13] ˆ ! ` ” … % Ø 2225. rugged mountains R-2354 mountain … rice-seedlings … walking legs. [11] 2226. high mountain R-2287 mountain … ego. [10] 2227. bluffs R-2441 mountain … cliff … ivy. [11] 2228. mountaintop R-2495 mountain … jurisdiction. [17] 2229. ³t into R-2555 mountain … wicker basket … yawn. [12] This character is used to express ³tting one thing into another. 2230. rocky R-2364 48 _ [ E2 XF ¸ Z MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS mountain … discrimination. [13] _2 2231. quire R-2878 TOWEL_ x g R towel … fortuneteller. [8] The keyword here is a counter for 25 sheets of paper. 2232. banner R-3152 towel … dice. [15] 2233. pennant R-2756 towel … kazoo. [15] _X 2234. cleaver R-2249 CAVE_ º MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS [ 2 EX ¸F Z Y 49 cave … wrap. [8] 2235. licensed quarters R-2451 « © Ü º ë cave … enclosure. [14] 2236. overhang R-2629 cave … compare. [7] 2237. hawk R-2597 cave … person … turkey … bird. [24] 2238. shire R-3059 cave … soil. [6] 2239. tomb sanctuary R-2577 cave … morning. [15] _¸ R-2830 BOW_ 2240. strengthen bow … 2 ³elds … µoors & ceilings. [16] See FRAME 2509 for a similar right-side combination. é 50 2 X E¸ ZF K 5 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2241. more and more R-2892 ¡ H æ bow … reclining … small. [8] 2242. loosen R-2771 bow … scorpion. [6] 2243. rice gruel R-3113 rice between two bows. [12] _Z 2244. lathe R-2723 FINGERS_ › „ d ³ngers … rabbit. [11] 2245. bump into R-2318 ³ngers … juvenile. [15] 2246. disguise R-2678 ³ngers … part. [7] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS X ¸ EZF Y K 5 51 2247. pillage R-2744 E ) ³ Á è d î / ³ngers … capital. [11] 2248. shove R-3060 ³ngers … elbow … dart. [10] 2249. clutch R-3025 ³ngers … country. [11] 2250. impress R-2910 ³ngers … Nara. [11] The impression referred to here is like that made by a seal on wax. 2251. wrenching R-2574 ³ngers … wish. [11] 2252. scratch R-2380 ³ngers … crotch … insect. [11] 2253. assortment R-2358 ³ngers … two snakes … strung together. [15] 2254. wipe R-2987 ³ngers … style. [9] 52 X ¸ EZF Y K 5 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2255. muster R-2619 ¥ ³ngers … in front. [12] The sense of the keyword here is “to assemble in an orderly fashion.” 2256. deal with R-3153 S − ™ J • J ³ngers … separate. [10] 2257. churn up R-2417 ³ngers … memorize. [15] 2258. rubbing R-3154 ³ngers … learn. [14] The sense here is of rubbing out an image, as in “brass-rubbing.” 2259. press down on R-2289 ³ngers … relax. [9] 2260. nab R-2330 ³ngers … wooden leg. [10] 2261. imminent R-3015 ³ngers … µood … evening. [9] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS X ¸ EZF Y K 5 53 2262. disseminate R-2731 ü ¿ â ¼ é × ú œ ³ngers … dice. [15] 2263. interpretation R-2591 ³ngers … mouth … ear. [12] 2264. receptable R-2337 ³ngers … lock of hair. [6] 2265. dedicate R-2518 ³ngers … observance. [11] 2266. twirl R-2323 ³ngers … sort of a thing. [15] 2267. counter for tools R-2276 ³ngers … courts. [10] This character is for counting scissors, guns, inksticks, oars, etc. 2268. commotion R-2568 ³ngers … melancholy. [18] 2269. make headway R-2996 ³ngers … walk. [11] 54 X ¸ EZ YF K 5 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2270. petting R-2608 C ^ ê ³ngers … non. [15] 2271. sprinkle R-2970 ³ngers … scatter. [15] 2272. outstanding R-2995 ³ngers … feathers … turkey. [17] The concept here is “conspicuously surpass,” or “stick out of the crowd.” 2273. spoils R-2879  ³ngers … broom run. [11] Take special care when writing the right side of this character. The ³rst stroke belongs to the element run and is followed by that for broom. 2274. gouge out R-2532 f ³ngers … guillotine. [7] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ¸ Z EYF K 5 O 55 _Y R-2864 STATE OF MIND_ 2275. wince state of mind … gone. [8] ê Z ¾ † − ƒ Í 2276. ponder R-2787 state of mind … turkey. [11] 2277. infatuation R-2487 state of mind … knot … heart. [11] 2278. quickwitted R-2492 state of mind … orders. [8] 2279. considerate R-2676 state of mind … receive. [11] 2280. yearn R-2317 state of mind … juvenile. [15] 2281. as if R-2665 state of mind … ³t. [9] 56 Z Y EKF 5 O M MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2282. enlarge R-2832 u Õ state of mind … ashes. [9] 2283. respect for elders R-2640 state of mind … younger brother. [10] _K WATER_ 2284. bubble up R-2405  J ³ ï water … courageous. [12] 2285. canal R-2493 water … rain … orders. [16] 2286. glistening R-2793 water … ray. [9] 2287. bounding main R-2478 water … sun … ray. [13] The sense of the keyword is of a vast and deep body of water. MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Z Y EKF 5 O M 57 2288. gargle R-3049 ) C µ ( ¸ ™ « Þ water … bundle … yawn. [14] 2289. continent R-2322 water … state. [9] 2290. swirling waters R-2580 water … decameron. [9] 2291. seep R-2775 water … nonplussed. [14] 2292. rinse R-2801 water … west. [9] 2293. douse R-2799 water … tree. [7] 2294. teardrops R-2820 water … eye. [8] 2295. gushing R-2759 water … chariot. [12] 58 Z Y EKF 5 O M MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2296. grains of sand R-2452 Ü • ‡ ] + ˆ # water … few. [7] 2297. blaspheme R-2802 water … sell. [10] 2298. lewd R-2850 water … vulture … porter. [11] 2299. roofbeam R-2900 water … sword … two drops … tree. [11] 2300. sediment R-2407 water … Mr. [16] 2301. widespread R-2443 water … ³ngerprint. [5] 2302. old Kyoto R-2741 water … each. [9] This kanji originally referred to a place name in China, but in Japan was adopted to refer to Kyoto, where it still survives in the names of places and traditional establishments. MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Z Y EKF 5 O M 59 2303. thou R-2798 Ë º ù ª water … woman. [6] 2304. ³lter R-2370 water … deer. [14] 2305. on the verge of R-2435 water … repeatedly. [19] 2306. moat R-2378 water … overpowering. [17] This character, used today as an abbreviation for the country of Australia, should be learned in connection with ¨ (FRAME 2186). 2307. spray R-2535 m ñ water … discharge. [12] 2308. drowning R-2940 water … weak. [13] Do not confuse with ö (I.707), which is closer to the sense of founder. 2309. port R-2439 Q water … play music. [12] 60 Z Y EKF 5 O M MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2310. solitude R-2445 o u Ú £ / u ± / water … grove. [11] 2311. abounding R-2941 water … revelation. [10] 2312. water’s edge R-2706 water … spike. [5] 2313. large goose R-2808 water … craft … bird. [17] 2314. souse R-2536 water … pegasus. [14] 2315. brimming R-2953 water … bene³t. [13] 2316. cleanse R-2433 water … plump. [7] 2317. inundate R-3017 water … tremendously. [12] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Z Y EKF 5 O M 61 2318. immaculate R-2674 | ¾ 3 À ½ ª I Å water … receive. [11] 2319. de³le R-2826 water … precious. [15] 2320. moisten R-2547 water … roof. [12] 2321. rough seas R-2805 water … dif³cult. [21] 2322. draw water R-2271 water … reach out. [6] 2323. river pool R-3126 water … silent. [17] 2324. cumulation R-2529 water … detain. [13] 2325. abyss R-2952 water … golden calf … sabre. [11] 62 Z Y EK 5F O M MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2326. chaos R-2610 ± ‰ water … earthworm. [7] 2327. panR-2545 water … mediocre. [6] The sense of the keyword here is the “all” as in terms like PanAmerican. It is also the character used in mathematics for “partial” as in partial differentials. 2328. strainer R-2863 Y ß ÷ à water … prudence. [18] 2329. drench R-2306 water … demand. [17] 2330. eddy R-3155 water … determine. [11] 2331. fabrication R-3061 water … sun … soil. [9] The keyword here is meant to suggest not merely something made, but something made with an intention to deceive. MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Y KE5 OF M Q 63 2333. hatchet R-2814 2 › father … axe. [8] 2334. grandpa R-2468 father … ear … city walls. [13] _O R-2522 PACK OF WILD DOGS_ 2335. sly pack of wild dogs … skeleton. [13] Î Í Á û 2336. indecent R-2587 pack of wild dogs … be apprehensive. [12] 2337. cunning R-2505 pack of wild dogs … mingle. [9] 2338. racoon dog R-2600 pack of wild dogs … computer. [10] 64 K 5 EOF M Q h MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _5 R-2813 FATHER_ 2332. cauldron father … metal. [10] Note the stroke overlap between father and metal. ß 2 › 2333. hatchet R-2814 father … axe. [8] 2334. grandpa R-2468 father … ear … city walls. [13] _O R-2522 PACK OF WILD DOGS_ 2335. sly pack of wild dogs … skeleton. [13] Î Í 2336. indecent R-2587 pack of wild dogs … be apprehensive. [12] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS K 5 EO MF Q h 65 2337. cunning R-2505 Á û ¼ B K ! À pack of wild dogs … mingle. [9] 2338. racoon dog R-2600 pack of wild dogs … computer. [10] 2339. wolf R-2603 pack of wild dogs … halo. [10] 2340. µustered R-2460 pack of wild dogs … shell³sh. [10] 2341. pup R-2444 pack of wild dogs … phrase. [8] 2342. fox R-2510 pack of wild dogs … melon. [8] 2343. a-un R-2244 pack of wild dogs … white. [8] The a-un are lion-like dogs that often grace the front of temples or public buildings in Japan. Their name comes from the ³rst and last letters of the Sanskrit alphabet (transliterated in Japanese as %A) and symbolize a wholeness as in the English phrase “alpha and omega.” 66 5 O EMF Q h a MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2344. aim at R-2253  “ ¾ pack of wild dogs … shelf. [8] 2345. lion R-2424 pack of wild dogs … expert. [13] 2346. baboon R-2546 pack of wild dogs … dollar sign. [8] _M R-3156 FLOWERS_ 2347. tobacco µowers … good. [8] } ^ | 2348. jasmine R-2279 µowers … extremity. [8] 2349. hawthorn R-2280 µowers … pro³t. [10] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 5 O EMF Q h a 67 2350. strawberry R-3138 U µowers … mother. [8] Note that the element for mother is written in its full form, not the normal abbreviated form it usually takes when used as a primitive. To help remember this, think of the original pictographic image of the “two breasts of the mother.” 2351. bush clover R-2308 K å ¾ R g µowers … autumn. [12] 2352. technique [old] R-3183 µowers … rice-seedlings … ground … fat man … rising cloud. [18] The abbreviation in common use is © (I.421). 2353. trim R-3157 µowers … pheasant. [16] The second element appears in FRAME 2584. 2354. straw raincoat R-3158 µowers … declining. [13] 2355. numb R-2533 µowers … committee. [11] 2356. moss 68 5 O EMF Q h a MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2656 Î m v H ¥ 9 µowers … pedestal. [8] 2357. prodigal R-2450 µowers … hot water. [15] 2358. cover over R-2320 µower … shredder. [15] 2359. tendril R-2348 µowers … mandala. [14] 2360. lotus R-2463 µowers … carry along. [13] 2361. lotus µower R-2517 µowers … husband. [7] Even though there is no essential difference in meaning between this kanji and those in the preceding and following frames, the character ¥ is the most common of the three. 2362. lotus blossom R-2300 é 0 µowers … contain. [13] 2363. orchid R-2400 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 5 O EMF Q h a 69 µowers … gates … east. [19] 2364. hollow reed R-2871 6 — Ý ß T ÷ M / µowers … door. [7] 2365. yam R-2735 µowers … signature. [16] 2366. iris R-2267 µowers … prosperous. [11] 2367. banana R-2310 µowers … char. [15] 2368. wick R-2806 µowers … heart. [7] 2369. buckwheat R-2351 µowers … angel. [15] 2370. butterbur R-2298 µowers … path. [16] 2371. indigo R-2638 µowers … oversee. [18] 70 5 O EMF Q h a MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2372. eggplant R-2687 R Q ‰ È † Ç F ‰ µowers … add. [8] 2373. bullying R-2250 µowers … can. [8] 2374. behind the scenes R-2404 µowers … shade. [14] 2375. wormwood R-2283 µower … tryst. [13] 2376. mustard R-2334 µowers … jammed in. [7] 2377. germinate R-2954 µowers … bright. [11] 2378. grape R-2680 µowers … bound up … dogtag. [12] 2379. grape vine R-2955 µowers … bound up … tin can. [11] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 5 O EMF Q h a 71 2380. resurrect R-2962 M £ ‰ ( ƒ ä * è µowers … ³sh … wheat. [19] 2381. grow wild R-2730 µowers … dice. [15] 2382. cocklebur R-2490 µowers … orders. [8] 2383. rush mat R-2509 µowers … orphan. [11] 2384. darken R-3011 µowers … crown … ceiling … sow. [13] 2385. grassy reed R-2994 µowers … halberd. [ 8] 2386. plantain R-2764 µowers … mosaic. [7] 2387. mow R-3131 µowers … reap. [7] 2388. lid 72 5 O EMF Q h a MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2984 ™ ã … , L Þ ì Á µowers … gone … dish. [13] 2389. onion R-3062 µowers … double knot … heart. [12] The double knot is from the extra stroke in the second primitive. 2390. revile R-2982 µowers … net … a march. [14] 2391. hollyhock R-3063 µowers … teepee … heaven. [12] 2392. shingling R-2589 µowers … mouth … ear. [12] 2393. stamen R-2822 µowers … three hearts. [15] 2394. mushroom R-2873 µowers … ear. [9] 2395. sowing R-2716 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 5 O EMF Q h a 73 µowers … time. [13] 2396. parsley R-2855 = § Ò x Õ G ˜ « µowers … axe. [7] 2397. thatching R-3125 µowers … fortune-telling. [8] 2398. kudzu R-2662 µowers … siesta. [11] 2399. pale blue R-2296 µowers … godown. [13] 2400. straw R-3122 µowers … tall … tree. [17] 2401. turnip R-2609 µowers … nothingness. [15] 2402. sweet potato R-2736 µowers … words … puppet. [18] 2403. quack R-2966 µowers … number. [16] 74 O M EQF h a  MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS The keyword here refers to a medic of questionable reputation. It does not however carry the original meaning of the German term: a doctor who used water to cure. 2404. garlic R-3117 ò Ö ¦ / = K ” 5 µowers … two altars. [13] 2405. bracken R-3159 µowers … cliff … mountain goat … yawn. [15] 2406. grow plentiful R-2559 µower … lieutenant. [14] 2407. madder red R-2992 µowers … west. [9] 2408. candle rush R-2398 µowers … perfect. [10] 2409. collector R-2829 µowers … ghost. [13] 2410. sedge R-2256 µowers … bureaucrat. [11] 2411. ditch reed R-2661 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS O M EQ hF a  75 µowers … locket. [12] _Q 2412. Way R-2778 ROAD_ # ø G — ³ road … sprout. [8] The upper case indicates its meaning as a true or moral Way. 2413. track down R-3114 mountain … road. [6] 2414. crawl R-3064 words … road. [10] 2415. detour R-2393 potato … road. [6] 2416. elude R-2561 road … shield. [12] 2417. tryst 76 M Q Eh a F Õ ½ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2282 + í f Ú @ « q walking legs … bushes … road. [10] 2418. far off R-2315 condor … road. [12] 2419. remote R-2263 road … pup tent. [15] 2420. pressing R-2704 wealth … road. [12] 2421. until R-3160 beg … road. [6] 2422. modest R-2399 grandchild … road. [13] 2423. standstill R-2727 table … road. [10] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS h a EF Õ ½ … 77 _h R-3008 CITY WALLS_ 2424. cultured possess … town walls. [9] q å 2425. courtesy R-2908 animal horns … whiskey bottle … St. Bernard … city walls. [15] _a 2426. chink R-2978 PINNACLE_ ² i pinnacle … small … sun … small. [12] 2427. nook R-2586 pinnacle … ³eld … hairpin. [11] 78 a  EÕF ½ … MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _ R-3041 HEART_ 2428. possessed ice … team of horses … heart. [16] 5 û Ò ½ _ ° ¢ The keyword here means “bewitched” or “enchanted” by a spirit. 2429. attract R-2747 young … heart. [12] 2430. without exception R-2566 animal footprints … heart. [11] 2431. instantaneously R-2488 knot … heart. [8] 2432. ³rstborn son R-2824 thing … heart. [12] 2433. in the nick of time R-2261 butchers … heart. [13] 2434. sensitive R-2427 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS a  EÕF ½ … z 79 likeness … heart. [10] _Õ R-3046 SUN_ 2435. overarching sun … receipt … stamp. [9] + Although this character is not essentially different in connotation from l (FRAME 2449), it is used chieµy now in names. 2436. progress R-2833 H The element for sun at the bottom is easy enough. The problem is top element, row, is an exception to the rule (I.1785) that the two “horns” at the top are eliminated only when it appears beneath its relative primitive. [10] 2437. equivocal R-2436 K 8 sun … love. [17] 2438. aglow R-2647 sun … turn into. [11] 80 a  EÕF ½ … z MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2439. halo R-2758 = sun atop a chariot. [13] Be careful to keep this character distinct from that in the following frame, which differs only by the disposition of the elements. 2440. glitter R-2760 @ ! / 7 sun alongside a chariot. [13] 2441. dry weather R-2651 sun … clothesline. [7] 2442. clear skies R-2291 sun … relax. [10] 2443. morrow R-2512 sun … sign of the dragon. [11] To indicate that this character is now used mainly in names, we have assigned it the somewhat archaic-sounding keyword morrow. 2444. bleaching R-3128 W * sun … west. [10] 2445. obscure R-2537 sun … not yet. [9] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS  Õ E½F … z J 81 2446. limpid R-2477 m X ‘ l sun … ray. [10] 2447. air out R-2338 sun … outburst. [19] 2448. dawn R-2734 sun … signature. [17] 2449. elevate R-2935 sun … craft … seal. [8] Although this character is not essentially different in connotation from + (FRAME 2435), be sure to keep the writing distinct. 2450. effulgent R-2804 ó Ë { sun … king. [8] 2451. dusk R-2457 family name … sun. [8] 2452. last day of the month R-2773 sun … every. [10] 82  Õ E½F … z J MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _½ R-2975 FLESH % MOON_ 2453. kidney slave … crotch … µesh. [13] f % ö Ü Ò Î Ã 2454. thigh R-2895 µesh … missile. [8] 2455. pus R-2331 µesh … agriculture. [17] 2456. viscera R-2255 µesh … borough. [12] 2457. bladder R-2794 µesh … ray. [10] 2458. embryo R-2870 µesh … negative. [9] 2459. anus R-2344 µesh … craft. [7] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS  Õ E½ …F z J È 83 2460. cowardice R-2516 ( Ó Å Å Õ ‰ ! * µesh … idea. [17] 2461. knee R-2430 µesh … tree … umbrella … rice grains. [15] Compare the right side of this character with Ô (I.932). 2462. fragile R-2553 µesh … dangerous. [10] 2463. rib R-2981 µesh … power. [6] 2464. elbow R-2980 µesh … glue. [7] 2465. body cavity R-2888 µesh … empty. [12] 2466. gland R-2336 µesh … spring. [13] 2467. tumor R-2884 µesh … heavy. [13] 84 Õ ½ E…F z J È MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2468. dining tray R-2335 9 ˆ & µesh … virtuous. [16] 2469. armrest R-2615 µesh … by one’s side … elbow. [8] 2470. uncivilized R-2605 old … moon. [9] This character referred in China to foreigners, especially those to the north and south of the “civilized” peoples who controlled the meaning of the characters. See FRAME 2881 for the Japanese equivalent. _… R-2526 TREE_ 2471. maple tree tree … wind. [13] J 3 2472. pillow R-3021 tree … crown tied around leg of person. [8] Compare ¢ (I.1688). MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Õ ½ E…F z J È 85 2473. purple willow R-2733 ß a J ^ ª Ê Ù _ tree … piggy bank. [13] 2474. Oriental elm R-2745 tree … capitol. [12] 2475. hazel R-2484 tree … bonsai … wheat. [14] 2476. comb R-2942 tree … node. [17] 2477. wooden hammer R-2386 tree … chase. [13] 2478. mallet R-2309 tree … char. [16] 2479. ladder R-2641 tree … younger brother. [11] 2480. chair R-2542 tree … strange. [12] 86 Õ ½ E…F z J È MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2481. persimmon R-2538 ¥ $ ³ o Í Á × ² tree … market. [9] 2482. citrus tree R-2556 tree … sweet. [9] 2483. girder R-3161 tree … going. [10] 2484. picket R-2273 tree … whirlwind. [8] 2485. holly R-2875 tree … winter. [9] 2486. citron R-2779 tree … sprout. [9] 2487. wooden bowl R-2633 tree … address. [12] 2488. hemlock R-3109 tree … mother. [9] 2489. spindle tree MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Õ ½ E…F z J È 87 R-3107 5 / Æ 0 à ¤ Û − tree … correct. [9] 2490. sacred Shinto tree R-3106 tree … gods. [13] 2491. evergreen oak R-3098 tree … strict. [16] 2492. Chinese black pine R-2692 tree … true. [14] 2493. Japanese oak R-2818 tree … animal horns … whisky bottle. [13] 2494. mandarin orange R-2960 tree … halbard … hood … human legs … mouth. [16] 2495. Japanese cypress R-2333 tree … meeting. [10] See also FRAME 2964 for old form. 2496. roost R-2391 88 Õ ½ E…F z J È MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS tree … wife. [12] 2497. nestle R-2800 ° q tree … west. [10] 2498. spiny R-2447 tree … grow late. [11] This character refers originally to a deciduous, rough tree that grows on mountain plains. From this it gets the secondary sense of rugged or spiny. 2499. bellµower R-2519 £ 8 ! È § tree … lodded crock. [10] 2500. temple grove R-3009 tree … soil. [7] 2501. grain rake R-2765 tree … mosaic. [8] 2502. oar R-3120 tree … tail. [11] 2503. wooden pestle R-2921 tree … horse. [8] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Õ ½ E…F z J È 89 2504. cane R-2408 ü © þ = ª Ç tree … length. [7] 2505. sweet oak R-2784 tree … turkey. [12] 2506. barrel R-2539 tree … revered. [16] 2507. palisade R-2920 tree … tome. [9] 2508. turret R-2846 tree … ³sh … sun. [19] 2509. sturdy oak R-3093 tree … 2 ³elds … µoors & ceilings. [17] The type of oak tree this character refers to is clasically reputed to be good for making boats, carts, and the like. See FRAME 2240 for a similar right-side combination. 2510. wooden ladle R-2815 ò tree … ladle. [7] 2511. damson 90 Õ ½ E…F z È ÷ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-3087 5 p z Ð Ù i ¸ Î tree … child. [7] 2512. raw cotton R-2396 tree … white … towel. [12] 2513. escutcheon R-2560 tree … shield. [13] 2514. hackberry R-3130 tree … summer. [14] 2515. birch R-2372 tree … splendor. [14] 2516. lance R-2295 tree … godown. [14] 2517. wild mulberry R-3028 tree … rock. [9] 2518. bale R-2419 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Õ ½ E…F z È ÷ 91 tree … quandary. [11] 2519. loquat R-2631 Ç Â , æ † Ô A m tree … compare. [8] 2520. downspout R-3096 tree … traf³c. [14] 2521. sled R-3065 tree … three furs. [16] 2522. enjoyment R-2636 carrier … tree. [14] 2523. bookmark R-2653 two clotheslines … tree. [10] 2524. coconut tree R-2469 tree … ear … city walls. [12] 2525. sandalwood R-2425 tree … top hat … rotation … night break. [17] Compare the right side to ; (I.587). 2526. plotosid R-3006 92 ½ E… z JF È ÷ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS tree … rain … ceiling … snare. [15] The plotosid tree is a symbol for a totally useless tree because of its rough bark, spines, and foul-smelling leaves. 2527. zelkova R-2377 ´ “ ö ) » tree … standard. [15] 2528. cryptomeria R-3110 tree … prosperous. [12] 2529. copious R-2831 tree … cedar. [11] 2530. bucket R-2872 tree … chopseal … utilize. [11] 2531. ellipse R-2458 tree … pinnacle … left … µesh. [13] We have met the element to the right here before, as in · (I.629). The standard form for this character is actually /, but the abbreviation has passed into general use. 2532. star-anise R-2343 ! tree … secrecy. [15] The star-anise, as you will guess from the primitive on the left, is a kind of tree—to be precise, a kind of Chinese evergreen that MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS … z EJF È ÷ 93 belongs to the magnolia family. It is known for its aromatic oil. _z 2533. furball R-2319 FUR_ y fur … request. [11] _J l R-2729 FIRE % OVEN-FIRE_ 2534. twinkle ³re … feathers … turkey. [18] ™ ’ j 2535. watch³re R-2264 ³re … pup tent. [16] 2536. torch R-2562 ³re … gigantic. [9] 94 … z EJF È ÷ , MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2537. kindle R-2898 e ¿ 2 ÷ A ¡ a ó grove … ³re. [12] 2538. moxa R-2385 mummy … ³re. [7] 2539. candlelight R-2939 ³re … net … bound up … insect. [17] Compare the right complex of elements with ê (I.835). 2540. fanning R-2402 ³re … fan. [14] 2541. soot R-2643 ³re … so-and-so. [13] 2542. ³ring R-2709 ³re … east. [12] Firing here, as in the process for making bricks or re³ning metals. 2543. dazzling R-2856 ³re … wand … evening … crotch … rice. [17] 2544. refulgent R-2816 ³re … ladle. [7] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS z J EÈ ÷F , œ ‡ 95 2545. branding R-2742 q Þ ã ³re … each. [10] 2546. µames R-2828 ³re … bound up … olden days. [11] Compare right elements in G(I.1315). 2547. fuse metal R-2299 ³re … contain. [14] This is the character for melt â (I.791), with the water replaced by ³re. 2548. roast R-2616 ö  in front … oven-³re. [13] 2549. stew R-2993 tall … complete … oven-³re. [11] _È 2550. tug COW_ 96 J È E÷F , œ ‡ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2909 Ð m * mysterious … crown … cow. [11] Write the crown after the ³rst stroke of that for mysterious. 2551. female animal R-2947 cow … spoon. [6] 2552. male animal R-2948 cow … soil. [7] _÷ R-2316 JEWEL_ 2553. precious stone jewel … condor. [13] ó q w 2554. chime R-2446 jewel … grove. [12] 2555. marine blue R-2530 jewel … detain. [14] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS J È E÷F , œ ‡ 97 2556. speckled R-2397 † J ´ Ý ç b @ … jewel … plaid … jewel. [12] 2557. lapis lazuli R-2342 jewel … infant … µood. [11] 2558. tinker with R-2951 jewel … two hands. [7] 2559. burnish R-2365 jewel … distinction. [14] 2560. hone R-2906 jewel … sow. [11] 2561. coral R-2905 jewel … tome. [9] 2562. coral reef R-2606 jewel … old … moon. [13] 2563. fortunate R-3066 jewel … mountain … comb. [13] 98 È ÷ E, œF ‡ ¢ Í MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2564. silicon R-2751 ƒ L jewel … ivy. [10] 2565. jet R-2384 jewel … mummy. [7] The keyword jet refers to the dark black lignite whose susceptibility to high polish makes it popular in ornamentation (and which also gives us the phrase “jet-black”). 2566. crystal stone R-2434 À O ‡ jewel … England. [12] 2567. toy R-2301 jewel …beginning. [8] 2568. tinkling R-2494 jewel … orders. [9] _, FIELD_ 2569. apprehensive MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ÷ , EœF ‡ ¢ Í 99 R-2588 a Ø ³eld … hairpin. [9] 2570. lastly R-3067 ³eld … siliage … ten. [10] The writing of this character looks more dif³cult than it is: vwxyzØ 2571. paddy-³eld ridge R-2749 – ³eld … ivy. [11] _œ 2572. itch R-2757 SICKNESS_ _ sickness … sheep. [11] 2573. phlegm 100 , œ E‡ ¢F Í ½ Ë MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2781 g N » P n Ð h sickness … inµammation. [13] 2574. measles R-2774 sickness … umbrella … shape. [10] 2575. hemorrhoids R-2715 sickness … temple. [11] 2576. cancer R-2949 sickness … goods … mountain. [17] 2577. lose weight R-2382 sickness … monkey … crotch. [12] 2578. scar R-2705 sickness … silver. [11] 2579. paralysis R-2620 sickness … lowly. [13] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS œ ‡ E¢ ÍF ½ Ë 101 _‡ R-2890 EYE_ 2580. apple of the eye eye … moo. [11] ¹ ± a Ê 2581. dizzy R-2294 eye … mysterious. [10] 2582. obvious R-2262 eye … pup tent. [17] 2583. eyebrow R-2913 The µag here has an extra vertical stroke in it. Think of it as an eyebrow pencil stuck in the eye. [9] _¢ ARROW_ 2584. pheasant 102 ‡ ¢ EÍF ½ Ë MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2782 C M arrow … turkey. [13] 2585. carpenter’s square R-2563 arrow … gigantic. [10] _Í 2586. crag R-2637 ROCK_ ¢ Û FRAME carrier … rock. [15] 2587. grapnel R-2668 rock … determined. [13] Compare this stone anchor with the metal anchor ð in 2765. 2588. blue-green R-2821 ‚ jewel … white … rock. [14] 2589. inkstone MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ¢ Í E½F Ë ¹ C 103 R-2807 Ô B Ù FRAME rock … to see. [12] 2590. grindstone R-2564 rock … calling card. [10] 2591. teacup R-2634 rock … address. [13] When a teacup is made out of wood, it is written × (see 2487). 2592. obstacle R-2945 ˜ Ö r C rock … nightbreak … glue. [13] Compare the right side with “ (I.876). 2593. illustrious R-3014 rock … head. [14] 2594. rocky beach R-2303 rock … how much. [17] 2595. whetstone R-2369 rock … cliff … ten thousand. [10] 104 ¢ Í E½ ËF ¹ C MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2596. mill R-3162 Ÿ rock … turkey. [13] _½ Ò 2597. fend off R-2401 ALTAR_ Õ e Ç • á honorable … altar. [17] 2598. beseech R-3054 altar … longevity. [11] 2599. ancestral tablet R-2649 altar … right. [9] 2600. local god R-2567 altar … family name. [8] 2601. ancestral shrine R-2894 altar … lying down … small. [9] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Í ½ EË ¹F C Ë 105 2602. salarium R-2340 Ä altar … broom … rice grains. [12] In the same way that Roman soliders were paid in salt (hence the word salarium) ranking functionaries in Japan’s feudal system collected their “salary” in rice. 2603. felicitation R-2325 Ü altar … upright. [13] This kanji refers to a sign or token of congratulations. _Ë R-3094 WHEAT_ 2604. balancing scales wheat … lily pad. [10] I ¨ ˜ 2605. millet R-3086 wheat … umbrella … grains of rice. [12] 2606. bald R-2965 wheat … human legs. [7] 2607. bear fruit 106 ½ Ë E¹ CF − U MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-2575 S Î $ b v ó wheat … wish. [13] 2608. crabgrass R-2623 wheat … lowly. [13] 2609. bumper crop R-2258 wheat … grass skirt. [18] 2610. imperial authority R-2352 wheat … rice seedling … walking legs. [13] 2611. sparse R-2456 wheat … hope. [12] 2612. obeisant R-3004 wheat … spring … shape. [16] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Ë ¹ EC −F U y 107 _¹ 2613. peep R-2376 HOLE_ › ? c ù Ý hole … protocol. [16] 2614. tight R-2520 hole … saw. [10] 2615. cavern R-2281 hole … yield. [13] 2616. drill R-2944 hole … tusk. [9] 2617. kitchen stove R-3068 hole … soil … (bucket of) eels. [17] 108 ¹ C E− UF y – MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _C 2618. longness R-3163 VASE_ ÷ š slave … crotch … vase. [14] 2619. rustling R-2527 vase … wind. [14] Note that the full character for wind is used here instead of the normal primitive abbreviation. The sense of the keyword is the “sound of the wind.” 2620. outpost R-3037 d © ² vase … fortune-telling. [10] 2621. repose R-2247 vase … blue. [13] 2622. concubine R-2904 vase … woman. [8] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS C − EUF y – J 109 _− 2623. lapel R-2860 CLOAK_ @ — G $ cloak … now. [9] 2624. hem R-2389 cloak … reside. [13] 2625. lined kimono R-3091 cloak … ³t. [11] 2626. pleated skirt R-2367 cloak … St. Bernard … ceiling … snare. [11] This kanji describes the formal divided skirt or hakama that you might see university students wearing at graduation. For the right side, compare * (I.1244). 2627. sliding door R-2413 ù cloak … core. [17] This actually is the kanji for fusuma, an opaque sliding paper door found in Japanese houses. 110 C − EUF y – J MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _U ¤ R-2700 BAMBOO_ 2628. Chinese panpipe bamboo … cell. [11] r t ¢ 3 4 † S 2629. raft R-2329 bamboo … to fell. [12] 2630. bamboo blinds R-2642 bamboo … bargain. [19] 2631. rattan box R-2797 bamboo … simple. [15] 2632. pole R-2652 bamboo … clothesline. [9] 2633. spatula R-2570 bamboo … hood … umbrella … compare. [14] 2634. foil R-2245 bamboo … overnight. [14] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS C − EU yF – J 111 2635. wardrobe R-2254 k bamboo … director. [11] The term here refers to what contains one’s robes, not the robes themselves. 2636. arrow shaft R-2617 ú V bamboo … in front. [15] 2637. ancient harp R-2410 bamboo … craft … mediocre. [12] This harp, an ancient relative of the present Japanese koto, had 5, 13, or 21 strings. 2638. cage R-2868 ½ Ù c e bamboo … dragon. [16] 2639. slender bamboo R-3164 bamboo … person … walking stick … taskmaster … tree. [17] 2640. chopsticks R-3092 bamboo … puppet. [14] 2641. redaction R-2420 bamboo … eyeball … St. Bernard … thread. [20] 112 − U Ey –F J g MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2642. bamboo cane R-2847 È M à Š bamboo … two. [8] 2643. winnowing fan R-2663 bamboo … bushel basket. [14] 2644. backpack R-2272 bamboo … reach out. [9] 2645. livraison R-2270 bamboo … door … scrapbooks. [15] The French word captures better than any English word can the range of uses this character has in designating chapter, volume, part, or fascile of a classical text. 2646. should R-2711 e bamboo … tongue. [12] The sense of the keyword here is not one of moral obligation (as we saw in ], FRAME 2105) but rather of something that is “expected” of one. 2647. winnow R-2722 à bamboo … bushel basket … pelt. [19] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS U y E–F J g 113 _y 2648. settlings R-2246 RICE_ T rice … white. [11] The keyword here refers to the sediment left in making rice saké. Its meaning is substantially the same as the character in the following frame. 2649. lees R-2260 q # ‘ | h rice … cadet. [17] 2650. paste R-2604 rice … old … moon. [15] 2651. unhulled rice R-3100 rice … blade. [9] 2652. rice bran R-2437 rice … ease. [17] 2653. excrement R-2986 rice … uncommon. [17] 114 U y E–F J g MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2654. foxtail millet R-2903 F Old West … rice. [12] _– 2655. link up R-2874 THREAD_ › / ó î car … missile … thread. [17] 2656. twine R-2521 thread … meeting … scrapbooks. [14] The keyword here is mean to indicate woven cord. 2657. carpet yarn R-2851 thread … ten … ³esta. [12] 2658. ties R-2259 thread …half. [11] The sense of the keyword is as in the phrase “family ties.” MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS U y E– JF g ¿ 115 2659. scarlet R-2718 ¹ s Þ ‚ ! B G  thread … un-. [14] 2660. synthesis R-2825 thread … religion. [14] 2661. string R-2455 thread … sign of the cow. [10] 2662. chinstrap R-2614 thread … by his side … elbow. [10] 2663. summarize R-3010 thread … cave … computer … animal legs … earth . [21] 2664. gorgeous R-2581 thread … decameron. [12] 2665. embroidery R-2917 thread … solemn. [17] 2666. pongee R-2777 116 y – EJ ¿F ” h MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS thread … sprout. [11] 2667. ornate R-2541 þ C ë thread … strange. [14] 2668. damask R-2355 thread … rice seedlings … walking legs. [14] 2669. catgut R-2292 thread … mysterious. [11] The sense of the keyword is that of “strings” used for stringed instruments, which are not necessarly the intestines of cats. 2670. come apart at the seams R-2669 4 ß 6 è thread … determine. [14] 2671. stripe R-3123 thread … tall. [16] 2672. gimp R-2326 thread … accept. [14] The keyword here refers to wound yarn with a hard core. 2673. gossamer R-2853 thread … few. [10] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS – J E¿ gF ” h 117 _J 2674. rudder R-2592 BOAT_ º ì boat … house … spoon. [11] 2675. gunwale R-2293 boat … mysterious. [11] _¿ R-2823 EAR_ 2676. strung together ear … two cocoons … cactus. [17] ¤ The last primitive, cactus, does not appear elsewhere in this book, but is useful to learn, especially for writing old forms. It is pictographic. 2677. attentive R-2339 t ear … public … heart. [14] 2678. summons 118 J ¿ EgF ” h B MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS R-3069 ³ 5 œ ear … sprout … snare. [10] 2679. addiction R-2916 ear … crown … human legs. [10] 2680. exclamation R-2467 ear … city walls. [8] The keyword here was used classically for general exclamation. _g 2681. µea R-2381 INSECT_ ù ‡ 7 crotch … two drops … insect. [10] 2682. crab R-2416 unravel … insect. [19] 2683. protein R-2950 zoo … insect. [11] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS J ¿ Eg ”F h B 119 2684. hibernation R-3030 b H — É À V î ù tenacious … insect. [17] 2685. houseµy R-3118 insect … eels. [15] 2686. ant R-2257 insect … righteousness. [19] 2687. bee R-2284 insect … walking legs … bushes. [13] 2688. wax R-2943 insect … owl … wind … corncob. [14] Compare the right side to _ (I.1940). 2689. shrimp R-2374 insect … staples …mouth … box …crotch. [15] Compare the right side with E (I.1882). 2690. octopus R-3165 insect … candle. [13] 2691. screw R-2919 120 g ” Eh BF í ë MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS insect … accumulate. [17] 2692. cicada R-2810 ã £ f y ó ¦ insect … simple. [15] 2693. frog R-2752 insect … ivy. [12] 2694. moth R-2288 insect … ego. [13] 2695. clam R-3121 insect … ³t. [12] 2696. leech R-3166 insect … climax. [12] 2697. oyster R-2368 insect … cliff … ten thousand. [11] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ” h EB íF ë ³ 121 _” 2698. ruled lines R-2956 NET_ œ ) net … ivy … wand. [14] 2699. insult R-2845 net … horse. [15] _h 2700. stole R-2691 CLOTHES_ w add … clothes. [11] This keyword is used for the stole of a Buddhist monk, generally in combination with the character in the following frame. 2701. monk’s sash R-2453 á water … few … clothes. [13] See note in previous frame. 122 h B EíF ë ³ MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _B THANKSGIVING_ 2702. accept humbly R-2697 È W é Thanksgiving … uncommon. [17] 2703. incision R-2696 Thanksgiving … turkey. [14] 2704. I wonder R-2695 plantation … mouth. [9] The sense of the keyword is as in sentences such as “I wonder when it will arrive.” The character, however, is used now only in poetry and names. _í 2705. counsel R-2579 WORDS_ í words … decameron. [13] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS h B EíF ë ³ 123 2706. polite R-3070 ø N @ ¿ e g ! g words … receive. [15] 2707. vendetta R-2979 two turkeys … words. [23] 2708. remonstrate R-2710 words … east. [15] 2709. riddle R-3095 words … astray. [16] 2710. verify R-2746 words … capital. [15] 2711. compliment R-2421 words … approval. [22] 2712. who? R-2786 words … turkey. [15] 2713. query R-2438 words … ten … ³shhook. [10] 124 h B Eí ëF ³ Š MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2714. split up R-2531 ¼ ¤ á & ² ˜ à Ô words … guillotine. [11] 2715. visit a shrine R-2543 words … delicious. [13] 2716. give up R-2311 words … sovereign. [16] 2717. elucidate R-2576 words … complete. [13] 2718. prevarication R-2594 words … house … spoon. [12] 2719. familiarity R-2418 words … best regards. [15] 2720. fallible R-2776 words … feathers … umbrella … shape. [18] 2721. beg pardon R-3167 words … home. [13] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS B í Eë ³F Š N 125 2722. advise R-3071 l î ½ i ” i H words … take. [15] 2723. proverb R-3023 words … lad. [16] 2724. slander R-2719 words … un-. [15] 2725. so-called R-2414 words … stomach. [17] 2726. secret agent R-2508 words … generations … tree. [17] 2727. footnote R-2761 words … candlestick. [12] 2728. parable R-2625 ketchup … words. [20] 126 ë ³ EŠF N© h MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _ë 2729. rumble R-2972 CAR_ ¬ £ è P three cars. [21] 2730. reinforce R-2681 car … dogtag. [14] 2731. spoke R-2703 car … wealth. [16] The keyword refers to the spoke of a wheel. 2732. assemble R-2590 car … mouth … ear. [16] _³ R-3002 BADGER_ 2733. countenance badger … white … human legs. [14] å MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ³ Š ENF © h  127 2734. panther R-2859 ê badger … ladle. [10] _Š R-2660 SHELL_ 2735. despicable shell … ³esta. [13] ( $ ’ ¬ Ñ 2736. af³x R-2877 shell … fortuneteller. [12] 2737. get R-3124 generation … shell. [12] 2738. graft R-2743 shells … each. [13] 2739. bustling R-2511 shells … sign of the dragon. [14] 128 Š N E©F h  – MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _N WOODEN LEG_ 2740. stumble R-3034 È â O Õ + Ÿ wooden leg … substance. [22] 2741. hoof R-2312 wooden leg … sovereign. [16] 2742. kick R-2362 wooden leg … concerning. [19] 2743. vestiges R-2548 wooden leg … blame. [18] 2744. straddle R-2366 wooden leg … St. Bernard … ceiling … snare. [13] 2745. kneel R-2552 wooden leg … danger [13] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS N © Eh F – ! 129 _© R-2324 WHISKY_ 2746. soy sauce leader … whisky bottle. [17] è Ú j E À ‡ 2747. whey R-2840 whisky bottle … just so. [16] 2748. hooch R-2901 whisky bottle … glue. [10] This kanji is used for thick saké, made from various kinds of grains. 2749. ghee R-2607 whisky bottle … old … moon. [16] 2750. awakening R-2698 whisky bottle … star. [16] 2751. strong saké R-2675 whisky bottle … receive. [15] 130 © h EF – ! Ê MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _h 2752. noodles R-2395 BARLEY_ t − barley … mask. [16] 2753. malt R-2361 barley … bound up … rice. [15] _ 2754. button R-2812 METAL_ ô — £ metal … mouth. [11] 2755. keg R-2645 metal … portent. [14] 2756. plow R-2428 metal … help. [15] This is the plow whose blades were used to grill meat and which MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS © h EF – ! Ê 131 gives us the word sukiyaki. 2757. pot R-3168  ð Ó ‚ Ý n ñ ÷ metal … jawbone. [17] 2758. arrowhead R-2252 metal … antique. [19] 2759. handsaw R-2388 metal … reside. [16] 2760. awl R-2785 metal … turkey. [16] 2761. key R-2327 metal … build. [17] 2762. hoe R-2307 metal … autumn. [17] 2763. rivet R-3102 metal … soldier. [15] 2764. tin R-2957 132 © h E –F ! Ê MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS metal … piggy bank. [16] 2765. anchor R-2275 ð æ ¬ Î ¬ é metal … seedlings. [16] 2766. nail R-2707 metal … spike. [10] 2767. javelin R-3169 metal … dispatch. [21] 2768. sword’s point R-2285 metal … walking legs … bushes. [15] 2769. hammer R-2387 metal … chase after. [17] Compare the wooden hammer ª in FRAME 2477. 2770. carillion R-2644 metal … correct. [13] This character indicates a western bell, which is struck from the inside by a gong, unlike the oriental bell ë, which is struck from the outside. 2771. rust R-2248 T MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS h  E– ! ÊF ¾ 133 metal … blue. [16] Since Chinese and Japanese distinguishes blue and green differently from European languages, it is not surprising that the verdigris that occurs on copper is here indicated by the element for blue. 2772. cluster R-2883 ê š metal … heavy. [17] 2773. scissors R-3170 metal … St. Bernard dog … assembly line. [15] This is the character on which the element for scissors ¿ was based. _– 2774. µash R-2985 GATES_ 0 ” › gates … person. [10] 2775. agony R-2977 gates … heart. [12] 2776. side gate R-2666 134 – ! EÊ ¾F z Ç MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS gates … ³t. [14] 2777. pitch dark R-2714 M gates … sound. [17] _! 2778. trickle R-3171 WEATHER_ Ë ] weather … below. [11] 2779. haze R-2375 weather … hobby. [17] _Ê 2780. quill R-2834 MIST_ 9 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ! Ê E¾ zF Ç+ 135 mist … umbrella … feathers. [16] 2781. auspices R-2803 : mist … umbrella … Big Dipper. [14] _¾ 2782. saddle R-2290 LEATHER_ N — í Ú j leather … relax. [15] 2783. whip R-2448 leather … convenience. [18] 2784. saddle straps R-2626 leather … candle. [16] 2785. briefcase R-3097 leather … wrap. [14] 2786. pliable R-2489 136 Ê ¾ Ez ÇF + Ö MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS leather … blade. [12] 2787. terminate R-2360 œ leather … bound up … rice. [17] _z R-2611 HEAD_ 2788. immediate earthworm … head. [13] ´ &  à ê 2789. overturn R-2693 true … head. [19] 2790. brush tip R-2999 spoon … wheat … head. [16] 2791. about that time R-2422 spoon … head. [11] 2792. cheek R-2266 MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS ¾ z EÇF + Ö š 137 scissors … head. [15] 2793. exceedingly R-2721 • † à § pelt … head. [14] 2794. accolade R-2819 public … head. [13] 2795. chin R-2475 2 mouths … ceiling … snare … head. [18] 2796. neck and throat R-2523 spool … head. [14] The key word here is meant to specify the anatomical neck, to distinguish it from the broader uses of the character / (I.70). 138 z ÇE+F Ö š MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS _7 Ç 2797. feed R-2811 FOOD_ ´ j û 8 A Š food … ear. [14] The sense of the key word here is that of bait or feed for animals. 2798. repast R-3012 wand … evening … crotch … food. [16] 2799. feast R-2332 hometown … food. [20] The feast intended here is a banquet of food. 2800. eclipse R-2838 eat … insect. [14] 2801. sweets R-3090 food … pedestal. [13] 2802. mochi R-2514 food … puzzle. [14] Mochi is the glutinous rice the Japanese pound into cakes. MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS z ÇE+ ÖF š Ä 139 _+ R-2690 TEAM OF HORSES_ 2803. stretcher add … team of horses. [15] j ¾ R Ô Ä ^ Q 2804. piebald R-2998 horse … simple. [19] 2805. rush R-2772 team of horses … scorpion. [13] 2806. cheat R-2269 team of horses … door … scrapbook. [19] 2807. tame R-2809 team of horses … stream. [13] 2808. rebuttal R-2886 team of horses … two sheaves. [14] 2809. gallop R-3072 team of horses … hill. [15] 140 z Ç+ EÖF š Ä MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2810. donkey R-3073 á tesm of horses … tiger … ³eld … dish. [26] _Ö 2811. eel R-2346 FISH_ § Õ z 6  ³sh … mandala. [22] 2812. sea bream R-2767 ³sh … circumference. [19] 2813. sardine R-3099 ³sh … weak. [21] 2814. trout R-2540 ³sh … revered. [23] 2815. salmon R-2750 ³sh … ivy. [17] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS z Ç+ EÖ šF Ä 141 2816. tuna R-3133 4  7 ü R U Ö É ³sh … possession. [17] 2817. sweet smelt R-2880 ³sh … fortunetelling. [16] 2818. horse mackerel R-3115 ³sh … nonplussed. [19] 2819. cod R-3132 ³sh … snow. [22] 2820. mackerel R-3182 ³sh … blue. [19] 2821. shark R-3129 ³sh … mingle. [17] 2822. bonito R-3127 ³sh … strict. [23] 2823. bullhead R-3172 ³sh … autumn. [20] 142 z Ç+ Ö EšF Ä MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 2824. alligator R-2476 Ó ^ A ô ³sh … 2 mouths … ceiling … snare. [20] 2825. crucian R-3134 ³sh … adhere to. [16] 2826. sushi R-3173 ³sh … delicious [17] 2827. ³sh ³n R-3075 ³sh … old man … sun. [21] _š 2828. seagull R-2713 BIRD_ û Ñ ward … bird. [15] 2829. roc R-2277 companion … bird. [19] MAJOR PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS z Ç+ Ö š EÄF 143 2830. parakeet R-3076 ¬ suckling babe … bird. [19] This character is generally used in combination with that in the following frame. See FRAME 2193 for the element to the left. 2831. parrot R-2817 ` š 5 Ð â ¦ — warrior … bird. [19] 2832. cormorant R-3174 younger brother … bird. [18] 2833. heron R-2297 path … bird. [24] 2834. eagle R-2363 concerning … bird. [23] 2835. wild duck R-3077 push … bird. [16] 2836. kite falcon R-3074 arrow … bird. [14] 2837. owl R-3044 bird … tree. [11] CHAPTER 3 Miscellaneous Kanji The characters introduced in this chapter (107 in all) are not arranged in any particular order, except where one serves as an element for the next. 2841. Hades R-2470 d crown … sun … six. [10] The reference here is to the underworld, the world of the dead. By way of the classic Greek association, it is also used for the planet Pluto. 2842. close the eyes R-2471 Å C â ä eye … Hades. [15] 2843. murky R-2472 sun … Hades. [14] 2844. sitting in mediation R-2356 assembly line … soil. [7] 2845. sprain R-2357 ³ngers … sitting in meditation. [10] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 145 2846. ³rst day of the month R-2572 ; P » mountain goat … moon. [10] 2847. go upstream R-2573 ³rst day of the month … road. [13] 2848. drag R-2479 sun … under one’s arm. [6] Take particular care not to confuse this keyword with the familiar primitive element for drag 4. 2849. dribble out R-2480 ¿ ‡ Š water … drag. [9] 2850. comet R-2891 two bushes … broom. [11] 2851. astute R-2893 comet … heart. [15] Note that the second stroke on the element for broom does not pass through as it does in the character for comet. A similar change takes place in the character ¹. It would be nice if it were possible to make a rule for this kind of transformation, but the evolution of the kanji has not been consistent on this point. 146 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2852. applaud R-2686 ? Ý Ü Z drum … add. [14] 2853. evil R-2449 villain … human legs. [6] 2854. helmet R-3078 white bird between two open boxes … human legs. [11] 2855. bracing R-2857 St. Bernard with two pair of sheaves on each side. [11] The sense of the keyword is of something refreshing and invigorating. 2856. depressed R-2936 ¥ ¥ two sheaves in a woods … net … silver … glue. [22] The keyword here refers to the psychological state of depression. 2857. kalpa R-2865 gone … muscles. [7] A kalpa is a mythical measure of time (something over 4 billion years) used in ancient India and today mainly in classic Buddhist texts. MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 147 2858. erection R-3079 õ + Ô needle … crown … child … muscles. [9] 2859. bemoan R-2796 strawman … yawn. [15] 2860. palanquin R-3027 Think of this character as entertainment with a car since the only different between it and the character for entertainment is the substitution of the element for car in place of same. [17] 2861. southeast R-2359 ö two snakes … strung together. [12] One of the directions in classical Chinese geomancy, this character is used in Japanese today chieµy in names. 2862. warped R-2897 Ë z Ô negation … correct. [9] 2863. jade green R-3050 feathers … graduate. [14] 2864. blue-black R-2278 substitute … black. [16] 148 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2865. tripod R-2963 ç This character is not hard to remember if you think of it as backto-back characters for one-sided with a sun in the middle (and necessitating a shorter vertical stroke for one-sided). [12] 2866. rocksalt R-2991 ± á õ à ° ÷ y wand … pent up … sheave … four dots. [11] 2867. lye R-2251 rocksalt … awl. [19] 2868. reserved R-3139 tiger … plaid. [10] 2869. swallow R-2983 twenty … two people back to back … mouth … oven-³re. [16] 2870. lick R-2780 outhouse … delicious. [14] 2871. almost R-2655 bones … pedestal. [9] 2872. start R-2392 child … dish. [8] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 149 2873. mahjong tiles R-2622 5 Ÿ ø â Q – z ç one-sided … lowly. [12] 2874. remains R-2769 skeleton … acorn. [16] 2875. peek R-3175 director … see. [12] 2876. mottled R-3080 tiger … form. [11] 2877. Manchu dynasty R-2483 bonsai … wheat. [10] 2878. sparrow R-2858 few … turkey. [11] The last stroke of few doubles up with the ³rst stroke of turkey. 2879. peregrine falcon R-2426 turkey … needle. [10] 2880. shimmering R-2728 ray of light … feathers … turkey. [20] 150 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2881. ebisu R-2990 V great … bow. [6] Ebisu is a Japanization of the Ainu word enchu which means “person.” In former times, it was used to mean any of the “uncivilized” people living north of the area of present-day Tokyo. 2882. relatives R-2961 É ð uncle … parade. [11] 2883. cyst R-2881 needle … middle … crown … eight … celery … scarf. [19] Not how the elements for needle and middle share a common, vertical stroke in this particularly complex character. 2884. domburi R-3081 ) … q s well … drop. [5] 2885. carefree R-2732 monkey … piggy bank. [14] 2886. circling R-2791 stretch … -times. [9] 2887. capital suburbs R-2304 two cocoons … ³eld … ³esta. [15] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 151 2888. elation R-2854 5 p ˆ ax … yawn. [8] 2889. stalwart R-2899 vase … sow … missile. [15] 2890. this R-3016 bushel basket … axe. [12] This character is not substantially different from the character we identi³ed as this here  (FRAME 2043). 2891. wooden spoon R-2849 F just so … spoon. [11] The character for spoon already learned 0 (I.444) is actually an abbreviation of this fuller character. The meanings are essentially the same. 2892. set straight R-3003 â d box … king. [6] 2893. founding R-3005 door … taskmaster … brush. [14] You will recognize the combination at the top here from the character } (I.1085). 152 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2894. Utamaro R-3116 C hemp … spine. [18] This kanji was used during the Heian period to refer to oneself. It is a home-grown Japanese character whose reading ‰ œ comes from combining the Chinese readings of its two elements. It is used today only for names, the most famous of which is the name of the celebrated painter of ukiyo-e paintings, Utamaro HC. 2895. conglomerate R-2882 U upside down in a row … soil … take. [18] This character is often used for collections of books or essays; the only reason for the choice of the keyword is that the number of synonyms for “collection” has been fairly exhausted already! 2896. entreat R-3013 0 ± ã S sheaf … possess. [8] 2897. symmetrically patterned R-2717 un- … plaid. [12] 2898. magistrate R-2887 silver in the middle of … the sign of the hare. [12] 2899. ³ddle with R-2302 learn … beginning. [15] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 153 2900. within R-2837 ê Q ƒ ê À compass … umbrella … two drops. [8] 2901. hackneyed R-2911 St. Bernard … hair. [10] 2902. rebellion R-2658 half … … anti-. [9] 2903. sharp point R-2827 a small tip on something… large. [6] 2904. crock R-2937 samurai … crown … Asia. [11] Note how the second stroke in crown doubles up with the ³rst stroke of Asia. 2905. sapience R-2932 µ wand … crown … ceiling … valley with eye (instead of mouth) … crotch. [16] In order to remember the change in the element for valley, think of the clear-seeing eye that distinguishes homo sapiens. 2906. chieftain R-2938 R horns … whisky bottle. [9] 154 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2907. nightingale R-3000 ú ¹ d schoolhouse … bird. [16] 2908. incandescent R-2412 two reds. [14] 2909. supinate R-2974 slave … person. [9] The somewhat archaic-sounding keyword here indicates someone streched out or lying µat. 2910. nephew R-2699 ì æ É cell … male. [12] 2911. gourd R-2274 ballot … melon. [16] 2912. biwa R-2632 two jewels … this here. [12] This character is usually found with the next one, to give the biwa, a Japanese lute. 2913. lute R-2763 % two jewels … mosaic. [12] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 155 2914. forked R-2971 Ö u j Ì › ð crotch … drop. [3] This character, incidentally, is used in the word for “tuning fork.” 2915. rose of Sharon R-2440 birdhouse … sunglasses. [12] 2916. dry ³eld R-3176 dove … ³eld. [10] 2917. ³st R-3082 quarter … hand. [10] 2918. vegetable patch R-2684 pent in … dogtag. [10] 2919. helping hand R-2394 complete … water … µoor. [5] The shape of this character is already familiar from the character % (I.1900). As we learned then, the second stroke of complete doubles up with the ³rst stroke for water. 2920. translucent R-2907 V tall … crown … human legs. [9] 156 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2921. blood relative R-2989 ˆ E Š z ¢ ˆ „ @ human legs surrounding cocoon … µesh. [9] 2922. transcription R-2836 zoo … infant … µood. [12] 2923. ointment R-2557 tall … µesh. [14] Note how the element tall is compressed in order to ³t on top. 2924. pioneer R-3026 ghost … Big Dipper. [14] 2925. ambrosial R-2431 voice … missile … incense. [20] 2926. label R-2507 one-sided … generation … tree. [13] 2927. glimpse R-2321 shredder … eye. [17] 2928. large hill R-2481 maestro … needle. [8] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 157 This is the original character that was abbreviated to form the element we learned as pinnacle a. 2929. testicle R-2462 Á B ° f ™ – Ä blood … happiness. [14] 2930. sorceress R-3040 craft … assembly line. [7] 2931. empathetic R-2677 receive … taskmaster. [12] 2932. Andromeda R-2748 St. Bernard … ivy. [9] 2933. soar R-3048 sheep … wings. [12] 2934. beaming R-2702 white … revelation. [12] 2935. tenebrous R-3083 wheat … (slip)knot … umbrella … rice grains. [15] Take special care in writing the second element here. You might think of it as a “slipknot” (in which one stroke has slipped off). 158 MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 2936. bold R-2867 ‘ C − run … cornucopia. [10] 2937. stop short R-3029 This character can be kept distinct from the familiar sign of the snake L (I.2042) by noting that the ³nal stroke stops short. [3] 2938. thornbush R-3033 This character is no different in meaning from the character already learned for thorn r (I.417). The only difference in writing is the repetition of the element composed of tree and belt. (Incidentally, that element on its own [ has the same meaning of thorn, though it is far less commonly seen.) [12] 2939. crowd R-3038 ´ ear … crotch … two drops … person … rag. [14] This character should not be confused with L (I.1857). Despite the similarity, it is neither an abbreviated or alternate form of it. If anything, in modern usage it is most likely to be replaced with T (I.559). 2940. resucitate R-2701 6 å grow late … cell. [12] 2941. pruning R-2618 in front … dagger. [11] MISCELLANEOUS KANJI 159 2942. upbringing R-3177 Ò ] Ü þ somebody … beautiful. [16] 2943. plentiful R-2515 fruit … many. [14] 2944. snore R-2650 nose … dry. [17] 2945. cast a spell R-3178 exit … altar. [19] CHAPTER 4 Western Measurements The handful of characters presented in this chapter are meant to introduce you to the basic principles used in writing Western units of measurement. Contemporary Japanese has by and large discarded this way of writing, but it is not uncommon to meet these characters in historical texts. 2946. kilometer R-3101 , rice … one thousand. [9] The character y is used for meter (from the sound). Thus, a kilometer is made by adding the element for thousand. 2947. centimeter R-3108 : rice … one rin. [15] The reason that the rin or 1/1000 of a yen is added to the meter to give us centimeter is that m originally meant 1/000th, and z 1/1000th, as we see in the following frame. 2948. millimeter R-3179 V rice … fur. [10] Incidentally, the same conventions are used to create litres, centilitres, and millilitres, based on another kanji chosen for its sound: C, a, and c. WESTERN MEASUREMENTS 161 2949. ton R-2612 « mouth … immediate. [16] The character ´, again from the sound, represents a ton. The addition of the element of mouth to the left indicates that it is being used for its sound to and to convey a meaning other than the normal meaning of the character. This is a device commonly used in written Chinese. 2950. mile R-2601 / mouth … one ri. [10] Although the mile is longer than the ri, the two are close enough that the addition of the mouth can indicate a foreign unit of measurement. 2951. nautical mile R-2599 ¡ water … one ri. [10] Since the Japanese did not have a separate unit for measuring nautical ri, this character was used for the Western measurement of the nautical mile. The same holds true of the characters in the next two frames. 2952. inch R-3180 ’ c mouth … glue. [6] 2953. feet R-3181 mouth … shaku. [6] CHAPTER 5 Phonetic Characters While the kana syllabaries have taken over most of the chores of incorporating loan words in their original sounds, a few exceptions have survived. The following group of characters are used mainly today for their sound value, rather than for their meaning. In each case, the sound is provided by a signal primitive, as will be indicated in Part Two of this volume. For now, the signal primitive (or its composite elements) have been underlined. 2954. brahman R-2544 ¤ This is the sound character for the Sanskrit word brahman, and is also used to indicate the Sanskrit language as such. Its elements are grove … mediocre. [11] 2955. Shakyamuni Buddha R-2593 ¼ pinnacle … house … spoon. [7] This character, originally meaning “precipitous” (roughly the same as the character of that keyword already learned Þ (I.1672), is now used chieµy for its sound. 2956. bodhisattva R-2976 O µowers … pinnacle … products. [16] Although this character can be used as an abbreviation of bodhisattva, the full writing combines it with that in the following frame. Both of them are transliterations of Sanskrit terms. PHONETIC CHARACTERS 163 2957. bo tree R-2896 ¬ # Z µowers … vase … mouth. [11] 2958. babble R-2415 mouth … Asia. [10] The sense of the keyword is that of a baby oooing and aaaing. 2959. Sanskrit ka R-2688 add … road. [8] This kanji is used to represent the sound “ka” when transcribing words from Sanskrit. 2960. interrogative R-2997 º sword … two … city walls. [7] Used classically to indicate an interrogative part of speech, this character is used chieµy now for its sound. 2961. moo R-2889 elbow … cow. [6] This is the character classically used for the sound that a cow makes. These ³nal two characters, taken together, are the Chinese phonetic transliterations of the English word coffee, which is the principal form in which you are likely to meet them today. The keywords, however, are drawn from their classical meanings. 164 PHONETIC CHARACTERS 2962. jeweled hairpin R-2689 Ú ç jewel … add. [9] 2963. beaded hairpin R-2720 jewel … un-. [12] CHAPTER 6 Old & Alternate Forms Earlier on, in FRAME 2352 of chapter 2, we introduced an old form of the character for technique (© © å). In this chapter we pick up 37 more old and alternate forms. In some cases, the older form has never been “updated.” In others, both forms are still in use. Examples of other cases where older forms and newer abbreviations occur are given in their respective frames. 2964. Japanese cypress [old] R-3190 … tree … umbrella … one … pent-in … small … sun. [11] The right side of this character looks rather more formidable than it is. The tricky part lies in the elements that have been described as “pent-in … small.” (The latter element you will remember from the element for outhouse š or candle Ü.) The combination, when it appears in other characters, is generally abbreviated to the shape of the element for sun. In any case, drawing the shape will show it to be quite natural. Here are some examples of the old form and their standard, simpler forms: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION y U l (I.752) … (I.1346) 2965. bridle’s bit R-3112 f thread … cart … thread … mouth. [22] The primitive at the top of this character is abbreviated in more common words as 8, a primitive element that was learned in vol. I (page 382). Note the following examples: 166 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION ï N e ˆ (I.1745) › (I.1748) Ø (I.1749) 2966. abyss [old] R-3199 W On the left is the water and on the right a combination of the character for one-sided and its mirror image joined by a single stroke. Think of it as a hanging rope-bridge strung perilously across the abyss. [12] The newer form for this character is Å, which was learned above in FRAME 2325. 2967. V R-3195 4 person … ³ve. [6] This character, which originally indicates a group of 5 persons, is now used as an alternate form of the character 2, mainly in of³cial documents. 2968. X R-3194 V © person … ten. [4] As in the previous frame, this character is an alternative form for Y. 2969. ten thousand [old] R-2725 µower … Talking Cricket. [18] This is also used in documents, but is rather more common as a character in its own right. When it appears as a primitive forming a part of other characters, it is normally abbreciated to the form . In addition to the new character in the following frame, note the following examples: OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 167 OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION * $ ¦ (II.2967) „ (I.866) 2970. pass through R-2726 L ten thousand … road. [16] The “old” element in this character is that for road, which has an extra initial stroke. See also the following frame. 2971. tough R-2341 1 display … road. [11] Note that, as in the previous frame, the element for road has an extra stroke generally omitted in more common characters. When writing this character, it is not incorrect to use the standard form of the primitive element. 2972. lamp [old] R-3191 b ³re … ascend. [16] The primitive at the right of this character is generally, though not always, abbreviated today as a (I.165). The older form of the primitive to the right is still standard in other characters, such as ˜. (I.1704). 2973. back [old] R-2602 ; cloak … computer. [12] The transposition of the standard form : (I.399) involves moving the computer from the middle of the element for cloak to the right. 168 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 2974. park [alternate] R-3188 å µowers … park. [16] This character is used principally in proper names. The only change from the standard form Ó (I.585) is the addition of the element for µowers. 2975. shop [alternate] R-2683 š metal … dogtag. [15] The only difference from the more common form ™ (I.1839) is that the left side here uses the element for metal. There is also a third alternative which is sometimes seen, but has been omitted here: 2. 2976. island [alternate] R-3187 T mountain … bird. [14] The alternate form is used mainly in names. It differs from the standard form S only in the positioning of the mountain. 2977. summit [alternate] R-3196 ¸ mountain … walking legs … bushes. [10] The alternate form is used mainly in names. As in the character in previous frame, the only difference from the standard form · (I.1562) is in the positioning of the mountain. 2978. boulder [old] R-3193 N mountain … stern. [20] The simpli³ed character was learned as R (I.770). OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 169 2979. plains [old] R-3200 ï grove … soil. [11] The standard form Ÿ (I.1596) differs rather radically from this older form, which appears now in old texts and occasionally in proper names. 2980. Bldg. [old] R-3197 J umbrella … tongue … bureaucrat. [16] The standard form of this character I (I.1478) uses the element for food on the left. Because the older form is somewhat simpler to write, it remains in use today. 2981. dragon [old] R-3189 P vase … meat … slingshot (doubled up with a) snake … three … clothes. [16] The older form of P (I.536) was actually learned in vol. I in connection with the character for attack M (I.2025), and will appear in the following frame as well. This older form is still used widely today. In addition to the new characters in the following two frames, note the following example also already learned: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION Þ Ý (I.537) 2982. patronage R-2922 w house … dragon [old]. [19] 170 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 2983. deafness R-2869 ¿ ð dragon [old] … ear. [22] 2984. longing [old] R-3198 longing … heart. [15] The only difference from the standard form of this character ò (I.92) is that the element for heart is included at the bottom. 2985. span [old] R-3201 Ñ tile … µoor. [6] The standard form of this character Ò (I.32) is also standard when it is used as a primitive in other characters. Note the following example in a character already learned: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION À f (I.620) 2986. body [old] R-2712 O somebody … ward. [11] The standard form X (I.1248) has by and large replaced this older character today. 2987. Point [old] R-3192 6 mountain … prison. [17] Note that the abbreviated form of this character À (I.1330) moves the mountain to the bottom, a rather odd transformation as the kanji go. OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 171 2988. country [old] R-3186 ç pent-up … a. [11] The element that replaces jewel in the standard for of this character ³ (I.581) is among the new kanji learned in this book (see FRAME 2091 above). We end this chapter with those characters in fairly common use whose elements have not been assigned newer abbreviations. 2989. shin R-2525 Ó µesh … ceiling … µood … craft. [11] The element on the right, which will appear once more later in the character for formidable (FRAME 2990), is actually the old form for the element now written n. Aside from the character introduced in the next frame, note the following examples of old and newer forms: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION Þ ÷ ¦ (I.717) ™ (I.1360) 2990. formidable R-2524 ÷ ” ceiling … µood … craft … muscle. [9] 2991. stationary R-2659 bamboo … µoat. [12] The standard abbreviation one would have expected here—and which is likely to appear in of³cial lists in the years ahead—appears 172 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS in the following examples of common newer forms you already know: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION ª · ¦ t ) (I.1286) ` (I.367) , (I.368) ( (II.2735) 2992. enshrine R-3031 ú altar … snake. [8] The standard abbreviation for altar has generally taken over, but the character in this and the following frame are exceptions. 2993. exorcism R-3032 $ altar … chihuahua with an extra leg. [10] Think of the “³ve-legged” dog here as some kind of an evil spirit that has to be driven out, and the odd shape should be easy to remember. 2994. dither R-2737 à wooden leg … renowned. [19] The old form here is the element puppet which forms part of the primitive for renowned here. The difference is the addition of a ³nal drop. This has generally disappeared, as in the examples: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION Ñ Ó Õ Ô 2 (I.2192) ’ (I.1263) ‘ (II.2448) c (II.2640) OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 173 2995. longevity [old] R-3185 V lidded crock … broken crown … craft … µoor … mouth … glue. [14] The newer form 3 (I.1565) tends to dominate today when it is used as a primitive. Note the following example: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION Ð k (I.717) 2996. hesitate R-3053 Ç ˆ ¸ wooden leg … longevity. [14] 2997. glossary R-3084 The primitive of this character is actually an old form of broom `. The remaining elements are: crown … fruit. [13] 2998. bean jam R-2345 food … mandala. [20] It is only a matter of time before this character takes the standard abbreviation for food on the left. Meantime, it will alert you to the older style of writing, which still shows up in rather complicated characters that use the food primitive. 2999. retch R-3184 ¹ mouth … ward. [14] The standard abbreviation of the element to the right can be seen from the following examples: 174 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION 7 [ u J (I.1696) õ (I.1698) ö (I.1699) 3000. snapping turtle R-3088 × shredder … eels [old form]. [25] The change in the ³rst three strokes of the element for shredder is a familiar one found often in older forms. I leave it to you to combine the pieces for the old form of eels. Learning stroke order will help considerably: ‘’ “ ” • – —˜™š›œ The older form of the primitive we learned as eels is rather more dif³cult. You will ³nd it in older forms of several familiar character, just as the following: OLD FORM MODERN ABBREVIATION V V Å (I.1377) H (II.2685) PART TWO READING CHAPTER 7 Old Pure Groups The ³rst group of readings center on what were called in Remembering the Kanji II “Pure Groups.” Each character that belongs to a pure group contains a signal primitive which prescribes a given on-yomi for that character and all others in the group with it. The number to the far right of the top line set in bold type indicates the frame number in which the writing of the kanji was introduced. In almost all cases this refers to a frame in Part One of the present volume. The number under the character in each frame is preceded by an “R-” to indicate that it refers to a reading frame. These numbers begin where volume II left off. Unlike volume II, the frames also include not only on-yomi but kun-yomi as well. In some cases, the “assigned” readings are almost never used, or used only for names. Because the number of special readings for names is virtually limitless, only the 274 characters approved by the Ministry of Education are supplied with on-yomi for use in names. For further information about the layout of the frames, see page 491. We begin with groups whose signal primitives were already introduced in volume II The signal primitive, its pronunciation, and characters belonging to the same appear in a separate frame at the head of each section. The number under the characters in the group frames refers to the frame in volume II. which introduced the reading (hence the “R-” preceding it.) Where a number is missing, the single primitive in question was learned only as a primitive element, not as a kanji. 178 OLD PURE GROUPS R R-89 ×· Q R-90 W R-91 O R-92 U R-93 L R-94 À R- ×· À Y‰ ×· S ´ûÙ· ×· qT ū׷ Q` lees; dregs lees gold leaf lion-dog 2343 2244 S R- 2634 2245 T R- 2648 2246 T Á é · R-78 R-79 ² R-80 ¬ R-81  R-82 ¾ R-83 ù R-84 © ©³ © © © é»· u} “` “`^ R- é 2621 a country ruled in peace used in names used in names used in names 2247 T R- é èT T ä«Ã© [z protection against rust rust 2771 2248 OLD PURE GROUPS 179 ± ã« Ã R-95 R-96 Á R-97 » R-98 Å R-99 Ï R-100 º R- ã« ºs ã«Éï« kitchen knife 2234 2249 = R-105 ² 7 R-106 S R-107 H R-108 I R-109 Q R- ² Qµ QŒš Qk ²»· J_Œš J˜gk harshness; severity to bully be irritated 2373 2250 Ý ¹û ¿ R-131 à R-132 Þ R-133 Î R-134 Ä R-135 á R- ¹û Íá Ã˹û soap 2867 2251 = δ ï ë ] é ì -157 -158 -159 -160 -161 R R R R R ð R- δ kð ð é©Î´ 2758 whistle of an arrow arrowhead 2252 Q}˜ 180 OLD PURE GROUPS ¬ R-661 Å L R-148 H R-149 I R-150 J R-151 O R-152  °o R- Šź´à© t˜L sniper; marksman take aim 2344 2253 L s R-122 ¿ Ÿ R-123 ¨ R-124 p R-125 u R-126 k k R- ¿ %Á ¿´û gold put in box cabinet 2635 2254 3k ÇûÁ $ R-69 Ý , R-70 6 R-71 A R-72 7 R-73 Ü R- Ý Ür%hš |rPhš to catch on; “click” 2456 2255 ö ²û 5 R-127 R-128 & R-129 I R-130 ” ”B ²û¹ ²û Sugawara family 2410 Note how the family is referred to by using the on-yomi of the ³rst character of their full name. Note also the unusual kun-yomi in the name Sugawara. The standard reading is: R- 2256 ” `X sedge OLD PURE GROUPS 181 – R-74 µ ™ R-75 ˆ R-76 “ R-77 — —i R- µ µ½û H™ formic acid ant 2686 2257 — + Àï« ÷ & R-102 ö R-103 ( R-104 R-101 $ $ñ $š $Q $ $ Šuš •fQ P[‹ Šuš Àï«%Óï« À﫽© bumper crop bear fruit; fructify fruitful used in names used in names 2609 R- 2258 } ×û | R-166 R-167 ‘ R-168 { R-169 î «î îSŠ R- ×û%Øû ´ë×û ØûÅ«»« Saq kqV 2658 leggings; gaiters adhesive plaster (for wounds) bands; ties; shackles be attached 2259 î îV 182 OLD PURE GROUPS g Å« j R-174 R-175 } R-176 k R-177 q R- Å« qT ū׷ dregs 2649 2260 Ö î ´ R-178 − R-179 ³ R-180 ² R-181 ° °/ R- î îî J—J— more and more severe increasingly 2433 2261 ° Ð òï« W R-239 Z R-240 ` R-241 a ga a˜Q a a é©òï« HS˜Q HS HS˜ R- òï« clear; patent evident; obvious used in names used in names 2582 2262 f fæ R- òï« òï«−û všQ distant; remote far off in the distance 2419 2263 fQ OLD PURE GROUPS 183 ’ R- òï« ’ãuJ ò﫺ûuy wild³re; prairie ³re watchfire to burn 2535 2264 ’ ’U QQ™z “U ¿ ´ï« ç R-290 ò R-291 í R-292 Û R- ´ï« –Û µ´ï« ´ï« êâ ´ï«ÄÌ †P eloquence cheek chivalry 2107 2265 ê R- 2792 2266 ê Ä ¿ï« − R-580 R-308 Æ R-309 Ý ÝÞ R- ¿ï« ¿ï«Þ H“Œ ¿ï« ³( ¿ï«Ý harlot iris used in names 2366 2267 Ý ³ R- 2198 2268 184 OLD PURE GROUPS ó àû ‹ R-203 ‡ R-204 ’ R-205 Ô Ô’ R- àû àûµ Qfš g‰` àû 2Š Äûâû Part One deception 2806 2269 Ôš Ô` swindle; cheat; misrepresent to deceive; trick 2645 Š R- 2270 ´ ´í« µ R-185 R-186 Ä R-187 ½ ½v R- ´í« ´í«Á© U‹ ´í« à PJ creel drawing water draw water 2322 2271 ½‹ à R- 2644 2272 : »« W R-221 ‹ R-222 h R-223 o o? R- »« »«¿í« UJ o 2484 ancient Chinese capital picket 2273 OLD PURE GROUPS 185 ç Úï« å R-206 R-207 ã R-208 æ R- Úï« æ3 æ æ Úï«Çû y[Z |U„ bottle gourd gourd; calabash gourd; calabash 2911 2274 ï Ûï« ì R-278 R-279 ä R-280 ð ðà R- Ûï«%ã« Û﫽 JQ™ chain cable; hawser anchor; killick 2765 2275 ð Ó Î© ß R-212 R-213 Ò R-214 × ×XÓ R- Ω%Éï« Î©¿ûÇ© sU volunteer corps pull out 2267 2276 ×U ¿ ã« ¹ R-354 R-355 Ñ R- ã« Ñ Ñ Ñ PPo™ o‘ •S 2829 phoenix; large mythical bird used in names used in names 2277 186 OLD PURE GROUPS Ö Ç© Ð R-269 R-270 Ï R-271 Ô ÔÁ R- Ç© ǩé ‰•aŠ blackish blue used in names 2864 2278 Ô = æÌ ? R-284 R-285 ; R-286 ^ R- æÌ % æ ^|P æÌò² jasmine 2348 2279 2 R-236 ò 6 R-237 9 R-238 | R- ò ^|P æÌò² jasmine 2349 2280 a ·Ì b R-302 R-303 c R- ·Ì Rc ³û·Ì cave; rocky cavern 2615 2281 OLD PURE GROUPS 187 ã« Ä R-352 · R-353 + R- ã« +^ +Nš +L ã«Éë· ‹QNš HL ã« Èü ã«ñ© —‘T ã« ÉÛ ã«ä« vh ã« ÇÎ õûå« line of argument honeycomb; beehive bee face; encounter go to meet to encounter 2417 2282 È R- 2375 legendary Chinese Isle of Eternal Youth mugwort 2687 2283 È É R- 2284 É Î R- 2768 2285 a R-338 ³ i R-339 _ R- ³ _5 _Q ³Äû r¡Q ³ Ø` ½³ town near Kyoto suddenly; abruptly sudden 2110 2286 ` R- 2226 2287 188 OLD PURE GROUPS f R- ³ f ³ moth 2694 2288 H §û L R-314 R-315 J R- §û J# §ûæ §û N+ N §ûØ U˜ §û /Ø /J /˜Q / / / §ûÀï PdJ “`˜Q [g vš “` at ease; comfort tardy; lslow at ease used in names used in names used in names pommel; sidehorse saddle massage; masseur 2259 2289 N R- 2782 2290 / 2442 R- 2291 é ºû æ R-528 R-529 ë 5ëÁ: R- ºû ²ûºû³·Èû orchestra Jo kš ë ë 2669 2292 string (on a violin, etc.) used in names OLD PURE GROUPS 189 ì R- ºû ìp ºûÅ« ºû ±Î ºû÷· UšŒU ‰}^J bewilderment feel dizzy dizzy; dazzled porthole 2675 2293 ± R- 2581 2294 ±ŒU ±^J V Å« S R-472 R-473 i in R- Å« Å«ÀíÌ “™ Å« xR ū׷ HPJ ^Xš pale; ashen pale blue used in names spearsmanship spear; lance 2516 2295 i x R- 2399 2296 xJ x − R-448 õ ° R-449 5 R- õ 5– 5 õ« [T heron wings heron 2833 2297 190 OLD PURE GROUPS M R- õ M |S bog rhubarb; coltsfoot 2370 2298 Ù ð« â R-478 R-479 ã ãÙ R- ð« ð«ÃÌ oQ` oWš welding melt (metals) be melted (metals) 2547 2299 ãQ` ãWš é 9é R- ð«%±« Ýð« v` lotus; cotton rose lotus 2362 2300 é â ³û V R-298 R-299 O OS R- ³û ³û¸ ‘mHd} ³û SI ³ûç ‘mHd} savor; appreciate toy with toys toy with 2567 2301 O} S R- 2899 2302 S} OLD PURE GROUPS 191 e R-300 ´ n R-301 r R- ´ r Jd ´ Cs ´û´ rocky beach 2594 2303 s R- 2887 region around Kyoto–Osaka 2304 7 Àí 0 R-366 R-367 Á R- Àí Á k‰ Àí ß/ ß›š _”^” s›š wife 2203 2305 ß R- 2329 dead drunk become wet; be impassioned 2306 E ¿í« A R-482 R-483 n R- ¿í« n U¡ ¿í« K vT Japanese bush clover hoe 2762 2307 K R- 2351 2308 192 OLD PURE GROUPS Ð ¿ï« Õ R-512 R-513 Ê Ê& ¿ï«Ý SY™ Yš R- ¿ï« Ê Êš 2478 woodcutter; lumberjack woodcutter cut wood 2309 ß R- ¿ï« *ß Ø¿ï« Bashõ (haiku poet) 2367 2310 РΩ Þ R-462 R-463 á á? vá R- Ω%Ç© Ω²û ¿Ç© HS˜Œš Ω ↠Ω¹© yaŒ U-shaped hoof 2716 clear vision 4 Noble Truths of Buddhism give up; abandon 2741 2311 ጚ â R- 2312 â Ù ´û 0 R-412 B 413 / /¸ R- ´û ´û¿ï« ¡aQr few; little; meagre a few 2116 2313 /Qr OLD PURE GROUPS 193 „ „û R- ´û%»û ´û½© `Š› „ 2099 Dutch trefoil; wild celery violet 2314 ù ð« ë R-474 Ü R-475 í í0 R- ð« ð«×© všQr ð« óW ð«³û f‰ beautiful face beautiful stone 2418 worship from a distance far off; in the distance 2553 2315 íQr ó R- 2316 ó ‡ Ñ« R-1571 ƒ ƒ1 R- Ñ« % ¿ï« Ñ«¹© HYR›š yearning; hankering aspire for; be drawn to 2280 2317 ƒ›š „ „À R- Ñ« % Ы%¿í Ñ«´í« ¿íê· kU billiards 2245 2318 „… „U log used to strike a bell strike against 194 OLD PURE GROUPS ¼ ´í« º R-230 R-231 À R-232 y y{ R- ´í« ´í«¿ ‰™ y 2533 ball; type of chrysanthemum ball 2319 ¹© q R-344 s R-345 v ìv R- à© ¿ëà© PPL U˜J áÌ „Ø á˹û glance; a peek at cover; shelter to cover; to conceal dark; hidden 2358 2320 vL vJ „ R- 2927 2321 ? ¿í« S R-257 R-259 C 2ØC C C C ¿í« ¼È©¿í« ` ^‰ Ur the 5 continents sandbar; sandbank island used in names 2289 R- 2322 OLD PURE GROUPS 195 5 Õû ê R-440 R-441 é é– R- Õû Õû¿ ytš —™ silk throwing twist; tweak a twist; ply 2266 2323 éš é µ ¿ï« ± R-514 R-515 è R- ¿ï« è± ¿ï«î soy sauce 2746 2324 Ì Î© Ê R-312 R-313 Ü ÜÖ Ü^J ÜJ Ü Ü Ü Ü Î©¿ï« fg^J [J¡J fg [h kV —^ Ω propitious upright happy used in names used in names used in names used for names 2603 R- 2325 196 OLD PURE GROUPS 1 Àí 4 R-364 R-365 6 |6 R- Àí ©ûÀí y‘ UŠy‘ 6 6 2672 ribbon (of an of³cial seal) cord braided cord 2326 É ¹û Á R-406 R-407 Ý Ý¡ R- ¹û ¹ûØû QT keyboard; clavier key 2761 2327 Ý J »« K R-416 R-417 V VwÝ R- »« »«Ð«−û up laryngitis throat 2164 2328 V q ØÌ u R-316 R-317 t R- ØÌ t JQg raft 2629 2329 OLD PURE GROUPS 197 ˜ Å· Œ R-336 R-337 • ¢• R- Å· ãÅ· o˜Nš capture; apprehension catch; grab hold of 2260 2330 •Nš ÷ Ö« ò R-444 R-445 ö 5ö R- Ö« ²Ö« L‹ pyosis; turning to pus to fester 2455 2331 ö‹ ø ´ï« ú R-430 R-431 û R- ´ï« ûÖ ´ï«−û banquet 2799 2332 l ²© … R-382 R-383 Û R- ²© Û yuS Japanese cypress 2495 2333 198 OLD PURE GROUPS k ²© ƒ R-380 R-381 † R- ²© % ¹ a† †{M †{ † Àû²© ¹¿k} Q˜^ HUf rubbish poppy seed mustard dirt; trash 2376 2334 3 Äû 8 R-486 R-487 9 R- Äû 9 Äû 2468 small dining table on tray 2335 ñ Ãû û R-502 R-503 ! R- Ãû 2C! ÄûòÌÃû prostate 2466 2336 á Ç· è R-458 R-459 â R- Ç· âl Ç·×Ì religious mendicancy 2264 2337 OLD PURE GROUPS 199 Ü Ø· Z R-318 R-319 X R- Ø· X° Ø·õ exposure 2447 2338 p Å« r R-306 R-307 t tg t t t t t t Å«é© HS HS˜ [o [o^ o^ oS Å« wisdom; sagacity used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2677 R- 2339 õ· Æ R-296 k R-297 Ä °Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä ã«õ· h o^ oŠ —^ õ· stipend; salary used in names used in names used in names used in names 2602 R- 2340 200 OLD PURE GROUPS Í Î© Ý R-460 R-461 1 #1 R- Ω ÝΩ fU‰^J insubordination stalwart 2971 2341 1^J òí« H 496 L 497 J R- òí« JÀ òí«´í« the Loochoo islands 2557 2342 O R-534 çÌ P R-535 ! R- çÌ ! ^SŠ Japanese star anise 2532 2343 ^ »« O R-114 R-115 k R-116 s R-117 } R-118 Ÿ R-119 ” R-120 _ R-121 à Ö »«êû R- »« anus 2459 2344 NB: When this group was introduced in volume II, it was noted that the primitive element must occupy a prominent place in order to serve as a signal primitive. OLD PURE GROUPS 201 We conclude this chapter with three pure groups that use kanji which appeared in volume II only as primitives. This is indicated by an arrow pointing downards (➔) where the number for volume II would otherwise be. R æû E ➔ R-434 G R-435 ¸ R- æû ¸w æûÀí« æû § LqT æû R¼ø æûÈñ æû H× æû−û kš spreading; diffusion vine; tendril mandala eel 2998 steamed bun (Chinese) 2811 2345 § R- 2346 R R- 2100 2347 H R- 2359 2348 H å ´ï« ï ➔ R-293 ó R-294 Ÿ R-295 Ü R- ´ï« TÜ ²´ï« overseas Chinese 2120 2349 202 OLD PURE GROUPS å å… åJ å å ´ï«ä· fQJ fQ fQ^ R- ´ï« tall tree tall used in names used in names 2104 2350 ÷ R- ´ï« ÷_ dw buckwheat noodles 2369 2351 CHAPTER 8 New Pure Groups This chapter introduces new primitive groups, based on signal primitives that were not introduced as such in volume II. As before, a small frame will be set at the head of each group to indicate the signal primitive, reading, and kanji from volume II that belong to this group. In most cases, the reading of the kanji that will serve here as a signal primitive has already learned, and in that case the reference to the frame in volume II where the reading was introduced will appear under the signal primitive. As in the previous chapter, an arrow (➔) below a signal primitive will indicate that it is in fact a kanji introduced in this volume. Where there is no arrow or frame number, the signal primitive has not been learned as a kanji. For further information on the layout of the frames, see page 491. We may begin with groups based on kanji whose principal onyomi has already been learned. Since the majority of the signal primitives have already been included in volume II, most of these groups will be small, often with only one new reading to learn. 204 NEW PURE GROUPS òï« h R-1946 b [b b b b ½ûòï« Qp Ja fQ R- òï«%õ« mountain ridge corner used in names used in names 2610 2352 Y Yj R- òï« ò﫳 ^uV excel; surpass endure; bear 2136 2353 YV ! R- òï« !] 2225 high and overtowering 2354 òï«Å« C R- òï«%òû Clj C H“ used in names 2668 òï«ÒûÉï« city in Kagawa Prefecture 2355 â ➔ ¾ ã R-574 â â7 R- ¾ ¾Äû `¡š Zen meditation sit 2844 2356 âš NEW PURE GROUPS 205 ä R- ¾ èä Õû¾ sprain 2845 2357 ö Ãû * ➔ R-1052 î îT R- Ãû Ãû¿í« N˜} Åû öR ö ö ö Åû© fkŠ •U —^ southeast direction anthology pick out; select 2253 2358 î} ö R- 2861 2359 southeast (dragon-snake) used in names used in names ´· › R-555 œ œ“ œ œV œ ´·êû ‰™ kV Šk R- ´· 2787 interrogation of a criminal ball; used in names to follow; used in names used in names 2360 − −Ñ R- ´· ´·¿Ì YL_ − 2753 shed for storing rice malt malted rice 2361 206 NEW PURE GROUPS = ¿í« R-1689 O OÀ R- ¿í« ¿í«´í« Wš ¿í« Ð ¡^ eagle football to kick 2742 2362 Oš Ð R- 2834 2363 Ú R-1815 ½ ½ Ø` ½³ ½ Ý/ ½½ ŠRU ÝU town near Kyoto 2559 shining white (of stones) to polish (stones) 2230 Ø R- 2364 Ý R- 2365 ½ * R-1977 + +ûï R- »%² »Ãû´ï« ‰fV overpass straddle 2744 2366 +V NEW PURE GROUPS 207 $ R- » $ vQ‰ hakama skirt 2626 2367 ô© „ R-2067 ¦ R- ô© ¦ QS ô© C CU CV o ŠRU oV grindstone to polish whet; sharpen oyster 2697 2368 C R- 2595 2369 Ä õ· R-2229 º º, º º` ºU õ·¿í Y^ Y` `U õ· ³ltering saké a ³lter to strain; ³lter make paper 2304 R- 2370 à [à R- õ· ½ûõ· |‘o foot of a mountain foothills 2839 2371 à 208 NEW PURE GROUPS T R-1151 ² ² Ù2 Ù ²¿ï· Q (¥) w ² ÅX ¹û² quarrel birchbark type torch birch 2160 2515 Ù R- 2372 X R- 2373 E R-1817 ² ² V Nz ² ß] ]‹ ] −û² Q`‹ Q`Š shrimp 2779 smoke and mist; scenic views be hazy; grow dim haze; mist 2689 V R- 2374 R- 2375 y R-826 ´ ´ ›F ›L › ´É LQRL LQRJ perceive; grasp peep; spy on a guess; an inquiry 2613 › R- 2376 NEW PURE GROUPS 209 ´ R- ´ ´ ´ W“S kS Zelkova tree Zelkova tree 2527 2377 « ¼« R-1883 ª ª? R- ¼« ¼«¿í« †™ ¼« èW¨ ä«·«¼« †™ air-raid shelter ditch; trench Australia moat 2306 2378 ª ¨ R- 2186 2379 ¨ Å« „ R-1993 d d_ R- Å« Å«ð« QU Å« ù| Å«´ uŠ rise early µea itching to scratch 2252 2380 dU ù R- 2681 2381 ù 210 NEW PURE GROUPS Å« a R-1670 n nX R- Å« Å«¿û YWš “bš Å« s9 ©ËÅ« |t one ship ship 2577 slender body; thin build be sunken; be hollow lose weight 2068 2382 nWš nbš 9 R- 2383 9 ± ´í« R-1638 L R- ´í« L L f‰ y[ ´í« ¿ ´í« moxa cautery jewel; used in names used in names 2565 2384 ¿ R- 2538 2385 « Ì© R-1642 ª ÷ª R- Ì© ÎËÌ© kh iron hammer hammer 2477 2386 ª NEW PURE GROUPS 211 ¬ R- Ì© ÷¬ ÎËÌ© iron hammer 2769 2387 Ê ´ï R-1220 Ó Ó©! R- ´ï ´ï¿Àï« uYT™ ´ï — `d hem 2759 indentation; saw-toothed a saw 2624 2388 — R- 2389 ë é R-1903 ¢ ¢ã R- é é−û `ZJ é |− ѫé `‹ co-habitation live; dwell weirdly beautiful tremendous; awesome 2133 2390 ¢J − R- 2496 2391 −‹ 212 NEW PURE GROUPS y ê« { ➔ R-1730 y y{ R- ê« ê«¿ fW^ v_Œ Mencius used in names used in names 2872 2392 y y 6 « ” R-30 — R- « —n «²© detour 2415 2393 Àï« % R-1964 ð ðo ð‹ ð ð R- À Àï«¿ï« ``‹ `W f`U Chancellor go forwards; advance used in names used in names 2394 s éû R-1098 t R- éû t{ éûó© noodles 2752 2395 NEW PURE GROUPS 213 I éû q R-1871 p pP R- éû éû² ¡f raw cotton cotton 2512 2396 p ×û Œ R-1750 † ƒò† R- ×û ê«»×û ‰g˜ † 2556 infant’s “Mongolian spot” spots; patches; streaks 2397 õ ²û R-989 = =¹ R- ²û ²ûÀ JV[ with a smile 2408 kind of rush; used in names 2398 = § Åû R-874 2.2. « Ù« R- Åû ¹ûÅû ƒ™Ugš humility to be humble 2422 2399 «š 214 NEW PURE GROUPS ñû + R-1935 0 0¿ R- ñû ñû³· 2363 studying Western science in the Dutch language 2400 : µï R-1950 Õ èÕ R- µï 䫵ï |bV defense ward off 2597 2401 ÕV í Ãû R-1660 ÷ ÷{ R- Ãû ÃûÑ« HPš Pgmš ÷š ÷mš 2540 agitation; demagoguery fan the µames incite; instigate 2402 R-1859 ´ ´ a‹ a^J a^‹ a ´µ L›^J fu^‹ —^ frolicking happy rejoice; enjoy used in names 2207 a R- 2403 NEW PURE GROUPS 215 ‹ ©û R-1931 ‰ R- ©û k‰ ‰ õ·©û QX shady nook shade; shadow 2374 2404 ¹ î« R-1790  Âm R- î« %ð« î«¿íÌ ¡U gushing out gush up 2284 2405 ÂU Ú R-2219 ð« ð« Öo ð«à© mercenary soldier to employ 2128 Ö R- 2406 ÖL “oL * Ïû R-2046 + +g R- Ïû Ïûßû P™ —p‹ starch dregs; sediment stagnate 2300 2407 + +‹ 216 NEW PURE GROUPS ï Àï« R-961 ü ü& R- Àï« À﫾© kN µogging; caning cane; walking stick 2504 2408 ü U »« R-1857 X Xa [X R- »«%· »«Àû è· HQ dirt; ³lth immaculate; unde³led stain 2187 2409 X V É· S ➔ R-1617 V V2 R- É· É·Äû 2637 old name for northwest part of Fukuoka prefecture 2410 k ¾û l ➔ 2010 k R- ¾û k/ kš ¾û¿í Sš decapitation cut down; behead 2092 2411 NEW PURE GROUPS 217 ¹ ²· © ➔ 2215 ¹ R- ²· ¹/ ²Ë²· 2908 splendid; distinguished 2412 ï ±« R-2132 ù R- ±« ù |`‰ sliding door or screen 2627 2413 f R-1809 © © iL i¡› JL J¡› to say reason; grounds 2725 i R- 2414 ! R-1818 § § #5 §Äû µabbergasted 2958 # R- 2415 218 NEW PURE GROUPS m ²© R-1572 ‡ R- ²© ‡‘ ‡ ²©»« Qr walking sideways crab 2682 2416 · ²· R-1849 − R- ²· %»« −( ²·ñû 2257 2417 disturbance; turbulence Š R-1828 µ µ H˜ »«µ —^Š —^ friendship; amity goodwill; friendly relations used in names 2719 ˜ R- 2418 ˜Š ˜ Å »û R-1673 Πα R- »û »ûå« Y™ packing; crating a bale; package 2518 2419 Î NEW PURE GROUPS 219 d ½û R-1669 e R- ½û ‹e àû½û compilation; editing 2641 2420 h ½û R-1740 g R- ½û gËH gNš ½ûÛ² ffNš hymn; song of praise give praise to 2711 2421 z ¹© R-1756 à R- ¹© à à Yœ Zœ around; about time; about 2791 2422 „ R-1568 ¿ ¿ Ú} ^u} recall; reminisce 2129 Ú R- 2423 220 NEW PURE GROUPS ‚ R-1819 ¿ ¿ “{ ¿¿ lion 2345 “ R- 2424 ? Çû ; R-718 A AB ¸A R- Èû % Çû Èû² »·Çû ‰•Š parishoner of a temple ebony spindle tree 2525 2425 A z Àíû } ➔ 1761 z R- Àíû % ¿íû z z v“}[ v“ peregrine falcon used in names 2879 2426 Ø Àï R-1845 ¢ »¢ ¢` ¢ ¢ î«Àï •š` fg^ u™ Àï pardon; forgiveness sanction; pardon used in names used in names 2434 NEW PURE GROUPS 221 R- 2427 ¢ ¢ ¢ yœ^ •S ^u} used in names used in names used in names š Àï R-1558 £ £¢ R- Àï Àïôû `S small hand scoop a plow; spade 2756 2428 £ Õ ¿Ì R-1923 2.2. Ð R- ¿Ì Ð4 Ћ Ћ ¿ËÐ dt‹ tf‹ jealousy; envy be jealous to envy 2202 2429 ¿Ì Ô R-1907 Ó Ó4 R- ¿Ì ¿Ë² y] at one’s knees or feet knee; lap 2461 2430 Ó 222 NEW PURE GROUPS ¡ ´ï« R-2095 ¢ ¢ ¢š ¢ ¢ ¢ QP™ QPš Q QPš S— ´ï«%¹© 2925 R- 2431 a fragrance; used in names smell fragrant used in names used in names used in names −û Ö R-1723 Ô R- −û ÔÎ Ô −ûΩ bS dam; weir dam; sluice 2191 2432 ° R-19 Ç ½ R-1780 ± R- Ç%Ç© [ܱ Þ½Ç 2316 2433 neglect to call on or write to Ä −© R-827 À R- −© À{ −©Y Eiko (woman’s name) 2566 2434 NEW PURE GROUPS 223 ü Úû R-1944 ù R- Úû ù‘!Ç Úû¿Àï«Ç© 2305 in a state near death 2435 ( §© R-1096 K R- §© K* §©æ© vague; ambiguous 2437 2436 d »« R-1149 | q| R- »« Å«»« sQ | 2652 chaff and bran; poverty rice bran 2437 Àû h R-1569 g g“ R- Àû Àûêû fatš interrogation to question 2713 2438 gtš 224 NEW PURE GROUPS Y Å« R-1990 Q R- Å« Q Šqo harbor 2309 2439 u ¿íû s ➔ R-1585 u u u u u u ‹UX S— yo^ Šk —^ ¿íû rose of Sharon; althea used in names used in names used in names used in names 2915 R- 2440 ³© — R-1385 ” R- ³© ?” ” Èû³© RW precipice cliff; bluff 2227 2441 In the following groups, note that the signal primitive must stand in a dominant position—alone and to the right. NEW PURE GROUPS 225 í ➔ ä· ð R-2210 í í`š R- ä· ä·`š L˜qL tell fortunes to tell one’s fortune 2103 2442 íL “ ×û ×û ˆ, ×ûñû inundation; µood 2301 ˆ R- 2443 I R-1573 · · úK Îû¸ Js long-nosed goblin small dog 2341 K R- 2444 K n òû R-1674 o oú! R- òû òûÙÃû [z^J òû q” òû« Taoist temple lymph gland lonely 2310 2445 o^J q R- 2554 2446 226 NEW PURE GROUPS There are several new groups formed by picking up characters that were formerly part of pure or mixed groups. We take up these next. n »« z R-863 R-864 q R- »«%´ï« qê £q »«Å· ´´ï« stoppage; blockage Chinese bellµower 2498 2447 “ áû R-865 — î— R- áû ´ï«áû ‹h teacher’s rod whip 2783 2448 — à ´ï« ô R-866 R-867 Ý Ý! Ý›š Pd›š ´ï« ´ï«Àï« criminal offence to fear 2853 R- 2449 This character was part of a semi-pure group in volume II; but can best be learned here as a new group. NEW PURE GROUPS 227 _ R-1373 Ы Ы me mWš ЫÀû oœWš debauchee; libertine be bewitched; be captivated 2357 m R- 2450 This character was part of a mixed group in volume II, but can best be learned here as a new group. » ²· R-1913 « Ê« R- ²· · Uš¡ licensed quarters licensed quarters 2235 2451 « Ü ➔ ½ ½ [ܱ Þ½Ç `q ½ wá ¹½ monk’s surplice neglect to call or write sand 2701 2296 Ü R- 2452 Ü á R- 2453 228 NEW PURE GROUPS Ï ò ? R-868 8 R- ò w8 óò lapis lazuli 2048 2454 œ Éí« R-663 Þ ÞÄ R- Éí« Éí«Ç© y‘ a band string 2661 2455 Þ d R-820 ´ ´%¹ vV vÀ ´×· ¹« ‰› dilute rare; uncommon rare 2611 v R- 2456 v È »û R-916 Ë R- »û Ëx »ûÁ© coma 2451 2457 NEW PURE GROUPS 229 È · R-898 » R- È »Ò È−û ellipse 2531 2458 Š Ø©%ש R-584 - ¤ R- Ø©%ש ¤g Ø©½û Ø© ¼B õ«Ø© panic 2178 2459 song praising Buddhist virtues 2340 B R- 2460 a »« R-1696 L R- »« LJ [J¡J »« ÁK »«³û testicles happy 2119 2461 Á R- 2929 2462 230 NEW PURE GROUPS ¦ ôû R-1672 ¥ ¥Í R- ôû ôû»û vh` v` lotus root lotus lotus 2360 2463 ¥ ¥ We conclude this chapter with entirely new pure groups—that is, those for whom neither the signal primitive nor any member of the group was introduced in volume II. The number of these groups is small and should not cause much dif³culty. Naturally, here the signal primitives stand alone in their small frames. M Á« ➔ M R- Á« ‚M ×ûÁ« Á« ‹G§ Á«Éé P‘‹U geotropism head towards rumination 2084 2464 ‹ R- 2086 2465 ‹U Œ R- Á« %Á Œ yq chick 2085 2466 NEW PURE GROUPS 231 œ ➔ ì ì œM ìÅ Q ì › › _J __ ì Ô{ ì¿ palm tree palm tree old man old man; grandpa 2524 Jesus (old form) question mark 2334 2680 œ R- 2467 œ › R- 2468 Ô R- 2469 Ô “^ d é© ➔ d d÷« R- é©%çï« é©±«Ã© Pluto (the planet) 2841 2470 d2 çï«ò é© providence; divine favor 2842 meditation Å R- 2471 Å` é©Å« é© C R- 2843 Hades; underworld 2472 Cú é©Îû 232 NEW PURE GROUPS ¹ À%Ó ➔ ¹ À%Ó ¹û Àñ© À5À¹ ÀÕûã«Ó ¹ ¹ ¹ ^Q q¥_ hQ^ À ³º »·À State Seal 2074 since then “let it be” (Buddhist term) only; in that manner thou used in names 2075 R- 2473 º R- 2474 s ³· à R- ³· ÿ à ³Ë»Ì HZ ³· Ó ¡r alligator jawbone jaw; chin 2795 2475 Ó R- 2824 2476 m »« ➔ m R- »« m m m HS HS˜ mš used in names used in names used in names 2446 2477 NEW PURE GROUPS 233 ï ï ï yœ yœ^ R- »« used in names used in names 2287 2478 Note that the character ù does not have a kun-yomi and has therefore not been included in this group. » −© ➔ » R- −© »M= »U −©»«Èû U yU tracer bullet to pull 2848 2479 ¿ R- −© %ÃÌ º¿ ¿› õ«−© ‘› leak; disclosure to leak 2849 2480 @ ➔ Ý Ý c@Ö µÝ¹û Ý %w ÝЫ wharf; pier; quay 2928 prefecture in central Japan 2189 @ R- 2481 % R- 2482 234 NEW PURE GROUPS Q ¿û ➔ Q QÖ R- ¿û ¿ûÈ© vf ¿û J J J v^wŠ v™ vš hazel tree used in names used in names 2877 Ch’in Dynasty (255-206 BCE) used in family names 2475 2483 Q J R- 2484 W ³© ³© ‹ø ‹ ‹˜V ‹ ‹ ³©Ãû QhpS “¡˜V oS —^ ³© œ —œJ suit of armor triumphal return used in names victory cry ease; be mitigated used in names 2076 2077 ‹ R- 2485 œ R- 2486 ½ »Ì ➔ ¾ R- »Ì Á¾ »«»Ì rapture; ecstasy 2277 2487 NEW PURE GROUPS 235 ½ ½5 R- »Ì »ÌÄû fh‰h suddenly all of a sudden 2431 2488 ½h ` Àû R-2199 j jÄ R- Àû ÀûÇ© Lk‡ ligament; fascia quiver 2786 2489 j CHAPTER 9 Semi-Pure Groups The semi-pure groups, it will be recalled from volume II, are groups of on-yomi based on a common signal primitive—but with a single exception. Strictly speaking, the addition of secondary and tertiary readings would do away with most semi-pure groups. But the classification is a useful one, and it is worth the strain to preserve it. We begin here with semi-pure groups already learned, and conclude the chapter with a number of new groupings. | ô© ƒ R-685 R-686 Œ R-687 “ òï« i R-689 R-690 ‰ R- ô© ‰ë‰ ô©ã·Éï« ô© }h ô©Àû ô© †Ó †J † † ô©ò [oJ [o^ [o clever wise used in names used in names 2382 town in Kumamoto Prefecture 2112 minstrel; court musician 2278 2490 } R- 2491 † R- 2492 SEMI-PURE GROUPS 237 J R- ô© J ŠP water canal 2285 2493 ‡ ‡{ R- ô©%òï« ô©Y HS˜ f‰ ô© [… … ½ûô© Št peak peak; summit 2568 Reiko (woman’s name) used in names used in names 2228 2494 ‡ ‡ … R- 2495 Note that this character does not—as you would otherwise expect—follow the reading of the lower element, but keeps the reading of the signal primitive. a òû t R-1980 p R- òû pi òû½û òû uŸ òûÆ· LœY YW òû ¹v ´òû giraffe ³sh; ³nned family ³sh scales ³sh scales phosphoric acid 2052 2496 u R- 2054 2497 u u v R- 2053 2498 238 SEMI-PURE GROUPS œ &œ R- ôû §©ôû pity; compassion take pity 2051 2499 œ›‹ H¡›‹ ¢ ¿íû p ½ -2074 R × R-2023 q qÌ qš qNš q q P¡š PNš fQ fQ^ ¿íû ¿íû´ï µat refusal to be completed to complete used in names used in names 2061 R- 2500 Ï R- ¿íû yÏ ²©¿íû ¿íû t^ ¿íû»« ¿íû v+ v v v ¿íûé fQ^ o^ v“^ µeet steed used in names used in names used in names repentance 2059 2501 t R- 2062 completion of construction 2060 2502 v 2503 R- SEMI-PURE GROUPS 239 H »« p R-671 R-672 P R-673 – R-674 ƒ ²· º R-675 R-676 I C±I¨l R- »« òË¿ï«»«Ã²© 2109 one of Japan’s “new religions” 2337 crafty cunning; sly 2504 »« ÁJ »«É ašJ ÁJ Á R- 2505 Éï« ’ R-1885 ð« è R-1839 v v/ R- Éï« Éï«Éï« ^’„š Éï« 6ˆ ÝÉï« Éï« è” ä«Éï« counter-espionage mark; symbol; code long-winded to chatter 2158 2506 vš ˆ R- 2926 2507 ” R- 2726 2508 ö R-836 » ù R-837 ² « R-838 ( R- » ( Y‘ 2383 water oat; matting rush 2509 240 SEMI-PURE GROUPS ! !û R- » »ò Skt foxes and badgers fox 2342 2510 ! ó ¿û ] R-730 R-731 A R-732 F R-733 @ Àï· 9 R-734 R-735 Ñ R- ¿û Ñ“Q rT“Q Ñ¡L rT¡L ¿û 7g 7 7 7 ¿ûé© H^f HS oS morning star tomorrow used in names used in names 2739 lively; cheerful; bustling µourish 2443 2511 7 R- 2512 ‹ à© n R-929 p Ûû ! R-930 R-931 Û R- à©%Ûï« Û” ÛK à©Å· Ûï«Þ à© öŠ Ãûá© ‘h rice cracker rice cake 2223 2513 bate one’s breath Japanese folding screen 2802 Š R- 2514 Š SEMI-PURE GROUPS 241 F R-760 ² W R-761 U R-762 ñ ú R-763 R- ² ]^J Pzfg^J abundant 2943 2515 [ ±· $ ➚ R-854 & R-855 © [ R-856 ( R- ±· (í ±·Ûï« cowardice; timidity 2460 2516 & R-824 Ý 0 R-825 ´ y R-826 9 9é R- Ý Ýð« v` cotton rose lotus 2361 2517 9 ´ ã« ° ä« ß R-797 R-798 R-799 ¼ ¼³ R- ã« ã«À [[Xš holding up; present to offer 2265 2518 ¼Xš 242 SEMI-PURE GROUPS Ÿ ´Ì ¥ ¹Ì º R-878 R-879 R-880 £ R- ¹Ì%´Ì £q ´Ë»«%´»« Chinese bellµower 2499 2519 ¼ ½· 6 R-691 : R-642 n R-693 9 R-694 ½ ß R-695 ? R- ½· ò? ?‹ ?‹ ´ï«½· `‡‹ k‡‹ constriction constrict to close up 2614 2520 Ö òû l R-899 s õû Ç R-900 R-901 / /í R- òû òûºû Jo P Imperial edict (China) 2656 2521 / / satin cloth; used in names used in names ¿ »Ì Ñ ²Ì R-422 R-423 Î ÁÎ R- ²Ì »«²Ì J ašJ cunning sly 2335 2522 ÎJ SEMI-PURE GROUPS 243 Û ¹© ™ R-720 ¦ R-721 Ÿ R-722 ‡ ²© s R-723 R-724 § R- ¹© 2796 §{T ¹©Ñ«çë· Uz ¹© ÷u ÷J ¹©Å« k—J hardy plants sturdy carotid artery neck 2990 2523 § ÷ R- 2524 Note that the primitive to the right is the old form of Û. Another example appears in the following frame. Ó Ó¿ ¹©»Ì `t vT R- ¹© shinbone shins leg 2989 2525 Ó Ó The following groups did not exist in volume II, but can now be formed as semi-pure groups, using characters already known as signal primitives. K Ý« R-1070 J J{¡ R- Ý« Ý«¿»« QNn 2471 galbanum (bitter gum resin) maple tree 2526 J 244 SEMI-PURE GROUPS š R- ½Ì šZ ½ËÅ« gallant; dashing 2619 2527 Î òí« K ä« æ -1691 -1137 R R G GÍ R- òí« òí«ã« 2143 name of an Early HanDynatsy emperor 2528 òí« %I Àï«òí« fŒš I R- 2324 distillation store up 2529 IŒš w wÀ R- òí«%ó òí«´í« óò Loochoo Islands lapis lazuli 2555 2530 w8 ‰ ¹Ì · ²© r R-1602 R-1602 ¼ R- ¹Ì ¼ƒ ¹ÌáÌ ¹Ì fm ¹Ë¿íÌ NVš gouging out gouge out parting; farewell 2714 2531 f R- 2274 2532 fš SEMI-PURE GROUPS 245 W R-1706 © © gi gNš g›š gzš ©¿í· qNš ^P›š ^qzš withering; atrophy wither; droop droop; be downcast droop; wither 2355 g R- 2533 È È^ È È È È ÷Àû Qa ‰` ^a “‰o ÷ 2106 name ancient Chinese used to refer to the Japanese used in names used in names used in names Ancient Japan R- 2534 n ×Ì R-1543 ש / R-1554 m R- ×Ì mâ ×ÌñÌ sprightly; lively 2307 2535 Þ ²û ? R-752 ð R-753 ) ¹û%»û Ï R-754 R-755* / R- ²û /v ²ûÁ© sprinking; irrigation 2314 2536 246 SEMI-PURE GROUPS J R-756 ç I R-757 K æ© ) R-758 R-759 * R- æ© T* ¸æ© stupidity; ignorance 2445 2537 } R-848 ¿ y ש 7 R-849 R-850 ¥ R- ¿ ¥ QS persimmon 2481 2538 ¨ Åû R-1720 Àíû † R-2181 þ R- Åû þ fš Åû 6 ‰` trout cask; keg 2506 2539 6 R- 2814 2540 ` R-218 ´ b R-219 „ R-220 þ þ’ R- ´ ´ô© H“ beautiful used in names 2667 2541 þ SEMI-PURE GROUPS 247 _ R- © _{ ©Á chair 2480 2542 Š R-287 ¿ … R-288 š R-289 ¤ R- ¹© ‹¤ Æ«¹© 2715 attainments; scholarship 2543 þ ×û „ R-342 R-343 ¤ R- äû%×û ¤B äû¼ Sanskrit 2954 2544 ‰ ‰PÇ R- ×û%äû ×û¿ûõû pantheism 2327 2545 Note that all the characters allow for both readings. The divison indicates only “primary“ reading. X ÝÌ Z R-2015 Ú ¾ R-1643 ¾ R- Ú ¾/ ÚÚ baboon 2346 2546 248 SEMI-PURE GROUPS % ±· R-1820 §· 2 R-1873 3 R- §· 3 3 Hk Hk^ used in names used in names 2320 2547 The following group contains a final character that was classified in volume II as having no on-yomi. The secondary reading has, however, been added here to be complete. Ò Ã´ Î R-764 R-764 Ð ½© å R-765 R-641 ¿ · R-767 Õ R- ô #Õ ¿íô handwriting specimen 2743 2548 ñ ²û R-1791 ¹û Æ R-2000 À ÀÆ R- ¹û ¹ûÇ© L‹ fatigue; weariness be untiring 2108 2549 À‹ # µï« $ ¿ï« Ï SEMI-PURE GROUPS 249 R-1681 ➔ R-2179 # R- µï« # # # fQ fQ^ •fQ used in names used in names used in names 2095 2550 Ø· Y ➔ R-703 1 æ· 2 R-702 R-701 1 R-702 ä ¦ R-696 © R-697 v R-698 ¥ R-699 § R-700 Ø R- Ø· Ø·È© qQ› immense; colossal must not 2105 2551 › [ R-1154 ´ ´ Ÿâ ´¾ y]‰aU 2745 fall to one’s knees down kneel down Ÿ R- 2552 ŸU Å R- Ä© ŧ ĩé brittleness; frailty 2462 2553 * Çû 6 ( Éí« d 250 R-715 R-716 R-717 R-719 SEMI-PURE GROUPS & R- Çû r& à©Çû even; µat 2188 2554 1 ²û Ñ R-1909 R-1895 % æ% R- ²û ´ûÆ«³û vŒš ²û P$ ç²û mandarin orange inlaying with gold 2229 2555 %Œš to inlay; set in; throw into 2482 $ R- 2556 The following groups were introduced as pure groups in volume II, but the addition of new characters makes them now semi-pure. ¢ R-414 »« { R-415 Š R- »« îSŠ ØûÅ«»« 2923 adhesive plaster (for wounds) 2557 SEMI-PURE GROUPS 251 ˆ R- Á« ˆ ˆ fQ^ fQ used in names used in names 2224 2558 Y R-358 © R-359 ¦ R- «Ì ¦5 «ÌÄû growing luxuriantly 2406 2559 ƒ Àíû x R-374 R-375 z R- Àíû z fm shield; escutcheon 2513 2560 ³ R- Ðû ³Â ÐûÀ excuse; subterfuge 2416 2561 Ë R-224 ´ï Ì R-225 Ò R-226 j jJ R- ´ï %» ´ï² u™ signal ³re used in names 2536 2562 j 252 SEMI-PURE GROUPS M R- · M† ·¹© rectangle 2585 2563 ¨ Ω È R-153 Ö R-154 Ñ R-155 ä R-156 B R- ¿ BÍ oJ^ grindstone; whetstone 2590 2564 ô ½© ï ➔ R-242 û R-243 í R-244 ô ô9 ôš ô ô ô ½©×© oš H“ Lt Yo ½© baton of command take hold of used in names used in names used in names 2090 R- 2565 Ò R- ¿Ì FÒ É¿Ì have full knowledge of 2430 2566 ’ R-914 ¿ — R-915 µ µ 2600 licenced quarters in Kyoto • R- 2567 •Ó µ±û SEMI-PURE GROUPS 253 ¾ î« ¸ R-480 R-481 ú R- Àï« ú( Àï«ñû riot; commotion 2268 2568 M ¿û P R-144 R-145 ; R-146 R R-147 Æ R- »û ÆÉ »ûÀ· 2184 earth’s axis (ancient China) 2569 ² R-346 Ú − R-347 † U† ¿Ëâ© ƒ˜ R- à© 2633 bamboo slat used to alert drowsy meditators spatula 2570 † Ð ´ï R-1941 » ‹ R-2082 £ R- ´ï £í £ ´ïºû Ld lie; falsehood lie; falsehood 2167 2571 254 SEMI-PURE GROUPS ; ½· ➔ Å = R-2019 ; R- ½· ;K ; ; ; ½·Ý« kJfh v_Œ ‘o north wind ³rst day of the month used in names used in names 2846 2572 P R- Å P‘ Å»« go against the stream 2847 2573 ç Õû R-1114 è R- Õû èä Õû¾ sprain 2251 2574 S Sl S S S S o^ Šuš q™ qš Àû ÀûÀí· fully ripened used in names used in names used in names used in names 2607 R- 2575 In the following group, the signal primative must stand alone and to the right. We have seen in other cases as well how certain primitives, in order to serve as a signal primitive, must be in a dominant position. SEMI-PURE GROUPS 255 6 Äû R-989 Ãû ï R-1759 & R- Ãû &A Ãû½· search; exploration 2717 2576 † Éï« ‡ R-330 R-331 ë R- Ûï« ë} Ûï«Ñ« court; ministry 2239 2577 Å Å´ R- Éï« Éï«õ« H]Wš mockery; ridicule to make fun of 2155 2578 Åš y Àíû { R-372 R-373 í ¤í R- Àíû%¿íû ¿Àíû vQš ‰Yo consultation; inferring consult used in names 2705 2579 íš í µ µÁ R- ¿íû%Àíû ÀíûΩ ‰Yo weeping silently used in names 2290 2580 µ 256 SEMI-PURE GROUPS B R- ¹û Bœ B ¹ûñû H“ 2664 dazzling; gorgeous; gaudy used in names 2581 Finally, there are a small number of entirely new semi-pure groups, composed only of kanji learned in this volume. Õ §û%−û ➔ I R- §û IÑ I §û¿Ì JP™ hermit’s cell hermitage 2056 2582 Õ R- −û 2055 2583 q”Õ/ ´Å·−û−û gasp for breath; huff and puff −û Ùv ÙL −ûâ© PPL −û , P› me cover; obscuration to cover 2058 2057 Ù R- 2584 , R- 2585 SEMI-PURE GROUPS 257 a ➔ © ÷© ƒi ²©÷© ÷© ÍP ÷©¾Ì Šg˜ indecency; lewdness loose 2427 neighborhood; vicinity 2336 i R- 2586 Í R- 2587 ͘ a R- © ai ©¿í· wince; µinch 2569 2588 ¿í« ➔ L R- ¿í« LU |U ¿í« PÆ ¿í«õ· compilation; editing to thatch; shingle 2392 2589 P R- 2732 2590 ¿ R- î« ¿0 î«×© 2263 bowing with arms folded 2591 258 SEMI-PURE GROUPS » È Àë í R-2235 º ºs R- È Èòû Q_ È [¼ ÞËÈ Buddha steering wheel; helm rudder; helm 2674 2592 º ¼ R- 2955 2593 ² R- Ç ²U H]‹U dupe; deceive 2718 2594 U ³û%ð« ➔ T R- ³û T‹ ³ûÆ« ³û U‘ ³û»« counterfeit 2151 2595 U R- 2150 side by side like µying geese 2596 Ü R- ð« Ü fQ hawk 2237 2597 SEMI-PURE GROUPS 259 ƒ ©û „ ±û 0 R-905 R-906 R-907 } R- ©û }V } ©û»« up throat throat 2159 2598 The following group was not learned as a pure group in volume II, but if its signal primitive is made to stand alone and on the right, it is convenient to make the group now. = R-1160 ò G R-590 7 ò%òï« ( R-963 R-47 ¡ R- ò X¡ ½ûò ò !û »ò fsS ò 2/ ¼ò æ©ó ò ;s òéû L˜ back side behind (old form) ³ve miles mile foxes and badgers badger-dog three nautical miles 2951 2599 û R- 2338 2600 û / R- 2950 2601 / ; R- 2973 2602 ; 260 SEMI-PURE GROUPS d òï« R-892 õ« µ R-890 ¹ R-891 ¼ ¼« R- õ« õ«Ã© Y`J Sirius; Dog Star sly; cunning 2339 2603 ÁJ & ➔ » þ R-1216 # #3 R- » »Ð u™ makeshift paste; glue 2650 2604 # & &º && &( R- »%¼%« »¿ï« ¼æ pepper sesame suspicious-looking barbarians used in names 2470 «õû Nz` y[ ¼%» 2605 & & @ R- 2562 coral 2606 b@ ½û¼ ¼ E R- 2749 zest for life 2607 ÚEI È©¼ç SEMI-PURE GROUPS 261 The following group was learned as a pure group in volume II, but the primary reading of the signal primitive makes it better to reclassify it as a semi-pure group. [ R-324 è%Þ Þ Cï Þð« qnš Þ GP Þ¾Ì unpolished; crude turnip care; tending to stroke; pet 2401 2270 C R- 2608 Cnš G R- 2609 G Q} ¬ R-2188 Ðû „ Àíû ¸ R-1991 R-2071 ± R- Ðû ϱ »ûÐû Ðû ´J ÐûÉ Ðû « Ðû a ton ready wit chaos; confusion 2326 2610 ´ R- 2788 2611 « R- 2949 2612 262 SEMI-PURE GROUPS »« î« Í R-1918 Ø ] ] ] »«È© Hk yœ yœ^ »« vast; extensive used in names used in names used in names 2212 R- 2613 ‚ R- »« ‚ ‚ 2662 k‚s” ×Ë»«©É« “everything under one roof” 2614 yœ yœ^ »« used in names used in names 2469 right hand man elbow ˆ %ˆ R- »»« y_ 2615 ˆ It happens occasionally, as in the following group, that the signal primitive forms an exception to the reading it takes in other characters in which it appears. 2 Äû R-1012 ö öŠ R- Ãû Ãûá© Jš rice cracker to roast 2548 2616 öš SEMI-PURE GROUPS 263 ú ú– R- Ãû Ãû¿ï “ Ãû åÏ ÃûΩ Ãû ¥Nš dœNš to assemble; muster pruning 2636 message attached to an arrow arrow 2941 2617 ú å R- 2618 ¥ R- 2255 2619 CHAPTER 10 Mixed Groups The 162 kanji treated in this chapter make up the most dif³cult of the signal-primitive-based groups. Let us begin by recalling the three classes of “mixed groups” introduced in volume II: GROUP A includes groups with two readings. As distinct from the “semi-pure” groups, there must be at least 2 kanji for each reading. GROUP B is made up of groups with only two exceptions to the standard reading of the signal primitive, which must apply to at least 3 kanji. GROUP C is made up of miscellaneous groups where it is still useful to see a signal primitive with a standard reading, but which has exceptions other than those that apply to Groups A and B. Naturally, with the addition of so many new kanji in this volume, several of the groups from volume I I will change classi³cation. What is more, once we have left the con³nes of the readings assinged for “general use,” the number of secondary and tertiary on-yomi increases dramatically, making the distinction between Group A and Group B less useful. Accordingly, the two groups have been combined in the present volume. For further information on the layout of the frames, see the opening remarks to chapter 7 and the full diagram on page 491. MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 265 _GROUPS ¦ R-348 A & B_ Ú · R-349 h &h R- Ú æÚ ^z›š Ú GŠ ÑÚ servants paralysis go numb 2579 2620 h›š Š R- 2196 2621 5 ç5 R- ש%Ù© ¿ï«×© Ù© ש Ît ש¿ yN legend; ³ction barnyard grass medallion mah-jong tiles 2873 2622 5 Î R- 2608 2623 Î ë à´ | R-851 } R-852 Ú ¿ R-853 { {Ø R- à´ à´¹û yR‹ prejudice be biased against 2117 2624 {‹ 266 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS H H¬ R- Ú Úî foNš metaphor compare; liken to 2728 2625 HNš Ü ¿ï« Ì R-725 R-726 Ô R-727 ´ ½· 7 R-728 R-729 í R- ¿ï« í [“ ¿ï« «w ¿ï«²© patrol; guard a sheath 2784 2626 « R- 2154 2627 ` R- ÃÌ ` Ua waste; rubbish 2219 2628 ² R-346 Ú − R-347 © © R- Ú Ú¼ QwL y[^ Ú ½Ö ã«Ú ƒ breaking wind passed gas aegis; protection 2236 2629 ©L © protect; grant sanctuary eaves; canopy 2218 Ö R- 2630 Ö MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 267 Ç R- Û Ç! Û÷ Û É% Û÷ lute loquat 2519 2631 É R- 2912 2632 Æ −û ä R-780 Ø R-781 R-782 = ÷û Ú -783 R × R- ÷û × ÷û ÷û [Ù Éë÷û teacup wooden bowl 2487 2633 Ù R- 2591 2634 ‡ R- −û ‡( −û´ï· euphemistic 2197 2635 R-800 “ ×û … Øû ¡ -801 -802 R R æ R- ×û Ãæ Õ×û nirvana 2522 2636 ¢ ¢Í R- Øû ØûÀë· J¡ huge rock boulder 2586 2637 ¢ 268 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS 2 ²û ; R-748 R-749 C ñû , R-750 R-751 / 8/ R- ñû ³ñû HJ / 2371 temple for Buddhist training indigo 2638 Ô È© Ù R-544 R-1416 Ï Ô Î© Ô R-544 R-544 Ë Ëp R- Ω Ω×Ì dš Ω Õˆ Õ Õ Õ Õ Î©Àíû o‘ —^ “` “`^ Ω ‰Ù ²©Î© v^Z step; threshold; guide ladder obedience used in names used in names used in names used in names 2146 tonsure; cutting off the hair to shave 2283 2639 Ëš Õ R- 2640 Ù R- 2479 2641 Ù MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 269  ôû š à ¹û  ➚ -1202 -1203 R R Ù R-1200 È ºû È R-1201 R-1201 R-1199 ¢ @¢ R- ôû Öôû `g› shop-entrance curtain bamboo blind 2630 2642 ¢ Þ ä« ä Ø© = R-806 R-807 R-808 A Aß R- Ø© Ø©−û `` soot and smoke soot 2541 2643 A ± ¿ï« © R-1204 R-1205 ã R-1208 Ò Ã© ± R-1209 R-1204 © R-1205 ª R-1206 ¦ R-1207 é é1 R- ¿ï« ¿ï«» a bell and drum bell clapper 2770 2644 é Qt t Éï« – R-1168 R-1169 „ R-1170 Š R-1171 Ы Éï« Y R-1172 s R-1173 — R- 2755 saké holder 2645 —{ Éï«¿ B Å« R Š Æ« † ‡ Š 270 ➚ R-1188 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS R-1188 R-1193 R-1191 R-1192 R-1193 Å B R-1190 ; R- Å I; çÅ fermented bean paste 2177 2646 ¨ Àï« µ R-1174 R-1175 ô é ¨ R-1177 R-1174 µ R-1175 ¼ R-1176 8 R- Àï« 8˜Q 8 HS˜Q HS˜ clear used in names 2438 2647 “ î«%«%î R-1754 · ú· Îûî« `W f`U R- « % î % î« 2126 divine favor; providence used in names aid; assist 2648 · ·U Ç ÇÙ Ç Ç Ç Ç Ç î«ÚÌ [h `W f`U h ‰` î« secretary; amanuensis used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2599 R- 2649 MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 271 ø ²û ù R-1270 R-1269 î R-1271 * R-1272 : ¹û Û ³û M R-1273 R-1274 R-1275 Ü Ü¹ R- ²û ²ûé JzS ²û !“ ²û³© yn™ ²û 4w ²ûЫ [P ²û † ^P™ bookmark top of a pole pole drought damage drought snoring voice snoring 2944 2650 Ü ! R- 2441 2651 ! 4 R- 2632 2652 4 † R- 2523 2653 × Ç© Æ R-1264 R-1265 Ì À%É ¸ R-1266 ¿ R-1267 x R-1268 ™ R- ì v™ Ыì training; cultivation 2137 2654 ÷ R- Ç© ÷p †o¥p almost 2871 2655 272 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS Î ðÎ R- Ç© ÃûÇ© YW u™ mosses moss seaweed 2356 2656 Î }Î ò R-1215 » ü R-1218 û R-1217 · N R-1219 ´ï Ê R-1220 õ õ” R- » »Å· ^”Lo ^”LoŒ stopgap; makeshift mother-in-law mother-in-law 2205 2657 õ õ ‚ ×û * R-1234 R-1233 ‡ R-1235 • R-1236 Š R-1237 + R-1238 š Øû ‡ R-1239 R-1235 Çû ‚ àû ‘ R-1234 R-1240 ² 6 ãû ‚ R-1241 R-1234 ƒ äƒ R- ãû % ×û èãû d‹U rebellion; insurrection disobey 2902 2658 ƒU 7 Ãû ò , R-1260 ) ½û ` ¾û m R-1261 R-1262 R-1263 R-1259 ” R- Ãû “” ÛûÃû letter paper 2991 2659 MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 273 ( {( R- Ãû ´Ãû J“^J (^J 2735 high and low (social rank) lowly; humble 2660 ä © j R-1221 T R-1222 e −© Å ²û H R-1223 R-1224 R-1225 5 R- © 5 5 H^ —^ reeds reeds 2411 2661 © ²Ì Ì R-1210 Ó R-1211 Ð −Ì Œ ¹© Í R-1212 R-1213 R-1214 Ò R- ²Ì Òn Ò ²ËЫ Ua confrontation; discord kudzu; arrowroot 2398 2662 ¤ ´ i R-1253 l R-1254 _ R-1255 k R-1256 µ ’ R-1257 ¼ A R-1258 M ÃM R- ´ ×´ Š ´ ¹v ´òû giraffe winnowing fan 2643 2663 M winnow; winnowing fan 2840 ¹ R- 2664 274 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS § »« ➚ ³Ì%¼« § R-1074 ¿í«%Àî« B R-1813 Í R- »«%²Ë ÍY Í‘ ²Ë»« HfQ‘ »« °› Ç©»« shape; form as if 2281 2665 › R- 2776 father of the Imperial adviser 2666 b R-784 ³ h R-785 e Àì î R-786 R-787 ) R- »%¼ )N )Nš [N [Nš intelligent; bright be clear; serene 2134 2667 Ï Î© R-360 Àï« Ï R-360 ) R-361 Û ÛQG R- Ω Î©×·É JQ™ anchorage; mooring anchor 2587 2668 Û 4 &4 R- Çû ×Çû †Yœzš failure; bankruptcy unravel 2670 2669 4zš MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 275  ➔ ¿ ˜ R-522 § R-523  ÂM R- ¿ ¿³û Y› this shore (this world) this one 2043 2670 Â Û R- ½© Û ^w ½© ô÷ À﫽© o™n fort; citadel fort; forti³cations brushwood 2044 2671 ÷ R- 2045 2672 ÷ Ô Ôú ½½© J[[Q `Y^ R- ½ triµing; trivial slightly small amount 2046 2673 ÔQ Ô^ Ø ´ï« R-1828 | | Àíû¿û Àíû | | | | | | 2318 pure and immaculate heart used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names R- 2674 Hk Hk^ HS S— S—^ ‰Yo 276 GROUPS A & B MIXED GROUPS ‡ ‡5 ‡J ‡ ‡ Àíû² HkJ Hk Hk^ Àíû 2751 re³nement; sublimation warm; cordial used in names used in names R- 2675 − R- Àíû%Ðû −J − − HkJ Hk^ ‰Yo warm; cordial used in names used in names 2279 2676 ° °R ° ° ° ° ° ° Ðû»« Hk^ Hk kš u} P[‹ ko‹ Ðû simplicity; naivete used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2931 R- 2677 _ Ýû g R-1246 R-1247 i R-1248 j äû ! R-1249 R-1250 Úû%Ûû ú ×û ™ R-1251 R-1252 Þû%Þ _ R-1246 d R- Ýû dz ÝûÅ« get-up; disguise 2246 2678 MIXED GROUPS GROUPS A & B 277 s Á© x R-736 R-737 ƒ î« Ì R-738 R-739 ³ R- È ³È È−´ saliva; sputum 2165 2679 _GROUP C_ ¡ ➔ ã ™ R-61 ¢ R-62 ª R-63 œ R-64 Ý Þ R-650 F R- Þ%ã F‰ ÞÑ« grape; grapevine 2378 2680 £ £Õ ã½ `W f`U R- ã%Ý assistant; counselor used in names to help; assist 2730 2681 £ £U ¡ R- ã ¡ ¡ yœ^ v_Œ used in names used in names 2097 2682 278 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS š R- ã šŠ 2975 paved road 2683 ãÑ« ã › R- 2918 ridges in ³elds 2684 ² ›– 㹩 ; R-788 G R-789 ³ g R-790 8 R- ²%³ 8¼ 8/ ²È ³ñû oT ² ?ó ?} ? ? ²Ö« —œY} —^ yœ ² R({) q` ² öZ ¿ë² ² Úç »2Ú2 coffee eggplant approval; appreciation rejoice used in names used in names 2115 song in praise of the Buddha (gatha) temple; monastery nursing 2852 2685 8 ? R- 2686 R R- 2372 2687 Z R- 2959 Shakyamuni the Buddha 2962 2688 Ú R- 2689 MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 279 j R- ²%³ j¨ ëj ²¼ ¿ë³ palanquin; litter imperial carriage 2803 2690 w R- ¹ wá ¹½ monk’s surplice 2700 2691 O ¿û E Éû ¥ R-923 R-924 R-925 0 R- Îû 0 ‰S Îû &= ÎûæÌ Îû ù¢ Îûå ³ll up; compensate for details; full account Chinese black pine 2492 2692 & R- 2789 2693 ù R- 2190 2694 B ½© ð ü R-740 þ Ãû ü R-741 R-743 R-742 é ré é é é é é ²©½© Q Qq hQ v_Œ “ ½© shout of delight 2704 R- 2695 question mark; used in names indeed; used in names used in names used in names used in names 280 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS W W5 R- ÃÌ ÃÌÄû Sš distinct; sharp sever; cut 2703 2696 Wš È R- Ç© ™È Éï«È© accept; receive 2702 2697 ´ é%¿ï« ¥ R-1281 R- § R-1283 « é ³ ½û c R-1284 R-1286 R-1285 1282 À ·À# R- é ²·Ã©¾© [‰` é ì PJ nephew stimulant; drug to wake someone 2750 2698 À‰` ì R- 2910 2699 r r1 R- ¿ï« ¿ï«» ^–Lu|N µutes and drums 2628 2700 r 13- or 19-reed pan µute 6 6´ R- Å Åé —ŠRNš resuscitation; rebirth revive; resucitate 2940 2701 6š MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 281 ² »· µ Æ« ‹ R-926 R-927 R-928 – –© R- »« »«¿ HS˜ yœ^ pearly-white teeth used in names used in names 2934 2702 – – ï Ý· S R-745 O R-746 Q R-747 Ý Ý· ) R-748 è èâ R- 2731 radiation (of heat, light, etc.) spoke of a wheel Ý·¿ë “ 2703 è Ú Úê R- ÚÌ ÚËÅ· 2420 dropping out of the picture after a failure 2704 ß »û Í R-1396 É ºû ï R-1397 R-1398 Q ³û Q R-1399 R-1399 µû F R-1400 Ç© Ñ R-1401 Ð ÐÔ R- »û »ûô Ho traces; vestiges scar 2578 2705 Ð 282 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS s Ω à Éï« s R-1458 R-1464 R-1458 ‰ R-1459 ™ R-1460 z Éï r R-1461 R-1462 Ы a R-1463 È ¸ R-1465 Ú Úû R- Ω ΩÃû qT[ ŠT¡ Ω zæ ūΩ UT book-binding nail beach line beach waterside 2312 2706 Ú Ú æ R- 2766 2707 æ Ÿ ¿ï· 1 R-1325 R-1323 0 R-1324 É E R-1321 N Éï·%À´ Ÿ R-1322 R-1325 + R- ¿ï· + vr clay 2183 2708 X ôû £ ➚ R-1328 § R-1329 Ы X R-1326 L Éû ¦ R-1327 R-1330 ¡ ¡é R- ôû ôû³ tš brick temper; soften 2542 2709 ¡š MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 283 @ @í R- ²û 2708 admonition remonstrate ²ûºû J[Œš 2710 @Œš â ²Ì Ï ➚ R-1500 Î ÄÌ â R-1501 R-1502 ÷ Ê R-1503 À  ¹© ‹ R-1504 R-1505 e R- ²Ì e va expectation; should 2646 2711 J R-1470 · P ±« õ R-1471 R-1472 ö Á« Š R-1473 R-1474 O ¾O R- · õ«· Q˜g O 2986 old bones; advanced age body 2712 û R- ±« û Q‘Œ seagull 2828 2713 284 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS 3 §û K ©û ‘ ➚ R-1301 R-1299 3 ±û 3 R-1300 R-1300 M R- §û eM M MJ ò﫧û “Š U˜J 2777 court (national) mourning darkness dark; shadowy 2714 ± R-1433 À ³ R-1434 ¬ R-1435 ´ R-1436 ¿ ¡ Ç© Å R-1437 R-1438 Ы f R-1439 з – R-1440 » R- À » À À ÁU ÁNš Á ‰U LNš ‰S to sow to plant used in names hemorrhoids 2575 2715 Á R- 2395 2716 À R-1432 Ú « R-1430 ¬ ש , R-1431 R-1426 8 R-1427 1 ¾© & R-1428 R-1430 ± ±ë‰ R- Ú ÚQ¡Éï« H“ ± ´x± 2897 town in Shimane Prefecture used in names reason for living 2717 JSRJ MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 285 ¹ ¹G R- Ú ÚZJ HQ HW Ú ½4 Úä« d^š slander; calumny accuse; slander red (gold) carp red red; crimson 2659 2718 ¹ ¹ ½ R- 2724 2719 ½š ç R- ש%Ú Úç »2Ú2 coffee 2963 2720 µ R-1418 Ú ¼ R-1419 ª R-1420 ´ R-1421 ° R-1422 × & R-1423 # R-1424 Ø ( R-1425 • ‡• R- × àûÙ `Y}š × ÃM ×´ winnowing fan partiality; favoritism exceedingly; extremely 2793 2721 •š à R- 2647 2722 286 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS œ Øû R-949 ©Ì v áû ” R-1868 R-952 › ›H R- Øû Øû² yU eulogy; dirge grind (meat) 2244 2723 ›U 2 ¸« X R-776 Z R-777 [ R-778 ¸ ¸« T R-779 Y R- 2211 allegory; fable 2724 YÊ ¸«÷ © R- æû Ω Óæû 20,000 (old form) 2969 2725 L R- æ© ¢L »«æ© lofty; noble 2970 2726 q R-1441 Ы d R-1442 y R-1443 : R-1444 w R-1445 Ð : R-1444 w R-1445  q R-1441 w ã« Ì Éï« ˜ Çû 1 R-1445 R-1446 R-1447 R-1448 q qK R- Ы% Ыòí« Â¿¿ stayover; sojourn city near Kamakura 2423 2727 q{} MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 287 ð« Þ ì· ¨ Ç· æ R-976 R-2076 R-2208 ç R- ð« çU ç ç QR“U HS˜ mš ð« ™U ™ QR“U mš shine brightly used in names shine; sparkle used in names used in names 2880 2728 ™ R- 2534 2729 Ÿ Øû%×û R-948 ” R-2152 £ R- Øû £º Øû¿ï« × ü) ×¿í ‰U sowing; planting to sow red pepper 2381 2730 ü R- 2262 2731 üU 288 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS , ð« î R-1370 Û Éï« ‘ R-1371 R-1372 Ы _ R-1373 Àï« õ ¿ï« ¥ R-1374 R-1375 … H… … … … … … … Jfš Qp qR u} ‰[ Šk Éï« òí«Éï« µuent (in speaking) used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2885 R- 2732 ß ß‹ R- ð« ð«À “` “qT toothpick used in names willow 2473 2733 ß ß In the following group, take note of certain similarities that seem to create “pure” groups within an otherwise mixed group by the addition of a second element. Œ ¿ï • ➚ R-1362 Œ R-1363 ™ R-1364 ’ R-629 ” ¿ë é R-1367 R-1360 æ R-1361 Éï q R-1365 o R-1366 ” R-1367 Ð @ R-1368 = R-1369 Ì @ R-1368 ‘ ‘M ¿ï»« ¿ï ³rst light of dawn 2448 MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 289 R- 2734 ‘ ‘ HW‡u HS˜ ¿ï dawn; daybreak used in names 2365 sweet potato potato — 1— R- ²û¿ï J‘ ¿ï 2735 — ˜ 1˜ R- 2402 sweet potato potato ²û¿ï J‘ 2736 ˜ à R- Éï Çà Éí«Éï Éï „2 Éïò ‘LW ‘LWš pro³ts; earnings pro³ts make a pro³t hesitation; warning 2994 2737 „ R- 2118 2738 „W „Wš 2 R- Ð H2 §ûÑ Ð 5õ ÐÀï« †|š slaughterhouse defeat feeling of relief 2192 2739 5 R- 2217 2740 5š 290 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS ª ñ· $ ➚ R-1355 % R-1356 & ²· ª R-1357 R-1351 ° R-1352 ¼ R-1353 ª R-1354 òë· F R-1358 ³·  ´ë· ª R-1359 R-1354 # R- ñ· #_ ñ·Éí« ñ· q| ñ·©û U “U branding; stigma to burn in Kyoto 2302 2741 q R- 2545 2742 qU ¬ R- õ ̬ ÷©õ bribe 2738 2743 In the following group, the primitive must stand alone and on the right to qualify as a signal primitive. Ù òï« ^ ´ï«%¹© Ù º© « ➚ R-2177 R-938 R-1917 E Eô R- òë· òë·ÈÌ Q`Œš pillage; looting to plunder; loot 2247 2744 EŒš a R- òï« a a ‹UuS U˜ gray starling used in names 2474 2745 MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 291 e eM R- òï« ò﫧û ‰Yo [o^ e e 2710 court (national) mourning used in names used in names 2746 ø Àë· R-1962 з ’ È· ë R-2190 R-1760 û R- Àë· û| ûU ÀëË´ yU provocation to attract; solicit 2429 2747 ‚ ¹© ” R-1387 R-1386 ² : ³© š R-1388 R-1384 — R-1385 ²© š Ý«%ã« I R-1384 R-1389 f R- ¹© f |Š ¹© – – Hc Lt ¹©  [W salmon used in names 2932 2748 – R- 2571 ridge between rice ³elds ridge; furrow 2815 2749  R- 2750 292 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS ƒ R- ¹© ƒK ¹©Å silicon 2564 2751 £ R- § £¹ £ §Ã© QNš raucous voice a frog 2693 2752 $ R- §© $^J LkU^J beautiful 2200 2753 † R-1402 ¿ ‹ R-1403 ™ R-1404 µ Œ R-1405 ´ c R-1406 Z Z© HEZ R- µ%´ µº© ²Þ´ ¡T U› µ ‰· µõ« brothel arts; handicrafts Kabuki used in names used in names 2122 2754 Z Z ‰ R- 2199 2755 This next group of charcters, you may recall, was given special attention in volume I I because of the overlap of readings. Having come this far already, it is no doubt clear to you that this exception has become rather the rule in volume III. MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 293 ô Æ R-932 3 ¿ï· 4 R-934 R-933 3 R-934 R iR R- ¿ ´¿ u‡™ R 2233 µag; banner; one’s position a banner; a streamer 2756 æ R-1449 ð« á R-1450 à R-1451 ï R-1452 å ¿ï« Ö R-1453 R-1454 å R-1455 Ãû 1 ç%Û R-1456 Ë R-1457 _ −_ R- ð« Ì«ð« Q•J itching; interest ichy 2572 2757 _J t ➚ ´ g R-1520 ‚ ¸û t «û ± R-1521 R-1522 R-1523 = ±= = =` =Wš ºû«û Q[ ‡Q` ‡Wš R- «û vertigo; dizziness halo shade off; blur fade; grow dim 2439 2758 Þ R- »û Þúˆ »ûÎûµ astrolabe 2295 2759 294 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS @ @S @˜` @ @ @ QR“S m˜` yQ™ HS˜ mš ´ a glow to glow ray of light used in names used in names 2440 R- 2760 ü Éí« f ➚ R-1331 e R-1332 l ¿í%Á R-1333 ü R-1335 Àí« W R-1336 ±« ð R-1337 i R- Éí« iö Éí«¿ë· annotate 2727 2761 ú ➔ × û R-2083 Ú » R-1618 ú oú! R- × òûÙÃû La o‘N × É% Û÷ Japanese lute lymph glands a swirl used in names 2096 2762 ú ú % R- 2913 2763 * R- Ø *ß Ø¿ï« 2386 Bashõ (haiku poet); banana 2764 MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 295 ! R- ÷ Ç! Û÷ loquat 2501 2765 : Éï« “ ➚ R-1531 } ¿í« : R-1532 R-1533 Q R-1534 u u% R- Éï« Éï«ñ· ^‡‹ Éï« Õ fJ sea bream withering; decline wither 2135 2766 u‹ Õ R- 2812 2767 n ³© › R-640 R-1535 Œ ²· ± »· ± R-1536 R-1537 R-1538 ’ R- ³© ’³ ’ ³©È bS ³© |Ÿ ¿³© corpse cough and spittle cough 2162 2768 Ÿ R- 2874 2769 296 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS ˜ ➔ É G R-1287 K R-1288 À G R-1288 ¿%à ‰Ç R-1289 ¬ R-1291 ˜ R- ì ˜ ˜ ˜ q™ H™ ‰f 2094 to the amount of (on receipts) used in names used in names 2770 H H7 H| H‹ H‹ ɲû ¿Éï« fš‹ •š‹ É%¿ relaxation; slakening 2242 R- 2771 tightening and loosening to lacken slacken R R- É R{ Rbš ÉÅ« vbš treat; hospitality run; gallop 2805 2772 , ²© } ➚ R-1302 t æ© , Ø© ? R-1303 R-1304 R-1305 Þ B Ûû þ ×û R-1306 R-1307 ’ R-1308 { R- ²© {_ {Õ ²©Àí« ŠdQ obscurity; ambiguity last day of the month 2452 2773 MIXED GROUPS GROUP C 297 ¿û ➚ W Éû £ R-1636 R-1940 N R- ¿û &N æ¿û ¿û (m ¿û¿íÌ r_‹ ^Šš percolation; exuding spread; blot to blot measles 2574 2774 ( R- 2291 2775 (‹ (š à R- Ûí« [ৠèÛí«Ã© infallibility 2720 2776 Æ Éí« a ➚ R-1347 c R-1348 î Æ R-14 ± R-1346 À· É R-1349 ¿í« £ R-1350 δ î î« Æ R-2147 R-14  R- Éí« Â k‹T pongee 2666 2777 # }# R- δ ¹©Î´ Šh teach; guide used in names 2412 2778 # Á R- î Á({) î citron 2486 2779 298 GROUP C MIXED GROUPS ¿ï« á R-1338 ç R-1339 ¦ R-1340 Á Àï« ø R-1341 R-1342 Ñ« } R-1343 Ы J R-1344 ° Ø°ø R- ¿ï« È©À﫽© 2870 festival of thanks following enthronment of an emperor 2780 Ý Çû , −û Ý Èû  ➚ R-1887 R-2029 R-994 g R- Çû »g ¹ËÇû bloody phlegm 2573 2781 CHAPTER 11 A Potpourri of Readings _ INTUITION FROM _ _DOMINANT PRIMITIVE_ We begin this hodge-podge of readings with a group of kanji whoseon-yomi you should be able to guess by “intuition” from the dominant primitive, even though there are too many exceptions to allow us to make a group as such. C R- É C({) S_ Ç© ÀÎR ǩô³û LafQJ rocks piled up high be piled up high pheasant 2584 2782 À R- 2185 2783 ÀJ © ©¿ © © ©ì Ì©»Ì ^J kh ^JfW Á©%Ì© vertebra chinquapin used in names kind of mushroom 2505 R- 2784 300 DOMINANT PRIMITIVE A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ‚ ‚† R- Á© Á©¹© S™ Á© !7 Á©² g› Who goes there? who pyramid-shaped a gimlet; a drill 2760 2785 ‚ ! R- 2712 2786 ! Z R- ©%î©%î© ZZ ZŠš Z Z ©© P‘¥Šš Y› fg ´í« ²ë ´í«Î´ Hg Ïû µ6 Ïû½· kUg òï {Q ×ûòï ²© q$ qš ²©Ãû ‰¡š barge; cargo vessel go around companion; associate farming new ³eld bitter enemy enemy; enimity 2276 sound expressing assent consider; reµect this (classical) used in names 2114 2787 ² R- 2788 ² µ R- 2111 2789 µ Q R- 2121 2790 q R- 2886 2791 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS DOMINANT PRIMITIVE 301 | R- ¿ |Ÿ | | ¿³© ^Qwt Qwt corpse; remains corpse; remains corpse; remains 2222 2792 ³ R- 2286 2793 ³/ »«»« rough; crude Ò R- »« æÒ ä«»« ¿ oú ¿½© Çû +b¿ Çû©¿ï« circumstances urinary bladder 2457 2794 o R- 2113 2795 + 2796 +U qXU 2859 Notes Lamenting Differences (famous work by the noted Buddhist reformer, Shinran) grief; lamentation R- 3 R- Çû 3k ÇûÁ Àï Ë q¥_ ê· ™ô ê·ð· bathing thou cabinet 2631 2797 Ë R- 2303 2798 ™ R- 2293 2799 302 DOMINANT PRIMITIVE A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ° R- é ° °‹ ` `‹ nest roost; dwell 2497 2800 ¸ R- ¿ë % ½© ¸õ ¸b ¿ëÈÌ ½©Å« з à• ä«Ð· §Ì :ø §ËÃû ±« óµ ó¥ ó ±«Ã© [Q¥ HS˜ Çû À qg ¿û ÄT Ç©¿û ¹û NÔ Ð«¹û `a™ Chinese ink slab inkstone sash padding open sea good of³ces; services blasphemy 2292 2801 free-thinking; unconventional cleaning 2297 • R- 2802 : R- 2781 2803 ó R- 2450 µourishing; prospering µourishing; prospering used in names 2321 2804 À R- 2805 T R- 2368 2806 Ô R- 2589 2807 Ô A POTPOURRI OF READINGS DOMINANT PRIMITIVE 303 £ £Ÿ »«u PPo™ yœ R- »« (family name) giant swan used in names 2313 2808 £ £ Ä Äï R- Àíû Àíûð« q›š Ãû ã bŠ À 7´ ´ ´ ¿ï·À N N[ »« ô äÇû Ý ß[ ß Ý¾û Q‰ Ý Í2 Ã´Ý Pu stone axe axe Pusan (Korean city) iron pot; kettle button diet bait animal feed cicada tame; domesticate get used to 2807 2809 Ä›š ã R- 2692 2810 ´ R- 2797 2811 ô R- 2754 2812 ß R- 2332 2813 2 R- 2333 2814 2 304 DOMINANT PRIMITIVE A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ò R- ¿ë· ò{ ¿ë·¿ ¿ë· óå óU ¿ë·ÕÌ “U è ¬` ±«è î« Ã q˜ ¿ï« †H ¿ï«² ffNš †Œš song of praise sing the praises of to praise Japanese oak parrot incandescent heat to burn dipper; ladle 2510 2815 ó R- 2544 2816 ` R- 2831 2817 à R- 2493 2818 † R- 2794 2819 †Nš †Œš _INTUITION FROM MEANING_ The on-yomi for this next group of kanji can be guessed at from their meaning. That is, the reading of another, more common character of the same meaning supplies the reading. To help you, the character of related meaning is given in each frame. A POTPOURRI OF READINGS MEANING 305 « R- ➙y « ➙| ‚NÄ ó© qŠg à´ à´³ûõ· HP Šp™ © ¿Â© ôû ôûÇ© Å« Å«¾© Å« Å«¼« `„š P[ ➙p side dish regiment pistil tear 2294 2820 ‚ 2821 2588 Blue Cliff Records (classic Zen kõan collection) used in names used in names 2393 R- ‚ ‚ ➙† §Þ ➙¦ ¤Ó ➙r _û ➙r s§ s„š s Þ R- 2822 ¤ R- 2676 2823 _ R- 2432 2824 s R- 2660 comprehensive; synthetic to rule; control used in names 2825 ¾ ¾n R- ²© 2319 ²©éÌ k}›š destruction; demolition destroy 2826 ¾›š 306 MEANING A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ê R- ➙å êw ÃûЫ oRš êš ➙Ý JÞ Þ Þ ➙T KTB ➙è Àé ➙û ö/ ö ö ö ➙ r%n uP ➙Z H‹ H H H ``‹ HS Ur •S ²©Ý· ÛûÛû HS HS˜ H“ À´ï« ²−û †uP †‹˜ Ãû pinnacle; spire; steeple come to a point 2903 2827 Þ R- −û ³re; blaze µames µames 2546 2828 K R- ¿í« ¿í«¿í«² ´ï« strenuous effort collector 2409 2829 é R- 2240 2830 ö R- Úû splendid form used in names used in names used in names 2529 2831 u R- ²© recovery 2282 2832 H R- ¿û to advance used in names used in names used in names 2436 2833 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS MEANING 307 9 R- ➙6 9î ²ûä· “‰p™ 9 ➙* à à ➙– @E ²ûÅ LoJ EJ U_ Qao™ ²û writing brush and ink copper pheasant 2780 2834 à R- Ãû drawing of lots tally 2082 2835 E R- Å%¿ï 2922 written advice to the throne distant; alienated 2836 _UNCLASSIFIED READINGS_ The on yomi for this next group can be guessed at from their meaning. That is, the reading of another, more common character of the same meaning supplies the reading. To help you, the character will often be supplied in each frame. ê ± êJm ê ê ê PJm HH LN P in; at Ah! (exclamation) used in names used in names 2900 R- 2837 The reading of this character was learned in volume II as the root character for the hiragana P. 308 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS 8 ½8 R- ¿ï· ºË¿ï· ‹^w‹ Ð 0r¸ Ðr²· L[T È© ÚEI È©¼ç î« »¢ »Œš »` » » î«Àï qgŒš •š` `W Šœ »« Q9 »«Ø© ´û 9` ´ûÀí« o™ birds and beasts bird slope; gradient indulgence; pardon soothe; pacify forgive used in names used in names zest for life anyhow; in any case rabbit lunar eclipse be worm eaten 2800 2838 8‹ 0 R- 2093 2839 0 Ú R- 2747 2840 » 2210 R- 2841 Q R- 2148 2842 9 R- 2049 2843 9 ? R- ¼ %´û n? òû¼ apple 2050 2844 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 309 ) )I R- Ø ØЫ uu^š õ ªA õ²© “V˜ À· úÈ ÎûÀ· «û °/ «û«û ¿%Ú F [_ ©û ‡( ©ûñû Àí« ó| Àí«Çû ¿í« ÔŒš Ô P[Œš P[‹ cultivate; pursue used in names carpet debauchery; lewdness spoon etc., etc. India; a foreign land oars turret; tower denunciation; abuse verbally abuse 2699 2845 )š ª R- 2508 2846 ª È R- 2642 2847 ° R- 2102 2848 F R- 2891 2849 ‡ R- 2298 2850 ó R- 2657 2851 Ô R- 2130 2852 310 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS è R- ½ % ¿ë Vè è ×·½ L`Ts ´û 5/5 ´û´ûÄû “`^ —^ ´û = b™ ½û a5 a˜Q ½ûÄû HS˜Q Å« Zr Å«²© [¡“Q [“ Àë· Z– ·Àë· `aŒ Úï« êˆ Úï«àû sudden change peacock; peahen sparrow refreshing refreshing; bracing used in names brilliance; radiance clear parsley joyfully used in names used in names gauze; gossamer light silk 2673 2853 5 R- 2888 2854 5 5 = R- 2396 2855 a R- 2543 2856 Z R- 2855 2857 Z“Q Z – R- 2878 2858 – ê R- 2734 2859 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 311 @ ˆ@ R- ´û ²©´û N™ ð· óG ð·É ð« Øœ ð«Àï H“^J õ Y[ õ² ´ï« ꛚ Pd›š ¼« ¥J ¼«² world-destroying ³re to fear ³ltering fairy dubious; ³shy fertile land open collar collar 2623 2860 @ ó R- 2079 2861 Ø R- 2078 2862 Ø^J Y R- 2328 2863 ê R- 2275 2864 ¥ R- 2857 2865 p R- Â%Éí« p{ pÛ Â¿ Éí«ä« ´íª ‘ ‘ fW fW^ used in names used in names miniature shrine kitchen; galley 2152 2866 ‘ R- 2936 2867 312 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ½ |½ R- õ« ©ûõ« YŒš QZ õ« ¿¿p õ«³Ë»« ש Îe ש³ õ 6Ú 6 õΩ H^ Ы ) PW Àï« ì fW ¹© ›K ¹©òí« kqV ¿í« Í yJ˜T holly tree mooring fasten; tie mushroom bucket shoreline with reeds reed germ; embryo bud school for the deaf pillbox to load; ³ll up cage 2638 2868 ½Œš ½ ¿ R- 2983 2869 Î R- 2458 2870 6 R- 2364 2871 ) R- 2530 2872 ì R- 2394 2873 › R- 2655 2874 ›V Í R- 2485 2875 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 313 ¡ ¡3 R- ´Ì ´Ì±û p‘š Éï« $ä Éï«ð« vš Éï« pasting; af³xing to stick; paste stammering stammer; stutter 2175 2876 ¡š $ R- 2736 2877 $š x Àx R- 2231 copy book printed from old calligraphy masters’ works notebook ã«Éï« Éï« ¿ï« 2878 x  ‡ ÂJ     ¿ï«¹© v“J [o^ o^ ‰[š Qk 2273 short cut fast used in names used in names used in names used in names R- 2879  R- Ïû  H• Ö« 6ð ÇûÖ« |Uœ gallbladder pouch; bag sweet smelt 2817 2880 ð R- 2883 2881 ð 314 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS U U– R- Å« Å«¿ï U[‹˜ ¿ï« êÖÍ ¿ï«Óí«Ã´ stalactites Hk‰š ¿í *Œ ¿íÉï« v›š ¿ ‡/ ‡Œš ¿¿ koŒš Ø· ‚^ ×ûØ· refutation assiduously work diligently swelling; boil become swollen gather together anthology; collection 2895 2882 U clump of bushes; thicket 2772 ê R- 2883 ꉚ * R- 2467 2884 *›š ‡ R- 2209 2885 ^ R- 2808 2886 ã R- ¹©%´ï« ãf Šnã ¹©ñ Á«´´ï« high court of³cials cardinal (Catholic) 2898 2887 ‰ S‰ »«·« Q˜ Q˜g R- »«%·« oral (medicine) empty; hollow body 2465 2888 ‰ ‰ A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 315 öZ]Í R- è%ä« ¿ë²èÓ ‹[‡š ä« T¹ Å«ä« yoŠ Á© ‡« Á©Ã© †LS [o^ Û%ç ¡Ä ¡^ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Ûã« ç½ J“ “ ¡fš y[ yœ ‰` Šk ¹© ŠQ ¹©³û Õ áŠ Õµ ritual Shinto priest keen eye stopgap; temporizing Catholic mass comet comet used in names one’s eyes pupil of the eye 2961 Shakyamuni the Buddha covet; greed for 2580 2889 ‡š ¹ R- 2890 ¹ ‡ R- 2850 2891 ‡ ‡ ¡ 2241 R- 2892 all the more; increasingly used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2851 Š R- 2893 á R- 2601 2894 316 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS % %ˆ »»« ‰f ‘‘ R- » % % 2454 second self; right-hand helper crotch; groin thigh; femur 2895 ¬ R- ä ¬Ø äÈ© ÷© Ë( ÷©´ï· •R‹ Ýû e–h0 distortion; falsi³cation warp; get distorted enlightenment (bodhi) 2957 2896 Ë R- 2862 2897 Ë‹ e eU eU fU “U 2537 and burying Confucian scholars alive kindle; build a ³re to burn Ýû¿ï»«Àí burning Chinese classics R- 2898 p p5 p p p p p p p ´Äû k—^ Qf fW^ [g‹ fQ fW o^ ´ dauntless; resolute used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2889 R- 2899 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 317 R- òï« Ð«òï« v™ Éí« Ïj ¿ï«Éí« Ð Ð4 ¿ËÐ tf‹ “U Æ· FM Æ·òí« ¿ï« ²T ¿ï«Ý· ŒQW ½û b@ ½û¼ Ç· ç$ Ç·æ H“ fQ diligent application used in names used in names coral child by a concubine concubine; mistress millet seeds jealousy; envy be jealous; envy burn with jealousy low-class saké pillar; chief support beam; girder 2299 2900 j R- 2748 2901 4 R- 2195 2902 4‹ 4U F R- 2654 2903 ² R- 2622 2904 ² b R- 2561 2905 ç R- 2560 2906 ç ç 318 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS V V V V V V V HS˜ HS `W Qk ‰Yo f`U òï« used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2920 R- 2907 å R- Ω åb ΩÉï« ¹û У ¹ûé check; restraint courtesy; civility 2425 2908 Ð R- 2550 2909 Á Á| R- ÒÌ%Ò ÒÌ©û P` o^ Ы øQ Àï«Ð« ×· Mºn ׷éÀíÌ taxidermy vV Û ªÊ òí«Û ‰• crescent eyebrows eyebrows to peel off conventional af³xing a seal to press down used in names 2250 2910 Á` Á Q R- 2901 2911 M R- 2145 2912 MV Ê R- 2583 2913 Ê A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 319 µ nµ R- Ñû à©Ñû u‹ ô ц ô© Çû 5Ëü– ÇûÛ¿íµ ¿í« rG ¿¿í« sJo™ Ω (» ÎûΩ o_š klš ñ ùø† ñÃû¹© ½· = = o™n ^R˜Š ¿ï § St pestle fortress weir spiral-shaped; helical interspersion bind; stitch to spell (words) embroidery crewelwork aestheticism spinal cord 2080 annexation; absorption to drink 2071 2914 µ‹ Ñ R- 2915 5 R- 2679 2916 G R- 2665 2917 G » R- 2073 2918 »_š »š ù R- 2691 2919 = R- 2507 2920 § R- 2503 2921 320 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS w R- Éï« 0w ±ûÉï« »« ðw »«Ð« ffU ¿Ì ÍÒ Íš ¿Ëô ^Qš Å« [† Å«Éï« Sung dynasty reproof; reproach to scold kowtow to beat on grace; divine favor 2982 2922 ð R- 2166 2923 ðU Í R- 2179 2924 [ R- 2215 2925 ê wê èê à©Å· 䫽© |[V o™n Å·%½© blockade barricade to block up fortress 2214 R- 2926 êV ê » »% R- õ« õ«ì yo“ ²û ô° ô^J ²ûÌ« Q^‰^J adultery boisterous prison; jail prison 2213 2927 » ô R- 2194 2928 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 321 à R- Ç· à‹ àU kJw‹ ffU Àí 2k Àíêû uœL Ø© éNš †Nš −© µJ µ˜Q µ µ µ µ µ µ −©É HS˜Q HS˜ [o^ fg oPš o^ ‰[ −û Ñ› ÑSš ÑL −ûé HSš JoL ã« ÐäP ã«Ãû² PPo™ fQ balsam; touch-me-not great swan used in names wisdom; intellect clear used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names to bark curse; spell to curse to peck at to beat on 2168 2929 2 R- 2169 2930 2L é R- 2170 2931 µ 2905 R- 2932 Ñ R- 2149 pessimism; world-weariness be fed up loathe 2142 2933 Ð R- 2934 Ð Ð 322 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS l l5 l l l »«Äû fQ^ HS˜ fQ »« elated; triumphant used in names used in names used in names 2449 R- 2935 ¥ R- «Ì ¾¥ î««Ì » ‹À Ñ«» k‡ ¿í« R˜ ¿í«Éï« P[ Q^˜ ¿ï· 2M ¿ïË»« o‘^z Ï´ ñ( Ï´§© P‡›š »« u5 u »«Äû yœ^ dotage; infatuation to sink; drown candlepower torch chief; chieftain chief; head head copper boiler pot 2856 melancholy; depression 2904 2936 À R- 2937 À R R- 2906 2938 R R 2 R- 2539 2939 2 ñ R- 2308 2940 ñ›š u 2311 expansive; broadminded used in names A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 323 R- 2941 u u yœ •fQ ¿Ì used in names used in names 2476 lined up close together comb ^ ^² R- ¿ËÜ U^ õ« 2942 ^ À R- 2688 candle 2943 À2 õ«Å· Ãû ù ùZn R- 2616 drill press to bore; drill Ãû»«´ LRk ³© 2944 ùk ˜ R- 2592 insulator to obstruct ˜{ ˜Xš ³©¿ [‰fXš ¿í· 2945 e R- 2141 early in the morning early 2946 er eJ kor v“J Úû m m+ R- 2551 a mare female ÚûØ Œ` ä 2947 m * R- 2552 tree peony male *# * äÇû P` 2948 324 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS P R- ³û 7P ש³û Çû 7RÖ ÇûÙ·¿Ì õ« B´ Þõ« ‘mHd} −û ÅÑ −ûΩ |h ©Ì u» u›š ©Ë¹Ì H|›š ã« Çe Ç` Ç ÇNš Ç Ç ã«³ S]` ŒwN ‘Nš ‘N H Ñ« F‰ ÞÑ« grapes germination; sprout show signs of bud burst into bloom used in names used in names internal hemorrhage to overµow bottom of the abyss deep pool ridicule to toy with protein lung cancer 2576 2949 7 R- 2683 2950 ´ R- 2558 2951 ´} Å R- 2325 2952 Å u R- 2315 2953 Ç 2377 R- 2954 ‰ R- 2379 2955 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 325 œ R- ¹© œ— ¹©¿ ¿ë· ÷ü ÷ ¿ë·Àï« `a Àû a† Àû²© h™ ¹© —ò ¹©» Q¥RNš ´Ì $¤{ ²û´Ìó© fhwq ô VÉ ¿ûô Å M´ Åé Ω ç ΩÈû QqN tripartite talks tripod revival; resurrection relatives citrus fruits mandarin orange practice; training to ponder dust; garbage dust a priest’s staff tin lined paper 2698 2956 ÷ R- 2764 2957 a R- 2838 2958 a — R- 2088 2959 —Nš ¤ R- 2494 2960 ¤ É R- 2882 2961 M R- 2380 2962 ç R- 2865 2963 ç 326 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS Q R- Å Q taŠ з ˜w зЫ vX Q‹œ baldness; bald head bald short hair of a child rat 2065 2964 ˜ R- 2606 2965 ˜ ˜ « R- Å«%Á « “} Ýû Ù` ÃËßû −© ¸− −©À ²û ë/#/ ²û²û³·³· outspoken ëJ ë ë ë ë k—J HS˜ fg^ qP “` used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names infant kiss thicket 2403 2966 ` R- 2174 2967 ¸ R- 2193 2968 ë 2123 R- 2969 ^ R- ½Ì%½û ^v ^U ½ûÁ© ‰U watering; sprinkling to scatter 2271 2970 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 327 Ö 3Ö šÖ R- ½%¿ë ±û½ ì¿ë ‰f ¼« ¬3 ¼«±û opœU ´í« õ¡ ¡ ÈË´í« L` ³ dislocation mortar deafening roar to roar; rumble tuning fork she-devil fork; crotch 2914 2971 Ö ¬ R- 2729 2972 ¬U ¡ R- 2063 2973 d R- 2909 activities: walking, stopping, sitting, lying ‘Wdã µï«Àí«³¾ the 4 cardinal Buddhist 2974 d` |` Àû lie prostrate 2453 kidney f R- 2975 fˆ ÀûÆ« ½Ì O R- 2956 sweet potato 2775 faint; fall in convulsions be in agony 2976 O#— ½ÌæJ‘ êû ” ”á R- êûÄÌ ‘gNš 2977 ”Nš 328 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ² ² ²ûº´ `S y‰ R- º´ gap; opening; crevice chink; crack chink; time 2426 2978 ² ² N PN R- ¿í« Ý·¿í« Hg Éí« Õ y_ õ· Å¿ õË»Ì Hw˜ áÌ ¦… ¹©áÌ [X`‹ −û àÅR à −ûÛÝ· kwŒ ³© ú™ ™ ™L Îû³© |f PPL canopy lid to cover over swallow-tailed coat swallow derision to deride ribs ribs elbow revenge foe 2707 2979 N Õ R- 2464 2980 Å R- 2463 2981 Å … R- 2390 2982 …‹ à R- 2869 2983 ™ R- 2388 2984 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 329 0 0M R- Ãû Ãû»« y˜ŒU Ýû h“ Ýûáû Ud ¿ï· Y/ ÝË¿ï· sVL |U ó ݵ Ý óÀ ^w^w ©û 9ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ »«©û ft Qa kT kV © XV V Ы© Nz` eastern barbarians barbarian descendant issue; offspring used in names used in names used in names in succession frequently sweep away; wipe out wipe off wipe excrement dung µash of light to µash; fulgurate 2774 2985 0U h R- 2653 2986 h / R- 2254 2987 /L /U Ý R- 2221 2988 ˆ 2921 R- 2989 V R- 2881 2990 330 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ± ±³ R- õ õ²· ^P Ãû / HQt ã« Ë ²Ëå« ä« ä% 䫱· Q“ h δ sê ØËδ select; choose excel; surpass thatched cottage miscanthus reed used in names cooking madder; red dye capture rock salt 2866 2991 ± / R- 2407 2992  R- 2549 2993 ä R- 2385 2994 ä ä ê R- 2272 2995 ê¥nš sS¥nš Éï· Zœ ¿ûÉï· vQpš Ò *º ÈûÒ o‘ œ R- 2269 progress; advance to progress 2960 master; husband used in names 2996 œš º R- 2997 º A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 331 ¾ R- È Á¾ ÚÈ −© Âõ −©ÈÌ ±« ú LVJ` î« ‹] î«ÞÌ ‘jo‘ ä« 6å Äûä« ´ï« â â â f`U ‰[ fg^ ä· ó/ ä·ä· Éï« d d d v_Œ o^ vk used in names used in names used in names quiet; dutiful used in names used in names used in names overview; full picture something superior reasonable; of course Japanese bush warbler gain recognition area in Gifu Prefecture 2804 2998  R- 2790 2999 ú R- 2907 3000 ‹ R- 2087 3001 ‹‘ å R- 2733 3002 â R- 2892 3003 ó R- 2612 3004 d R- 2893 3005 332 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS m R- Éï mÞs Éïä©É »« Q [kS ©· q q q q q H“ Q QP™ QPš |Š Ð 8’ ÐÀ ‘™ o_š Îû !q Îûéû ‰k¡š ‰oL ê« }ƒü– ¹©ê«¿íµ ƒš YL‹š ½û Jj Žû plain meal saké maker woods to close used in names used in names used in names used in names used in names 2526 game played with one die 2070 5th lunar month; rainy season 3006 Q R- 3007 q 2424 R- 3008 8 R- 2500 3009 8 8š ! R- 2663 involvement; entanglement coil around; follow about attire oneself 2384 Enlightenment (European) be subjected to; suffer loss 2798 3010 !¡š !L ƒ R- 3011 j R- 3012 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 333 0 R- »« ,0 0 ¿í»« [Qq ô Ö¿ Ö Ö Ö Ã´³· Šh Škš yœ ½Ì )J §©½Ì ¿ ˆƒ ˆ ¿²© Yu Çû /5 ÇûÄû ffNš overµowing ³ll up this world; this ³eld this greetings; salutations erudite scholar used in names used in names used in names food and drink tidbits; relish 2896 3013 Ö R- 2593 3014 J R- 2261 3015 ˆ R- 2890 3016 / R- 2317 3017 /Nš õ R- ½©%é õ …õ ½© ê·Ã© ´û +2 Ý´û vw rag; cloth width; breadth; range rhinoceros devilwood tree 2069 3018 2 R- 2101 3019 2 334 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS l l§ R- ÎÌ ÎËÅû ŒJ Éû 3Ç Éûô ‰U˜ · HÁH ·ñÞ ºû šî Æ·ºû Yo¡] ¹û ÅX ¹û² Q‰z`^J “Q‰^J ²· ³‹ ³Š kQ‹ kQŠ ²© /z z z z ¿í²© [SRW Q^˜ J[P ringleader vanguard chief; leader used in names grab; grasp a handful a quarrel noisy noisy common saying maxim; proverb club pillow and bed pillow grand-neice neice 2201 3020 l 3 R- 2472 3021 3 H R- 2124 3022 î R- 2723 3023 î Å R- 2163 3024 Å^J Å^J ³ R- 2249 3025 z 2924 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 335 R- 3026 z z J[‹ ko‹ ð used in names used in names 2860 public opinion palanquin; bier Ô ÔÇ R- ðõû Y^ ¿ë 3027 Ô ¸ R- 2517 box tree 3028 ¸ kX © C R- 2937 already; yet stop; quit used in names 3029 Cr C‹ C `nr “‹ Š ÉÌ b R- 2684 staying indoors 3030 bÊ ÉË´ï ¿ ú øú R- 2992 religious service worship; enshrine ½©¿ ‰kš ÝÌ 3031 úš $ @$ R- 2993 Shinto puri³cation purify; exorcise ¿í«ÝÌ v˜L ´ï· 3032 $L − ¡− R- 2938 thorns; brambles thorns ¹©´ï· oX 3033 − 336 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS È &È R- É ÎûÉ k‰aU ä« GØ ä«È© PPSJ ´í« fw ´í«²© oRŒš oR Çû od à©Çû fk impedimenta come to a stop enormous large fall head-over-heels stumble 2740 3034 ÈU G R- 2089 3035 GSJ f R- 2156 admonition; a warning rebuke; criticize; challenge fault; blame 2620 3036 fŒš f d R- 3037 dk ´ ´% R- Àí«%Àí ¿í«ñ· Hk‰š ½· ùß Ãû½· uŠ Ý Bn ÝÀíÌ ŠY shamanism Shinto priestess sorting; delving into chisel colony gather 2939 3038 ´‰š ß R- 2066 3039 ß B R- 2930 3040 B A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 337 5 5S R- Úï« Úï«© possession (by a spirit) be possessed obsess; possess 2428 3041 5Q›š kQ›š 5U kU Þ R- ½Ì%ÃÌ eÞ Þº é©½Ì ÃÌÒ ´ 8© ´Åû Y‡›š ´ï« —/ ´ï«¿í |UœL òû Î/ òûòû Sz^J [‹J ä« + `wš the Pleiades intense severe cold decapitation an owl damage; injury be broken famous temple an instant; a moment 2144 3042 8 R- 2067 3043 8›š — R- 2837 3044 — Î R- 2138 3045 Î^J ÎJ + R- 2435 3046 H R- ½û%¾û Ht ½ûº%¾ûº 2083 3047 confession; repentance 338 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ™ R- ¿ï« ™& ™š ¿ï«² QWš Å« @‡)Í )U )V UhddV ``V Á© z Šp™ ½© m bR› one’s own son used in names µy; cover µy; soar 2933 3048 ) R- 2288 qkŒÅ«Ã´ Natsume Sõseki (novelist) rinse one’s moutht rinse out 2863 3049 z R- 3050 m R- 2131 3051 ² ²5 %² R- ä« %ã« ä«Äû §ã HS›š Éí« Çà Éí«Éï Ы te ´Ð« Juš prayer to pray vacillation; hesitation amazement idiot; fool be astonished 2181 3052 ²›š Ç R- 2996 3053 e R- 2598 3054 eš A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 339 B Bl R- Å· Å·Þû †uQ Éï« Ä™ Äš k™ kš ´ï« ×L ×L × QqL QuL “` î« Ë^ Ë Ë Ë Ë î«Àû ‹˜ Ur [o^ `Š ¿ï« º% ¿ï«ì fJ˜ ‰[ §© )J §©½Ì greetings; salutations squire used in names used in names townsfolk town used in names used in names used in names be able; be realized used in names used in names hanging strap to hang; suspend learn by hearsay faint; indistinct 2153 3055 BQ Ä R- 2171 3056 × R- 2173 3057 Ë 2180 R- 3058 º R- 2238 3059 º º ) R- 2248 3060 340 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS à R- Õ Ãæ Õ×û Å« ã tT ´ , , HPJ ‰‘š ¿ë G“ ¿ë×û vL such; of this kind to crawl hollyhock; mallow used for names onion nirvana 2331 3061 ã R- 2389 3062 , R- 2391 3063 G R- 2414 3064 GL , R- é%Ä©%¿ï« , d™ © …Ö Â©¿ï« Ša f‰ ÚÌ Ø‚ ÚË´ï« kJr P¡š in the ³nal analysis in the end to end good omen water used in names sled 2521 3065 … R- 2563 3066 … … Ø R- 2570 3067 Ør Ø¡š A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 341 Ý R- Å« V V V Q‰p Q‰ ƒjkJ à© À³ ³` ¿ï«à© Œ` Àíû ø/ øœ ø ø ø ÀíûÀíû t¥Zœ Hk^ o‘ ‰Yo repeatedly; patiently polite used in names used in names used in names summons; invitation to call; summons furnace; oven stove hearth 2617 3068 ³ R- 2678 3069 ø 2706 R- 3070 l lË R- Á%¿í Á÷ vQš · QWš QWš õ á+ õØ −û ¦ o(¥)z falcon kite donkey to set off 2722 area in Nagano Prefecture to confer; consult 2809 3071 lš Q R- 3072 á R- 2810 3073 ¦ R- 2836 3074 342 UNCLASSIFIED READINGS A POTPOURRI OF READINGS ô R- ´ ô y› ³n 2827 3075 ¬ R- ±«%ð« ¬` ±«è ±« â Q‘ Ð%Ы Ü Q}o äÌ õ| äË´ PYš Úï« â â â â HS˜ H“ fW^ k—^ é ) p¥}™ ¹û Ìc Ì ¹ûÀí« Y}^ hand gun ³st rice bowl used in names used in names used in names used in names erection to occur; arise helmet duck parrot 2830 3076 â R- 2835 3077 Ü R- 2854 3078 õ R- 2858 3079 õš â R- 2876 3080 ) R- 2884 3081 Ì 2917 A POTPOURRI OF READINGS UNCLASSIFIED READINGS 343 R- 3082 Ì Ì fQ^ ko‹ ô© used in names used in names 2935 dawn a covering used in names Ä Äg R- ô©é© PPJ fŠ © 3083 ÄJ ÄJ ˆ Bˆ R- 2997 glossary hedgehog to gather together 2064 father-in-law ¼© v™taŠ HkŒš ´í« 3084 ˆ ˆŒš + R- 3085 + ^”Lo ¿ï ¨ R- 2665 3086 ¨ Sz ò (Chinese) millet 2511 under a plum; conspicuous Japanese plum 5 54 R- ò² `‘‘ áÌ 3087 5 × ×x R- 3000 turtle shell snapping turtle áË»« `jˆ¥ 3088 × CHAPTER 12 Kanji with Japanese Readings Only We conclude with a chapter that brings together all the characters learned in this volume that do not have an assigned onyomi or whose on-yomi are too rare to bother with. In cases where the reading is based on a foreign word or an original Chinese reading, the reading is set in katakana. ¨ R- 2204 3089 ¨ Lw aged woman 2801 A R- 3090 A HŒ candy; rice jelly 2625 G R- 3091 G H¡b lined kimono 2640 c R- 3092 c v^ chopsticks 2509 Ç R- 3093 Ç Q^ oak KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY 345 I R- 2604 3094 I vQ™ balances; scales 2709 ¿ R- 3095 ¿ qe riddle; hint 2520  R- 3096   y oJ gutter; downspout; aqueduct gutter; downspout; aqueduct 2785 Ú R- 3097 Ú Qw¥ suitcase; briefcase 2491 Æ R- 3098 Æ Q^ oak 2813 z R- 3099 z J¡^ sardine 2651 ‘ R- 3100 ‘ ‘Š unhulled rice 2946 , R- 3101 , ´õé2Ðó kilometer 2763 ñ R- 3102 ñ z–L rivet; tack; thumbnail 346 KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY Ð R- 2147 3103 ÐL ÐJ rPL rPJ to smell something a smell; a stink 2140 ½ R- 3104 ½ ½V qT qV a lull; a calm become calm; die down 2139 í R- 3105 í fY kite 2490 / R- 3106 / [QS sacred Shinto tree 2489 5 R- 3107 5 ‰[S spindle tree 2947 : R- 3108 : ÃûÉé2Ðó centimeter 2488 ² R- 3109 ² ² kR oR hemlock; hemlock spruce hemlock; hemlock spruce 2528 “ R- 3110 “ `T Japanese cedar 2216 Ê R- 3111 Ê ^^ meat KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY 347 f R- 2965 3112 f Uk¡ horse’s bit 2243 æ R- 3113 æ Q• rice gruel 2413 ø R- 3114 øš fpš pursue a course 2818 7 R- 3115 7 H_ horse mackerel 2894 C R- 3116 C ‰œ used in personal names 2404 ò R- 3117 ò Øò yš r¥rU garlic garlic 2685 H R- 3118 H vN µy 2206 ? R- 3119 ? ? Ht tN[¥ older sister Miss 2502 È R- 3120 È Q_ oar; shaft 348 KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY y R- 2695 3121 y v‰V™ clam 2400 Õ R- 3122 Õ ¡˜ straw 2671 ß R- 3123 ß ^‰ stripe 2737 ’ R- 3124 ’L ’ ‘˜L ‘˜J get; receive; accept tip; gratuity 2397 § R- 3125 § o‰ rush matting 2323 ª R- 3126 ª oœ pool (in a river) 2822 Ö R- 3127 Ö QkP bonito 2444 W R- 3128 W` W [˜` [˜^ bleach; re³ne; air (out) bleaching; bleached cotton 2821 U R- 3129 U [Œ shark KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY 349 Ð R- 2514 3130 Ð NuS thackberry; lotus tree 2387 è R- 3131 èš Qš mow (grass) 2819 ü R- 3132 ü f˜ cod³sh 2816 4 R- 3133 4 ‰Vœ tunny; tuna 2825 ^ R- 3134 ^ |q carp 2157 Ø R- 3135 ØU [[“U to whisper 2208 ¬ R- 3136 ¬‹ v˜‹ to conceive; get pregnant 2132 } R- 3137 }` q` to cause to happen 2350 U R- 3138 U JhZ strawberry 350 KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY Ô R- 2868 3139 Ô ÓÀí« twenty 2047 Ñ R- 3140 Ñ yX beard; moustache 2072 Æ R- 3141 Æ q¡m path between rice paddies 2081 Ú R- 3142 Ú r˜ garlic chives 2091 E R- 3143 Eš Hš some one; a particular 2098 Ð R- 3144 Ð yS counter for animals 2125 A R- 3145 A ‰‰ as is; as one likes 2127 9 R- 3146 9 ‰f crotch; thigh; fork in a road 2161 − R- 3147 − L¡[ rumour; gossip KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY 351 á R- 2172 3148 á‹ Q‹ to chew; to bite 2176 w R- 3149 w vq^ talk; story; tale 2182 V R- 3150 VL V˜L UL U˜L eat; drink; receive a blow eat; drink; receive a blow 2220 : R- 3151 : ^™ buttocks; hips 2232 g R- 3152 g vf pennant; banner 2256 S R- 3153 SS SU [wS [wU dealing; selling to handle; deal with 2258 ™ R- 3154 ™š `š make a rubbing; imprint 2330 ÷ R- 3155 ÷ ÷‹ —p —p‹ pool (in a river); backwater stagnate 352 KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY } R- 2347 3156 } fwY tobacco 2353 ¾ R- 3157 ¾ qV mow down 2354 R R- 3158 R Šu straw raincoat 2405 Ö R- 3159 Ö ¡˜z bracken; fernbrake 2421 @ R- 3160 @ ‰n up until; by 2483 ³ R- 3161 ³ Wf beam; girder; 2596 Ÿ R- 3162 Ÿ L` pedal-operated mortar 2618 ÷ R- 3163 ÷ fm vertical; upright 2639 Ù R- 3164 Ù ^u type of small bamboo KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY 353 î R- 2690 3165 î fY octopus 2696 ó R- 3166 ó yš leech 2721 Ô R- 3167 Ôz Ôzš ¡z ¡zš excuse; apology apologize; make an excuse 2757  R- 3168  q„ cooking pot; kettle 2767 ¬ R- 3169 ¬ “™ spear; lance 2773 š R- 3170 š v[Š scissors 2778 Ë R- 3171 Ë ^aU droplet; trickle 2823 É R- 3172 É Q_Q bullhead 2826 A R- 3173 A `^ sushi 354 KANJI WITH JAPANESE READINGS ONLY š R- 2832 3174 š L cormorant 2875 ø R- 3175 øL øS øU LQRL ueS ueU spy on a peep; a glimpse to peep; to peek 2916 j R- 3176 j vfW ³eld; farm 2942 Ò R- 3177 Ò ^kW teaching manners 2945 þ R- 3178 þš ffš put a curse on; haunt 2948 V R- 3179 V V çò çòé2Ðó millimeter millimeter 2952 ’ R- 3180 ’ ©ûÉ inch 2953 c R- 3181 c ݨ2Ð feet 2820 R R- 3182 R [w mackerel CHAPTER 13 Readings of Old & Alternate Forms The readings of the old and alternate forms of kanji learned in chapter 6 keep the same readings as their simpli³ed forms. For the sake of completeness, all readings that have not appeared in the foregoing chapters of Part Two given are recorded here. Note that two of these characters ( N and 4 ) have been assigned “of³cial” readings for use in names. å kå R- º© Þûº© ¡] ±« ¹1 ±«Ð vU nausea to spit up the literary arts skill; performance 2352 3183 å ¹ R- 2999 3184 ¹U V ˜V R- Àí%¿í« Éï«Àí Yo}S »· çB »Ë² Ur nation; state country longevity felicitations 2995 3185 V ç R- 2988 3186 ç 356 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS T –T R- Ы ôËЫ ^‰ −û Nå å »«−û du public park park; garden archipelago island 2976 3187 T å R- 2974 3188 P 3189 òí«%òï« PwíÅ òí«Ð«ÈÛ good start, bad ³nish; PH± ò﫧ûÀ 2981 R- anticlimax Temple of the Reclining Dragon (famous for its rock garden) 2964 … R- 3190 ➙ see FRAME R-2333 Ы b× b b` b Ыȩ HQ™ o‘` y ³· [6 ½û³· fW mountains and peaks peak; point lighthouse bright light set alight torch; ³re 2987 2972 b R- 3191 6 R- 3192 6 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS 357 N âN N N N N ð«³û J¡ J¡P Šh Št ³û molten lava rock; used in names used in names used in names used in names 2978 R- 3193 V R- Àí«%ÀíË 4V V( ¼Àí« ÀíËÎû ¼ 4V ¼Àí« UŠ ã« ¸™ ã«Éï« Št ²û o–J пï²û “Qf ð· ðÝ ð·ä« †j`š †^J craving; appetite to desire welcome; wished for library manor top of a peak mountain summit ³fty ³fty ten points 2968 3194 4 R- 2967 3195 4 squadron; used for names 2977 ¸ R- 3196 ¸ J R- 2980 3197 J ð R- 2984 3198 ð`š ð^J 358 OLD & ALTERNATE FORMS W R- −û ➙ see FRAME R-2952 ì ï ì¿û u »« Ñ™ ¡f™ ¡fš crossing to cross over wild; undomesticated ³eld 2966 3199 ï R- 2979 3200 ï Ñ R- 2985 3201 Ñš INDEX 1 NUMBER OF STROKES Index 1 includes all the kanji covered in volumes I, II, and III, arranged according to number of strokes and radical. Page references are to the frame in which the kanji was first introduced. To locate the reading frame for kanji from volume I, use Index 5 in volume II. Frames in Part One and Part Three of this volume are already cross-referenced to Part Two. 1_ s + 1 71 í : U 2103 696 97 3_ 4 ø î X ï  Ò î ˜ K ± ´ æ Ó þ 50 1648 681 3 691 64 1246 1214 2094 44 1016 688 40 485 62 2_ Ì s Ì G ì ^ × k M j 0 Y 7 91 2 9 686 951 779 8 83 858 444 10 ` ð î Ö F ¸ ÷ L C S w F Ï Ø · œ { š [ ë ^ 2 84 68 49 2914 462 1231 525 2042 2937 11 319 150 109 107 105 98 95 45 768 127 76 2101 4_ ÷ b 2 3 ú # & ’ # © ¬ Ò z œ 9 ° â k 255 1904 5 757 428 1217 838 1828 637 42 2033 1215 1913 2040 1510 2102 59 1725 ¾  k Ä 5 ² V _ [ N 5 _ ò Ò # » Q Ð ‰ — ² J 490 6 250 1587 1008 2114 2968 988 964 784 1274 781 300 1811 2038 1019 2148 2147 1049 1027 447 1696 372 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES Ï † ‹ º Œ ‚ £ B { T Ð 5 ç à ú × _ Ñ ° ¸ Z ñ … { å Ô  ú 7 4 Õ Q ½ J v … µ 1695 711 2087 704 370 722 1415 2153 765 697 1593 568 1488 1490 2096 85 39 238 120 106 96 1070 1232 1233 1862 1190 595 1076 1177 1125 12 578 13 161 130 195 466 à ‰ È m 727 1212 245 1806 5_ = é * › ± Í m r = J P ½ Ð « ° R s Ç Ë ½ é } ü C | n o ä ¬ 93 1031 256 28 379 113 1020 1484 217 216 1028 132 2098 1877 1329 37 1863 35 856 1086 1383 412 266 431 1401 960 2113 986 961 Ö $ } î á Õ G ä í í ¢ ª ; I ± “ ò Ù + ç 9 × – ^ Ï ´ ¢ W ¬ × Í ð | ¦ t ï v 1005 1000 1202 1740 1247 2034 1826 1181 2139 33 34 86 867 65 530 78 16 77 405 48 152 744 742 1225 845 1555 1220 1834 2208 2173 2179 2166 103 1242 692 53 4 8 É ‘ ‰ K G ¹ : Í e m O _ î × b z ™ ¸ Y ^ Ú ˆ ‹ Á ¹ Œ × Ê x M * Æ ä M û ) 1018 750 111 297 427 702 1316 2220 1054 1234 767 863 1241 1650 1378 739 591 2041 653 738 140 2312 2301 1414 780 279 284 635 1138 1113 1117 30 1105 131 212 211 2884 ˆ 1 , µ V ‡ ë ª 1087 1757 14 802 1447 15 445 101 6_ V ç ‘ › ¿ » ß 3 X Ñ Ò » T U À â Î h n H X x l Y § 2881 1815 815 753 818 1602 38 693 1168 2985 32 1448 183 1861 36 41 355 396 1519 1275 761 487 752 375 253 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 373 6 Q 6 Z ³ þ ¾ 4 ` ) Û q N Ý ? | Ò e ½ µ t y Š â ¨ $ ¦ À ‚ ] ð 8 q $ æ , [ 263 1161 966 2122 965 1701 959 2967 956 963 1003 994 962 2853 128 180 1022 2141 2140 471 235 67 455 2892 1693 685 684 79 168 2961 2919 1965 1885 221 1036 458 1416 5 m 4 ’ ¡ µ ä Ä 1 ƒ n : Ÿ ‚ ± G − e ª M ê c — Y Ø ¨ H ” ° ! á e H „ – º y 1753 1154 27 2952 2175 689 1508 2171 151 583 586 582 320 155 158 515 108 112 291 119 2903 1153 862 99 100 527 190 1656 185 186 1916 1071 2242 406 1333 2238 1655 Ü Å ‘ æ Ú ; â ½ ë * s à K Ë ‰ — … ø h @ X » ( f h Å a h » ð  – m å | ß { 1216 353 873 547 618 690 2264 2322 1245 1651 139 110 516 2303 2327 2415 285 2413 280 2421 321 2848 1172 26 66 2463 165 210 1243 207 2043 812 2551 248 1425 1795 679 † ¾ ¨ U y – ¡ J g ¾ 1252 1251 361 937 919 573 2063 1868 517 3006 7_ × ! ¼ 7 n 3 – q © § ¡ û B d a ˜ X µ o − S L â 3001 1809 934 17 694 1565 1664 1440 1427 1218 2097 1884 2930 1468 640 1391 1248 2080 1331 58 848 1588 2844 Ñ R 7 8 Õ 6 p « W ; ¿ ñ µ È L { · } ú Ô ) ™ ƒ | ƒ l ó „ ¸ d E r ` é c ] 6 1657 955 1012 2115 952 1142 1864 1029 954 1118 957 953 2111 1831 967 1203 2126 2112 788 1240 2134 2137 1404 1205 90 1694 2008 866 1812 1489 1589 467 2174 2170 2953 603 1897 374 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES ˜ Í ² Ë ¨ U Å o t ƒ ¹ Ó {  1 W * Ö © ¥ ¿ û Ü ‰  Ü × U Ø ‡ õ Á ] Ê [ » & 1279 262 2181 2180 24 1807 579 1180 457 600 1896 1743 384 323 160 306 723 492 1395 2857 2538 298 114 2199 865 507 491 123 2078 2209 187 1320 2212 2216 2215 2213 1066 Ù Å Ö y f c ó k ñ Ÿ » © Ó 6 P † è = © T * 9 Æ p “ ¤ ) r Œ h ¿ Û ã V û s − 1053 1915 2218 528 599 772 167 330 607 1594 592 2236 508 2364 1009 2376 2387 2396 421 2368 2386 2361 493 1162 1462 884 1422 1642 712 648 647 1130 1074 706 1752 705 649 0 d ñ f ! r · Ü ± å ¢ ± ö ó ™ ñ + è º C ª ‘ ! Ý Ù w Œ Á ! : Õ Ã ó O 5 % ò 839 2246 1700 2274 138 1886 1641 2296 2316 1072 1888 2326 707 2079 2293 260 1294 1302 2960 1129 1702 725 239 597 596 676 1081 1726 2441 1649 2464 2459 2544 203 2511 683 2510 ü ’ ª 8 µ * ² Í † [ _ L ´ ç C ‰ Ø š Š •  ˜ 2 Y ° ± ( í Š ë = 2504 1713 208 2500 728 2552 247 1848 1711 1253 1533 2565 2558 1092 859 92 57 1782 404 902 914 2606 906 1496 104 860 72 335 54 286 173 8_ c ë 1170 1889 ª X ` À s 0 @  p Œ Ø Ù P ¢ | š à f S 9 : ë Ú Û I q ¬ B n ‚ X # A þ : ø ± 1156 504 1902 1330 1582 2093 2928 377 759 1523 308 312 1276 1025 486 1037 316 1400 971 1603 970 2123 1796 2107 2109 990 976 989 1030 972 3002 2095 2125 1961 317 1827 1521 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 375 H r £ Þ á Ÿ d ß Z ¾ o 0 ó 2 I ô ³ a Æ & ¿ f Õ ` ¹ ú ¹ ? õ x y ¥ 4 ) y = ö 1069 417 418 2144 872 73 718 51 1720 1901 1972 2896 1485 2169 219 580 581 1505 2184 2188 1486 2156 2055 126 1094 1196 184 2206 2205 747 413 1557 2195 220 2872 1417 1271 Š W × ; a Ï £ µ Ê a ¥ æ ¡ M R N x Ñ ü , º × Ä ä Q R e ä N Ÿ ø Î § ï w ‰ U 1783 1317 1572 1100 1109 382 1319 257 1063 1060 1110 1386 2241 1653 770 1115 2231 1833 588 1002 2234 392 1741 1419 2373 2372 1905 2385 225 715 223 2356 2397 234 360 2382 2350 ^ } ð ‡ ¦ ª u s ê § / † ò x ¬ Ì Í i À Ø ä ( c Ö 0 O ° » ; ¾ Û I ¾ ð ¸ Ë f 2348 2347 880 882 881 883 1785 716 2275 1558 623 2278 1114 656 740 857 669 654 650 769 651 668 1106 1832 1564 652 805 645 644 136 795 146 432 145 746 137 267 è # Q ³ Z À Á ? ± « K ! À  ¾ % O ¼ A o ä ö W # Z ½ b ç E × ‹ Û Ã 5 ê ½ ^ 1055 803 147 636 1237 751 533 218 1107 2294 2341 2342 2343 2344 2346 1295 1780 2955 1303 1524 1841 847 282 2412 2959 2431 602 1590 2091 1077 1127 1078 1729 2888 2900 496 1051 ó F l Ì Ã Ä g % ˆ ™ » R ¿ â Ý w « § o ‹ Ç Š Ì ! 3 ‡ Ç + 3 n Ï õ ‡ Ô Ÿ ö Ë 2450 1121 2449 448 43 25 20 2454 2469 714 1756 1399 19 494 162 468 1080 2503 2484 713 785 1697 1126 2501 1219 724 2519 332 2472 196 200 1699 374 2046 371 1698 2451 376 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES ô 1 Ö 2 Š ] ñ Ë ) é Á š è O t • ” í S F ú W u É ² î ¿ ´ È þ k à  ˜ – ˜ À 2090 735 729 2333 1213 1050 329 1184 1990 1256 1534 1531 1546 2567 1128 2600 1091 69 74 1223 2992 913 912 897 2622 1906 324 1573 2642 819 755 1206 269 1920 1616 422 1632 9_ é h › z s Ë ˆ 3 b ƒ ñ t ¦ & Ç Ð Ò ˆ V › 7 _ y J p = ? Œ š “ ˜ 9 Q 46 1891 1667 60 1892 2862 2921 638 1675 1853 1585 1270 1511 401 311 435 1716 1745 2920 1660 1472 2110 1392 1639 1014 969 1148 1280 968 991 997 2127 2121 ` R ƒ ! ì t K z ÷ 7 Ë Ç õ Ì ( R m G Æ ¹ ¹ ; } ’ 1 õ é ¤ X ô I f Ó $ $ „ ¨ 1918 2906 2902 1449 304 301 524 474 2990 118 2146 1613 2858 55 169 125 178 2089 745 1407 1146 63 2159 2162 2018 23 2704 154 2187 362 156 2932 124 1928 2200 584 2204 ô l ö ª Ñ Ý è ù » % | d Ê Û ù ç 0 Œ ¼ E q É / x Œ u v ì [ 9 Å A / 2 t u Í 2194 2201 1879 294 754 1322 188 2616 2210 1058 2222 1075 2583 2223 1878 1265 771 773 1380 1194 2886 391 2407 472 488 224 322 2394 252 1379 879 874 70 290 625 2282 2281 f É J Î í © J … ³ B / „ ¿ } Ï t C þ ò ó § … $ á # ³ µ ¸ à ò & › Á Ú ï q – 620 1460 2259 661 1267 1255 2261 659 660 667 2254 658 2849 461 143 1799 2289 1155 369 249 328 181 1855 549 2302 2286 2290 2292 2331 1266 243 522 2337 2962 1466 2424 1844 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 377 − | Ñ « s i Ø H © ‰ º : Å ¡ « à * + Ì 6 7 Å Î i j Û G ô ¥ $ ü = o e ² ¸ Ÿ 1959 2016 1465 1268 283 924 1420 703 381 1045 1742 1140 87 388 1556 18 2445 2435 748 31 414 531 2458 166 2536 1781 869 509 2481 2482 206 2507 209 268 2488 2517 514 P Í t 5 ª Á ÷ B „ ³ ¾ „ ¬ … b £ ‡ h P H á Ç Þ a f ƒ „ É n y ñ Ö ] Ó Þ ö @ 199 2485 1021 2489 1421 2486 2871 1859 449 1559 1893 680 1998 1549 2561 1723 2568 1089 1119 1779 2601 2599 1759 2569 29 251 605 1689 1705 261 133 513 1226 675 117 116 2623  ¡ E î 3 X û & 6 ¼ r Y 4 à , ‘ w Ä Å } ¥ Ë Â œ I Ó ê ñ d Á £ à ’ ? } d / 1179 911 900 899 479 364 333 2470 446 326 1568 1571 2632 2644 2946 2651 1354 1353 1509 1355 1362 548 1164 2680 122 520 1604 1207 1768 1851 337 339 88 386 288 2909 1397 Á 1887 10 _ @ f H • … ‚ ¢ { Ÿ T › V Ñ , H ¿ ñ K L ï @ E I , : á − ° l È m ø 296 523 2436 1944 2019 1269 307 1890 1017 1384 1748 1630 2071 2058 2124 1674 973 1640 2119 1186 1722 978 980 1633 992 1547 979 1574 1821 2106 2131 786 o d w ¢ u L Y õ Ä ¤ # M Õ M ’ A O ã 9 @ ô ù ” # ¤ × « / à ‚ › ( Q 8 A Ü c 1230 2841 560 2133 2135 506 2136 871 1671 1964 1730 2145 478 2084 1692 1365 75 134 2009 2013 2004 2681 1975 2958 2178 766 2154 2950 2168 56 2918 179 2901 1898 2012 849 1471 378 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES § L Ö B “ · ì ? Ù ´ ` û ú ` q · ¸ ” ø ã Ç Ò N # S T = ] | õ j – Z ¡ 6 K Ê 1393 214 191 541 1551 1033 1499 2614 790 189 2219 1925 1236 2226 2061 1562 2977 81 589 1024 1193 590 1157 242 1013 1581 2408 2105 2349 2868 1481 327 877 1659 878 1423 1881  ; Ì ; Õ ñ Ï ) ä S F a c • × š ò œ ª ¡ u , Ì K • ø 4 ô H y ¹ û B ¼ Š G œ 1597 2846 619 622 2283 1935 2059 2248 2845 2256 2011 1120 1116 2260 2267 3007 1131 1836 1837 2951 2311 1428 144 1149 2297 1332 730 789 764 1082 1470 2338 2340 2339 1304 1315 1308 ¤ i x u ¿ ‹ ™ X ° ã ? t ¦ + q G µ 0 ë ˆ ¢ í þ S m W ´ { / ô š Å ¡ ˆ T Í Ò 1658 1305 1310 1843 1132 281 1669 539 1408 1858 1661 915 287 2417 2423 2414 731 606 613 612 2434 1079 459 1048 2446 2444 159 2452 2442 1491 456 2462 2027 182 1856 870 2457 q m ð Û ° ± Û £ + ” ³ p Í C ` ° ï Y = ? k Û † m % { ˜ N ß – ì K ƒ ( Œ Ö ‘ 2545 698 358 2044 292 1520 222 2499 204 198 2483 1278 1461 1932 367 2497 264 236 3003 460 1609 2495 2523 808 810 809 814 1493 2332 246 1803 1532 2564 258 1229 1088 1204 Ø Õ Ò N ´ í j X ± M B & à C $ þ £ ¼ × I Y I ¸ O d J Q Ê Ä Ù y g V [ ‚ — è 2570 1686 1685 2574 1688 1682 2916 1835 2581 2585 2590 806 532 2595 2993 2945 1108 807 905 1778 903 2604 904 536 2620 797 2877 1570 415 938 925 920 2948 1178 2662 1829 2673 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 379 „ ó Þ i á • Ú … ‚ 5 I ” O ‹ “ ^ Ì µ Î z r g è o ê ( | ‘ â Û õ j 9 S [ æ 0 1494 1356 2661 1358 1357 1727 554 1808 1914 2679 823 610 756 1870 1871 1728 2917 1469 1938 529 341 2713 1917 340 2734 682 526 2936 1249 1652 1429 2748 1436 1948 274 2766 2774 Æ z ƒ + ¿ 699 2879 1475 1978 1288 11 _ Z g { Ð c ¬ Â Ý B › ‡ X Á Ú ‘ Ï É Ê ‡ } Ô À B ú } ] w ó 2855 1173 1676 2550 1560 439 2549 489 1737 2244 1919 1955 974 2129 975 1006 977 981 1823 2132 2130 2108 501 782 1710 1451 2700 1586 O à ± œ † Ì − ³ µ ç À o 3 + À ; % ø 2 _ Î – h È ³ ( ‡ Š b ù f p Z ¨ O Y 5 89 2791 2866 2269 534 454 21 2165 556 2988 2904 356 153 2183 2185 477 2189 1062 2192 1767 1506 2878 1927 1830 2198 1151 2197 2196 192 720 995 749 1321 2006 775 1095 2217 è | ” 2 ‡ ¹ ! y ø I d Ä “ & Ú g U › ? ( û Ý ” q Ô ¬ Ç „ Ò å j ‡ n “ ! Z ¾ 1235 1921 2227 778 1101 774 2225 1922 1849 2056 1159 1999 1191 593 1182 2355 1122 927 918 2383 734 2366 2410 1258 1517 2957 2377 2099 2398 2941 1733 2850 1525 876 1032 2276 2277 ù È U − Ù Ä b Œ j ï ã 4  u ‘ Ù @ b d ) ³ Á è 1 ì ¼ E ‡ È — Ð • Ï ò _ g 1721 1537 1187 621 2279 2057 674 1061 673 1318 733 655 736 2273 663 1064 672 1188 1152 2252 1327 2249 2250 2251 1634 670 2265 2247 2298 1038 157 451 840 450 1731 1738 721 380 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES | ’ Í L ² , þ ( ÷ ^ o Å ] ä { _ o ‹ Þ ¦ v F @ N h i » @ H Ì v Q Z Ò ‰ 1 1 2318 1263 372 1328 1539 164 634 804 2330 313 2310 2325 440 244 1456 1940 1262 1592 1672 1301 1966 1299 1513 1561 1518 2427 1842 1846 1845 1847 1973 318 561 1160 2379 2971 1810 ú ½ } º î ù å ø Ÿ F R 7 8 « õ ² õ Ó Þ ¤ ï 6 ] 8 ) | È G q Î È Ù ö — ÷ ² A 604 958 1085 936 1254 1732 1662 1046 1222 2891 2100 2443 2438 1396 498 538 1934 2989 2546 2954 2979 907 2299 1498 2530 677 2502 2625 2498 2518 201 2479 2529 2837 2045 710 102 y í ü y Ð â ø Ò À ê ç 7 J œ e b – F z 7 Ð » _ Ü Q Q Š ¹ Y $ c Ø µ É ¢ ø } 2533 1714 1750 841 1993 2876 1102 1541 935 259 2560 265 2557 1093 2598 1797 2571 293 1364 2683 2578 2575 2572 2854 2070 1467 237 2580 1227 2626 898 433 1457 2882 518 799 798 Å E k Ù î 6 r J ? ë T M ™ ë Ñ ú F Û R L  î H õ ì $ º U í ¦ ç ï Ñ ¼ â Ü Ë 939 940 2635 1239 1111 1001 2628 1777 1136 921 2648 922 1360 2669 1758 1363 1352 1359 1361 1776 2666 2658 574 575 2675 1874 2674 1869 519 2697 1606 1769 569 2714 787 708 495 § ò 2 • Y ä O k % É } Ò ö ¸ Ÿ Å ô w “ Ë à ê ™ Ö š 1073 792 331 726 1010 1744 2986 2092 420 470 1435 2430 1908 174 1596 273 2754 1623 1617 2778 1143 463 94 171 1941 12 _ − 6 ï å ø = ¤ 9 2938 2940 928 2104 2875 1969 1747 2049 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 381 Y T Ä Ô / Ë S W N Í U p [ æ ò ¢ V Å V v Æ ] ü Ô ó õ ± Î O p ³ = Ý b í Y ) 1026 1643 1183 1015 2116 1553 1631 1926 47 743 2150 2152 1775 1976 1042 1550 2182 2163 2164 2158 1208 1445 397 2191 1770 545 1039 390 254 1056 1507 1761 1950 395 1526 2211 193 õ Ý › ö æ = ‹ * % ˆ Ÿ Q Ø e / ³ , 5 0 û w W Ú ã K F L ¥ è % c m š : x P ã 2069 2221 1953 2861 2243 1931 2077 777 2229 129 82 407 408 1381 1706 1852 2391 2411 1577 2429 816 2966 2081 2389 2351 2378 2392 861 228 299 1145 1718 890 1398 1854 875 2898 ¨ 3 g · − 2 Ú ! g ¥ Ø W ¿ Û Ü 3 ¢ 1 ç þ v · Ó — / 9 _ m F Q Â Ø Þ Ä Í ‰ [ 1439 1786 624 629 628 1059 1951 1043 662 2255 665 646 2263 664 1967 2320 1292 1452 366 148 1800 1388 1788 149 2317 1195 546 2307 1169 2309 2284 1749 2295 1438 2336 1309 1958 „ ´ Ó î ± [ Z | ò Q Š ’ Ê Ú ³ í z _ Î / ¬ # ’ _ ° $ “ è Œ Æ ¬ œ g ‰ § Œ Ú 1298 1314 1306 1300 303 1293 1956 540 552 1067 277 1824 1047 2420 2416 2418 398 2432 614 1083 1638 826 334 1189 2931 1201 314 821 1260 22 1538 1974 177 2465 1209 1923 1418 Ü Ï ¡ I e _ & l ) Î 0 “ − ù © [ ß a p × ( ’ © 1 ™ u 5 É æ 5 À 7 % † É q ç 2456 1200 2542 197 2537 2480 1272 1763 1903 1673 205 2528 2496 202 2505 505 1575 2474 2512 2487 1097 1762 1171 811 813 2915 2873 842 1257 241 2566 1591 2913 2556 2912 2554 2963 382 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES Ä ì # x E F − d 9 n : – C ç 1 J Ô z Ô L ¢ È ; v ¨ Ä Ý t ‡ · · Á : @ V f g 2602 2910 1784 1734 2922 1668 1690 1684 1687 2577 1703 2934 831 2865 1442 1224 2589 695 115 763 1840 793 2973 2611 2605 895 894 2062 436 1034 325 801 941 948 2637 945 947 h e t Ù Ú B … Æ º ƒ á j $ ó ˜ 3 ^ ™ £ y ó L F k ˆ Æ ß Ÿ ã ä W N ² i é r $ 944 2646 2629 943 923 2664 1346 1349 1351 1348 1754 1347 1350 2657 1375 1035 555 2933 2693 2695 2696 1857 2654 1765 2890 345 1141 1865 380 342 1724 1139 2718 2727 1487 194 2736 g { Ð ¾ æ ’ Î • Ò ¦ É n Ÿ Ç ¸ 6 ˆ  E ” T Ð h ² j « ± † š † j 868 1771 1007 1238 1424 2737 387 385 1281 717 1112 1434 1909 853 1495 3004 1622 1620 1625 2775 559 557 1907 423 2028 1635 2897 1474 1473 52 2786 13 _ m : 758 399 ° z ´ å æ ¥ R z Ö Ò — v X % u Ó þ é o ù 1 ¤ ì A È Ð ÷ c ê B Ø ˆ ù š ™ Þ Á 2433 1011 999 1544 987 996 982 1678 2128 1615 719 1946 2160 1579 1867 585 359 1458 2024 2190 1444 1515 1929 542 1598 2202 226 2615 2214 1150 2230 2224 410 1601 2388 1838 2395 K % x W ò ¦ 1 R Z ƒ È é ¥ s ˆ Æ ² ö = • E ‘ 9 Ú © … u Ñ + è w á } Ë Ý ñ 3 2409 1900 2399 1385 2404 231 409 2354 305 2384 2375 2362 2360 1163 2997 889 1389 2548 1960 1483 630 687 1324 1739 666 1873 2315 1289 1578 142 1819 2701 564 416 537 2308 1663 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 383 Y n â I ï á “ Î ½ ² j æ Ü P « ± A û T A ` ‰ K E Ñ @ h = @ » * ! ‘ T ß A ˜ 230 365 791 2324 2287 403 2345 2335 1312 2426 1644 402 1773 2847 2422 732 2801 615 1957 901 609 929 480 1882 170 1949 1450 2439 2440 1605 2467 2466 544 464 1612 2541 163 8 Á / z » ½ à J ß · È ª Ô ñ * 8 ( › ˆ U T @ … ó L 7 Ü S Æ L g h œ & • N x 1098 1735 2490 2513 2531 1569 2493 2471 2473 930 1614 2477 2524 512 1805 2067 737 2334 2926 1995 1991 2562 2563 2553 1291 1930 2603 1090 2072 1683 2573 2579 2698 1636 1259 832 1583 ò C Ÿ ˜ Û Ù Ó — ú M Î S b [ G © % Þ š Õ ¡ – þ ¸ ³ Q + Â ß f î É ÷ Ì A Ó m 1514 2584 2596 2592 2587 2591 453 2624 1124 896 2608 2607 2610 608 1502 2621 1792 1464 1370 1368 1345 641 553 825 2678 2065 2064 1497 1876 2694 2690 2687 2014 1443 1766 1939 1814 6 › ¥ ¤ * ¡ ¢ å ¼ & Ê Ô í œ ¬ Ì ( ¥ ¤ + Ô ) – − Ÿ º S & f ç ˜ é ÷ l Š / ! 1813 1522 343 2715 1244 346 354 550 363 2717 344 2721 2705 357 2738 80 2735 473 1004 2744 1746 1286 1284 1282 2745 1277 1432 1433 2453 794 741 2770 846 271 1406 535 425 Œ ¨ , Ï ù e V ´ ™ Õ † R Ä ð 1402 1866 1477 1480 1654 1894 61 2788 783 1595 2794 2805 2807 864 14 _ ¹ Ó Š « k Ü … ì W Ð ” Ñ ” • h º P £ * 2074 2021 2923 543 309 2120 1977 1794 1707 2142 1410 2149 213 376 2003 419 562 2167 1954 384 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES k ¹ ; ? V W æ † ] ô C g I â P ] T « a 7 ‰ ¦ º … § © H ¦ ‚ ” ü ‡ E ™ ½ é Ü 1942 2999 2177 2852 2995 2703 484 502 2943 566 617 1323 1103 834 776 1065 2976 2235 2838 1023 2374 2406 1945 2390 633 232 2359 2836 887 885 627 626 829 2258 1133 657 2007 Ô º Ô 4 k · ì å G º / ( ) ¹ Œ ! ì ì ï } Ç d i … C 2 ÷ ã æ Ð – Ù r J i 0 v 172 2304 932 1135 1175 1545 442 1607 830 1068 2314 2291 2288 338 1313 1296 1297 1192 441 1174 2005 2893 1764 2885 2843 233 2540 2547 2522 2514 1482 2515 1818 2475 2516 2492 229 à  H § ´ Ý ‚ w • r ¼ Ö · U w ) ½ 2 š ° á O 5 d S † M ” c · C d „ 6 ” r s 933 2520 469 563 917 2559 2588 2555 2793 833 1390 2593 1512 465 910 1679 1715 1167 2619 2870 800 2029 1273 946 2634 2633 2643 2991 2640 1535 2668 1341 1963 2672 1344 1366 2660 4 » ¹ q } k £ þ / z t ´ Ì À Á B C £ ß œ Þ É å Ñ ¹ ì £ — µ i î ÷ F c , / — 2670 2073 2659 1367 1373 1371 1343 2667 2656 2863 2677 2939 678 2688 2929 347 1899 601 499 348 598 916 2733 2739 2908 1409 2730 1430 1431 1437 175 2618 1459 762 368 270 2755 ‹ j ¼ F › u l 7  : Ú i § ´ 8 Š Ë P ½ ^ p z 272 275 1624 2017 2776 1619 1626 1165 1540 2781 2785 1405 2796 2797 2800 2802 1984 1983 1986 2808 1924 2924 15 _ ¾ o l Ê ™ $ ˆ { Î j ¬ 616 1677 310 998 1839 983 984 2117 2138 2803 1997 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 385 G E − á a Å ^ b å w ‚ a Ÿ  C û å Z 4 g R s ‰ ë # ÷ ß ‰ m £ G v Ö Þ à ó ƒ 2143 1774 2161 2172 1197 2155 121 1198 1516 3005 302 2207 430 1326 1910 511 1325 1708 1057 2232 2233 2887 2001 2239 639 2369 2367 850 2357 2381 2401 2358 2405 2393 1680 886 2280 c œ K ^ î ô „ é ü ï C − Ê ¸ ‚ ˜ õ ‡ ¾ ¨ å † * + ‚ f k ] Š ð ° ë 1 ¹ Ü Ó ô 1199 2051 822 2271 2253 760 2245 2266 2262 1793 2270 2257 2039 1548 1627 1704 844 141 2319 1307 2425 2031 1804 1610 278 2419 1772 1096 2851 2984 709 443 1883 1712 1801 2461 1751 Ï j m ´ ã ! + p ‹ 8 R − 8 ) º Å ´ N — { ¤ Ä ç ú 3 a – Š # : â 7 û Þ Å ‹ ï 571 1176 2526 2527 1608 2533 2859 2889 1994 1992 1996 2753 2048 2699 2032 2842 567 893 2088 892 909 2935 796 2636 2631 942 1413 2645 2650 2947 1372 1952 1339 1340 1377 1825 1479 S ¡ ¢ 9 V ã ’ H Í W ˜ ™ l ¾ ë ! 8  “ ½ e Ç ø @ ¦ E = = h Ö + r l s ‡ † 2 2899 1872 2586 2068 2689 2692 521 2685 452 1123 2719 1261 2722 1536 351 2712 393 350 349 2724 2710 1820 2706 2708 1052 476 378 1264 843 1137 820 1287 1134 1822 2751 240 1453 ; Ç £ k ñ š Î š Ï ] ‘ 8 i N ê Q R l K û ) q s 1374 500 2756 1566 2763 2975 2768 2773 1618 2010 1791 1637 1476 2782 2792 2809 1979 1982 2023 2828 570 1040 1041 16 _ ª J 0 Ô ! ’ « w p ö 1670 2980 1166 2864 1412 1337 2949 2176 400 1529 386 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES ; ‹ f ` ÷ › Ê | é $ å q U % ¾ V M ¦ O — « Å ’ & v þ e Ý ± ê + ò J ³ t B ¿ 587 2036 565 1933 1530 2613 1554 1500 2240 594 2974 1681 1503 2000 2353 227 2370 1736 2956 2365 2403 1646 891 632 828 631 671 1387 497 835 2300 2015 2285 701 1311 837 1501 L ‹ 5 · 9 ã b ê p ’ à Æ n ¤ ï ? 5 Ê þ , ö µ t 2 Î ó V P ú Ù S ™ ½ i e ß a 2970 611 2428 424 2468 1719 2972 510 2052 2535 2869 2491 1382 2494 429 2050 1446 2478 2506 2521 1426 2905 2752 1147 1543 2612 1504 2981 2907 2639 950 1988 2638 1158 1645 2671 1338 [ Ä æ i î ¤ ” á ä ³ ë ¿ w Ç Ú â Ò P ´ è E À Ú j Ó 3 š B T ÷ ) ‚ ƒ ð § Æ I 1376 1563 2911 2725 2723 475 2726 2716 1760 352 1968 2709 1441 1971 852 2741 2942 2732 289 2731 2749 2750 2747 2798 2759 411 1962 1185 2771 2764 383 2760 1584 2765 2030 1144 1478 9 í  þ Ÿ Ñ Î  ^ â 2780 2784 2790 1665 2874 2047 1044 2817 2825 2835 17 _ ¦ ¸ „ © È ¨ ä Á Ý … 6 Õ ‘ L ê £ ª æ ª ß è Ê K 985 993 2118 2026 2702 2186 1936 2203 2617 2228 2987 2400 1411 1104 2272 2313 2306 577 2323 2329 2746 1970 2437 ‘ ( p ö a 2 l Ç A ^ “ ô “ Ô 0 P ` † a ó r Õ ù Õ | q h G i Ð ü ö ‹ ¤ ù b B 2448 2460 1211 2455 2543 2539 215 2509 2525 2476 1403 1463 643 2860 836 2576 1709 437 2582 1221 2594 558 2627 2597 2652 2649 2653 2665 1336 1542 1790 1798 827 2676 2691 2684 1576 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 387 Ù “ ê ¸ • ‹ Ô › U 1 n Ý ê 9 …  ¬ M ] ƒ H œ ü v  U 1 4 A „ Ü 1600 1816 1250 2193 1817 2086 1552 2655 2020 855 2762 2761 2772 1860 2964 2757 2769 2777 2779 426 1647 2787 373 2060 2815 2821 551 2816 2826 2927 2944 18 _ ð Œ 2883 2085 C n Ê ” B å / © ˜ ú , Y ƒ Þ ™ Û } ² s G š A $ U 6 c 3 8 4 V à Š Õ ü r œ à 2894 1210 1580 1912 1880 2352 2371 2969 2402 2268 1454 2328 888 576 2534 389 1691 2037 817 394 2832 1099 2609 2895 1621 926 1334 1335 824 1611 2720 503 2743 1911 854 2076 1599 à ¥ y ? —  à W ß { „ à „ G µ ? 1937 276 1629 1492 2783 295 2795 1717 1789 931 1981 1980 1985 176 908 572 19 _ º ’ T w ¥ M y 0 œ 7 ù X ˆ Ñ Z à ª 2075 2002 2151 2982 336 2380 2035 2363 1666 2818 2305 2447 851 2829 1802 2839 2508 ø à « ¢ l — þ ã ‡ Æ : O à ù ð _ ‘ X & ¾ Ô † « R Õ ¨ ` á ¹ 1342 2647 949 2630 1369 2686 1895 1755 2682 482 1787 2742 2994 483 2758 1228 481 135 2789 2804 2806 1290 315 2820 2812 1947 2831 2867 2840 H Ë x + Þ e Ï ™  & H ( ë ¸ É Ó ¢ 2083 1394 1989 1628 434 2641 1567 642 700 1528 2728 1527 438 2998 2823 2824 2925 21 _ Ø z % À ! ; ¨ Ç ¬ ¬ ° 0 Æ ô 2157 2813 2022 2321 2663 1875 1285 2996 2729 2767 1283 1084 1943 2827 20 _ ç N ú û 2880 2978 1850 2799 388 INDEX 1: NUMBER OF STROKES 22 _ ü ¥ f g È § ü M ¿ 1987 2856 2965 2711 2740 2811 2819 2025 2983 23 _ à C N Ö 6 u Ð v 2082 1455 2707 2822 2814 2054 2834 2053 24 _ Ü 5 2237 2833 26 _ á 2810 25 _ × 3000 28 _ ß ¬ 2066 2830 INDEX 2 KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS Words without kanji and set in italics are primitive meanings. The accompanying number refers to the page number in volume I or III. All other numbers refer to frame numbers. A a a-un abacus abandon abbreviation abdomen abet abide by ability abolish abounding about that time above above-stated abrupt abundant abuse abyss abyss [old] accept accept humbly accidentally accolade _ E 2091 À 2343 I.322 m F T Ú † ô / u Ã î › _ È s Å W 1 È X † 758 293 464 1951 2031 2004 1706 2311 2791 49 1522 2110 793 1041 2325 2966 735 2702 1955 2794 accompany accomplished accumulate accusation accustomed achievement acid acknowledge acorn acquiesce acupuncturist add addiction address adhere adjusted adjutant admirable admonish adore adroit advance advise aerosol can affair af³nity af³x af³xed Z 877 ò 552 z 1364 N 1139 ü 627 O 863 i 1437 Þ 598 I.345 ¾ 1901 ; 5 = $ à · T ¥ ‡ _ Z l ¾ â $ A I.31 867 2679 1417 1000 1729 2126 1643 336 1101 1241 561 2722 I.126 959 1372 2736 1303 afµicted Africa again age aged woman aggression aglow agony agreement agriculture aid aim at air out alienate 1668 449 all 1450 alliance 2824 alligator 761 allot 2871 almost alms 1045 I.273 altar W 1385 amass Ý 489 ambition ¢ 2925 ambrosial H 1779 ancestor ancestral shrine á 2601 ancestral tablet Ç 2599 ð 2765 anchor ú % ç “ ¨ k 8 ” ‡ ÷ 0  X F „ h Ó X ÷ ‰ 604 1295 1815 1403 2204 330 2438 2775 374 2014 839 2344 2447 390 V 2637 f 2932 ¾ 3006 I.155 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS ancient harp Andromeda and then angel angle angling angry animal animal legs animal offspring animal sacri³ce animal tracks annexed ant antiantique anus anxiety apologize appear appellation applaud apple apple apple of the eye apply apprehend apprehensive approve apricot apron arc ardent argument arm arm armor armpit armrest army aroma ¸ 1812 Å 273 H 703 ` 1933 I.33 o 2113 ³ 1559 I.410 þ 634 — 2686 ‚ 722 à ˜ ê ß × ? ? ¹ ñ Ò a h O ù ˜ Ç Ú x Í ˆ t Ð I.157 2459 163 1250 1789 905 2852 I.382 2050 2580 607 1160 2569 843 203 I.151 1878 814 1820 I.212 1418 1113 870 2469 301 2147 aroused arrest arrival arrow arrow shaft arrowhead art arti³cial artisan as if as is ascend ashes Asia assault assemble assembly line assets assiduous assistant association assortment assurance astray astringent astute atmosphere attack attend attentive attire attitude attract attractive audience augment augury auspices auspicious authochthonous authority c 1199 i 654 k 755 I.134 ú 2636 ð 2758 n 1525 ¨ Í A : ‚ ! ö P ¥ ‡ Õ L î ´ i _ Š j M n t z Ç û Ÿ Í 1 í : Ö Æ Ï I.44 1693 2281 2125 1703 168 1809 1698 2732 I.262 473 2209 952 1776 2253 567 924 1738 2851 2028 2025 960 2677 398 2005 2429 430 452 811 2103 2781 1088 2184 571 autumn awakening awe awl awl axe axis E 900 À 2750 ’ 334 I.370 ‚ 2760 4 1125 É 1112 B babble baboon back back [old] backpack bad badge bag baggage bake balancing scales bald bale ball ballot bamboo bamboo blinds bamboo cane bamboo grass bamboo hat banana banner banner banquet barbarian bargain barking barley baron _ # ¾ : ; à 1 Ø á S Ï I ˜ Î À ç U ¢ È E Å ß g Ö ¤ š é _ ô 2958 2346 399 2973 2644 1810 433 1547 1013 1200 2604 2606 2518 935 1606 937 2630 2642 940 939 2367 I.267 2232 191 1747 1601 2170 1533 1463 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 391 ” k e Š Ò Ø { 7 ` Ù š É ¸ î Ò ` Ò • I J W X S | L ê » ˆ 1 r Á Ô ‚ ” ¬ o W * J O ¿ ‰ O æ „ ‘ Z å Ö û † µ ß , ï ô X Ñ ‹ R N š æ ï Ì ¸ l æ a Ö Z Ö ¤ õ † barracks barrel bartending baseball (team) bases bash basin bathe bay beach beaded hairpin beaming bean jam beans bear bear fruit beard beat beautiful woman beauty beckon becoming bed bee before beforehand beg beg pardon beginning beguile behind behind the scenes bell bellµower belong below belt bemoan bend bene³t ¬ 2033 þ 2506 õ 1429 x ð ! ô ª M ç – ¸ q h S Ñ ° Ý Ë À « » É å Ð F Ô â Î 9 I.17 1734 2166 1449 789 1837 1653 2963 2934 2998 1440 2003 2607 2047 709 1950 548 650 1029 592 2687 248 1593 462 2721 59 614 1379 ‰ 2374 ë 438 £ 2499 › 1953 4 50 I.152 + 2859 ( 1172 Ê 1881 benevolence bequeath beseech best regards bestow bewitched biased Big Dipper bin birch bird birdhouse biwa black black ink bladder blade blame blaspheme Bldg. Bldg. [old] bleaching blemish blessing blind bliss block up blood blood relative blossom blow blue blue-black blue-green bluffs bo tree boar board boast boat bodhisattva 885 1772 2598 1783 1246 2078 2117 1177 1902 2515 1941 I.219 2912 174 175 2457 84 1541 2297 1478 2980 2444 2187 1090 486 2119 2214 1448 2921 2018 467 1534 2864 2588 2227 2957 1262 646 1244 1868 2956 body body cavity body [old] boil boisterous bold bomb bond bone bonito bonsai book bookmark boom bore borough borrow bosom both bottom bough boulder boulder [old] boulevard boulevard bound up boundary bounding main bountiful bow bowl bowstring box box boy bracing bracken brahman brain brains branch 957 2465 2986 1257 1985 2936 1802 1544 I.331 2822 I.352 211 2523 1457 2066 1002 1186 1491 1168 1833 713 770 2978 I.241 890 I.34 484 2287 1443 1231 271 1386 I.373 942 492 2855 2405 2954 1934 I.19 711 392 c 772 q 2545 g 662 8 2067 I.52 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS branch off branding brandish break breasts breath breed brew briar bribe bridegroom bridge bridle’s bit briefcase bright brimming bring up broaden brocade broom brown brush brush tip brush-stroke brushwood bubble up bubbles bucket buckle buckwheat bud Buddha Buddhist priest Buddhist temple build building blocks bull’s eye bullet bullhead bullying bulrush ” ñ ( x Ì b ï f Ú g u p ¬ 3 Ó Â c Û Â Á ) ÷ e [ R ± É í = É Q Þ 610 329 1527 472 80 395 429 2965 2785 20 2315 759 740 411 I.283 453 I.128 2790 1170 2044 2284 533 2530 I.151 2369 1905 964 982 158 391 I.296 69 1931 2823 2373 1838 bump into bumper crop bundle bungling burdensome bureau bureaucrat burglar burn burnish bury bush clover bushel basket bushes business bustle bustling busy but of course butcher butchering butterbur butterµy buttocks button buy by means of by one’s side bystander „ $ – Ø ½ & ö œ ê Ý ( K % ú Ñ Ú ð 5 M ’ : ô C P Ô 2245 2609 1664 769 1986 1066 1271 357 510 2559 179 2351 I.385 I.351 1792 1196 2739 618 145 I.117 2217 2370 521 2220 2754 831 1028 I.44 1015 C cabbage cactus cadet cage calamity calculate calendar _ I.354 III.116 g 1173 ½ 2638 L 1291 d 946 ” 213 calf, golden call call on calling card calm camellia camelopard camp camphor tree can canal cancer candle candle rush candlelight candlestick candy cane cane cannon canopy cap cape capital capital suburbs capsize captive captured car carefree carillion carp carpenter’s square carpet yarn carrier carry cart carve cash cast a spell I.429 ó 1485 Ë 495 2 ½ v i È = J P = 2 U ü à ù Ø 3 Ù s V T 8 ë … é G I.397 1147 1569 2053 1305 1614 93 2285 2576 I.57 2408 2539 I.107 1122 I.26 2504 532 410 408 153 312 2887 1611 1991 1018 286 2885 2770 176 M 2585 ó 2657 “ 1871 ± 303 I.116 } 1710 q 1040 þ 2945 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 393 ê w r C l k á y Œ ¨ L R clam clam clamor clan clap class claw clay clean cleanse clear (the land) clear skies clear up cleaver cleverness cliff climate climax clique cloak clock clod close the eyes closed clothes hanger clothesline clothing clothing cloud cloudy weather cluster clutch cocoach coarse cocklebur coconut tree cocoon cocoon cod code I.36 2695 2163 1912 652 1353 727 2183 1155 2316 651 2442 1538 2234 459 I.54 1640 753 1619 I.147 I.356 2024 2842 1623 I.402 I.366 I.147 1399 423 424 2772 2249 872 719 1777 2382 2524 I.321 1880 2819 1827 casting castle cat catalpa catch catgut cauldron cause cave cavern caverns cavity cedar ceiling celebrate celery cell censure center centimeter cereal cereals ceremony chafe chain chain chair challenge change chant chaos chapter char character charcoal chariot chase chastise chatter cheat check-up k ô ä 8 œ ë ß ƒ c Z ’ h Œ î : ´ ˆ # à _ „ 5 − ± W Ð ° 0 « o v Ô W 1566 362 244 1498 1836 2669 2332 583 I.196 2615 I.291 96 1713 I.15 1089 I.346 I.350 1523 1740 2947 I.244 917 984 639 I.34 1937 2480 658 1008 21 2326 1123 557 185 771 I.120 1268 340 2158 2806 1724 cheek cheer cheerful cherry tree chess piece chestnut chew chic chick chicken chief chieftain chihuahua child chime chin Chinese black pine Chinese panpipe chink chinstrap chirp chivalry choose chop chop off chop-seal chopsticks Christmas tree chronicle chrysanthemum churn up cicada circle circling circumference circumspect citron citrus tree city walls city walls 2792 3005 1642 1932 1763 1609 2172 925 2085 1947 967 2906 I.98 { 95 q 2554 à 2795 2492 2628 2426 2662 1942 2107 1074 1126 2092 I.325 2640 I.352 1354 927 2257 2692 1811 2886 317 3004 2486 2482 I.398 2180 y Å ” O Ä Ã + þ ± ä / ¬ º þ K › u 0 r ² ‚ k Û ã Ì k c w › − ã Ò q : 6 Á $ Ë o Å w R ² · ê ³ á — J ‰ Ô B ü ø 394 & , í G A W K à 5 í INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS cof³n coin cold collapse collar colleague collector collide color coloring column column comb comb come come apart at the seams come in comely comet comma-design commander commandment commence committee commoner commonplace commotion companion company compare compass compensation compilation complete complete a job compliment computer comrade concave conceal 1272 368 1526 1315 1099 1707 2409 1680 1753 1714 I.241 + 1628 I.286 ^ 2476 û 1884 4 2670 I ‡ ú t w x W “ Ú ú ¿ ç ² E ‹ U t g 8 í Œ I.226 2109 2850 2096 1270 676 747 913 1191 1182 2268 19 1092 447 I.170 476 1825 97 2062 2711 I.74 1637 33 1313 concentrated concept concerning concubine concurrently condolences condone condor confer confront Confucian confused congeal conglomerate congratulations conjecture connection consent consider considerate consign consolation consort conspire constancy constitution consult with consume consummate contact contain contend continent continue contraption contrast control convenience convex conveyor cook ò ` = ²  { X › h 0 B ! U g u F ë † − è ] { ä f Ê ¤ ¢ | 6 Ù m C ¡ | º Ô “ ¢ … w 2015 609 1969 2622 1597 1233 3002 I.420 1660 648 1166 1185 1412 2895 868 663 2017 351 1252 2279 1917 1096 1203 1760 620 1554 475 1550 540 1813 790 1154 2289 1345 677 1277 1552 991 34 1873 468 cooking-³re cool copious copper copy coral coral reef cord core cormorant corner cornerstone cornstalk cornucopia corpse correct corridor cosmetics cottage cotton cough counsel countenance counter for tools counterfeit country country [old] county courage courtesan courtesy courts courtyard cover over cow cowardice cowl crab crabgrass craft crag ƒ ö ‹ á b @ A ï š [ G | ± ³ Ú à q ’ í å × T ³ ç u ¹ ‰ å Ó Ò v È ( ‡ Î ^ ¢ I.71 1404 2529 272 1247 2561 2562 1365 928 2832 1958 394 I.353 I.343 2222 379 1852 923 316 1367 2162 2705 2733 2267 2151 581 2988 1843 1407 2199 2425 508 590 2358 245 2460 I.77 2682 2608 76 2586 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 395 Ä ; Å & ¾ ´ E ™ Æ Š ) ¥ t x 7 p … ¿  Õ ¥ g Å œ Ì t h ( Ñ Ò n ? å K Ï — v cram school cramped crane crash crawl create creek crime crimson criticism critters crock crossing crotch crow crowd crowded crown crown crucian crude cruel crumble cry cryptomeria crystal crystal stone cultivate cultured cumulation cunning cupfuls current curriculum curse curtain cut cylinder cyst k ò Æ ¨ G ‹ s ‹ } − Ð À ¹ • ´ Á ì ^ ð µ ¹ ¾ “ 8 À ; q I Á 3 H • 2 1 × h ð 309 1266 1943 1307 2414 D dachshund dagger dainty dairy products dam damage damask damp damson dance dangerous dangle daring darken darkness darning dart daughter dawn day daybreak daytime dazzling deafness deal with death decameron decay deceased deceit decide decline decorate decrease dedicate deep _ III.17 281 139 1414 1355 649 2098 2904 279 I.213 1944 2939 780 I.120 304 2825 207 1431 774 432 2528 2048 2566 477 2424 2324 2337 1219 764 376 2169 409 85 944 2883 ú & Ô © C Ó 5 E [ Ä # ƒ K 8 ¢ c ‘ Õ $ d a ¿ S ‘ y » Ó ’ · { , ‚ ¼ L I.46 1363 1433 2191 666 2668 1788 2511 1774 1416 2171 826 2384 480 1335 1220 1471 2448 12 1201 1075 2543 2983 2256 815 67 1243 485 1762 1641 1890 1477 1914 2265 1328 deer defeat defense defer de³le degenerate degrees deliberation delicate delicious delight deliver deluge delusion demand demolition den departed department deposit depressed depression derision descend descendants design desk despicable despondent destitution destroy detach detailed detain determine detour deviate devil dew diagonal diameter 1999 63 1646 1528 2319 1314 1194 642 889 455 570 1110 1799 487 1165 400 181 1132 1179 1595 2856 1323 2155 1308 448 1021 210 2735 2149 1215 365 1492 550 1423 382 2415 1973 I.171 ° 1283 å 1662 ‡ 882 396 Ô 1517 9 1687 I.17 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS diamond diarrhea diced difference dif³cult dig dike dilate diligence dilute dining tray direction director dirty disaster discard discharge discipline disclose disconcerted discontinue discreet discriminating discuss disguise dish dislike dispatch display dispose disseminate dissolve distant distinction distract distress distribute disturb ditch ditch reed dither j Ê b Î Œ 0 V 9 ¾ s ë ó ã n @ } g á B Æ  d V È Ü Í ‰ ü Î æ Ú i A 9 × ø 5 à 1644 1580 1061 390 1923 1577 227 2468 490 1863 1245 167 655 1705 1722 1085 624 1754 1576 482 350 2246 1447 1598 1773 262 297 2262 1044 402 554 1358 901 1436 491 1062 2411 2994 divide divining rod dizzy do doctor document dog dog-tag dollar sign domburi domesticate don donkey door dormitory dose doth double double back doubt douse downspout Dr. draft drag drag dragon dragon [old] drama draw near draw water dreadful dream drench Õ ± ` l £ Ñ ) ¨ ^ á ú Z # O : ” ™  N { » O P ¬ b ½ / Z ß ¿ Ô å ù † ì P 478 I.31 2581 1918 1694 601 238 I.398 I.299 2884 1866 555 2810 1076 1708 1730 756 992 I.163 1410 2293 2520 47 892 I.400 2848 536 2981 1997 192 2322 623 305 2329 droop drop of drought drown drowning drowsy drum drum drunk dry dry ³eld dry weather ducks, migrating dugout dull dumbfounded duplicate dusk dust duty dwell dwindle dye s 1582 I.26 ê 463 ö 707 ñ 2308 x 1583 1 } ø j ! ¨ ¸ ² U Ë a ¤ W ç ô I.332 1444 1435 1648 2916 2441 I.417 2186 1495 2181 465 2451 2838 884 954 366 509 E each eagle ear ear (of a plant) early earlybird earnings earthworm ease east easy eat eaves _ ª 291 Ð 2834 ¿ 818 ¤ 909 f 26 e 2141 N 893 d X ^ 7 ” I.340 1159 504 1051 1472 1656 dribble out dried meat drift drill drink drip drive 2849 2130 1607 2616 1474 442 1983 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 397 Õ } „ ? F Ý ë Ä ± æ u ; Ï ú × ö É ˆ 0 * $ þ Œ Ð É Ï „ ’ Ä K G õ a s | z à ˜ Ü ¹ f ½ l õ ¿ é r Ï Ã Æ , ’ ã Ý p Î ‚ •  : É œ ¤ h o ” e ´ ¦ ± $ m $ ; ¬ ¾ ‚ ö Ð ° U ] ebisu echo eclipse ecstasy eddy edge eel eel effulgent egg eggplant ego eight elation elbow elbow elder brother elder sister elect electricity elementary elephant elevate ellipse elucidate elude embarrass embrace embroidery embryo emigrant eminent emotion empathetic emperor employ employee empress empty emulate enclosure V ú 8 Ì ÷ 2 § ó ) R a k 5 Õ | y * / K æ l » & ³ 9 » G Î Ü ß û ° y / ‚ U W − » 2881 1850 2800 619 2330 1167 I.183 2811 2450 1422 2372 640 8 2888 I.220 2464 103 413 1804 535 1532 1976 2449 2531 2717 2416 2009 645 2665 2458 2120 51 615 2931 261 1083 56 1861 1317 979 1842 encompassing encounter encourage encroach end endure enemy England engrave enjoyment enlarge enlightenment enroll enshrine enter entertain entice entrails entreat entrust entwine envious environs envy epidemic equal equestrian equilibrium equip equivocal erect erection erupt escape escort escutcheon Esq est establishment esteem etc. 2055 1174 866 1148 1352 597 443 1741 1521 2522 2282 622 1567 2992 779 1426 916 851 2896 1954 1350 553 284 2202 1689 1695 1981 891 1183 2437 869 2858 1197 283 2016 2513 933 2094 708 184 945 eternity ethics Europe evade evaluate even evening eventide evergreen oak every everywhere evidence evil exam examination example exceedingly excel excellent exchange exclamation exclude excrement excuse exertion exhaust exhausted exhibit exhort exist exit exorcism expand expecting expense expert explanation exploits expose exquisite extensive 132 1821 1699 1501 1487 1484 109 110 2491 458 1824 380 2853 1278 1673 972 2793 914 970 842 2680 1658 2653 1972 1975 1071 1688 1301 732 685 767 2993 1118 2208 1238 1269 1908 1542 805 123 2212 398 Ý Ì ¿ = ‡ INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS extent extinguish extract extremity eye eye-dropper eyeball eyeball eyebrow 894 144 647 217 15 I.27 I.19 Q 1467 Ê 2583 F fabricate fabrication face face-up faction failure fair faith fall fallible falsehood familiarity family crest family name fan fanning far off fare farm fart fascination fasten fat fat man fate father father-in-law _ S à W þ $ 2 $ = % à ‡ ˜ • ’ í ÷ í ¤ i Ö K Î š 950 2331 1717 1701 1855 331 2200 969 299 2720 1919 2719 1727 1828 1079 2540 2418 1004 166 2218 2023 661 456 I.29 f 1400 5 1274 + 2064 fathom favor fear feast feathers fed up fee feed feelings feet felicitation fell female animal feminine fence fenceposts fend off fermentation fertilizer fervent few ³b ³ber ³ddle with ³erce ³esta ³ght ³gure ³le ³lial piety ³lter ³nger ³ngerprint ³ngers ³nish ³re ³replace ³ring ³rst day of the month ³rst time — ˆ ë û – À [ ´ ù c Ü q m § p Õ — » ™ ¸ £ d S { y z – [ º … ò J ¡ 149 612 613 2799 573 2108 1178 2797 1537 2953 2603 994 2551 563 1056 I.379 2597 1430 1756 1988 106 2167 1341 2899 1456 I.135 1629 474 812 1253 2304 659 I.327 I.205 1731 161 I.71 2542 ; 2846 Š 404 ³rstborn son ³sh ³sh ³n ³shguts ³shhook ³shing ³st ³st ³t ³t into ³ve µag µames µash µat µats µavor µea µedgling µesh µexed µip µoat µoating µock µood µoor µour µourish µower µower µower pot µuid µustered µute µy focus foe fog foil fold _ 2432 Ö 171 ô 2827 + 71 Ô Ì § % 2 Þ 0 & Û I ù I.42 172 I.211 2917 253 2229 5 I.268 2546 2774 2188 1652 219 2681 I.218 I.19 2148 1911 I.139 730 1163 I.60 I.15 920 326 I.90 1009 1032 1038 2340 1111 1887 124 2114 1228 2634 1130 Q ü 4 s g ¼ P ! È B î Á Ó ² _ S Û INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 399 ƒ L ¿ F U F _ z y Ÿ Ä ã E … Ë 6 ¹ ³ + 6 á ! „ ³ @ ˆ ã folding screen follow fond food foolish foot of a mountain footgear foothold footnote footprint forces ford forehead forest forge forget fork in a road forked formerly formidable fort fortunate fortune-telling foster founding four fowl fox foxtail millet fragile fragrant frame freight frequently fresh friend frog frolic from front door Û 2223 „ 1298 Y 99 I.336 T 1957 à 2839 4 1057 Í 669 i 2727 ¤ Í Â I 9 Ù 9 Ö B ÷ ÷ … ç ï d v 9 ! F Å q Ï Y Ý 1 º £ ‹ ì ¬ I.140 1515 372 295 197 1860 596 2127 2914 501 2990 2045 2563 48 1479 2893 4 2049 2342 2654 2462 1681 200 1010 2221 frost frozen frugal fruit fuel full fundamentals funnel fur furball furrow furthermore fuse metal 426 506 1674 1121 1503 1169 1767 I.394 1913 2533 1017 1438 2547 G gain gall bladder gallop gamble game-hunting garden gargle garlic garment gates gather gauze general generation genesis genie genius gentle gentleman genuine germ germinate get _ “ 6 Q = _ ä ) ò h – T ø r › S î µ w „ ? Ç ’ 876 31 2809 1264 1940 1419 2288 2404 396 1616 559 1342 1366 28 1631 I.210 681 728 319 1494 918 2377 2737 551 704 2693 1994 686 1638 ghee ghost gigantic gimp giraffe girder gist give give up gland glass cover glimpse glistening glitter glossary glossy glue gnats Go go in go upstream go-between godown gods going gold golden calf gone good good luck goods goodwill gorge gorgeous go smoothly gossamer gossip gouge out gourd government of³ce A P ` V P ‘  É d Ÿ õ ( ç B × è − f æ z 2749 2019 856 2672 2840 2483 820 1897 2716 2466 I.77 2927 2286 2440 2997 1755 I.30 I.181 1766 I.226 2847 956 1630 1119 873 269 I.429 750 1468 320 23 1097 1265 2664 3001 2673 2161 2274 2911 591 400 ô 0 g h B ¡ ¢ ¬ ! M Ü § › ¦ F ‰ Û û u ä L ¦ ´ k $ B 2 ) G Ç : n n ¦ £ INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS grab grace graceful gracious grade gradually graduate graft grain rake grains grains of rice grains of sand grandchild grandpa grant grape grape vine grapnel grasp grass grass skirt grassy reed grate grave graveyard greatness green green onion grind grindstone grip grope ground ground groundbreaking group grove grow late grow plentiful grow up grow wild 2090 606 721 1907 1859 1659 1025 2738 2501 922 I.248 2296 1393 2334 1052 2378 2379 2587 1752 224 I.346 2385 1104 231 I.92 999 1371 III.8 594 2590 1059 1327 I.67 515 1971 582 196 694 2406 I.347 2381 grudge guard guess guest guidance guillotine guilt gulf gully gun gunwale gushing gutter guy Ø ! I ª ‚ & Ø c ì Þ w G 1420 186 1103 294 278 I.365 1636 1749 I.228 762 2675 2295 1819 702 H hackberry hackneyed Hades haiku hair hair of the head hairpin halberd half halo halo halt hammer hand handle handmaiden handsaw hang hanging scroll happenstance happiness harbor _ Ð Q d , p ^ } = É ¬ # ; Š Ó Ä Q û a v 2514 2901 2841 1633 I.413 1924 I.412 1225 1202 I.336 2439 977 2769 637 690 2196 2759 674 407 333 1505 1800 hard up harden harlot harm harmony harp harvest hatchet hate haven hawk hawser hawthorn hay haystack haze hazel he head head headland heal healing healthy hear hearing heart hearth hearth heat heaven-high heavens heavy hedge hegemony Heights heir helmet helmet help helping hand  ô ³ “ É 7 µ 2 ‡ § Ü „ | M ] J ª w N ` ² Á l C  « å å ú b ¤ þ + u Ü š ð 1326 580 2198 1551 897 1591 908 2333 626 328 2237 1963 2349 2084 I.292 2779 2475 883 I.37 1441 1115 1709 2037 974 1626 1910 595 I.71 1080 1516 2104 428 1675 154 1895 1294 1867 I.77 2854 1782 2919 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 401 – d — e Ñ Ö v | M ´ G K J 4 b ä › º Y Á _ hem hemlock hemorrhoids hemp hermit hermitage heron hesitate hibernation hide high mountain high-reaching highness hill hill of beans hillock hinder hinge hire history hit hoarse hoe hoist hold hole hollow reed holly hollyhock holy home home country home town homecoming hone honey honorable hooch hood hoof hook — ² » & ä I 5 Ç b ’ ` ˆ x ° ± ì Š Ö t c Ì n Û ³ ¹ 6 Í , ¸ á Í ø o ç P : j â 2624 2488 2575 593 986 2056 2833 2996 2684 1692 2226 2224 1310 1329 III.7 1039 1297 1697 2128 692 1153 454 2762 664 660 1316 2364 2485 2391 825 1916 1848 1849 1230 2560 776 1398 2748 I.77 2741 I.42 hop hope horizon horizontal horns horse horse horse chestnut horse mackerel hot water house house houseµy how many however hug human legs humanity humility hump hundred hundred million hungry hunt hurry husband husk + Ÿ 7 _ B H e ñ Ý _ E N ß $ ƒ & ¹ & ² 1284 1489 157 1645 I.35 I.191 1978 514 2818 546 I.79 541 2685 1381 953 1387 I.34 988 630 1561 38 983 1475 243 1146 838 710 I I I (one) I Ching I wonder ice icicle idea II ill _ 7 t é ä [ Î í 17 457 III.6 2704 I.154 131 608 355 1682 illuminate illustrious imitation immaculate immature immediate immense immersed imminent impart imperial authority imperial edict imperial order imperial seal imply impress in in a row, upside down in front in the nick of time incandescent incense inch incision include income increase increase incur indecent indications indigo individual infancy infant infatuation inferiority inµammation 170 2593 229 2318 896 2788 2089 1149 2261 736 2610 342 1667 2075 2211 2250 39 I.389 2 ° ¹ ¡ ’ W L 9 † ¼ Í ‚ / ñ × ¾ — Ý 290 2433 2908 911 2952 2703 1588 1510 I.172 502 807 2336 887 2371 973 1378 I.223 2277 862 162 402 x V š Ô h f c j g c » B œ Š “ ½ © r ) ë Ú ƒ o ì ! w ¿ º  Z ‘ ò X Û ï / × − Û Ý ÷ INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS inµation ingest inherit inkstone inmost inn inquire inscription insect insert inside insinuate inspection Inst. instant instantaneously instead instruction insult integrity intelligent intention interintercept interchange interment interpretation interrogative interval interview intestines intimate intimidate introduce intuition inundate invariably inverted investigate iris iron 1989 2182 1370 2589 1891 995 1145 275 517 1116 1019 2153 1093 1304 1462 2431 1395 341 2699 2123 852 600 209 1192 1043 816 2263 2960 1620 1956 544 1514 364 1359 1769 2317 635 1959 1781 2366 846 irrigate island island [alternate] isolate Italy itch item ivy ó S T ½ Q _ O 2079 1948 2976 1312 1161 2572 2029 I.69 K kalpa kazoo keg ketchup key key kick kidnap kidney kill kiln kilometer kindle king kitchen kitchen stove kite kite falcon knee kneel knot know Korea kudzu _ ¥ — 2857 I.168 2755 I.341 I.364 2761 2742 656 2453 1493 1325 2946 2537 255 2152 2617 2139 2836 2461 2745 I.268 1223 1647 2398 J jade green jail jail cell jammed in Japanese cypress Japanese cypress [old] Japanese Judastree Japanese oak jasmine javelin jawbone jealous jet jewel jeweled hairpin join journey jubilation judgment jump junior jurisdiction just so juvenile _ z » k Û … ” à ^ ¬ 4 L * Ú n ð ‰ | ì 6 i ¡ ‡ 2863 2213 I.363 250 2495 2964 198 2493 2348 2767 I.308 2195 2565 256 2962 1030 880 2001 1205 1409 878 1405 388 436 Ý O x f N å , e ÷ p Ý í ¦ Ó Ÿ F H Ò L label labor lack lacquer lad ladder ladle _ ˆ ± µ Ô Ò Ù ð 2926 860 466 932 1716 2479 68 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 403 | ¹ 1 = ‡ { « ° ™ ß B ´ ¦ ¢ Ø ™ ï m û ˜ G + U › “ @ ‹ · © Ï : T Š þ • õ ) # 7 » ù ˜ ± Ò 3 V ò ð ÷ 8 0 r G H Ç ü Ï n ö à ¥ é 9 ( ’ È ¦ b ˜ ½ % Q ñ 7 % ’ á lady lagoon laid waste lake lament lamp lamp [old] lance land lap lapel lapis lazuli large large goose large hill lass last day of the month lastly lathe laugh laundry lazy lead (metal) leader leaf leak lean leap learn leather lecture leech leek lees left leg legitimate wife leisure lend length ( Ê Œ þ U a b i @ @ J Ø £ @ ÷ { Ø › Ù æ · ç µ è º z ¨ H ¾ “ ó Ú q Ù ˜ ] E Ð ï 1151 2039 488 148 621 165 2972 2516 1513 I.125 2623 2557 107 2313 2928 1530 2452 2570 2244 938 577 629 794 731 228 1068 1011 1285 574 1893 1816 2696 2081 2649 77 1279 440 1625 1007 691 lengthen let it be level levy lewd license licensed quarters lick lid lidded crock lie lie down life lightly lightning-bug likeness limb limit limpid line line lineage lined kimono linen liner link up lion lips listen little livelihood lively liver livestock livraison load local god location lock lock of hair locket 1921 2074 160 378 2298 765 2235 2870 2388 I.124 1141 1150 1555 717 518 100 714 1466 2446 I.241 1339 1391 2625 405 1869 2655 2345 2013 827 105 232 143 1649 1384 2645 359 2600 545 383 I.411 I.365 lofty logic loins loneliness long long time long-distance longevity longevity [old] longing longing [old] longness look after look back look to loose loosen loquat lord lose lose weight lot lottery lotus lotus blossom lotus µower love lovely lower lowly loyalty lucidity lull lumber lunar month lunatic lungs lute luxuriant lye 2095 265 1605 720 1920 1016 1281 1565 2995 792 2984 2618 2115 1084 854 830 2242 2519 266 845 2577 1529 2082 2360 2362 2361 737 2002 1831 1511 602 1704 2140 683 2070 260 414 2913 1337 2867 404 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 2552 2494 M mackerel madder red made in maestro magic rod magistrate magnet mahjong tiles mail mailbox majestic plural make make a deal make a pro³t make amends 2059 _ R / º mallet 2820 2407 419 I.305 I.31 2898 1390 2873 1847 I.327 2027 1142 439 2118 Ê 2478 mandate š 3007 malt − 2753 mane I.413 ã ¼ 5 Ì ¡ 6 ¬ „ Ï mama ª 101 maneuver e 671 Manchu dynasty Q 2877 manipulate 801 Á make do } 2132 mandala I.234 mannerism 1691 } mandala make headway 2269 R 2100 œ many − 108 mandarin orange ¤ male C map 859 o 1180 male animal * maple tree J INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 405 » monk monk’s sash á monkey monkey á monme — month ½ moo ] moon mop more and more ¡ moreover Õ morning † morrow 7 mortar ¡ mosaic mosquito ^ moss Î moth f mother-in-law õ mottled â Mount þ mountain [ mountain goat mountain peak Œ mountain stream • mountaintop … mourning f mouse Q mouth S move { mow è moxa ¿ Mr * mud è mulberry m murky C muscle muscle : mushroom ì music Á musical score : I.77 2701 I.278 403 1027 13 2961 I.18 I.286 2241 2034 52 2443 2063 I.383 1728 2356 2694 2205 2876 1961 768 I.419 773 840 2228 599 2065 11 1676 2387 2538 1805 1055 698 2843 I.239 941 2394 1735 1787 march marine blue market marketing marquis marriage marrow marry into marsh martyrdom masculine mask masses mate matrimony matter mausoleum me meadow meal measles measurement measuring box measuring cup meat mechanism mediator medicine mediocre meeting meeting melancholy mellow melodious melon melt membrane memorial memorize menacing w } • J È † A Ë { Í s L H „ ª h ì ã š N š © Ò n = ¦ þ l ¾ l µ « â 2 Ú · © 2471 I.138 2555 412 726 1639 1830 1290 542 137 809 743 1892 1857 2124 584 1156 1518 1794 134 1473 2574 45 42 I.289 1022 1382 1761 1736 62 I.103 752 616 310 1469 1877 791 233 2129 325 2026 mend mending mention o mercy ² merit P meritorious deed o metal metallurgy ™ method À metropolis @ mid-air a migrating ducks mile / military of³cer Y milk Ö mill Ÿ millet ¨ millimeter V mimeograph p mimic ‘ mineral ˜ mingle H minstrel } mirror mirror ù miscellaneous P miso ; miss W missile mist mistake C mistress Á mix Ï moat ª mochi Š model = modest « moisten 3 mold „ moment Þ money 2073 I.143 1524 1389 1276 1677 I.108 2137 751 1846 1109 I.417 2950 1095 729 2596 2605 2948 1211 1411 741 1275 2112 I.168 483 562 2177 1926 I.214 I.32 1899 2203 450 2306 2802 1960 2422 2320 680 2144 I.45 406 † ¥ 3 m , é INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS mustard muster mutually muzzle my son myself mysterious 2376 2255 757 I.166 2131 2058 1383 N nab nail nail naked name Nara national µag nativity nautical mile navigate navy blue near neck neck and throat need needle needle negate negative neglect neighboring nephew nest nestle netting new newborn babe next nickname _ • æ ú e ¹ i 8 ¡ ‹ Ñ C / § ê [ § # Æ t ì h ° } G − µ ¦ 2260 I.49 2766 1124 112 1094 1764 393 2951 1870 1758 1129 70 2796 1604 I.18 274 1218 1217 745 1311 2910 1927 2497 1373 1502 58 471 1242 niece nifty night nightbreak nightfall nightingale nine nitrate No. node Noh chanting nonplused noodles nook noon north nose nose not not yet notebook nothingness nourishing now nucleus numb number nun l ¢ š * œ ú G Ô Ù Þ ë Z t i 5 ë Ì ‰ J y [ · Ä ± g ‰ Í 2201 2133 1037 30 1974 2907 9 115 1239 1464 1968 1720 2752 2427 568 445 I.27 678 1049 216 1922 1775 1388 1587 1520 2355 929 1054 O oak oaken tub oar obeisance obeisant obese obey obscure _ P È F ó â ˆ * 199 I.387 2502 1299 2612 494 129 2445 observance ´ obstacle ˜ obvious a occasion ! occupation · ocean á octopus î of î offering Ò of³cer 3 offspring ¡ oil ± ointment Š old ò old boy p old Kyoto # old man ¾ Old West old woman ( olden times Ç on the verge of ù once upon a time Ë one s one-sided ‰ oneself À onion ã only ï ooze ³ open ˆ open sea ! or again : orchid 0 orders | organize ª Oriental elm a ornate þ orphan ö other ¬ ought m outburst Ü outhouse 1573 2592 2582 1296 1034 549 2690 1214 1615 693 2097 1107 2923 16 1162 2302 1251 I.359 804 35 2305 1184 1 1212 36 2389 53 636 1622 138 696 2363 1401 1670 2474 2667 1879 961 1718 1801 I.229 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 407 x = ‰ ê — H Ê Y 6 ( à × ø M › µ ƒ r ó H R W z õ Ü Z Æ k ½ Ñ ¥ ^ y ð 1 X C å C ò g Ð p I outline – outlook ? outpost d outside ‘ outskirts – outstanding ê outstretched hands oven-³re overall j overarching + overcome ° overdo [ overµow , overgrown w overhang © overjoyed a overnight Q overpowering « oversee 2 overthrow I overturn & owl owl — oyster oyster ¦ 1482 572 2620 111 1844 2272 I.211 I.71 1347 2435 104 1293 1454 360 2236 2207 147 543 1453 980 2789 I.414 2837 I.35 2697 P _ I.98 343 2571 1204 60 254 1690 1663 I.426 697 2860 pack of wild dogs packed ¥ paddy-³eld ridge – paddy-ridge ‘ page z pagoda O pain − paint 3 painting of a deer pair T palanquin Ô pale blue palisade panpanther paper paper punch parable parade parade µoat paragraph parakeet paralysis parasol tree parcel post parch pardon parent park park [alternate] parrot parsley part part of speech part of the body partial particularly partition partner party pass through paste patent path pathetic patrol patronage pattern paulownia pavilion pay pay respects Ÿ ¬ h = ã l ä V Ó å ` = _ Ÿ ‡ % ™ Q J L # ½ − & … w – + Ç Y p 2399 2507 2327 2734 1829 I.314 2728 I.137 I.139 82 2830 2579 3003 1858 215 1744 1504 585 2974 2831 2396 781 1865 I.19 1823 810 783 2121 797 2970 2650 1715 1282 401 285 2982 1413 204 311 738 1864 peaceful peach tree pear tree pearl peck at pedestal peek peel off peep Pegasus pelt penal penalty penetrate penitential pennant pent in people peregrine falcon perfect performance performing artist perfume period perish permanence permit persimmon person person in charge persuade perusal petition petting phantasm pheasant philosophy phlegm phoenix phosphorus phrase 1570 236 907 258 2168 744 2875 2145 2613 I.191 802 888 833 886 2083 2233 I.194 1834 2879 187 2007 2122 493 1765 I.169 958 569 2481 951 1392 864 855 135 2270 1862 2584 1131 2573 2142 2052 65 408 ï B o · … ¾ A / v INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS pick pick up picket pickling picture piebald pierce pig-iron pigeon piggy bank piglets piled high pillage pillar pillow pinch pine tree pining pinnacle pioneer pipe pit pitch dark pity place place on the head placement placenta plaid plains plains [old] plan plane plank plant plantain plantation play play music pleasure À E e 3 é Ç § z 5 W M È ‹ ™ N Å Ÿ ï L 7 ‡ 0 * ð Ê Y − 733 667 2484 1545 1346 2804 102 270 1946 I.186 I.185 2185 2247 268 2472 657 785 633 I.309 2924 1273 306 2777 1187 1127 94 832 531 I.379 1596 2979 214 118 724 205 2386 358 1047 1571 628 pleated skirt pledge plentiful pliable plot plotosid plow plow pluck plug plug up plum plump pocket podium poem Point Point [old] pointed poison pole pole poles polish polite politics pond ponder pongee pony pop song pork port portable portent porter possess possessed post posture pot $ … ] j £ m £ c ï Z ? ° v ; ¡ À 6 Ç š 4 ) Ó ø © K Z  R ¤ ² Q ‘ t À 5 4 r  2626 1549 2943 2786 337 2526 I.264 2756 1106 264 1321 460 120 828 587 346 1330 2987 500 1531 I.82 2632 1903 675 2706 381 516 2276 2666 1979 2178 538 2309 687 235 I.173 79 2428 824 1818 2757 potato potato pottery pour poverty power pox practice praise pray precious precious stone precipitous preface prefecture pregnancy present presents press down on pressing pressure prevarication previously price princess printing printing block prison private prize proceed proclaim prodigal products pro³t progress prohibition prolong promise promontory -proof y v f ú j d £ Ê t { ó Þ Ÿ Ö Ü ê Š J Ú 9 ² j E Ü H Š ¹ • ç ? è m c 2 H 8 × ¥ 2  I.367 1655 1966 267 782 858 1684 1343 998 1128 1771 2553 1672 1594 513 507 259 503 2259 2420 152 2718 1481 978 849 1069 1213 338 902 796 386 188 2357 1560 906 2436 1098 392 1362 778 1164 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 409 g X w ¨ g “ ™ †  9 x º ° Œ ´ œ × ç ƒ ³ ^ Ø â ‹ Æ & % Æ 8 ¥ ó Ó e # Õ · º y ^ ó Ó « É Y ¸ £ Ê ] É H S property ( proportion Ë propose Ø prosperous Ä prostrated N protect ˜ protein 7 proverb î provisions c prudence R pruning å public N public chamber } publish î pull … pull through Y punish { pup K pup tent pupil † puppet pure ² puri³cation ù purple ˜ purple willow ß purse pursue X pus ö push ò put in put up (a notice) Œ puzzle 682 1553 665 25 962 997 2683 2723 926 1996 2941 784 798 1650 1232 2136 679 2341 I.376 437 I.303 1539 1732 1375 2473 I.386 539 2455 1114 I.226 673 I.264 quantity quarrel quarter quasiqueen query question quick quickwitted quiet quill quire quit quiver quote 177 2160 I.294 560 527 2713 1617 1669 2278 1540 2780 2231 2032 I.135 2102 R rabbit rabbit racoon dog radiance raft rag railing rain rainbow raise rake range rank rapidly rapids rare rather ratio rattan box raw cotton ray _ 0 û ‚ t 2 ˜ Ó Î o R Õ œ £ â B 3 p M I.421 2093 2338 302 2629 I.268 2192 422 520 1938 I.284 356 955 1686 1666 1723 834 1737 2631 2512 119 Q quack quaff quake quandary _ « µ ] Å 2403 2080 2010 579 rereach out read reality reap rebellion rebuke rebuttal receipt receive receptable recess recitation reclining recollection recommend record recreation recruit rectify red red pepper redaction reed reef re³ned reµect reformation refreshing refulgent regiment register regret regularity reign reinforce reject rejoice relatives relax reliant 1081 688 348 1572 1488 2902 352 2808 I.328 308 2264 611 345 I.162 632 2000 1144 1898 861 1221 1743 I.341 2641 242 558 1535 1742 528 313 2544 1306 949 1460 903 746 2730 1138 1445 2882 190 971 410 religion ; remainder m remains Ÿ remonstrate @ remorse þ remote f remove ô rend & renowned q reparation ¦ repast j repay S repeatedly ü repel Ì repent t report ³ repose © reprehend f repress ñ repudiate 1 reputation Ó request ¼ research Á resemblance Ü reserved õ reside Ê residence ä resign  resin resist Ö respect ì respect for elders Õ responsibility Û rest ³ restore P resucitate 6 resurrect M retainer S retch ¹ retreat Ñ return ‘ INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 1100 808 2874 2708 631 2419 760 806 1258 985 2798 1432 373 857 625 1507 2621 2156 1700 1634 1939 934 1320 114 2868 1063 1841 1497 I.345 1832 1803 2283 1003 965 875 2940 2380 848 2999 1465 725 revelation revered review revile revise revolve rhinoceros rhyme rhythm ri rib rice rice bran rice ³eld rice gruel rice plant rice-³eld footpath rice-seedling riddle ride ridgepole ridicule right righteousness rin ring rinse riot rise up rising cloud rising sun risk ritual river river pool rivet road road-way roast rob ² ¨ Ï … à % õ ‘ A = Å y | , æ w Æ ¿ ñ [ E “ – m 0 ¸ ( à 4 à ø I ª ñ Š ö ô 247 1439 1618 2390 339 420 2069 481 874 173 2463 919 2652 14 2243 910 2072 I.343 2709 1585 505 829 78 641 178 836 2292 72 43 I.152 27 18 1102 146 2323 2763 I.114 277 2548 566 robust roc rocksalt rocky rocky beach rod romance roof roofbeam room roost root roots rope rose of Sharon rot rotation rough seas round rouse route row rowboat rowing rub rubbing rubbish rudder rue rugged mountains rule ruled lines rumble rumor run run alongside rush rush mat rust rust-colored X Ñ ± Ø r ß › % ] Ñ − Í u 7 ø À K | ? u ß k ; ™ ` º • ! ’ œ ¬ ß { Û R ( T # 321 2829 2866 2230 2594 1575 1748 1058 2299 754 2496 1461 I.277 I.34 2915 1023 1046 2321 44 526 1661 1785 1876 1175 644 2258 2219 2674 1483 2225 88 2698 2729 499 384 795 2805 2383 2771 2038 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 411 í Q ` u Ð H ” + ª Ø ï ( Z ³ ÷ Ù  } B ¢ k ƒ x ‘ @ ½ â ó T Ì ? Ä § ‹ ¹ F ñ rustling rut š } 2619 288 S sabre sabre sack sacred Shinto tree sacri³ce sad saddle saddle straps safeguard sagacious sail saké salad salarium salary saliva salmon salt salute salvation same samurai sand sandalwood sandwiched Sanskrit ka sapience sapling sardine sash sated savings saw _ Ä Ï / “ « N í  p „ , Ä Æ ³  é ˆ º | Þ A í Z µ z Ä Ï r I.46 1671 1006 2490 643 1635 2782 2784 700 1014 406 1428 I.290 2602 1349 2165 2815 1458 1087 936 180 I.125 117 2525 1267 2959 2905 III.8 2813 415 1480 194 I.282 say sayeth scaffold scaled scales scar scarecrow scarf scarlet scatter scenery scepter scheme school house scissors scissors scold scorn scorpion scout scrapbook scratch screw screwdriver scribe scroll scurry sea sea bream seacoast seagull seal search seasons seat seaweed seclude second secrecy secret secret agent ¹ _ “ @ š Í B « d ù z ñ ‹ } Õ ø û I a u Ç y ¼ î O ¸ ” 335 578 367 2054 I.368 2578 I.354 I.147 2659 1189 314 I.104 948 I.127 I.304 2773 2179 989 I.179 2154 I.395 2252 2691 I.290 529 1207 2086 461 2812 1332 2828 156 1120 912 1193 2035 1380 899 775 904 2726 section sedge sediment seduce see seedling seep seethe seize self self-effacing sell semisend back sensitive sentence separate sequential set set aside set free set straight settlement settlings seven severance sew sex shade shadow shake shaku shaku hachi Shakyamuni Buddha shallow shalt sham shame shape shape 1845 2410 2300 86 57 234 2291 1237 701 525 1600 323 564 837 2434 1725 90 1854 1064 1188 496 2892 1356 2648 7 1136 1563 1558 1592 1712 2011 1070 I.271 2955 369 2105 966 823 I.377 1711 ¼ ò ] 6 I † 412 ì « Œ 8 á 7 ½ ï G ‹ , X £ ü Ù ù s Ñ * Q Î Š 9 ö ß í × K Ü à Þ i ™ Ê É INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS sketch skids skill skin skirt skunk slacken slander slap slaughter slave slave sled 2521sleep sleeve slender slender bamboo sliding door slingshot slip out slippery slope slow sly small small bell small craft smash smoke snake snake snapping turtle snapshot snare snore snow so-and-so so-called soar sociable soft 670 1396 712 1992 800 I.421 1952 2724 1793 2143 I.237 2036 1835 1108 1790 2639 2627 I.301 705 1289 723 1067 2335 I.53 1406 2068 116 1612 I.182 519 3000 822 I.300 2944 1143 1759 2725 2933 1970 470 soil soldier solely solemn solicit solitude solution somebody someone son song soot soothe sorceress sort sort of thing soul sound soup source souse south southeast sovereign sow sowing soy sauce span span [old] spare time spark sparkle sparkler sparrow sparse spatula speaketh spear special specialty species F o µ j ¾ o g X é Á H A » B { 5 Ó 3 ^ è / Ç ö Ð Á è Ò Ñ E Æ – v † M – é ) 150 1331 556 1733 1536 2310 947 1248 1256 1851 469 2541 2210 2930 931 241 2021 479 140 142 2314 1613 2861 435 I.184 2395 2746 32 2985 1882 I.57 22 I.380 2878 2611 2633 1117 I.298 246 46 1679 specimen speckled speech sphere spicy spike spin a tale spinal column spindle spindle tree spine spinning spiny spirit spirits spit splash splendor split split up spoils spoke sponsor spool spoon spot sprain spray spread spring springtime sprinkle sprout spy squad square jewel squat squeeze St. Bernard dog stab stagnate C † Æ Y w Ñ ƒ 5 ¨ á q q ‘ 1 ? T ™ ¼  è æ 0 ( ä m 1 ñ r ^ Ê Œ ‚ ã 9 £ Ë 1455 2556 I.130 1208 1496 I.49 2176 2071 1584 2489 24 1357 2498 1885 1791 151 218 1581 813 2714 2273 2731 987 I.216 444 169 2845 2307 1883 133 1568 2271 I.276 981 1229 155 1024 1324 I.54 1319 416 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 413 II.8 222 2700 29 113 370 2937 1982 588 850 1309 777 2744 73 2328 1263 126 1348 1065 2400 2354 1377 2350 I.293 127 91 III.4 2240 I.145 2803 853 653 2661 2671 1235 2751 I.391 2676 61 324 2190 stalk stalwart stamen stammer stamp stamp stand up standard standstill staple gun staples star star-anise stare start starve state state of mind stately station stationary statue stature status status quo steadily steal stealth steam steed steel steep step stern stew sticky stiff stimulate stinking stipend stirred up Ÿ p Þ ¡ | C y q « ! Š y i ? Î Ë ” … 6 ° ! 4 ] Ý % v š q r ä  ë z Œ I ° f 715 2889 2393 2175 I.324 1425 431 841 2423 I.401 I.329 1556 2532 237 2872 1476 128 I.197 2138 1984 2991 1977 446 292 239 1135 1451 1322 1900 2060 1962 2061 1287 1936 2549 921 695 1280 122 1574 565 stitching stocks stole stomach stone stop stop short stop-over store storehouse storey storm straddle straightaway strainer strand strange strangle stratum straw straw raincoat straw rope strawberry strawman stream street streetwalker strengthen stretch stretcher strict strike string stripe strong strong saké strung together strung together stubborn study stuff up Û w f Í Œ C l ü ‰ ‰ * + Ÿ Y ’ ` ƒ ] Õ R Å U ë s é j Ç ¸ Þ ß è ‡ ¤ V ¿ ù È stumble L stupid ¤ sturdy Ç sturdy oak Å style ¦ subjugate õ submerge Ú submit • subscription Ö substance Ö substitute µ suck ¸ suckling infant â sue N suffering i sugar œ suit of armor ï suitable sulfur L Œ sultry ! summarize summer @ · summit summit [alternate] ¸ summons ³ sunµower Sung dynasty [ sunglasses î sunshine superµuous ò ì superintend d supinate supplement ¢ ¦ suppose è surface surname ¥ Î surpass surplus ó surround U A sushi Ë suspend 2740 1683 1964 2509 353 881 844 1796 1817 1137 1005 689 2193 787 225 1158 2076 441 763 1260 2663 296 1562 2977 2678 I.23 2215 I.233 1300 300 1499 2909 1840 684 1546 1557 387 1586 1807 2826 1394 414 s à å * b 1 © ˜  A ã h ¾ Ü µ M Î ± œ Ò s £ ™ INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS suspicious swallow swamp sweat sweep sweet sweet oak sweet potato sweet smelt sweets swell swift swim swing swirling waters sword sword’s point symmetrically patterned sympathize with symptoms synthesis system sðtra 716 2869 1072 1651 1152 1757 2505 2402 2817 2801 1719 280 136 1967 2290 83 2768 2897 2051 1685 2660 418 1360 T T’ang tag tail tail feathers tailor take take along tale Talking Cricket tall tame tariff _ N M Å ü þ ¦ Ê ¢ Ä I 1157 212 1915 I.412 397 819 287 344 I.418 307 2807 1778 task Y taskmaster Û tassel # tatami mat Ä tax [ tea î teach Ù teacup team of horses « teardrops y tears © technique technique [old] å teenager teepee § tempering 8 temple grove l temporarily × tempt ten Y  ten thousand ten thousand [old] © tenacious Î ] tender tenderness ¸ H tendril Ä tenebrous tense ; œ terminate ¢ test testicle Á h texture Thanksgiving thatching § õ the following R thick % thigh , thin thing ] think „ third class m 1227 I.128 1078 1784 895 252 1254 2591 I.423 2294 1082 421 2352 I.53 I.375 2030 2500 1134 766 10 64 2969 1506 1226 993 2359 2935 1374 2787 354 2929 66 I.136 2397 575 125 2454 164 1050 605 1020 thirst this this here thong thorn thornbush thou thousand thread threaten three throat throw thunder thwart ticket tide tie tied up ties tiger tiger tight tighten tile till timber-trees time -times tin tin can tinker with tinkling tobacco together toil token tolerant tomb tomb sanctuary tombstone Ð ˆ  ” r − Ë æ – õ X V V ! O à ‡ º î ) ? Þ é … 5 ´ n ÷ 8 ´ ‡ } ß  6 ÷ b ë · 451 2890 2043 1344 417 2938 2303 40 1333 871 3 2164 706 425 1780 1206 141 1351 I.34 2658 I.424 1990 2614 1340 1031 1808 1446 159 586 2764 1965 2558 2568 2347 1795 865 1001 226 1198 2239 1512 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 415 È d Ÿ ” Ë / ¾ S ç ‹ ñ 6 O ˆ [ þ + Ð * 4 “ Ü Ÿ ¨ G ª b Ô û / ™ é Å Ì ¿ ¬ tome ton tongue tongue wagging too much tool tool tooth tophat topic torch tortoise torture touch tough towel towel tower town toy track down tracks trade traf³c training tranquilize transcend transcription transfer transit transition translate translucent transmit transparent transport tray tread treasure tree tree-trunk G « â Ñ S © Û j † © Ù 1 2 ¼ ª O ø Ô æ ° — ¥ • E ö 9 + § V ) t ´ ¡ ) µ … ù 1826 2949 41 I.18 1657 I.43 74 1171 I.121 389 2536 534 1255 672 2971 I.149 2101 1624 208 2567 2413 1746 1424 1408 2088 276 385 2922 847 1195 1610 1073 2920 963 915 289 1872 1286 257 195 1654 treetops tremendously tribe tribute trickle triµe trim trip tripod triumph trouble trout true trunk truss trust tryst tug tumor tuna tune turf turkey turkey-coop turn turn into turnip turret turtle tusk twenty twig twine twinkle twirl twist two two hands two-mat area tyrannize 201 1768 1222 81 2778 2116 2353 1048 2865 2077 1935 2814 75 182 1376 1665 2417 2550 2467 2816 349 1216 I.188 I.190 1909 361 2401 2508 I.97 1904 1190 298 2656 2534 2266 1509 2 I.209 1486 1998 U ugly umbrella umbrella uncivilized uncle uncommon unde³led understandably undertake undress uneasiness unfold unhulled rice universal unlucky unravel until unusual upbringing upright upside down, in a row urge urine use usual Utamaro utensil utilize utmost _ U Y À & d b ¸ ‹ Y õ U û ‘ 3 £ m @ ˆ Ò Ì 2020 I.102 1026 1632 2470 718 1797 1548 2087 375 498 1995 1925 2651 1786 1415 1814 2421 1745 2942 55 I.389 W Ù q ø C ^ ä è 282 1053 990 799 2894 121 1181 821 416 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS V _ 2967 230 I.197 788 1603 742 1886 1261 I.156 1234 1176 734 2918 I.116 1856 2707 786 2216 1980 2710 221 1589 1338 699 2743 1739 89 1209 434 322 92 1490 1945 1434 2194 497 V 4 Y vague valentine ú valley 9 value – valve r vapor ™ various vase e vast j vat û vegetable › vegetable patch vehicle vein T N vendetta venerable old man ø venison Ê à veri³cation verify e $ vermilion E versify vertical a Æ vessels Õ vestiges vicarious Ú O vice§ victory vie Þ v villa ‰ village villain à vine º n vinegar ô violate violent ± violet VIP virtuous vis-a-vis viscera visit a shrine voice voiced void volume vow vulgar vulture „ û 3 Á Ü ¤ ¹ ê Ð Î ½ š 2099 511 1035 1726 2456 2715 1896 835 1993 1543 1133 968 I.218 W wagging tongue wagon wait waiter waitress walk walking legs walking stick wall wall wand wandering war ward ward off wardrobe warehouse warm warmth warped warrior warship wash _ I.18 I.116 Å ¬ Ÿ | ¹ ì J è k ø 1 @ Ë  ; ó 879 976 I.337 371 I.117 I.26 I.221 1500 I.31 1470 1929 1696 1302 2635 589 1452 1949 2862 377 1875 249 watch over watch³re watchtower water water-lily water’s edge waterfall waves wax Way weak wealth wealth weather weave wee hours week weekday welcome welfare well well ³nished west wet whale wharf what wheat wheel wherefore whetstone whey whip whirlpool whirlwind whiskey bottle whisper whit white white bird who? 3 ’ · v Ú Ý # À # ú ) 3 ´ Q Þ ª ” m ‡ » ‚ « % 7 s Æ C Ú — ¢ Ø Ô R ! 638 2535 930 130 I.339 2312 537 803 2688 2412 1236 I.48 193 I.153 1334 189 318 576 1702 1091 1806 2197 1602 1627 315 2189 1012 I.244 1822 1105 2595 2747 2783 1292 I.122 I.330 2157 2046 37 I.27 2712 INDEX 2: KEYWORDS & PRIMITIVE MEANINGS 417 whole wholesale wick wicked wicker basket wide widespread widow wife wild dogs wild duck wild goose wild mulberry willow wilt wince wind wind winding window windpipe wing wings wink winnow winnowing fan winter wipe wisdom wish wistaria witch with child withdraw wither 6 / T î b ˆ C ë â U ¸ ª u ê K l p } ö s à M K / J ç n % A j ü 263 1397 2368 1906 I.384 739 2301 617 1889 I.98 2835 2150 2517 1421 2135 2275 I.34 524 1369 749 2159 1798 I.192 817 2647 2643 427 2254 1224 1590 1210 2022 2012 1318 206 ê within within my ability × without exception Ò ó withstand ¼ wolf œ woman Ì womb ü wonder × wooden bowl wooden hammer ª ò wooden ladle wooden leg wooden pestle § wooden pole wooden spoon F wool word B words z work work a ³eld µ ƒ world È wormwood worship 0 ¥ wound ± wrap wrenching è ] wretched write – Ù writing brush 2900 2173 2430 1770 2339 98 748 1987 2487 2477 2510 I.307 2503 I.82 2891 I.188 347 I.130 1678 2111 251 2375 1564 996 530 2251 1721 327 943 Y yam Yamato yarn yawn year year-end yearn yell yellow yesterday yield yonder young young miss younger brother younger sister _ — È 2365 2106 I.323 I.164 1036 512 2280 1042 1750 1140 1060 183 223 2206 1240 220 æ ñ ƒ ò ü : a T ø ? Ô ) Z zelkova Zen zero zoo _ ´ 7 Œ 2527 1930 1402 I.146 X X _ V 2968 INDEX 3 READINGS Index 3 includes all the standard readings for all the kanji treated in volumes I and III. The full range of readings for names is not, however, covered here. Katakana is used for on-yomi and hiragana for kun-yomi; okurigana are set in bold type. References are to the frame in which the kanji was first introduced. H_ § N HNš HP §© HJ HJUh HJg L HL m HNm ! # g % £ $ & ( ) K + o / 0  + l Z § } # ‡ 1809 2958 1323 1295 2693 2200 401 737 2248 2437 2417 209 2371 444 1620 2417 752 1956 253 1174 826 374 HPJ HPT™ V HPV HPš HQ J HQJ HQRt HQZ HQ^ HRf HQkS L HRqL HQt Q HQ™ R HRš û Á x ‚ , = þ ÷ / X $ Ó ¹ ¹ ‹ ¸ ã Ö $ • / b g î Û l 2799 1534 2399 2588 2391 3003 1701 2540 2407 2187 221 1743 2659 2908 272 2193 380 513 1201 1817 2407 2972 20 49 664 2449 š HQšJ HS L HSqL HS˜ Î x g 4 À m E Ä * ö e – ¬ • æ 4 À Š l m ¹ Ä z t * J 1938 1989 20 27 2566 2446 900 25 30 2529 2710 2934 439 726 1424 27 2566 2851 2449 2446 2074 25 2863 2677 30 1224 INDEX 3: READINGS 419 › HYR›š H[ H] J H[J š H]Wš L H]qL H[y U H]‹U ˜ HS˜Q Œ HS˜Œš S HSš › HS›š §· HUf HVtš HW HW‡u W HWš HXš HZ † ± ö V ‡ – g í Ä Å V m * Ø Æ ½ a a ß á Ñ Ï ² 1 2 3 † À * ¹ $ ‘ ˆ W g Î Û h à 437 2897 2529 2920 2568 2934 20 69 25 87 2920 2446 2467 433 22 1715 2582 2543 1789 2716 2149 1480 2181 1810 1059 2320 2376 2108 30 2659 221 2448 1622 1317 20 1938 664 648 2795 “ H]“Q H^ H_ H^f ¡ H_¡L HaWš Ha‰ Ha‰“ Ha[ Hb Hc š Hbš HdzŒ } Hd} Hg HfJ L HfL N HfNš ƒ † & ° ò Å Å 4 ’ ß ² 1 Ý 5 6 « ˜ Ð 7 I * 7 I Õ X Ç 8 * – ‘ Ð ‰ ³ Ê ² 9 E ô Ò 2280 52 593 185 369 2155 1509 27 1762 1141 2718 551 2559 2411 2364 1396 1279 2098 2818 219 30 2443 219 1595 504 311 1498 1651 2571 1204 557 2199 2198 1047 2114 1603 978 2004 1246 ‘ HfQ‘ Q HffQJ Hf‰ ^ Hf˜^J ™ Hf™ š Hfš Hk §Ì J HkJ L HkQL Hk^ ‰ Hk‰š Œ HkŒš Í = 1 @ w G Œ c 3 ] K | − ° 9 : R Œ ™ å | − Œ ° ; 3 | ‡ − ° T ¿ ´ ê T K ˆ P e 2281 1417 1452 1949 1441 1502 284 1153 2320 2212 2409 2318 2279 2931 152 2781 125 1260 1988 1516 2318 2279 1260 2931 690 2320 2318 2751 2279 2931 559 2263 2939 2772 559 2409 2997 2732 2641 420 Hm m Hmš Ho INDEX 3: READINGS HokT Hq p Hqpš Hr Ht HtZ U HwU Hw˜ › Hw›š z Hzbš z Hzš q H}qJ H}˜ › H|›š H‰ J H‰J ^ H‰t^ H‰Š š H‰š HŠ = X c 9 Ð Ô Õ ] ¹ Z W B | Ì ? y ? Ü Å Ü ô ô [ š ± â Š u ú Í ˜ 1 : 3 ’ Õ Ñ } ø 1417 761 1153 1379 2578 1746 2743 440 1316 96 306 989 103 448 2206 413 2206 1801 2463 1801 789 789 1416 456 1107 494 2923 2315 428 1054 422 1757 317 1786 1824 2055 1657 1373 1342 ‹ H‹ HŒ H“ L H“LJ ^ H“^J š H“kš h H“‰h š H“‰š H• ‹ H•‹ J H˜J L H˜L Œ H˜Q_Œ H˜^ ˜ H˜` a H˜a ‹ A ˜ ú i B C ç ± • â ½ þ [ ÷ s Ø ` e [ C ê C ê à  Ÿ Œ J ó ™ ¸ / æ Ð ˜ * Œ À 1825 2801 422 428 1158 2664 2668 2560 2897 1727 2876 1715 2667 1416 2871 716 2078 126 671 1293 1899 1250 1899 1250 2720 2817 371 488 1777 249 2293 92 2314 577 1593 741 777 488 1632 m â f H˜f G H˜fQ ó Œ H˜fŒš y Ï H˜o C H˜¡` q è › H˜¡›š ê è H™ — ˜ Hš E š Hš $ À ¦ v HšJv E U HšU Ÿ › H›š Œ G H¡ F Á ? J H¡J , H¡b G b H¡bš § ¡ H¡bš n á ^ H¡fg^J g m H¡mš g › H¡› & › H¡›‹ œ & §û H I J K L L H˜dL 1154 787 1502 2544 528 2059 2595 1258 1546 259 1546 2686 2094 2091 685 79 684 2091 371 488 2401 2654 533 218 164 2625 253 1030 872 624 624 401 2051 401 190 2056 2259 480 214 INDEX 3: READINGS 421 i j k l µ C ˆ È _ A ¦ 4 i ° í B ² L I y ´ Ï ! t Û ð H y ” q o ¤ X c Ï ´ e ‘ ¿ ©· H¥a M N O / ‘ O 2777 2782 203 2442 873 203 2725 1644 1772 1694 556 2937 2997 2106 2480 2801 2406 2816 2725 2102 335 541 2037 763 2056 2532 1555 143 425 2629 2587 2765 703 925 610 1885 356 1515 364 1199 143 1555 1381 873 1132 JU[ JW JWrN L JYL J[P J J[T—J Q J[[Q L J]qL ‰ J[‰^J J[‹ Œ J[Œš J^ J^aN J^}Š J_Œš J_š J` JaŠ JbS Jd ^ JdR^J JdV Jf J JfJ U JgU ` Jf` Jfa˜ JfgS J_ J © m n o = 5 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h 1806 1519 1262 2408 2411 1028 1161 955 971 1643 1807 2881 913 364 1095 2276 608 1096 1051 2480 1918 2569 1797 898 1341 1645 29 2355 396 L JL JN N JNš JPL JP™ JR Q JQ` JQah JQg JQ™ š JQš JS ©´ J JSPJ š JSpPš S JSš U JU p q æ t ì K ³ “ ‹ o O ¸ ` Ô É ¹ ¹ @ Í G · Q ¬ ´ _ ñ Ô r Ú ¹ ‡ Š − » Ý O ´ 6 ™ 759 2424 2243 301 1929 516 1559 643 611 1677 863 1548 2219 2046 916 1407 1407 2708 113 394 1512 2373 1998 2558 2480 133 2191 2594 618 1146 724 1213 1690 645 1387 756 289 878 94 422 & È ™ ‹ Jf‹ U − Œ JfŒš ¥ š Jfš › k @ ° š Jf¡š ± Jh } ©É s t v JhZ U ^ Jh_š^J q Jk 4 ©Ì u v s ^ JkU^‹ ² k Jkk 2 š Jk¡š ‡ ß Jo ë – / L JoL Ñ JoVh ” ^ Jo^J ( ‹ Joq‹ · ‹ Jp‹ „ Jq w § Js K Ñ JsJ ê Jt w U JfgU Ju^^ Juh š Juš Jw˜ Jw™ JzS Jzk J‰ Œ J‰^Œš INDEX 3: READINGS 2789 2702 94 621 1690 996 753 755 2421 292 860 412 1 457 1973 2350 1258 2967 2315 1973 1 1389 5 1919 1141 2669 1333 2656 2149 1344 737 1034 658 910 1218 2341 238 463 910 g J‰g ‰ J‰¡^J ‹ J‹ J‘ J‘Lo J“ ^ J“^J ^ J“^‹ “ J“` J—J— k J˜gk š Jš › J›š o f t e x − Ù Ü Ë Ä w › ¥ J f f y — ˜ ) Ñ È ¡ ( ¦ ¦ ² l ` ° Q Ê â ö k ê × ™ × 1262 1400 1128 2598 472 2938 1053 2944 2862 1587 676 1667 336 216 599 599 1655 2365 2402 220 2149 1598 2241 2735 1511 1511 2037 1694 1709 2433 2373 1063 1249 2548 1566 1604 779 2137 779 Jœ š Jœpš Jœ™ J¡ L J¡L J¡P U J¡U J¡^ J¡“ ¥ J¡¥“ ©û ©ûÉ Ù 5 í « N R ¢ h N Q z c ð { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ¨ 3 ’ 790 1753 1714 1080 2978 770 2586 1089 2978 578 2813 2615 145 765 1425 2159 56 583 584 1232 1474 2298 2921 2374 1304 1592 1313 481 2006 479 2952 L_ L « ™ š “ ” 2041 2832 78 1656 INDEX 3: READINGS 423 L L^qL œ L^œ L` La J L`J L`Ts J LafQJ Œ LaŒš ˜ L`˜V Ld Lf • – — ˜ š · Ç À y & LN î N LNš i ƒ 0 ð LP Ö L LQRL › p ø ” k LRk ù ß Q LQ} 4 Q LQš 1 U LU 4 LVJ` ú ¡ LWf‰¡š ¾ W LWš 1 ¾ Ø Q LZQ` { LZU { m L[T 0 L^ œ È L_ ’ L^P à ‡ 1944 573 2415 422 2832 2126 2599 79 1655 2470 49 1476 1475 205 358 171 2613 1864 2875 2726 2616 2066 730 735 730 2907 1901 735 1536 308 1676 1676 2357 2093 2040 245 1828 110 141 LfJ L LfL L LfRL LfX Lh k Lk «Ì ^ LkU^J ` Lk` Ï W 9 Ÿ ¡ ¢ V è À ( ù V £ ¤ ¡ H ë ë ” Ö » ; ° â ¸ o ö ¦ − © ï ¥ ¦ Ë $ ‡ á + ¿ 845 1926 1379 2596 2063 1292 227 2673 2185 179 2190 227 2167 2178 346 469 1968 1968 1410 191 1019 2973 709 1249 653 340 1698 881 649 1255 1793 2856 2406 548 2200 2197 1247 1610 647 N LjfNš Lk‡ š Lkš Lk¡ Ln Lmq J LoJ ` LqR` LqT Lq_ š Lqš Lt Lw L LwL L} L L„qL L‰ J L‰J L‰“ L‰š L‰›š LŠ ‹ L‹ LŒ º c p N â j á º c ^ Ú × F — E Œ § Ÿ E – Ÿ ¨ ô c ë + 5 _ Š Ë ( ´ } ö À c ö ´ ? 1742 898 1211 1139 787 2786 1247 1742 898 121 1418 744 1668 2415 2922 1280 2811 82 1589 2571 1017 2204 566 1560 351 1978 568 1241 455 1984 179 1555 461 2455 2108 1560 2455 1555 460 424 LŒš ‘ L‘›š ^ L“L“^J L L“‰L L˜ INDEX 3: READINGS L L˜qL ‹ L˜‹ Œ L˜Œ^J ‹ L˜“‹ L™ š Lš L LšPL Lš^ ‹ Lš‹ ^ Lš¡^J L›J N L›Nš ^ L›^J › L›š LœY L¡[ «û ( ( ì ’ ª : Þ ç í Ø É þ É þ «  “ ‚ ß Ô ‚ ’ A ¾ A ¾ a l u − ° ± ² = © 1 179 179 1803 334 1837 399 1838 48 2103 1420 1460 631 1460 553 1877 323 876 1627 2329 932 1627 2002 901 616 901 616 2207 310 2054 2161 2102 303 423 2439 421 1452 −´ N_ N − −© U NRU ´ s t ‹ c … Š l n h S q ˆ ¾ Å p µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Â Ä Å Æ Ç c ì … 2797 139 1021 713 1170 1346 2851 752 586 396 971 2886 612 2319 1646 400 2905 1034 2193 1712 1742 2848 326 132 136 2849 2566 2790 1741 1646 345 500 1170 670 1346 š NVš N[ Ng −É −Ì NuS Nz Nz` ‹ N‹ N“Š J N˜J } N˜} N™ š Nš −û ^ È É Ê Ë ¤ § f ´ ‹ Í Ï } Ì Í Î Ï Q Ð V V & ¤ Ù É T î * ã @ A G ³ “ = Ñ Ò Ó Ô 1051 1038 1689 1881 1984 884 1073 2274 2797 713 452 1618 2159 619 452 387 1618 578 2514 2689 2881 2470 1747 938 1689 1643 2253 1804 1074 2623 1099 2625 701 876 1417 2149 1811 585 2191 INDEX 3: READINGS 425 ± Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ ç é , ¦ Ý W ‡ Å } ¤ 2055 191 392 1420 2057 1951 795 2007 162 2546 1612 2869 403 1372 1755 1419 2974 402 794 1458 2058 2836 1950 2966 2197 2325 2159 154 PJ m PJm J PJš L PL ±« P_ P % ” Å È · : Í 1295 1344 1915 2502 105 1398 743 PLT PL‹ N PNš • ê ë 1 ì Ã ê ¾ « ; X í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü â C Ü ¹ ¬ Ë ð y í ` ¬ F 1944 2900 1245 1810 2910 2644 2900 1251 1268 63 539 33 1740 928 880 607 1114 2450 1751 1699 1698 255 786 2627 2907 2828 1750 2835 1932 2237 2999 2830 2180 880 261 1079 2831 2830 1352 J PPJ L PPL PPQŠ S PPSJ b PPb PPlk PPo™ t PP‹t PP“W PQ ` PQ` ‹ PR‹ PS PT PSm PSq L PTqL S PSš U PU ±· − “ L Ù ™ V v © Õ ¼ 1 ¼ Ø þ à £ Ð Ñ – N þ ° @ @ ? ‹ à 0 ! # š ø ¢ | ï @ N ‰ $ 108 1191 1857 2057 2388 1611 2358 2236 2055 807 409 2339 107 1701 532 2313 2142 2829 1482 784 1961 1329 2928 1513 1148 1414 18 1564 138 242 3007 786 1840 526 928 1188 832 297 983 426 % & ( | Š Q 9 ) j | ö ä Æ · E ‘ H õ ö ˜ R ò ñ 9 J × 9 Q _ ° ì Ô ¸ @ ó 9 w Ô P P^ P_ ^ P^J N P^Nš W P_Wš ^ P^‹ ` P` INDEX 3: READINGS 1058 632 2460 2016 503 1067 1379 2530 1176 526 1426 1936 745 629 829 873 703 2858 1426 1920 2906 1114 1700 152 2259 1378 1510 1161 2432 2931 686 2130 746 1722 1356 1510 1354 2130 2732 š PUš › PU›š PW ` PY` Q PZdQ š PYfš J PdJ L PYqL š PYš P[ N P[Nš [ P[Nš L PdL › Pd› › Pd›š J P[qJ P[‰š P[‹ œ Pdœ^J ¡ Pd¡š m Pgmš “ Pg“Q ±É Ph š PhJš h Phš Œ P[Œš ±Ì Pjo # L d È î ê È ò * u Á Í 9 ä Q / œ M U a Ý ê / ë U ë î ÷ 2 µ Î % G ´ ¨ % Œ + & 2958 967 718 1187 1254 2275 1187 1114 2552 663 2250 743 152 651 1067 2442 1974 2025 1995 2569 2853 2275 623 613 1995 613 1254 2540 1147 728 387 299 1315 1314 1307 299 1402 71 838 Po PoLo ` PpQ` PoY PoY—‘T › Po^J›š ` Pp` › Poa›š ™ Pp™ š Poš š Ppš N PoœNš U PpœU _ Pq_ Pr Prz Pu PuPu Pu› Pz N PzNš ^ Pzfg^J Q Pz“Q` z Pzš N P‡Nš › P‡›š PŠ P‘ J P‘J L P‘L 3 ¨ Ô õ C ¦ G X © õ Ë ì — ¨ ì { ü | … p 2 4 ª ÷ Ä ê ] ¥ õ @ Ä · & ñ S ü s b „ 479 24 1240 871 859 2406 1315 364 2026 871 495 1409 862 1285 1409 1890 1987 180 2019 2052 2333 1125 291 525 415 2275 2943 2857 871 2623 415 325 632 2308 848 266 1892 1675 605 INDEX 3: READINGS 427 ±û ` ç Z & P‘m è s P‘‹S + U P‘‹U ‹ ? P‘™ ƒ P‘¥xQš R P‘¥Šš Z P“ V V P—V ¾ d P—d þ z P—z ´ } P—} ´ Ò P™ Û + ™ P™š œ š Pš 3 Û ‰ Ê P› , Q PœQ T L Pœ^ / ` Pœ` / ´ Q PœdQ F ` P¡` â ¡ P¡š F U ¢ Ø t P¥ : 609 1590 2276 632 1546 1892 820 2086 386 1584 1996 2276 1504 136 62 688 688 1160 1130 2300 1308 1334 1130 297 1063 2058 1957 1683 1397 1397 1314 1668 2844 1352 97 1025 2570 2062 1398 P¥q Ø ä 0 1 2 3 ¤ æ ‰ Œ œ ( 1420 1419 606 1452 1147 479 154 402 2374 1313 98 1151 Q_ Q ² q ^ ¡ é Ä Õ œ ¢ « 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; = ? @ A B C 2424 1728 911 2704 1999 12 2680 1292 1877 50 1008 966 1012 2115 1603 970 867 93 2852 296 542 541 617 ³  E F G H I J L N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ ] Ù e ] Ú Ä w + * j  _ ` a b c d 1179 1882 1121 869 469 146 161 1291 893 2029 1009 2373 2372 1013 1581 1122 2689 1123 2160 1010 2959 1293 2779 2515 1894 2943 2962 674 2700 2744 1244 2803 2757 2110 2226 640 1904 1170 2909 428 e f g h i j é 8 Q Š n k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Ÿ ¾ Û ¥ Ä ‹ š ™ › œ —  … œ n ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ š › œ Ÿ ç è f ¡ ¨ C H ‘ o © INDEX 3: READINGS 1905 2694 868 1907 1476 2803 1031 2115 2373 54 1519 250 752 1814 586 2024 400 2886 1642 716 625 2282 828 676 656 528 2924 2452 677 461 168 251 449 1346 2376 2682 1622 1309 2874 2319 2495 1110 674 2077 890 2388 1522 2698 2088 2815 2964 2076 1519 2077 1523 111 2162 1551 2227 1483 1482 157 2592 2388 890 1522 2076 2874 1488 2387 523 2951 1866 831 1275 725 1230 1395 QNn Š QN™Šš QNš N QNš š QNš QJ ²© ³© ¥ QN¥_š QP ™ QP™ QPš QQNš X QQXš QRŠ U QR“U QQ™ QR™ Q QQš š QQš QJY ²©ò L QL ` QN` j QNjm J 0 Ó £ ! É Ö ˆ o ‘ P B ‡ W q ¢ ¡ q q ¢ q » Œ ù C ‚ @ Þ ™ ç y Ä j Ä ˆ G Ë y Ö 2471 1084 124 2693 1043 842 1005 1745 1230 725 875 837 374 1717 2424 2925 911 1681 2424 2925 1681 645 673 483 1455 302 2440 576 2534 2880 1392 674 2536 674 2890 869 1394 1392 513 INDEX 3: READINGS 429 ª ¿ À Â Ã Ó 6 Á ’ Œ Œ = ‰ ‹ ¹ “ ” ` G Ä P Q µ Ë = ™ ‹ ½ Ô è U Å Y ˆ = K b b Q z x , Æ Ç È º É w Ú a ô R y [ z w P 9 Ð T q ‰ ‚ ¼ Æ Ã ] ] E ¿ p | K N ‰ d Ê „ ¡ QQ¡š QS QT QS‘u š QTš U QU ²· i y F ¤ ¥ ¦ 2 Ý Q x ï c µ – d ì ˆ c © ª « ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ³ Æ 654 1392 2017 154 2481 2697 2192 2761 2148 2231 1466 1170 466 327 2252 670 2890 1170 2026 291 2235 740 2257 292 1520 710 701 567 908 325 1812 2908 1277 1842 1624 1312 1893 2249 1943 294 324 1330 295 2795 2824 2987 1735 1692 1313 1313 1264 2374 1592 1712 314 2227 367 869 674 1983 2809 466 1394 1264 2933 1592 2638 2721 1917 1807 939 1026 2224 2439 524 1675 1675 2901 1364 1734 1477 2491 2509 2502 2674 2823 468 852 2569 2194 2906 2872 505 2924 1441 199 2468 1007 2648 2649 929 56 1380 889 2082 2779 2779 2247 647 1278 677 524 893 929 946 2039 680 ³· š Q]š Q^ Q_ Q_Q V Q^V J Q^YJ ‰ Q^Y‰š ^ Q^‰^J Q^˜ ` QU` › QU›š QW QX RW QWv^ W QWš Q^¡ Q^¡n ` Q` Q` Qa Q Q`Q Qao™ Q`Š ‹ Q`‹ Œ Q`Œš Qb Qc V QbV N QeNš Qf š QXš QZ L QYL k QYkWš ‹ QY‹ Q[ Q] q Q[qš t Q[tš 430 × ‰ ¾ † v Ç ô z Ê õ ¤ ² ë V á † ! æ å æ M o z B ô ‡ • B Ô x  Ô Ò Ó 6 ‹ Õ ° § Â Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô e Î “ § ½ Ö ( B ” c ¸ ‚ … – b š é  × ï á ç & « & « Y ê INDEX 3: READINGS 1077 1212 490 1711 229 853 580 695 1580 2868 1964 2114 443 61 2601 1711 239 1976 2733 1976 83 2024 1011 2153 580 1823 2793 347 2806 656 350 1015 2398 453 878 2077 2034 104 1209 2273 1553 454 2281 661 143 451 1289 2398 453 1552 2646 2335 1551 253 13 2822 668 501 198 926 1812 155 2885 1616 2610 1601 2704 269 2173 441 872 2865 401 1635 401 1635 1571 1604 ²Ì J QfJ QfS q QfUq Qf^œ Qfh š Qfoš Qfq Qf‰™ U Qf‹U Œ QfŒš š Qf—š š Qfš ³Ë ³Ì QkP V QkV m Qkm Qk˜ Qm Qp Qq L QqL Qf¡˜ ²É Qh QhpS k Qk QqN ^ Qq^J ^ Qq^‹ n Qqnš QqŒ : × ‡ à 3  é ë t Qtš  u Qu ª Qw Ù L QwL © Qwt | ¥ Qw¥ Ú Q} Û G Q}o Ü x Q}˜ ð Q}š ¼ Q„ | Q‰ Ý Þ ß à å R‰ Þ N Q‰Nš r Q‰p Ý ^ Q‰z`^J Å QŠ — P p î QŠq™ ! ‹ Q‹ á Q‹œ ˜ QŒ † a Qq˜a Qr Qt 1649 635 2682 1599 411 269 2770 438 1597 883 2515 2236 2222 1557 2785 222 2401 2854 1113 2758 807 1500 2617 1838 2332 1599 1325 1838 1818 2617 2163 1829 1119 1924 49 425 2172 2606 534 INDEX 3: READINGS 431 Q¡ Q‘ ` Q‘` Q‘Œ Q“ Q• J Q•J L Q—L Q˜ R˜ J Q˜J Q˜^ Q˜` ˜ Q˜` Q˜g Q˜q^ ‰ Q˜‰š ‹ Q˜‹ Q™ ™ Q™š š Qš J QšJ Q› › Q›š “ Qœ“Q ! â ( û ä æ _ ° ² N W ‰ + H t Y † • ü ¿ O ‰ ¹ $ $ 6 U & _ ï ç è Q & P ¦ ª ü ¦ 1032 2835 1527 2828 2385 2243 2572 1408 710 1157 1317 2465 1578 1647 1021 1496 2376 1944 206 957 2986 2465 1094 1350 1350 966 2150 243 1940 1186 1488 2387 2809 243 1983 717 883 206 717 Q Q¡Q` U Q¡U ¡ Q¡` Q¡a Q¡bŠ Q¡˜ ¡ Q¡š ²û I ¾ ë ‘ µ ê Ð ê l H £ z é ! É Ö ˆ z ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü þ ! 146 1893 127 975 802 463 451 463 215 1275 2693 2863 1031 1043 842 1005 1745 2863 463 2123 304 1526 1650 1769 864 1207 1042 1770 2194 187 1271 226 1648 1654 604 615 627 631 1043 # $ & ( ) * + / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; = ? @ A B C  E F G H I J x ” ` % ! Ü 826 2482 1272 1097 570 1651 1578 2314 836 1757 1453 638 2632 1273 1621 1952 1965 2780 1649 1875 2408 572 2708 102 837 1455 1620 1625 2017 1315 1647 1478 2980 1113 2410 1902 2229 2441 2944 432 K Ò ] † Í : / @ T P K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X â N ‘ = † L ï — C ï Æ ì – INDEX 3: READINGS 44 32 603 2523 1461 2781 2656 2708 2151 1119 44 1588 1653 2978 2567 2576 1467 770 2899 2151 2150 61 1717 135 59 2978 1717 2408 1252 214 1769 2088 1455 264 493 304 742 S_ S ´ Q¥ ³û N Q¥RNš Š Q¥RŠš Q¥sS ^ Q¥w^J Q¥‹™ ü 5 … ´ , r › Y Z [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u 1750 1446 195 1555 2391 2594 2613 375 2122 1416 1445 121 1767 126 2207 192 772 1489 1381 599 662 210 1764 1481 1765 1763 758 1382 1230 2889 1885 1886 2887 1128 912 µ v w y z { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ÷ 3 ´ Ü ô M 8 @ þ Ÿ ¹ h ‰ • z y à 2 @ Ÿ þ w , Z ‡ ˆ ‰ 2611 1354 841 529 1771 526 288 302 1475 1981 2019 534 525 153 2527 849 2827 2643 2067 2440 2667 2745 2840 66 2199 2600 529 841 2791 778 2440 2745 2667 3005 2391 2122 1919 984 2199 INDEX 3: READINGS 433 L SdL Sf N SfNš J SfqJ š Sfš ´É N SNš SS–L U SU ´· SY™ S[S S]^ ` S]` S]v^ ‹ S]‹ S^ S_ Sa U SaU Saq Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ c f p Ì £ P ‹ l 2 › œ − Ê U ¨ t t Ç x ‰ ± M C ¥ S S î 1783 1994 712 1411 1762 643 1410 2600 641 2686 2719 642 772 2694 2889 144 2499 1276 827 1626 906 927 2787 2753 2478 1861 527 235 235 2377 1310 1309 1521 1653 2584 996 1631 950 2658 ´Ì Skt Ss St SuL SuY Suo Sw Sz ^ Sz^J SŠ Þ ë 9 ë û Ÿ ¤ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ F ! F Ÿ ¡ @ ¢ ¥ ¤ Õ ! Õ § : ì ? + b ¨ ä µ p ÷ N J y 434 445 1860 1245 1884 320 2494 320 2175 1550 2499 2494 343 462 2342 462 320 2175 2421 1550 343 2494 1368 2342 1368 2503 1140 2394 918 71 1904 2605 1936 1431 1162 255 784 1639 261 Œ SŒš S‘ ´ë ´ë· µë· ´í« ã · : 6 8 « © ª « ³ ¬ − ¡ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç G L v 2898 1641 1649 31 2115 1396 1395 294 1396 2249 1998 1959 2063 1329 1016 2114 965 688 689 1033 1231 1146 936 1243 934 2322 432 2538 935 1320 1326 2644 1353 1509 1349 35 9 2565 1946 434 f y + ‘ Ú ¢ È Ã £ É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ð Ñ Ò Ó — j ‘ Ô Õ Ö : ² O ¢ Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü | ™ q ¡ ê Í Ÿ — × ¥ × I INDEX 3: READINGS 2156 2532 2064 2936 2081 2925 245 110 2167 750 1063 856 857 669 1938 1993 569 1281 2759 2624 2536 1064 172 2597 171 1398 1539 203 2925 308 312 1796 2107 2120 2853 434 1795 1490 872 2892 2898 1508 2104 484 1265 1235 2240 2275 613 1803 1267 1254 429 145 260 1266 1221 1491 871 1426 2369 1849 483 1850 2799 1987 103 1360 2498 911 2792 870 430 2837 2173 2857 3001 2109 µí« S— ´ï µï« ´ï· µï J S—J ´ï« µï· S—^ Œ S—Œš L S˜L S™ S™T^ š Sš ç Á ³ Í ’ v , þ ! # $ % ‘ × { † Û ¢ å ÷ 4 & ( ) − * ‚ | þ ² È + ‚ _ j ” k × ^ 1265 2337 2483 870 334 2158 2521 1701 1412 2095 1201 1792 873 2173 679 1711 2107 518 2104 2369 27 1066 1172 1903 2938 256 155 2318 1155 1539 1598 204 2760 1228 2028 2227 2092 85 555 INDEX 3: READINGS 435 / e ¼ H Y [ V o t H V 7 W X Y Z [ · Ÿ æ Î õ u I U à 7 ] ^ à ä ^ « f È Ò ` ¹ È ¦ W , q å S› 2 ™ ´õé2Ðó , S¡ ! ‰ S¡‰š  Š S¡Š ) Œ S¡Œš Á )  ´û / 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 : ; = ? @ A B C  ? „ Ä † 6 µû E F 2703 2946 994 2941 2101 813 2946 1296 1326 1903 1320 1903 1326 2116 1577 160 2101 411 1125 2888 1591 1098 2049 941 1374 2396 918 2623 1099 1576 1129 269 2050 2099 1587 534 3004 1589 1459 2116 1234 934 2124 2211 1958 2182 2484 625 2083 2182 1472 1317 1955 2211 1956 1958 1033 715 2766 661 844 224 122 2895 1937 1023 603 2476 2082 2845 2476 315 2274 1614 2398 2219 774 1614 1736 U_ · ¸ H I J K L M N O P Q R X } ” v G ± S ^ ¸ Q Z O ð Ý ¿ Ú ) î ‘ S T U ² 2124 65 1696 2341 2565 2585 225 2986 1983 2809 1979 2187 1355 81 1946 9 1016 11 76 1231 2148 96 863 2166 2853 2538 1796 1990 2723 2936 74 1957 1995 2114 J UJ UJ J UJš L UL ·« ¸« US UT š UUš š UVš U[ J U[J U[‹˜ U[™ š U[š U^ U_ U U_U š U^Waš U_˜ š U_š U` Ua ` Ua` U`uS U`™ 436 › Ua›š Ub Ud Ug U UgU [ Ug[J Ug‘u š Ugš Ug¥ Uh Uhzš h Uhš Uk ·Ì INDEX 3: READINGS ` UkRN` V UkœV Uk¡ J UpJ Ur š Uwš Uz U‡ ‹ U‡‹ U‰ UŠ ` UŠ`š ¹ } h 5 ö 4 U 4 œ ¾ S @ » e 4 a b c ø V ÷ f ø ³ Í ç Ë 9 § / g í g % h i 4 L Ò 774 1691 2653 1273 116 50 1122 50 1308 959 11 2013 1243 1894 1057 1060 1061 2615 1062 1611 226 2965 2706 581 1848 2988 2180 1436 2796 70 1323 33 1323 1295 2003 2427 2967 1776 1246 ‹ U‹ U‘ š U‘š ^ U“^J ‹ U“‹ U˜ U˜J J U˜J ˜ U˜L ˜ U˜` „ U˜„š ‰ U˜‰` ‹ U˜‹ ¸ñè U™ U™“ š Uš L UšL ^ Uš^J Uš‰ Uš¡ ½ õ L õ ² · * t t N V ‰ , ø R K Ë d { C Å M K V © ² { ± é k l p º l û ñ N ë « 2322 1429 1776 1429 423 424 2445 625 625 2782 1630 850 1002 589 955 480 2451 2841 2452 2843 2842 2777 2437 2182 232 447 2452 2581 1031 1609 1369 2152 2234 1369 1884 260 225 286 2235 U› U›qJ › U›š Uœ J UœJ UœRt U¡ N U¡Nš ^ U¡^J m U¡gmš ¡ U¡¡š ·û ¸û » 6 œ } © 6 ¸ é ¸ Ä ÷ m n ; å W y · Y ; o p q r t u s t u 1842 1897 1974 1355 232 1897 174 1383 174 2935 846 698 2762 867 550 913 925 1535 375 867 1677 1162 1681 341 301 1843 1163 301 1843 W_ W ¹ z T v w ‚ ” 1913 1581 2611 2700 155 198 INDEX 3: READINGS 437 ˜ ™ š › œ Ÿ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ à  ÷ f Ó | Ù æ © ª « ¤ ë • ¬ ° ± ² − Ì 7 î ³ ™ ` ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ z f £ Ö Ï ß ß ` O Þ ¼ ` q N B à ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Î º ¹© 5 6 q † B Ú Ä 4 ˜ b ‘ @ m Ù ] ¢ ã y z { } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — 1008 966 1885 2376 541 2962 674 50 2592 1904 111 296 1814 2515 2779 2925 2898 1392 1011 679 1085 155 2564 680 1549 1711 882 612 2001 2851 611 673 687 334 314 198 840 2571 2088 1391 1360 1370 2655 2698 715 518 337 2715 336 717 2796 1947 2791 2815 2990 2932 2989 103 312 484 421 1702 315 2715 1245 2297 1997 709 497 2426 1959 144 118 1650 2483 2388 1933 999 466 1641 1548 1316 1351 1448 2714 60 2274 2499 2405 1618 1612 1612 1933 2742 1672 2955 2226 2061 2978 2664 1599 959 1674 2108 974 1597 1206 1671 2163 1208 853 1598 391 1554 1394 2917 1673 ` WŠ`š W‹™ š W‹š W‘u š Wš ^ W¡^J º© ¹û › WR›š º´ ` W` š Waš Wf Wg‘u ¹Ì 438 Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á B õ X ô ì  @ 6 ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï Ò â Ø G Q Ô V U È B à ± INDEX 3: READINGS 571 2550 238 1615 675 2589 1368 513 1077 57 1600 852 1652 1773 2761 1672 1789 1980 2867 1880 2868 1248 2194 2675 1620 2708 1621 134 1936 1862 1386 366 142 1383 259 2669 2675 335 2723 1466 1716 59 57 2414 1467 2589 61 2150 1598 837 1980 2581 Y_ Y » ºû { − · g ü ½ O Ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü þ ! 95 58 105 920 1750 2638 2029 1993 973 16 1485 580 2205 1879 525 589 1878 1076 333 206 148 2342 ¼ # $ % & ( ) * + / 0 1 ) À j É Í @ E & 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; ? @ A B C  E ) U ! 2650 2626 2454 2470 2383 1990 1244 2744 1083 1084 1444 2134 2904 2536 750 669 2562 2749 2470 5 757 2967 568 1897 17 1898 1379 1398 622 2050 2562 1766 347 1899 700 2749 2134 1861 2342 INDEX 3: READINGS 439 _ a b d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ‚ ƒ „ … ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ š › œ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ 0 Q ð Ó ô N ‚ Ñ Ò ³ ï Á – Á Ã Ò ‹ ¦ : ð þ ‘ â × ² YJ J YJ L YJtRL L YL »« = À k # G › F ò “ F ¾ › O þ − Í ö H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ ] ^ 3003 2904 1765 2650 176 1748 462 2015 1191 462 1536 1748 203 1961 2257 2281 1426 1275 2109 1639 1640 2119 119 784 863 1276 2148 125 11 183 1861 2164 306 2187 99 96 1253 2212 76 1241 1505 739 1159 1234 620 624 648 654 1318 330 2449 2446 694 2484 1278 2498 1818 139 1799 2311 1800 1819 1113 261 695 892 2652 1355 2662 1348 1963 1808 374 2469 2465 2923 1870 488 891 1816 81 1817 1844 1430 741 1962 2776 1308 82 911 307 2313 2896 2070 2166 520 2754 1115 1914 2985 32 2286 2287 2337 2934 2929 2459 2457 2087 1242 2220 2166 1701 873 2892 3001 247 440 ê K ˆ 9 ³ ° ³ y ¿ – ˜ º ù ï — á ß U Õ û ¬ ø ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬ l è z % á é − $ w YLw^J YL„ š YL‹š YN N YNš INDEX 3: READINGS 2275 2341 2469 1379 2286 292 2483 2695 2263 2934 741 1277 410 2287 1430 2172 2671 2821 2400 2799 2729 1849 1964 2857 1242 253 2186 1255 2306 543 2729 2449 1235 695 1792 2172 2240 2753 2482 YP™ š YPš R YR` »· ¼« V YV ¼· YW W YWš X YXš N YZNš k YYuk YYœ YYœ]^ Š YYœŠš J YYœ—J YL_ ¡ / w ¼ ƒ ¹ » Î • » ä u L ) Ð ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¸ ú ç Í k ) ¹ Î u n Ð L G  [ ƒ ¢ r 911 70 1441 807 2384 1896 1756 387 385 1756 131 1843 506 2134 557 104 1521 247 581 917 1431 174 788 2988 113 1175 1903 338 2356 2054 2577 557 506 9 595 608 600 354 1642 Y^ ` Y` J Y`J YaN »É N YfN N YfNš š Yg¡š »Ì Yo YoZoU ^ Zo^ q Yoqš r Yor Yow Yo}S V Yo†V Yp‘ Yo¡] Yo¡™ º » Ô º • Y Î Á È L g ñ g i F ½ ¾ ¿ c 7 ª % í b Ò e A Ø ø b % Ÿ  3 V V ÷ î 7 2304 1605 2860 2304 385 2328 387 2337 201 1104 947 607 947 654 462 2431 2277 1288 2615 1591 1156 810 335 1797 2430 1071 2125 100 223 1797 810 1865 1497 1565 2995 2995 2618 2723 265 INDEX 3: READINGS 441 ˜ Q ˆ ™ î à % N G % h ë / ¤ p 8 Ò Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ó Þ  É „ 5 ‹ Œ í 0 Þ Ï ä š Yo¡š Yq Yu ‹ Yu‹ ‹ Yw‹ Y}^ ZƒJ k Y‡k › Y‡›š Y‰ Y‰Js Q Y‰QJ š Y‰š ZŠ YŠh ‹ Y‹ YŒ Œ YŒš Y‘ š Y‘š Y“^ Y“` Y—Š ˜ Y˜^Œš ˜ Y˜` Y™ ™ Y™š š Yš Y› ? g  ¡ ˆ Y Ì Ì q 8 u 8 Œ R À À ú Å a ‡ Á y Á ( ½ » » ” ƒ ! ƒ Î ƒ ! Ê Z  ¡ ï 1136 920 2043 388 2890 99 857 2917 1040 2067 2315 2067 1402 1979 2343 2343 1363 579 2838 882 780 919 780 2383 2638 1756 1756 213 888 1412 888 2518 888 1412 2478 2276 2043 388 53 2094 1161 2890 1261 1214 2791 420 1493 2143 420 396 613 623 1964 400 2067 1615 1587 579 2184 1971 1830 1460 1970 2451 448 1461 2518 450 2578 1758 2021 2295 269 391 2099 2888 713 370 335 1577 2295 571 1936 › Y› Yœ R YœRš ` Yœ` } Yœ} Yœ‘ J Y¡J [_ ½ ` Y¡` »û ¾ ½© ¼û Ô Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á 6 è ç [ } R â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë 2046 952 2914 766 2230 77 554 1781 2296 2559 117 1141 1937 2701 1142 2673 1815 252 2132 2354 2844 1024 2845 1544 987 1815 821 2704 2214 1889 442 ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü þ ! Û » à m ¸ × W Ú − R ( # $ % & ( L a ” Ö Ä Ü S ) î ì ) 4 * + − , § æ ƒ o ¼ / − a ) 3 Ö 0 P − µ 4 ó µ Ä N 1 2 3 å 5 z 1 INDEX 3: READINGS 1499 1714 681 733 358 512 1731 167 2090 2069 116 2045 1102 1732 1363 734 397 359 1296 2044 1602 1729 2131 2292 85 2444 2129 2496 2354 682 1730 685 683 1636 682 2119 1505 1091 1088 2602 2603 1090 2134 681 1192 2134 2632 723 1294 1959 1428 1558 484 251 356 326 2490 1959 1120 1327 1219 171 2896 2847 1959 1457 50 2450 1457 25 1561 2018 778 153 248 2833 2924 2018 N [N ]N š [NTš N [Nš [P [Q ½· [R [QJ N [QNš [QS [ [Q[‰ ` [R` [QaS [Qq š [Qu‡š ˜ [Q˜L š [Qš R [Rš ¥ [Q¥ [U˜ š [Vš [W ‹ [X`‹ } [W} W [Wš X [Xš [[ N [[Nš X [[Xš U [[“U [_ ` [` ¾© [S J [J¡J [T [SRW U [U W [aWš L [dL [g ™ Ì Ë 6 9 : ; = ? @ A B n ß G C ) a  , … ä ¦ ¿ ™ Ø E † ¼ Ò Ø F Ú r c … 4 É Ü 813 1126 1553 1142 1324 1140 2846 2507 2614 948 1365 1185 1434 2066 1826 1932 1327 1120 2815 1428 2390 1508 1242 1501 813 665 940 711 2265 1615 2157 2891 554 417 1116 659 736 916 2603 INDEX 3: READINGS 443 U [wU [z ^ [z^J [‰ ` [‰` X [‰fXš J [‹J [‹˜J [Œ Œ [Œš Œ [gŒš ½É [h ½Ì ¾Ì [kS [o J [oJ [o^ ` [o` š [oš [w Ï O a G H I J K L M N O ^ Þ š P Q ø Š J = } † † ò þ J t Š µ Š t J } † ³ H ; R 382 2956 1505 1826 1069 1103 2261 822 1104 212 1493 2956 2271 2144 2619 562 2070 1849 2851 1224 173 2112 2278 2278 1131 459 1224 2677 2851 2905 2851 2677 1224 2112 2278 352 2728 622 2820 [“ [˜ [˜J ^ [˜^ ` [˜` r [˜r [š š [š › ]›š [¡ R [¡R^J V [¡V “ [¡“Q š [¡š ½û ü S T ù ù o à À × ˜ í ¬ w U · ƒ À ) í V n ! W W n á M É ‹ å Q X „ Z ì 6 X Y Z 397 2256 2771 720 720 2310 933 2750 491 2592 1526 976 319 2821 325 1404 2750 2134 2784 1447 694 2501 2444 2444 694 403 1117 750 1994 1072 2070 2160 1985 2855 1297 1813 3 1026 1720 ¾û [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j ’ k î ] k l m H 768 1721 2271 1189 367 2543 2561 1560 946 2641 523 2711 843 1437 2798 1713 2092 2253 1721 2092 1134 808 2083 ^_ ¿ 8 x ¥  F n o p q r s t 1498 472 2481 2043 2891 960 2113 1864 990 417 1863 692 444 u v w x y z { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ š › œ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © Ú Ü k ï H B î L ¢ R ú ½ µ À W A Á  · ´ ª « ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¿ INDEX 3: READINGS 1867 4 319 747 413 474 95 2222 412 1269 600 605 659 711 2209 2890 1045 455 815 1828 2345 1091 902 1333 1829 1375 714 456 753 1093 1865 346 354 601 475 473 1052 563 1866 1171 2129 1216 2635 53 2242 2590 1214 2042 1220 2233 2992 1086 471 36 2444 2801 2395 1497 1545 2797 1156 1029 976 58 185 158 1389 660 159 471 1388 746 2074 2075 2575 1390 1086 818 b ^H¡b ^J X ^JfXš J ^Jš ^P À ^P™ › ^P›š ^Q ^Qwt ^R˜Š ™ ^Q™ š ^Qš ¿´ ^S À´ À Á  G n Í ¾ Î x ¤ F R · a © ¬ è é à ‡ ± † g ¹ Ä | = 5 Í ’ Å Æ 3 5 / , 4 1 Ÿ 36 2395 1497 515 960 1054 3006 355 472 1658 2891 2805 1545 1505 2505 1998 1235 1458 110 141 2866 2523 2355 2074 1999 2222 2507 241 2179 2952 353 482 1334 1753 2254 1477 824 1883 73 INDEX 3: READINGS 445 ¿É ¿Ì ^SŠ ™ ^S™r U ^U À· ^X X ^Xš ^^ __ __J Q ^aQ ^aU ‹ ^a‹ Œ ^aŒš ^f L ^fL L ^fRL ^ ^f^J š ^ffš 7 + ! Î ü 1 + ‰ È É Ê ™ ™ ’ w Ä Ê o “ › ›  ª Ë ì ¢ ¥ ¢  4 â § Z { ˆ „ V ì I 1472 2183 2533 2518 373 1883 405 1045 2642 1112 2216 2041 2041 1337 360 1999 2216 1262 2345 2334 2334 1540 2323 2778 442 1888 276 1888 1540 50 41 633 877 809 129 1298 1504 442 2324 ÀÌ ^kW ^o “ ^o“Q ^q “ ^q“Q s ^s ^u V ^uV z ^uz } ^u} ^w ^w^w U ^w˜U š ^wš ^z › ^z›š J ^}J ^„ ‹ ^‡‹ Ì Ö ^ Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ó × Ò Ù g ‡ õ  Ä j ‘ Ù Y Ú Ú Ý Û Ü Ý l [ 4 h _ Þ u 7 1137 2476 2179 1506 845 2202 754 2430 1788 932 1686 1137 2461 1572 2942 1053 721 2197 23 1179 1353 2786 815 2639 2136 2129 2129 597 2044 1216 2221 1134 1376 2816 2579 1738 2393 2135 š ^‡š ^‰ ‰ ^‰š Š ^Šš ` ^Œ` Œ ^Œš š ^Œš ^‘ ^‘„ ¿ë ƒ 9 ß S T Þ ô ( ³ K ½ Í ƒ ç Þ w Ó ƒ ì ‹ / Ö Ü à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì G ¸ Ô 1348 1324 2671 1948 2976 1340 509 2291 636 1149 1086 262 1348 48 1340 1623 1788 426 1794 2036 1397 2914 2296 316 1247 1249 655 1744 1662 1257 1092 2673 1256 1250 286 1192 2414 2292 2046 446 ? Þ í î ç ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ Ë Í Ó – ø ù ú û – # ^ v Û ü þ ! # $ % & ( ) * + , / l m „ @ L ÷ É 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Á ß V ´ † Z ( = ÷ Ð n Î 8 9 : ; = ? @ A B C  INDEX 3: READINGS 2206 117 519 1906 1092 1186 68 1070 2510 2544 1463 1429 1908 2764 1184 113 1743 2878 223 720 1236 2429 2878 2412 555 2158 222 266 819 186 637 221 810 243 258 1679 2467 820 1428 70 2722 1718 2245 1722 1857 2618 2823 1116 735 2169 1565 736 1446 2672 1165 2203 2329 2995 2939 2794 877 258 1969 2618 2834 2762 1506 1018 1510 317 1100 1969 128 1722 901 667 2289 914 Àë ¿ë· Àí Àë· š ^’„š ¿í ¿í« Àí« E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U h ˆ £ K L Ð ´ Ô ‡ Í V W X Y Z ] ^ _ ` a b c 900 1352 2665 574 122 1868 2409 1857 2025 2707 2742 2732 318 2906 1432 559 2020 1089 2224 1108 2351 2392 2834 2939 2130 1101 2485 2968 954 761 10 877 1226 140 1738 1933 1338 1675 762 INDEX 3: READINGS 447 y z { | } ‚ ƒ „ † ‡ ˆ − Ä z µ í ø … z § ¨ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ E Õ Ð  ¢ ï Q ™ £ T š › œ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ Ë Ø — ˜ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ½ ¾ ^”Lo ^”LoŒ ¿í· Àí· ¿íÌ ÀíÌ ¿íû Àíû ó B Þ H õ + õ d e f g h i j æ O k l m n o p q r s t u v y z Ï µ Ä í ‡ ø B w x 2657 667 2661 574 2205 2064 2205 718 2141 995 721 1089 1336 1733 2243 2742 309 310 767 1525 1524 1014 2061 1568 817 2062 2915 2060 67 2879 2059 2290 2807 2705 2751 2706 2664 560 1854 67 2513 809 2318 564 1627 1853 1494 2031 2751 129 2279 2807 2879 2290 2705 2706 285 2879 2503 2605 297 404 1127 1260 2448 1263 1191 1344 1259 327 2365 2402 1261 2922 2034 2098 2344 2434 2979 2065 1261 2756 2771 1782 1660 98 1594 1659 2434 2756 1658 2303 100 2365 2402 996 985 1209 1693 42 86 2154 439 21 2870 732 2622 2198 189 731 105 106 184 2238 592 1715 1901 Àï ¿ï« ¿ï 448 ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È Ê Ë Ì Í Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý ß à á â ã ä å ç è é ê ë ì í ¥ ± ² · o z ƒ r ™ † î m ´ ð ¹ § Á © « 1 ñ v Z I æ ì è ™ i a Ù ° î ï ð INDEX 3: READINGS 647 650 801 2273 43 25 87 22 785 201 2478 137 144 372 1200 557 170 1685 124 115 558 1088 905 433 938 923 1359 114 2366 2367 1680 800 787 380 342 550 796 2746 2770 2772 438 1297 2784 1557 379 1539 1535 209 398 2280 2628 2933 2794 49 1806 1555 2919 1896 1558 1534 381 1556 2018 1585 322 877 2604 1976 2910 228 2258 2516 942 2639 2870 49 691 2919 ¿ï· Àï« ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü þ ! # $ % & ( ) µ  ì x Ï Å ² Ù ¨ c 8 š ˆ R * + , / 0 1585 300 1586 362 545 1529 1530 799 1537 2268 298 2504 1155 239 1784 2609 1900 1528 1527 383 1457 1540 2394 2231 382 1377 710 2639 361 1471 2438 3007 2926 2820 1954 2183 1477 2254 205 INDEX 3: READINGS 449 J ^œJ ^œTs ¿û Àï· ˜ ^˜b b ^˜b „ ^˜„š ^™ ^™eU W ^™eWš ^š š ^š ^š^ ` ^š` ^š„ › _›š ^œ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 V 9 F ³ “ Û Î : Ñ © Ñ Û ^ F Æ È | Ø ‚ ã à z • £ Æ Æ : ã Ð ô R 811 2539 1334 824 1753 1813 1472 2800 2182 2009 1223 1507 349 1781 1673 2220 1465 1395 1465 2223 140 1223 482 1038 1425 433 887 1608 1980 529 1259 601 1144 482 1787 1608 557 362 37 R – ß ; 7 = ? A B C  E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z [ ] ¾ ó § Ñ 0 37 2934 2671 1118 118 969 1148 2012 1150 1910 595 630 2011 1502 2436 197 2475 1149 1328 1117 2574 75 1119 2877 1361 848 2368 1503 1724 1248 1496 561 274 2010 1536 2008 328 2739 2492 ^¥ Àû ^¥R™ 7 ( d @ V ± S _ ` a c d e f g h i j S ^ ó A P Q * ! 2443 2291 1768 2013 1504 1520 848 988 84 2838 1145 1768 1071 2453 2713 280 1305 2786 2607 951 2008 2125 1119 2877 1805 2532 `_ ` Á ? C n h ° i k l m 128 2289 1434 1927 2497 1437 2635 2722 1718 450 ° K Æ { ü s ! 3 M ‰ Œ o p q 8 q ª 2 ? w i r s t u v w x y z { | } ‚ ƒ ! ¤ ‡ m þ © † Þ „ … † µ ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ M = u v ‘ t z ² Y £ — n ’ “ [ º Y t Ÿ º â º ¸ C ¸ INDEX 3: READINGS 2497 1532 1943 95 266 1863 186 1565 2084 929 2085 1180 2152 2423 2500 1440 1156 2169 1661 1441 1437 467 1582 1270 663 130 468 1583 925 2863 1890 540 1435 2760 1584 2712 909 2850 767 2945 2505 1290 2393 1298 2563 1290 689 1101 2224 929 1697 2086 2085 2084 217 912 1966 1064 915 474 2426 99 2756 2755 2762 1713 2528 1293 2304 99 915 73 936 2892 936 106 617 993 © `W L `L Á«  `N `X W `Wš J `ZJ ^ `Y^ Z `Z` š `Y}š “ `Y“Q ‰ `[‰_J `^ `_ J `J Á© N `Nš Q `Q` `Rf `S `T T `Tš U `U `` `a `V L `UL V ``V ^ `a^J ‹ ``‹ q `UqJ › `V›š ß p ´ § v ð ¡ £ · Ç V Ô š Õ ” t ¢ ¸ Ô [ • Á ¢ A : û T û A è ÷ Š ) à ^ † ð H Z 51 1014 999 1209 2060 2919 2097 2730 2126 2599 2920 2130 1782 952 2410 915 2133 106 2046 1293 2793 974 2133 2826 941 298 1856 1339 2541 2673 2764 1406 2288 1143 313 534 2919 2436 561 INDEX 3: READINGS 451 ‰ `‰` `Š ‹ `a‹ `aŒ Œ ``Œš `a™ `d `g‰ `fš `g› › `f›š `jˆ¥ r `nr m `mš `q š `qpš h `q¡h `t `wš `„ m `„m „ `„š š `„š ‹ `‡‹ ‰ `‰L # ^ – ð % Z ± Ô — K / ¢ / × j C m ã ö Ü Þ Ô ì “ ’ = Ó + n 6 r þ Þ j r s Ñ ? W 2412 313 2878 864 2000 561 732 2589 2624 2023 1706 2630 1706 3000 1481 2937 758 655 1908 2296 117 172 686 1462 88 1969 2989 2435 1525 263 1366 62 2295 1347 1366 2660 1289 2614 954 “ `Š“Q `Š› ‹ `‹ `‘‘ `™ š `š J ašJ J `špJ › `›š ¡ `¡š Áû ò [ ò 0 î i ™ „ ò W ˜ − ° 5 ™ H L ™ ; # Á Î Ç L â ã ‘ š 1731 1958 1731 771 175 2427 1669 2099 1731 954 1704 2496 2497 2511 2258 1069 1104 2258 644 639 2337 2335 500 1104 2844 1024 1064 45 bJ é b_ b Ã Ä œ Ÿ 6 Ñ ‰ › ¡ 1666 1017 446 2071 1045 28 388 Ñ ì ñ ò õ T ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á  à b © ) 2071 2910 512 1731 2069 2771 2133 418 1515 1557 881 1558 361 381 1670 1556 1538 2496 2497 379 1539 1559 1555 1457 1535 825 1896 419 363 1133 1536 1132 2750 1534 1540 1729 395 2621 2884 452 8 m › » Ó þ Å ’ é , R Ä Å ß m Ô ’ F Ã Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ï ` ñ r ï ù Þ × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à Þ W ¿ ` N á â å , ò ò ? W J ) Ú ã k Ò = Þ Œ ! ã ä INDEX 3: READINGS 2438 1806 28 1602 124 1155 2462 2737 2770 2521 2820 895 2462 499 2131 2191 2162 2017 110 699 1193 1187 2882 1138 1184 1126 113 1543 1567 1542 2071 1541 1743 1746 2743 2593 109 2219 1070 417 1186 720 1464 85 769 672 1739 1130 708 1322 1464 499 1143 2144 2703 2849 2219 1493 1754 41 1516 368 1266 1266 2614 282 2261 2248 2420 2692 330 1541 2396 434 1402 2466 2692 986 ÃÉ ÃÌ Ä© bR› bS ô ÄÌ cr ‰ bw‰š J b‰J š b‰š bŠ Œ bŒš b™ bš Äõ b¥ Ãû å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü þ ! $ % & ( ) * + , / 0 1 å ” à 248 40 48 188 46 2903 127 1929 1079 2253 264 133 369 249 509 844 2548 2540 1046 2616 2636 1339 1790 553 2466 1874 2000 2717 2735 1286 1804 1610 368 270 2774 551 2941 2991 2082 INDEX 3: READINGS 453 L M N O P Q 6 ` Û þ O Ý m ; º B R S T U V W X Y Z [ ] _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ƒ „ Š à ã ù Q « ) 9 ; ¿ È Ý ; š a 7 l æ [ — Ò ] § / ¥ 9 H à Äû ã 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ( ê ÃûÉ : ÃûÉé2Ðó: 768 1027 32 603 2397 2407 2255 2468 2083 2082 2692 290 1035 1135 241 263 1930 1335 2468 2735 510 2947 2947 1776 2380 1139 1780 2847 2065 2940 609 795 634 89 2617 698 1100 2238 501 982 1631 697 2895 1630 1926 321 1571 2855 2215 1065 2432 609 1120 1152 1116 2252 671 26 1173 1927 2516 1176 1175 215 1154 2577 209 749 2649 1366 2660 2677 224 322 816 2399 2035 398 384 2016 1174 426 1985 503 727 2389 2681 2309 2403 2288 2068 690 647 201 537 2177 2619 942 2818 1369 1976 L dL Å« d_ Å ; = @ B  E F G H I J K 2177 1960 1188 501 2344 2922 1668 394 1779 1778 1777 1532 Æ« 454 … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ g P k j K þ N 2 Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ B ê F š › œ Ÿ ¡ Ñ © “ œ © ½ À / f × â p p t ¢ m B £ ‘ Ú Ä S Ð Ó ä å ÷ ‘ Ô ô 6 ƒ ô W a ‚ , Ë ‚ Þ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¦ § INDEX 3: READINGS 1977 502 626 851 850 503 281 1173 562 1175 1176 1640 634 1493 2539 1280 975 88 1462 610 2260 1664 149 1279 1669 2153 2214 2654 968 1953 357 1222 1345 1833 666 1551 357 666 2724 1632 2314 267 766 2844 759 759 1270 1025 2131 1737 1108 111 1796 1183 74 2202 585 1419 2974 2369 975 1015 509 446 2902 509 1317 1109 722 2521 2146 722 1759 2255 2255 2255 684 1393 V ddV ` dduQ` r deœr k dgk m dgmš ÅÌ Æû ¨ © ª « ö þ 6 − ¦ 1439 666 208 2422 2861 2506 2814 2161 684 dLœL N dNš V dV Å· dn do N dqNš f_ f Ç ‹ dt‹ du dw ‰ d‰š U d‹U Œ dŒš d˜ ˜ d˜` d™ š dš d›R^ dœJ L dœL N dœNš Åû È Æ· dY q dYqL t dYtš š d^š fJ , # ¬ − ± ² ° ¼ º ¾ ³ í ³ ´ µ · ¸ º » ¼ ½ ¾ Ë ² º Õ 14 637 961 108 2316 2718 120 2955 2674 2804 2165 519 2165 1314 728 629 653 2674 2531 2955 1986 2804 2778 2718 2960 2812 INDEX 3: READINGS 455 ¹ ì » Ô š r & V U ó á  I I ¢ å l q ˆ Ü ¢ l # q ‡ N å 3 å # [ l q v ˆ ) · ¼ ¢ ` fR“` fQ˜ fS fST fU Ç· Ç© fJ È© Ø ° Ö × ¿ À Á Â Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó ± Ð Ù Ô ¾ Ô ÷ Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ô Õ 107 120 1005 744 957 2185 1726 1164 415 879 745 2005 2702 842 1570 416 748 2356 1006 1007 1465 1160 1306 2316 435 2479 2864 2353 2864 2871 2812 1005 744 107 1239 2747 389 1240 2283 1094 686 1019 2864 2832 1484 2188 2881 123 1770 1754 1164 980 980 307 2104 2449 2061 2224 2237 307 2449 2095 2061 1101 1561 2104 757 2104 2095 1253 2449 2061 2060 2224 383 930 1624 307 fJ˜ ˜ fJ˜Xš fN N fNš ` fP` › fP›š fQ J fQJ gU È· fVJ ^ fU‰^J fUŠ J fRJ fQ^ N fU¡Nš fW fQkS fQpu ‰ fQ‰š … Ç µ ( Ý U w e ß à E á â ã ä å æ ç è » ê ë { Ï l 1 _ ^ ¨ W T r „ À p ) ï ì U 1808 1971 257 682 537 1503 468 2537 51 2168 1194 1916 2264 1074 651 1072 577 2560 1917 645 835 351 931 1695 1821 2971 1241 76 1693 1385 1384 194 2118 1330 2889 1990 691 2394 937 456 È y 6 ‘ p  y { ³ ‘ í î ´ ˜ Æ m š ð £ · Ç š k ð Õ 0 · Ç Ú £ h ‘ ‘ c g Ë Q Z { â ï • Ü µ g × † / ì y ð ð â ñ Ü ± Ì Ü Å ± â à Ö Ÿ # # å ‰ þ Ö J ò ¤ ½ O ó P ü INDEX 3: READINGS 2642 2872 2987 2936 2889 377 2872 1456 2286 2936 2139 2690 567 1279 1943 767 1782 2919 2730 2126 2599 1782 250 2919 952 839 2126 2599 1951 2730 843 687 687 1145 2713 495 1161 2276 765 2892 53 2600 2603 556 2711 905 2794 2317 1929 1629 2166 2166 2892 953 2603 379 55 2603 1509 379 2892 339 1137 73 1784 1784 1607 2327 2945 1137 2980 552 2494 2431 536 2008 2981 397 fW^ N ffNš ÇÌ ÈÌ fj^ } fjo} fkŠ fm L ffQL ffS U ffU ^ fg^ fY Q f^Q f` fa g` Q f`Qš f`U ^ fg^J ` fg` W f`Wš fmJ^ š fm‰kš m fmš h fghr ffŠ ‹ ff‹ L fg—L š ffš fh ÇÉ fhwq h fh‰h fk N foNš fp™ fpš fq fqZYœ fqk‘u fr fsS ft N fa[Nš ¡ fa[¡š t fatš fg k fk ? C É n d á W ò ô õ ò { ¨ ö a z ƒ ÷ I J · ´ Ò É C 5 ‚ H ø ø ù ü Á ´ ú • û ˆ ) 1136 431 391 1705 2620 1754 2703 552 566 498 552 1771 1439 2861 1338 2513 1853 2618 1478 2980 1512 1573 1615 391 431 1446 972 2728 2413 2413 202 588 801 917 788 840 2338 2921 1679 INDEX 3: READINGS 457 fŒ ` fŒ` L fŒ˜L Œ fŒš ^ fu^J ^ fu^‹ ‹ fu‹ ‘ fu‘^J fw fwY fz „ f„š f‰ L f‰L f‰S f‰Z f‰^J ` g‰` f‰“ f‰™ š g‰š š f‰¡š fŠ f‹œ Á Ö 8 Á a þ * 5 þ – } E S 7 j À * ‚ ( … = ‚ ‡ ‘ ó Æ ¦ ÷ 0 ) 7 Ó Ô ë I † ¦ W ¬ 1735 191 1898 1735 2207 1665 1954 2428 1665 1664 2347 1194 1048 1472 2798 935 256 155 258 2563 1931 2588 2568 1791 2553 1349 1052 2764 836 1422 2683 2021 2806 2239 2324 240 1052 1834 2033 k f‘k “ f“` ™ f—™ š f—š f˜ f˜J ˜ f˜` ™ f™š fš ‹ fš‹ f› g› › f›š › f¡‹›š f¡˜ Çû ` ¢ à à ó r I ˜ á “ þ ü æ ¡ s ˜ þ H ! ! s ‹ á ñ # $ % & ( ) * + , / 0 1 2 3 4 1918f 354 1980 2994 1221 194 2324 997 1754 991 1665 2819 2522 1872 1582 1279 2506 2242 2712 2712 1582 1994 1547 953 2038 1928 1579 2188 668 1327 30 2859 164 2317 771 1442 1167 2631 2670 Èû 5 6 7 8 9 ; A ¾ À g d : ñ À ; = ? @ A B C  2679 31 2683 393 1860 587 2525 2804 2321 2573 2620 582 953 2321 587 1931 1136 1949 2525 1859 859 350 h_ h É ä » æ Ö ¸ E F G H I J K L 2385 1448 40 729 746 978 1223 515 2242 823 1224 516 1683 458 M N O Q R Ö È C · ü J é ¹ ò C ½ h j C ä j … È S T U V W X Ö 5 & i i i Y Z b ƒ Éë Éë· Éí Éí« INDEX 3: READINGS 896 832 756 1067 2805 1137 2740 2584 105 1790 1224 2704 2074 1514 1129 1133 1450 1644 1129 2385 858 1549 2642 950 1384 937 2637 1385 539 729 1274 1433 1336 1336 1336 903 1321 2684 583 [ hJ[J hN hQ J hQJ L hQL L hRL l hQlU hR“ hQ˜ š hTš É· Éï hh hiš ‰ hi‰š ‹ hi‹ › hi›š ÉÌ Éï« ‹ hq‹ [ ] ^ œ œ ! p _ b ` a b c d e f g h i j k l Â Õ Þ Ç ” m c o q r „ à ˜ Õ s t u 252 440 555 2040 2040 138 2152 39 2684 956 1109 602 1106 1075 268 267 517 1891 2727 2748 1566 1982 2666 2464 2661 2996 1344 2526 2640 1262 1258 194 2118 2994 1704 2812 91 235 2135 v w x y z b × æ ç { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ š ± º Ä Å $ d 2158 2982 2231 1922 591 1675 2267 2766 2560 1233 1921 1710 887 888 658 2885 52 141 2926 92 237 827 1923 544 521 349 2726 385 1284 2755 1920 94 1941 1039 1945 2171 273 2736 2893 INDEX 3: READINGS 459 Ø U à ¾ − ° ü ± ² Ÿ Ü q n s 3 ö ì g Z 4 s ì Á œ ³ ³ ´ ± s Ü ½ ´ ˆ µ š e = à ^ „ £ $ 5 A $ › ˆ µ ! f Û u š Ù † h ß L e Ò µ ¦ E 6 S ‹ º 8 A ¸ · $ ( = ² { ¹ º Éï· ˜ h˜` h™ š hš Éû Å › œ Ÿ _ a _ ¡ ¢ Ç / ù £ ¤ ¥ ¦ ½ 3 2155 1667 2269 73 1189 2838 1189 2027 1888 311 2317 2190 1723 1004 276 1301 1569 2472 2570 97 2168 1238 1690 1408 2504 1039 2488 1909 1773 990 960 1863 693 1271 1499 1173 1708 824 1863 1499 801 1836 2249 2249 1688 860 1041 1773 13 2527 2921 471 1370 1071 1969 1680 555 2245 1319 1000 2428 1303 2736 1953 2921 471 1809 267 1359 1867 1370 672 2794 210 51 214 1071 2430 2111 985 476 1142 1631 281 419 1335 1303 2517 1545 1000 169 1969 247 2452 279 1945 ‹ kJw‹ “ kJ“` Ì« kN kQ kR L kQL N kQNš kQ[ V kV kUN k_ k Ì Ì© U kU` kUg L kVqL š kUš š kQ[pš 328 1408 1846 2185 1726 1307 2505 2477 1268 2769 2319 1238 2846 1594 1660 1239 540 N kJNš kJfh n kJn r kJr § ° @ À Á ¨ © ª « ¬ ¾ ¾ ; Ÿ › Ù | ‰ kQ‰Nš kQŠ ‹ kQ‹ › kQ›š ¡ kQ¡` kS kT L kUœL kW kX W kWš S kSš U kU X kXš kZ‘™ k_ kf 460 N kfNš J kfqJ kh INDEX 3: READINGS L khQL kk U klU ‹ kk^‹ kkŠ klŠ ‹ kk‹ š klš L kpL r kor Œ koŒš kq V kqV kt ku š kuš ) Ø ª F G Æ © ö ¬ ; h ¡ B ù E j 6 Î 1 ± » T e 0  Y ‡ ” „ d › ˜ î M ø f Ú ¸ ¥ 963 769 2477 150 515 2184 2505 1529 2769 477 944 1345 1576 1732 630 1733 3004 390 1444 530 2073 559 2141 1577 865 1227 2209 1975 1963 1341 2655 1391 2658 2585 799 620 1182 1812 861 kw kwS kw[ kwŒ k} ` k}` š k}š › k}›š k‡ k‡t ‹ k‡‹ k‰ U k‰aU ˜ k‰z˜Q ‰ k‰š kŠ ‹ k‹ k‹T V k‹V kŒ f kŒfJ Œ kŒš ‘ k‘š k“ k• J k—J ³ ½ ö à M ¾ Å ¾ ¿ À & ? ë Á ( È C á ¥ & ‹ ƒ Î é å  á  Рà ƒ ¥ Î ã ° è ÷ ¤ « 2165 1569 1798 2869 922 2319 2842 2319 1486 2904 1066 2614 1889 2203 1151 2740 1910 2716 343 1636 1414 1584 1543 657 2941 2666 1357 2666 1542 727 1404 343 1543 1755 1283 1235 2990 1964 543 k—^ J k˜J q k˜qš U k˜sU t k˜tš k™ kš š kš kšT ` kš` › k›š k¡‘u p é p ‘ s Y ¦ – ¤ A ç – ¦ ¦ ¤ ø Ä Å æ Æ H Ä Å Ä Ä ¦ o 2889 2240 2889 2936 1892 1496 287 812 2676 102 2963 812 287 1301 2676 1342 2171 273 1386 1943 2359 2171 273 1671 2171 287 1331 m_ m Ω # » s ¿ Ô Õ š ) 637 2073 91 957 1240 2283 3007 383 INDEX 3: READINGS 461 é ê ë ì í î ï ð # ñ ¢ » Æ ò ó ô ö ÷ l à Á ± Þ Ñ ™ 4 À m – m Ñ ø ø ) µ ÷ * 0 ù ú û ü þ ! $ % & (  ! / µ ) * + , / Ï© δ Ú ¾ š Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ ç 1 è á # 2747 2353 2832 311 1831 977 981 2146 55 262 390 382 435 1833 590 508 2283 1832 2267 665 2479 2312 2587 2603 894 1340 1876 339 2716 2741 1858 1841 2425 2766 2865 2971 1055 2601 242 657 2272 443 442 69 1111 441 2758 2412 2308 34 2073 2072 1131 886 760 847 846 2201 2331 801 158 2144 170 2534 27 2566 2446 2934 767 170 1827 2413 963 2111 2330 1805 2492 2190 428 1925 588 634 2663 2736 420 2789 169 2817 2663 535 2111 963 1805 2300 14 535 Ï´ nY ÎÌ Ïû ÏÌ muy˜ m˜ ˜ m˜` mš o_ o Ð š nš › m›š Îû ú B C Y Ü 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = ? 1076 2590 2595 10 2854 2093 151 2192 1663 2195 2217 878 1177 2500 1195 1264 1661 462 @ F o :  E F G H  C “ “ g Ë ¤ ) Ü 7 ’ + ó Ü Š − ‰ w „  Š+ q : I J K L M N O Q S T U V W X Y [ ] _ a b c d e f g h i j k m n o p q r s t v w x y † + n z INDEX 3: READINGS 1846 150 1180 1703 865 1194 150 702 703 2520 2595 1617 1617 2713 495 475 2530 2854 1177 2952 204 1356 2854 277 1690 2379 910 2245 2520 2155 204 2423 1703 980 797 427 506 83 1157 254 2901 1948 2976 621 706 646 504 236 505 1451 546 165 2972 1153 1684 2598 945 947 944 1158 1347 755 2357 1210 340 1211 1440 1287 283 915 1966 1441 1989 1629 437 204 1210 1678 Ñ oJ oL oLX J oLoJ oP J oPJ š oPš Ы oR Q oQ` Œ oRŒš š oRš oS Ñ« oT oU з { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ { ¨ Y æ … ° ó t Ò  ² â ã f ‹ ê ´ ó š 8 m ß â ö ’ 1676 180 798 278 2280 2245 181 437 436 182 2379 277 272 773 1771 1439 10 402 2885 1408 886 915 32 1179 2488 791 2547 2156 2087 2903 159 2008 45 2115 1814 499 791 1908 1692 INDEX 3: READINGS 463 £ A ¥ ¥ Ë Ã “ ª ª q É l ¬ − × t * * y ù ¦ ¬ – Á ™ Ò Š § 7 Œ Q K ) ´ { Œ Q K Ú ß 4 J ¨ º º ¿ Q W ú ¿ º ¨ ú 8 a b b { H ¡ Ì ) ¨ œ • Î Ò 8 9 ¨ š © R ÷ = x ê ô oV Ñ· oX W oWš X oXš oY oYœ ] o]` o^ _ o_š oh ÐÌ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ È œ Ó š › œ − â m ã Î | » ø ‰ ‹ w ñ “ q v t æ d ¡ S 2 Õ » w Ÿ ¢ 876 885 2297 246 719 2606 1988 2642 348 675 1531 522 348 2938 791 1814 2547 1044 540 592 799 297 1127 1623 512 1403 2061 2060 2677 1036 2893 2097 2607 906 1686 2073 1623 514 34 1319 542 1110 1110 416 1729 349 1670 1670 2423 977 1982 2729 21 905 1311 1805 1805 1922 410 2836 1638 1284 1887 2933 1215 1697 2397 1177 370 147 1423 193 2788 1233 370 147 1423 1796 1795 2967 1224 2006 2960 704 19 2121 1707 2096 19 704 24 2096 1637 165 2972 2972 1203 2124 2175 1443 1990 2006 1836 2260 1506 1160 1018 2049 1947 1941 1427 1996 2045 2507 1734 2214 760 V okV U opU W opWš š opYPš L oouL N oouNš ‰ op‰š o‘N U opœU N oqNš oq™ ou pu ow™ oz oz˜ o} o‘R˜ o‘^z ` o‘` L o‘qL r o‘r š p‘š o— o˜ ˜ o˜Nš ^ o‡^J o‡d o‰ o‰` ‰ o‰š ¡ o˜¡›š o™ oŠ r oŠr L o‹˜L Œ oŒš o™Y o™n o‘ U o™ueU 464 oš INDEX 3: READINGS oœ pœ W oœWš Ðû Ñû p¥}™ ï K Î þ Ú ] ô œ ª è m « : ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ) 733 822 1506 819 1739 1451 2090 1836 2323 1055 2357 2949 582 2033 2279 2931 2326 538 2416 2788 2080 424 1495 2884 q_ q Ò J qJ Ò© qJR^œ qN û e ¹ º Ç Ó [ » ì … ï 734 112 1094 2960 1613 485 1775 1019 686 2390 234 g ¹ Ä ` qP` ¸ Ÿ š qPš Ÿ qQ _ ` h qR … © ¨ Ô J qRJ ½ ˜ ` qR` H w qQw } î qQ‰ J Œ qRŒš Š › qQ› ] ‰ › qR›š H qT ½ ¾ qT[ ’ Ú U qU ¾ k V qV ½ ¾ Œ qV[Œš ] š qVš ö ï Q qXQ¡^J % U qXU % + • X qXš V N qNš qP 2355 184 1438 746 73 73 39 956 1891 2885 1427 24 2130 132 1920 764 1202 1740 797 237 2105 1049 764 2140 2353 1263 2312 432 1942 2140 2353 1096 1698 1793 1579 1579 2859 1483 706 É É ù 6 R } ¨ ` ‹ qa‹ è qe ¿ N qe˜Nš w ‘ qg À á qgŒš » qk @ ÒÌ Á Q qkQ^J v n qnš C qp f qq Ì ¬ Ð U ) Œ qqŒ å qr 7 ¹ º qrR^ Þ q„  — q‰ ´ W q‰Wš Æ q‰a  Q q‰ŒQ^J ã Ø Ÿ q‰™ ç ‹ qZ‹ “ qZ“Q W q[W q^ q` ` q` 897 897 1537 907 2372 2132 361 1918 1055 2709 560 1411 2321 549 2210 296 2250 828 2270 945 7 1998 1993 1995 1990 1662 1012 1094 2960 1759 2757 2755 1555 745 2817 1755 2078 430 794 INDEX 3: READINGS 465 ‡ Ü Õ ( ¸ ø ú ] Ö × Ô Ø œ Ù Ú « æ Ü Â Ò _ ¨ ^ _ S Û Ü Ý Þ qŠ qŠg ˜ qŒ˜Q Œ qŒš ‹ q“‹ q˜ L q˜L ˜ q˜` } q˜} q™ š qš q› › q›š q¡ q¡m Òû q¥ q¥_ q¥e # u ¹ y « Ñ ° ñ à H − Ä ü k u ˜ ¨ k Ä Ë ü Ä Å ï A Æ Ç È É Ê 7 Ë ¾ ¹ º & 803 1785 1470 1082 2294 1289 2870 1935 2493 574 979 2807 627 1942 1785 2094 361 1942 2807 2303 627 2807 1377 234 1365 2072 1613 1614 470 1580 1012 2303 3006 2074 2960 2470 1919 114 12 668 1495 223 1236 1226 729 779 1190 100 98 1053 2081 1029 1257 114 2549 590 2110 1947 951 988 2607 1003 507 597 598 r_ r Ó rJ rN N rNš J rPJ L rPL J rRJ “ rT“Q š rTš ¡ rT¡J Ó· J rUJ ^ rU^Š rU‹ X rXš š rZš r^ r_ r^S ‹ r_‹ r_”L rb S # ¹ Î − _ Ì Í Î G ³ æ Ð I I Ð N Ñ 2 Ñ Ò Ê ‡ ‡ ‡ s ê Þ » ù Ó 3 ( Ô T 1013 2038 2074 355 58 988 2 1054s 355 1502 1559 1257 2147 122 122 2147 225 2739 1059 2739 1022 2216 626 626 626 283 835 2295 1602 2691 520 411 2291 1190 2151 b rbš ÓÉ L rqL J r}J Óí« Óï Óï« r˜ š rš r¡ Q r¡Q r¡o™ Óû s_ Ô sJo™ sL sQ ¥ sS¥nš G G Ä | ê s 702 2665 1563 2652 2272 705 466 sU INDEX 3: READINGS V sV L sVL s[ s^ ‹ s`‹ sf su s‰ š sš › s›š s c × / õ s / q ü ] Ý ¸ + Ë 3 ß 705 1106 2267 2254 498 705 2254 1040 266 1451 1322 2998 405 137 1663 2329 ÕÌ š twš J t‹J š t‹š L t˜L š tš Õû t_ t Õ Õ© tN L tRL Q tQ` tT L tT˜L tY t_ š t_š taŠ ‹ tf‹ Í E … { 3 á à â ? X d B ã ± ä ù è Q Ð 1461 978 2228 95 479 2601 2331 834 2206 135 1489 1150 2389 860 244 2691 2251 2065 2202 t¥Zœ _ t¥_š 4 å à ë X X  B ¡ £ §  5 æ ç è é ê ë S Ê â ø ç 2195 1516 2331 921 1835 1835 2344 1150 2542 1343 2030 2817 241 1036 1590 2251 2266 510 921 2607 1970 834 2706 1590 › uR›š uS uT uYT™ ` uY` š uYš b ubš ueS U ueU ‹ ue‹ uh up š uu^š w uw` z uzš u_ u Ö« ì î ï Ÿ ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö 686 1214 2979 1596 2883 1935 2015 1356 2004 1934 2455 u} „ u„š ÷ s v ³ Û î Ó m k k m þ ñ ½ ø ¤ ø › Ý r 9 } V ) ; × ; û … Z { _ … ¨ © µ Ô † o 2014 283 1973 2416 1652 899 2759 808 1772 1772 808 359 1585 1986 2875 1658 2875 2613 489 854 1379 2159 2164 2699 1118 392 1118 1925 2885 2276 765 2432 2885 2006 2621 2290 2130 2794 1524 INDEX 3: READINGS 467 è – • ú û ü þ ! # $ % & à * õ ( ) * + $ ( ‚ G u , / 0 1 2 5 6 7 8 9 Î ç Î Š é 3 B ¬ ¤ : ; = ? A B C  E F é Š U ¬ L 5 × G H º ´ ¼ ¦ b M 5 œ š $ I £ ¤ o — ä u‡™ š u‡š uŠ ‹ u‹ u™ š uš L uœL × › è û ¦ Ü R à : x ù ß † µ ¢ M # ’ { Å ø À A ˆ – Ê þ ñ è W j „ 2 392 1660 188 1925 1301 2007 2233 43 1703 1989 2681 2066 1474 2080 1550 2585 2650 88 679 353 1827 751 874 984 1413 1554 359 1585 188 646 2803 1981 2169 228 573 2793 2096 1752 2262 1895 2501 803 1855 2913 806 2647 2386 545 804 2699 2386 1978 594 804 168 2414 2282 1633 1706 1564 1634 331 2873 446 414 1637 1436 2608 2963 2458 54 2170 1219 2340 2957 2178 992 477 1761 460 2541 2340 831 323 476 1299 2170 54 2350 2957 2970 2873 779 2414 2685 1742 1555 326 231 1198 2145 1008 2269 1962 2626 2604 337 475 1180 149 1760 × Ø© w Ø [ wH[¥ vJ Ù© J vJš L vL vN N vNš ש vQ R vR` Q wQ` š vQpš vRt vQ‰ vQ™ š vQš v_ v © ` 1171 84 468 g c à [ F é Ï l ™ K Ó ù b 1 4 ¹ õ À L þ M N O P Q R S T U V W M X Y Z [ ] ^ _ Ü N 1 å 2 p ˜ ± ˜ ¬ „ „ 5 ` a k ± … ç š í ï 2 c I N = Ù Š J x d é Š d ¡ y î x INDEX 3: READINGS 177 1170 339 1178 293 1487 571 2722 642 2351 2989 2616 1152 151 1057 2999 1699 2343 967 1895 2145 47 652 199 147 37 2634 2648 1869 227 282 2145 2447 230 1802 1376 2105 2808 1533 1801 47 409 2733 233 759 2606 497 814 1997 866 866 1008 1902 942 2635 303 1873 1265 2773 1267 429 1167 2640 823 2574 1931 2479 2196 2475 747 2893 2704 404 2893 2097 2872 681 747 ‹ vVU‹ vX ^ vX^J vT vU ‰ vX‰` ‹ vX‹ W wWš vY } vY} v]‰ ‹ v[‹ v^ ×· V vV Ø· v_ v^Q b v_b v^Z v^fŒ v^wŠ ‰ v_‰š v_‹ Œ v_Œ Œ v_Œš d e { ú _ v_š I v` 9 é ¥ va e a vaQ^J I Œ vaQ^Œ 9 ` va` ‘ ‹ va‹ = b vbš R c vcš Z vf i n Q g i j 2 R vg h 8 vgQ ú vfR^˜ þ vfW i j › f vf` F vf˜U z vh É × Ù ×É k l ØÉ r vh` é v^˜ š v^š 2893 268 384 1196 823 2361 2362 2360 2646 823 2009 111 1931 2805 1802 1764 1382 2877 2232 166 2916 1167 2233 66 1992 1124 1895 166 2916 2918 1121 1678 2687 2487 2591 8 271 833 2362 INDEX 3: READINGS 469 vw ww ‹ vw‹ U v}U š v„š v‰ v‰V™ ‰ v‰š vŒš v“ J v“J Š l m n p s À “ ØÌ q r s t u = ^ $ m vm F — vo v vow % vq P T Ì Ä vq^ w Ê ` vq` ½ ? Ê k vqk ½ n g^J d vqvg vq}[ Ä › vq›š ? ½ vr + vt – t vtš – vv ª vk ×Ì 404 271 2307 1705 1924 705 751 1871 994 833 705 2629 1619 217 2348 2993 1121 157 1946 2189 1009 1581 678 1741 2176 344 496 1492 344 496 1705 1768 1741 1492 496 2183 573 1284 101 v“^ v“}[ v˜ L v˜L v˜Q˜ ˜ v˜` ‹ v˜‹ v˜¡f v™ 2 Q ( O Ó ¬ ø y ù % % z f f ™ e h ú  v n z n z ã T Y $ Å ¬ ¬ Ü Ì Î A Ü ‘ ˆ J 2101 407 804 1780 124 976 1332 2695 2190 2229 2229 2879 26 26 1669 2141 280 1196 2273 2060 196 2879 196 2879 134 464 738 2993 531 1538 2208 507 748 2458 2012 2456 544 851 2475 v™taŠ š vš Q všQ v›‘u › v›š ×û w¥ [ ] y ˆ r | $ í f * * ¬ Œ * + ‡ ¤ g ¢ £ ’ ü ü { | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ‘ “ 274 2299 1922 2997 1568 1921 2736 2418 2419 2467 2467 1538 1923 723 1294 724 2954 2232 2586 2381 1337 1911 2262 1203 1205 1202 722 2902 406 1873 2556 2301 2327 1213 1414 1229 1204 1204 1871 470 ” • – ˜ ™ š þ æ î { | ‡ › œ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ ¤  î H ¸ © ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬ − ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á 0 Š Ö ¾ ç h H É { Ä Å Æ Ç É INDEX 3: READINGS 1912 726 1413 163 783 1473 62 2522 2658 1203 1205 724 2244 1974 1909 1872 2586 2381 1747 64 2658 2359 2998 2969 1511 1218 527 2236 883 1635 1638 649 805 2897 447 636 1688 802 1512 904 2659 2032 1756 807 2724 1238 1501 1632 1887 444 2196 2218 2346 2963 2579 2728 2912 2117 1183 1915 889 2519 2912 Øû n yJnš yJ˜T yN N yNš N yQNš yR^ yR‹ yQ™ yS Ú´ J ySJš ySRNš ‰ yS^‰š U yU y_ y Ú J a b Õ Â Ã Û î … ä F 161 165 2972 12 2520 2647 2495 1300 2964 131 2891 Û J yUJ yX W yWš yY y[ Ê Ë Ì ¡ È  Í Î ƒ j X { M @ w Þ Ï Ð Ð B t µ V ; … » Ð û = › c R Ú Ó È Ñ … Ò + 2583 548 678 2241 2502 914 2485 2608 1404 1318 504 2117 119 2440 3005 576 1695 2098 2098 1737 1270 731 2689 1374 1232 2848 2550 2429 1931 2244 1106 2100 1951 2759 1831 2047 1232 1716 204 INDEX 3: READINGS 471 yo y] V y[V y[Z y[^ ^ y[^J U y]‰aU y^ y_ y^P y^’U y_™ ‹ ya‹ Q ydQ ‹ yd‹ yg yfJ ` yf` yg™ ÚÌ ÛÌ ykT yk_ yk_[š ylŒ yn™ î ¡ Ó æ æ † © ¡ ³ ± ¡ Ÿ Ô ˆ Õ è ò ¸ Ë O õ ™ Â Û K Ù ³ Ï × Ø Ù Ú P & æ J Æ â ! 1214 2241 2461 2243 2911 534 2236 2241 1852 1016 2241 2745 1517 2469 2464 2746 2510 825 2862 775 844 2258 295 389 1149 77 636 1695 635 2570 943 2420 776 1272 547 216 2184 2741 2441 J ypJ yoN ^ yo^J k yok yoŠ yo“ ™ yo™ yq yqf š ytš yuN yuS yuo yy S yzS U yzU y‰ yŒ Œ yŒš y‘ Úë· Ûë· ^ s _ µ $ f 1 à s t Æ † ¹ » ¹ › Œ î è é m Û … s ¾ ‘ ú ú E ² E Ü Ý ¸ Þ 6 ß P R 951 1 988 1431 1928 945 160 1729 1 457 699 437 2580 2213 338 522 2085 1300 2251 2266 1020 2495 2964 91 2346 481 1850 1850 1882 2426 1625 849 1950 904 2661 2672 38 199 37 “ y“` Úí« Ûí« Úï« z–L Ûï« Úï· y˜ U y˜U W ƒ â à O á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê 5 o ¿ ñ ä ë ì í î ï ð Û r Ú ñ Ú r # + ˆ ° û } 1 1749 1404 2876 2720 652 1547 2876 1608 131 1607 2911 1606 1546 1487 2734 2428 1331 1486 2763 244 2239 670 1682 899 234 2765 2223 1484 2785 2763 2420 1484 2412 332 1622 805 1925 1085 1634 472 Ç ˆ 0 ø d ò ó ü à ê ô œ ? ] e u ‚ c Ò b e ] u u N ÷ ï w B ˆ ] e u ‚ N Ò ³ e b ¬ õ ö ø ù ú û ü m ú þ ! ü “ INDEX 3: READINGS 1971 1622 2774 1648 1075 2404 2696 1911 2647 2275 2827 2040 2852 2212 1234 2311 2662 1145 1716 739 1234 2212 2282 2311 47 226 2287 3005 667 2301 2212 1234 2311 2662 47 32 2286 1234 739 740 23 2529 1332 2305 782 511 373 2551 782 459 1032 373 991 W y˜Wš U y˜ŒU yš Úû š yšRNš Ûû y› yœ |_ | Ý Þ J yœJ L yœL R yœRš yœ^ ‹ yœ‹ Œ yœŒš † Þ ß # $ % & ( ) + , / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2556 1838 2332 1217 1000 2189 838 1151 193 405 1002 623 839 1883 2333 1786 730 1274 1001 1023 1992 ݨ2Ð Ý« Þ« |N 9 : ; = ? @ A Ÿ ¡ £ B Ü K ¢ š B C  E F G H ´ # B Ÿ [ Þ ` c I J K & @ ) Ð î r 2361 1787 63 378 386 2928 1303 371 2097 2730 2930 2456 524 1840 2975 989 2270 377 1774 2378 2401 1845 1573 1217 2930 371 1775 1838 2831 2953 156 2471 524 838 2928 193 2142 1111 2628 INDEX 3: READINGS 473 |^ |_ ` |` |`‰ V |bV b |bš |f |Nš J |QJ |S |S¥ U |U Ý· |U„ ‹ |U‹ ˜ |U˜‹ › |U›š |Uœ |UœL W |Wš |[ R |[Rš V |[V 1 † £ L M 2 / r L a N O P Q R S T U V è æ L ã ã Œ Ï ð — n 5 ¾ _ r ¨ Û Z ê Z ¥ 811 502 2381 1328 2370 2101 2254 467 2392 1197 962 89 875 407 1399 1090 464 465 1611 2731 2911 1588 1719 1719 1923 1006 2883 2837 694 2679 1251 2432 1366 2006 1078 1321 2214 1321 2856 |g }f z |ffz k |fk |h }h ÝÌ ÞÌ |n J |oJ Þ n d N ù Õ è N ™ T Ì M Š ç 6 ˆ 5 6 ² ç X P Ì Î X â W Å Y Ä † Y Z [ $ [ ] Ù ° 1464 1210 2909 962 2627 2597 1302 962 2388 697 2 212 1213 1606 1001 2926 2873 1621 538 1815 1168 875 2 355 1168 1372 2966 2325 903 2602 2556 738 1237 964 2993 964 1050 943 120 |oYœ |q |qwf |t ‰ |‰Nš |Š ‹ |‹ |‘o “ |“` |• š |š J |šJ š |šL L |šL N |šNš ` |š` › |›š Ýû v ^ J $ ì J $ ‹ 9 r k G t – Ï r ) à 1 K œ F ò Ç û F f g ] ] ò 6 _ ` a b c d e 828 2825 1868 1874 2675 1868 1874 1870 2068 1287 1725 1826 692 327 1567 1287 1286 2839 811 427 1308 2011 16 35 333 2011 565 662 2010 2010 16 1813 781 2174 1197 1198 1199 2246 2537 474 f g h i j _ k l | } ‚ í = ½ „ × ƒ „ … × Ý } í Ö Ñ † â « ™ ç ‚ • ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ Ô “ ” – t — INDEX 3: READINGS 565 920 2653 1358 2028 781 1725 1626 1500 1691 2588 33 93 1312 2927 3000 90 2927 2390 3000 2617 1355 519 492 754 2633 1372 2422 1360 366 1914 376 1823 1745 1212 2645 1825 284 725 1824 2806 991 1975 742 2752 2783 †_ † Þû ‹ ƒY‹ ^ „^ m ƒgmš àÌ áÌ ã ƒ_ ƒ „ ƒJ à© á© â2À à´ Ö Œ H p m n o p q r s t u v w x † Š Û ³ ¿ í ! y V z { 2218 284 1845 1056 1020 1030 1331 1056 1040 1484 1041 1021 1785 2358 1623 1310 2633 2802 2223 2678 1486 1682 1032 919 1447 60 2117 ƒjkJ „r ƒz ƒ“ ƒ˜ ƒ™ š ƒ™Ugš š ƒš ä àû ã« áû „ ¤ J ª Þ ˜ ™ š › œ Ÿ ¡ ¢ £ 5 Ÿ * ¥ ¦ § © ª « ¬ v w ¨ ] + ù I − ° ± ² 406 909 161 1837 1838 997 1839 2975 2918 1836 371 2097 1840 2730 1274 1017 2552 861 231 633 232 101 949 2957 229 360 2204 2105 2417 202 156 979 1574 530 2181 INDEX 3: READINGS 475 × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ è x G + ¹ ] * Ÿ ƒ ‡ w é ê ð ¬ ‘ µ ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó … ‡ ¾ = ^ í * 4  « ò ù ø ú î ¢ ô n õ ö Ö Ö ò ð Ý 8 [ ¬ ‰ ‘ ÷ ¿ Ý Þ B 5 ä« ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ ™ ä ² Ç Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö 1507 1573 257 1562 2977 774 2234 645 2265 496 490 19 751 533 2549 532 1563 531 493 2377 2375 2687 998 495 1443 1848 2768 1480 2142 2829 2041 2385 2181 2377 1215 485 1015 478 492 491 408 596 618 1078 1801 489 1759 1575 18 1357 494 1719 1760 2733 1424 1302 487 2089 2435 2580 2961 2552 1017 2384 2850 816 2170 2792 207 961 111 1469 445 1794 2103 175 1793 207 329 1514 2612 195 15 2277 2439 1225 33 1244 2670 2790 1556 792 2616 1648 1363 2658 518 2754 1705 2858 707 492 492 792 2984 894 1965 964 2957 1045 1204 2871 1288 162 2546 2153 2217 W ‡Wš †Y ‡Y š †Yš z †Yœzš †[S †^ ^ †^J š †_š ` †` J †dJ [ †g[›š †fš äÇû ãÌ äÌ †LS š †L‹š N †Nš †P †Q ˜ †R˜Q ã· ä· äË ` †j`š †p †oT †oW †oWV[ ` †pY` †o™ p †o¥p †t †uP Q †uQ š †|š 476 › †‰› †‹˜ Œ †Œš INDEX 3: READINGS †˜ †™ š †š › †›š †œ z †œzš ‡ †œ‡` ãû äû Ó Þ Ê † h ç g … ª ø b } ¾ ù Ó n n ƒ ú û ü ‚ õ ˜ þ ! ¤ 1939 2546 998 2794 843 796 2711 181 2306 1062 1061 1710 2277 410 485 365 365 2902 1196 211 1911 722 23 163 62 1449 2954 ‰_ ‰ æ O ‡ +  # $ % & 75 15 1978 1620 639 594 2022 593 ^ E ( ) * + , L y U L ‰JqL ¬ Ì š ‰Jš ¤ Z æ©ó / L ‰L E ‰N 2 ‰RS ” ` ‰Q` Û b ‰Qbš Û è L ‰QqL Ì R ‰Rš ( ‰S ñ Á U ñ 0 ˜ ‰T˜¡^J i › ‰T›š i U ‰U ñ ^ Á ü æ· 1 2 ‰V[ M ‰U˜ 3 ‰Vœ 4 ‰J æ© 2348 1774 179 220 2445 332 458 2970 919 2350 2738 80 2715 1720 2950 1774 290 1912 1003 1003 1917 80 1172 1207 2395 1503 329 2492 1358 1358 1207 2271 2395 2262 409 233 2084 2472 2816 W ‰Wš X ‰Xš ‰Z ‰ZYœ ‰Yo r ‰Yor ‰Y‘ ‰[ ‰[S ‰[Z r ‰[r š ‰[š J ‰_qJ _ ‰_š ¡ ‰_¡š ‰` ‰` ; 2 ( § b { ¼ V e µ = O − ( µ e ( { â Ä 5 e 5 Ü ñ µ ç § ° Ú 2 Ï P B H Ê † © 6 63 331 1172 1393 602 765 363 2920 2710 2290 969 75 2279 1097 2290 2710 2383 765 2892 25 2489 2710 2489 2296 607 731 2865 1209 2433 852 2169 450 562 1185 1275 1881 502 42 2814 INDEX 3: READINGS 477 } ‰q} › ‰sQ›š U ‰tU š ‰tš ^ ‰}^J ‰‡œ^ ‰‰ N ‰ŠNš ‰Œ š ‰‘š ‰a J ‰aJ ^ ‰a^J c ‰cš ‰f g ‰g V ‰fV U ‰ffU ‰g˜ ‰h ‰k k ‰k æÌ U ‰jfU L ‰joL`š ™ ‰k™ ‰k™Zo š ‰kš ¡ ‰k¡š ‰n ‰o ‰p L ‰oL L ‰pL ‰qY å Ø ú # Ï % Ö 9 : ˜ f J + s † š ‰ Ç m Å 7 ; = ? 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Î Q 248 769 782 1730 450 2454 2914 2127 696 2094 2932 216 2744 817 2556 890 92 785 1718 879 1165 644 217 218 2348 263 187 1102 2992 381 2992 1102 2663 2421 69 749 2663 614 1467 ‰• ‰•aŠ ‰•Š L ‰—L ‰™ ‰š J ‰šJ ‰› ‰œ ‰œLp ™ ‰¡™ š ‰¡š æû ¿ o À − ± å A Í q ,  ! Å Ê B Ô A i œ y × K Ò K : v d C ª û : n q §  E F G H 324 1972 650 979 2581 1862 2125 452 1440 2391 700 186 1646 2583 1880 2864 2525 924 2787 2532 2487 44 1811 44 582 2611 1489 2894 294 511 317 586 2886 2811 64 829 1169 830 2359 R © ¸ 2100 2969 2998 Š_ Š ç N ŠNš ŠP U ŠRU ŠQp ŠS ŠT ŠT¡ ŠY ŠYo ŠYou™ š ŠZ‘š Š[P Š[S × X L M X O I J K ¡ Ë Æ Ø J ç $ C Ý Ð ù “ ’ Ú — ù B ¨ ä › A e N 1572 1248 2042 2643 3 2986 219 216 2023 2241 548 889 57 2285 2560 594 2595 2559 435 1654 78 1263 2312 157 2305 2930 1439 342 1667 2012 671 1115 478 Š[[T J Š_QJ Œ Š_Œ Ša ŠaLŠ ˜ ŠaQ˜ Šb INDEX 3: READINGS Še f Šf` ` Šg` ˜ Šg˜ h Šhš › Šg›š Šh U ŠhzU Šhš Šk çÌ ŠkT V ŠkV h 1 ] v … þ À ü ™ š w • F − Í ‡ x Í G , ( ‡ , ? Š − # l ‚ X F X O P ! I Ä = ” 1518 1442 1721 130 2563 148 36 588 1839 2975 1819 2297 1169 2257 2336 2298 487 2336 830 1454 72 2298 1454 1661 277 1282 2412 1821 278 761 1169 3 775 776 2533 1778 895 378 81 X Þ z ‚ k Šq „ Šq^Z ö Šqo v Q ŠqŠ Ç Šq‘o è J ŠrUJ U Št N · ¸ … Šu R š Šuš × $ © S ŠŠ ¿ J ŠŒ—J I Š“ · çë· T Š“Y @ Ù s “ Š“z“Q h çï« U d g e ä f ä çò V çòé2Ðó V š Šš 3 k Šjk Œ ŠoŒš Šp™ 3 598 2863 2588 1371 449 1879 1800 2309 1613 142 2020 2978 1562 2977 2228 2354 1572 2609 1427 2607 818 2109 1033 1856 1846 312 2887 1907 123 2841 20 112 2385 1400 244 2948 2948 638 çû ? Ø œ W 2 1 W X 572 57 1093 1724 1453 855 1834 1835 ‹_ è Q ‹QL N ‹QNš ‹Q^ ‹T ‹TY U ‹U J ‹UJš ‹UX ‹Uœ ‹Y J ‹ZJ ä Y Z [ ] ^ _ `  T Á ª Ë _ t T M a ³ S N u Ÿ b ì Q µ 1760 1227 305 1775 2961 1225 1228 2831 377 183 1726 1702 1184 1533 2752 183 2145 2474 1507 1432 2707 2915 2874 395 2910 2373 1431 INDEX 3: READINGS 479 ` n È Ç o p q s t ‹YL š ‹[‡š ‹^ ‹ ‹^w‹ œ ‹^œ ‹^œ ‹` ^ ‹aQ^J } ‹`} ‹`Œ ‹g ‹h ‹k k ‹jk ‰ ‹k‰_J ‹kŠ ^ ‹q^J ‹t ‹˜ R ‹˜Rš ‹˜[S ‹˜` ‹› › ‹›š ‹œ T ] g 8 â § = Ç % Ê º Þ c ÷ ò — @ ò  ò ò Ð ! ô Š [ ; ( ª † Ë s ¥ ˜ % s s % Ñ 183 2961 517 2800 834 2397 2408 1193 1900 1580 1351 1340 1471 1530 300 2783 948 1514 6 1514 1514 1993 138 1491 455 505 1100 2460 208 2556 2180 1163 2856 1375 1900 1163 1163 1900 754 126 365 1830 2377 1972 2512 1367 1892 2752 Œ_ Œ ` ŒH¡` ŒJ é© ŒQW ‹ ŒV‹ ŒU˜ š ŒVš Œ^ ` Œ` Œ` ^ Œa˜^J e Q ‡ œ § ë l d e f g h i j k C Å ¿ ² ˆ | … ™ q “ Q ø : š ª ³ ‚ m § £ 1905 1467 15 98 563 1889 2201 2841 112 1400 20 1450 924 275 1942 2843 2842 2709 2622 612 486 285 2933 2886 1871 318 1046 2781 1473 86 2678 887 2551 563 1723 éÌ š Œoš ŒwN éû ‘_ ‘ ê ê« W ‘LW W ‘LWš ` ‘L` n ‘Lnš ‘N N ‘Nš ‘Q[ á W y v w ª * x y z { | } ‚ ƒ Ó „ Ü „ M } ¤ Ç ê Ç d 800 1926 2035 229 360 101 2552 487 2872 1913 1456 486 1373 1914 2384 485 2118 708 2118 1117 1085 2715 2377 510 2377 1684 480 ê· INDEX 3: READINGS š ‘Vš ^ ‘^Uv ‘`d N ‘gNš ‘h êÉ J ‘hJš k ‘k êÌ m ‘jm ‘ ‘jo‘ ˜ ‘jx˜ } ‘mHd} ‘o ‘oJ l ‘olU Œ ‘oŒš … † ‡ ™ ñ ò õ ø á ” m Š ‰ ä Ú ³ ] P è ‹ é O ´ _ â K û ã ¥ Ö _ _ ¼ Ò A 7 Œ é 195 240 15 2293 329 1514 844 223 800 2775 1718 2802 1049 1181 1182 660 1050 1028 821 2087 46 2567 2558 1767 59 1532 211 134 473 1137 1767 1767 934 32 1365 1165 1081 1256 ‘uJŠ ‘Š ‘‘ “ ‘“` ` ‘—P` ‘˜J L ‘˜L ˜ ‘˜` ‘™ š ‘š › ‘›š ù ‘ % Y ß ê æ ’ ’ º I 8 ö ! ¿ µ º º ¿ ™ T Å ™ “ ” • – k l — 1050 1732 2651 2454 236 38 510 987 2737 2737 1068 197 2500 2529 186 2849 1457 1068 1068 2849 1261 697 2462 1261 1617 2775 1727 1616 1725 1626 1027 ì “Jo “Jw “Qf ^ “Q‰^J “Q˜ U “U ‘œ J ‘œJ ‘œ‘œ êû ì· ‘¥Œ “_ “ š ‘pš ‘u % é ú 1058 2704 2636 “V˜ W “Wš ^ “[^J ¡ ¢ è k ú œ B ï ˜ ™ š › œ Ÿ Ô ¿ ` I J Å 8 Ÿ Ð ó 4 q e ’ É £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ Ê ª Ï ^ 2241 1220 2731 8 788 2680 541 2979 2094 2137 1037 2334 2680 1596 2524 2538 84 1478 2980 2163 1637 1222 2202 2544 2195 2545 2537 2535 1689 1415 884 1362 1736 1073 1285 1881 2508 1200 1051 INDEX 3: READINGS 481 “‰ “‰J “‰o “Š ‹ “‹ “^ “^S L “^qL “^œ “` J “`J “`^ ‹ “`‹ ˜ “`˜Q a “`¥aš b “bš “k “jY k “jk “p L “oL š “pš “qT “r “} š “}š › “}›š ¸ Ô ä ï ç Õ º © H ^ Ê d ( â © 5 Õ © ³ / © n G G k f / Ö ¤ à f ª ß š « & 2 & s 993 2524 1841 1479 1092 2283 2960 2621 190 1051 1570 1159 2735 834 2621 2888 2283 2621 965 2442 2621 2577 702 702 8 995 1083 2128 1004 316 995 1421 2473 456 2403 806 331 806 1041 Œ “Œš “™ š “š ˜ “¡˜QJ ˜ “¡˜V [ í Õ È M C Œ Õ í  C i ¬ Ü ] É É 768 1682 1686 2106 2777 2843 370 1686 1682 1497 2937 2516 2767 1773 1226 470 897 •_ • î î© •L î« _ − ° ± ² ³ ´ · Æ Ê Z k µ º Ï h © à 546 628 2433 1107 2037 352 289 2126 1105 1047 2276 1772 556 1351 109 2003 1427 2493 •N •Q ‹ •R‹ •S U •U ‹ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ä Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î û : “ X à û » Ë à î ‘ ¿ î ð ¦ ï 2087 2126 993 1407 704 2210 1380 958 616 2263 79 2486 2284 1438 1105 2599 793 916 1047 2180 1847 743 1044 333 696 78 3002 2493 333 592 2862 1143 1214 873 1132 1214 880 881 441 482 L r Ü Á Ü & 7 « u $ Ì È W … ¸ ù Z Ü 7 Ñ » ¢ Ù ä H Ü ´ 3 d Ÿ : – ? ˜ e } » Ü Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ™ INDEX 3: READINGS 2970 1886 1967 2486 1967 1528 1930 2422 2311 2609 1443 793 913 659 1231 1878 305 1967 1952 569 2210 2434 790 1744 2242 1967 —J 189 1035 1468 320 970 641 2852 2719 2710 1435 1605 2237 2128 1378 2078 790 1182 664 1967 1387 576 2473 933 549 791 2547 1181 1325 547 2880 228 2362 1604 1968 1409 2418 1300 1479 2534 •X [ •[}š •a ` •`š š •aš Q •fQ L —L ð« t •gtš •z •Š •Œ ˜ •˜V J •šJ ` •š` U —L“U U —U ð· ‹ •š‹ › •›š —Y —Y^‰ ` —Z` › —Z›š —^ —_ — ð › v š Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ 28 4 1037 1593 1657 1246 1939 2860 1595 —^Š ó _ ¬ Y ¹ À  H  ú ¸ Ü ¬ 4 ° ô ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ( ô e î ô ë ë 5 Q { ã Æ 6 ? Ÿ 5 2553 2572 2208 1418 1407 2566 2284 2685 2790 2907 2193 2237 2830 1135 104 2004 2984 1700 792 2079 789 575 1798 2460 1751 1645 1906 2194 1245 1245 2411 1161 765 1755 1105 2364 2852 320 2888 INDEX 3: READINGS 483 5 g ? ) Š ©  ú “ v b —bš P —dPL —k —p ‹ —p‹ } —} š —ŠRNš ‹ —‹ —Œ —‘T —™ š —š —œJ } —œY} ” Ä ó Ü î ± Ò Æ Ä ? ˜ b Y z Ú v ÷ + ÷ ó ò M 6 Æ œ A È é ƒ b é š S Í Y œ Ì ] ‰ 198 25 2008 2603 1214 2897 1716 1105 2602 2852 2719 192 2211 398 923 4 2330 2300 2330 1485 1042 2380 2940 345 348 542 2375 2266 583 192 2266 1037 971 669 2211 2076 619 1445 2001 2888 868 2852 570 1783 2969 64 1236 1403 4 ™_ ò ^ —œ^J —œa J —¡J —¥ ˜_ ñ ñ© ñ· ñû ø ù ú œ û þ ! ˆ Ä Á # $ % & q ( ) * + , / 0 1 1342 2691 1124 1666 1884 1665 425 1087 2935 1735 2302 1350 299 1433 2545 72 1422 777 1628 1454 2371 2363 855 ò´ ò· òÉ òÌ òë· òí« ¡ G û / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; = ? | m j @ A k A B C F E ” Å ª G H I J K 2951 176 2338 2950 906 693 1057 2511 907 265 2048 1687 399 2973 173 1492 2349 178 858 1513 874 1609 874 1737 431 293 2247 213 939 1421 2143 764 2324 2557 1423 484 L M N O P w C Q R S T ¨ C Ô Ô U V W X Y Z [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i … † ‡ ‘ ! ’ | E a k j l m n o p q r s t u v Š Î / INDEX 3: READINGS 763 922 1561 536 2981 2555 431 2121 1996 1048 1991 24 2668 172 1517 97 2920 1707 1168 2136 1708 1178 2299 313 1940 1709 2582 2610 926 1468 2710 2419 177 1518 1405 2228 2278 2568 1791 2225 2535 1401 2247 2474 1371 858 1821 178 196 2310 2052 2554 854 1822 1311 2054 2053 1406 2138 2656 òï· òû òï òï« ô´ š_ ó ôÌ 2221 2555 764 2557 1734 1082 1364 931 2294 ó© Ý w H J x y z { « ôû ›_ ô© C Œ | } ‚ ƒ „ … † ‡ ˆ ‰ Š ‹ Œ ‘ ’ “ J Ä y ” • – — ˜ ™ à š › œ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § 2595 1081 1401 2112 972 1404 866 2228 2278 2568 1087 2382 1406 2036 1402 1791 2002 1403 2285 2935 1082 213 376 812 862 814 813 1599 1601 1748 2051 2542 2630 1343 2676 2360 287 2030 ¦ 2697 INDEX 3: READINGS 485 Ä Å Æ @ k Ç E § _ Œ ™ Õ ¡] Œ % Z © ¡]PT } o ¡]o Ç J ¡]¡J L ó ¡^ Ð Q ¡aQ / Q ¡aQr î L ¡a˜L ú ˜ ¡ ¡a˜¡^J ˜ ¡ ¡a˜¡` ˜ › ¡`›š Ù ¡f p q ¡fU^ • ¡f^ • ` ¡f` 9 ¡gh } ¡f™ Ñ š ¡fš 9 Ñ Ò o ¡ ‹ Í ¡r Ó ¡z Ô ^ ¡z^J Ô ¡W W ¡Wš 2602 2463 1144 1513 1371 1820 2091 1073 781 1229 783 478 712 1792 2122 421 2112 2005 1291 167 2834 2116 681 604 163 163 163 596 2512 1367 902 902 1195 288 2985 1195 2985 32 2484 2241 1870 372 2824 2721 2721 œ_ õ õ« õ· 6 5 M ¨ ª « ¬ − ° Y á ± Q c ° ± ³ ´ µ · ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Ý ™ º Ä Â Ã 2364 2833 2370 24 2508 1080 2738 1282 1283 2328 2810 2866 2121 926 1283 860 1852 2558 1469 930 1470 1068 2213 2339 2638 1251 2983 2688 1851 537 2258 2304 1999 6 2839 õû ¡_ ¡ ÷ ÷© ¡R J ¡QJ Q ¡Q` k ¡Qk Q ¡Qš › ¡Q›š ¡S N ¡S‰Nš ¡U ÷· 7 s a 0 g ! % È É Ê £ i Ë Ì Í a ø M Z – _ ƒ ¼ Í – Z Â Ï Î 17 1822 640 836 1323 2501 2913 2106 897 344 2693 2427 2862 80 2336 640 223 896 1237 742 781 90 2714 870 742 1237 2284 200 614 486 ¡zš U ¡ŒU ¡˜ L ¡˜L ¡˜z ¡˜„ INDEX 3: READINGS Ô ò Õ { Ù Ö ‡ 2721 1042 2400 892 938 2405 436 ² Ë 6 Ë 1 à J ¡šR^YJ Á ¡˜¡ ¡™ ¡™| š ¡š ¡š 2622 1553 1001 1553 1810 1490 2337 ¡› ÷û a 7 ¡ × Ø Ù Ú 640 17 2027 2487 1749 2591 1418 INDEX 4 PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS Index Four includes all the primitive elements of volumes I and III, escept for elements originally introduced as kanji in their own right. References are to the volume and page number where the element was ³rst introduced. 1_ ! # $ % & ´ I.26 I.26 I.42 I.264 I.402 I.43 2_ ( ) * + , / 0 1 2 3 I.31 I.33 I.34 I.34 I.34 I.34 I.35 I.44 I.44 I.46 4 5 6 ‚ F 7 ƒ ™ E 9 : ; = ? @ A B C D E “ „ Š I.54 I.77 I.102 I.120 I.121 I.152 I.154 I.162 I.212 I.220 I.253 I.287 I.298 I.300 I.301 I.339 I.343 I.364 I.373 I.379 I.327 I.324 I.400 Z I.205 I.209 3_ G d I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y I.43 I.54 I.61 I.61 I.61 I.79 I.90 I.97 I.98 I.103 I.114 I.117 I.134 I.145 I.149 I.179 I.194 I.196 I.197 [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i H I.210 I.221 I.241 I.268 I.283 I.309 I.321 I.328 I.343 I.353 I.367 I.377 I.398 I.411 I.414 4_ k l I.52 I.71 488 INDEX 4: PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS m o p q r s t v w x y z { | } 2 Ò $ % ˆ â R ¦ É 4 W « ô _ Ñ í È p I.82 I.122 I.128 I.135 I.135 I.147 I.152 I.173 I.197 I.209 I.214 I.218 I.223 I.231 I.262 I.268 I.273 I.284 I.284 I.286 I.290 I.303 I.314 I.329 I.340 I.347 I.351 I.351 I.365 I.380 I.383 I.412 III.20 u III.22 5_ ” ã Î ) Ü • ; æ − á ’ û * Û I Ë Â ¼ è ò < ¡ Æ ß ˜ S Z õ I.19 I.306 I.328 I.122 I.127 I.137 I.143 I.146 I.147 I.151 I.151 I.183 I.185 I.216 I.228 I.244 I.248 I.282 I.292 I.299 I.299 I.375 I.327 I.334 I.337 I.343 I.345 I.352 D 8 œ Ä / ¨ & : I.355 I.369 I.372 I.386 I.395 I.397 I.412 I.413 0 1 à ª n Í I.382 I.387 I.419 I.424 I.429 I.432 7_ 9 ² @ ö 6 , N Y A U ³ O ¢ I.171 I.184 I.188 I.218 I.233 I.291 I.307 I.398 I.410 I.413 I.421 I.426 III.18 6_ G Å Ÿ B – 7 # § Ì ¼ ¤ ‹ — I.124 I.128 I.128 I.136 I.138 I.139 I.147 I.186 I.219 I.241 I.250 I.264 I.267 I.286 I.294 I.304 I.305 I.334 I.336 I.352 I.359 8_ Ê 5 ! © é · š I.32 I.62 I.153 I.160 I.166 I.188 I.229 F b ¿ ? ß Õ C ü INDEX 4: PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS 489 I.266 µ Ø I.285 I.293 I.336 I.370 I.385 I.389 Ç Ý Q o III.20 ñ ( … å L H £ ù { I.163 I.186 I.308 I.332 I.341 I.417 I.418 I.420 III.22 à Ù ¾ ä ° Ï W I.191 I.354 I.354 I.365 I.394 III.16 III.21 T I.234 12 _ Á Ð I.155 I.168 I.376 11 _ = ¸ Þ I.157 I.168 I.191 9_ ï ÷ I.48 I.117 10 _ ê I.92 13 _ ë + I.341 I.346 490 NUMBER OF FRAME NUMBER STROKES KEYWORD KANJI [C’TD. FROM VOL. I] PART TWO FRAME NR. R-2523 2796. neck and throat spool … head. [14] § The key word here is meant to specify the anatomical neck, to distinguish it from the broader uses of the character / (I.70). PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS EXPLANATORY NOTE CROSS-REFERENCE TO VOLUME AND FRAME NUMBER LAYOUT OF FRAMES FOR PART ONE [BOLD TYPE REFERS TO KEYWORD, ITALICS TO PRIMITIVE ELEMENTS] KANJI FROM VOL. II THAT HAVE THE PRIMARY 3œ OF THE SIGNAL PRIMITIVE 3œ SECONDARY SIGNAL PRIMITIVE AND ITS PRIMARY 3œ AND KANJI FROM VOL. II [NUMBER OF VOL. II FRAME BELOW] 3œ PART ONE FRAME NR. GIVEN IN KATAKANA] ë à· | R-851 R-852 R-853 LAYOUT OF FRAMES FOR PART TWO } à´ ¿ [ALL ON-YOMI ARE KANJI { {Ø à´¹û R- 2117 prejudice be biased against rœ AND MEANING [ALL KUN-YOMI ARE GIVEN IN HIRAGANA] 2624 SAMPLE {‹ R yQ‹ FRAME NUMBER lB AND MEANING [CT’D. FROM VOL. II] x R-# UNDER SIGNAL PRIMITIVE INDICATES FRAME IN VOL. II y ➔UNDER SIGNAL PRIMITIVE INDICATES SIGNAL PRIMITIVE INCLUDED AS KANJI IN VOL. III 491 ➂ ➚ UNDER SIGNAL PRIMITIVE INDICATES PRIMARY READING TO THE RIGHT ...
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