Final_review_Tx_Hist - Zachary Taylor- President James Polk...

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Zachary Taylor- President James Polk ordered General Taylor to move to a position on or near the Rio Grande and stand ready to defend Texas and U.S. interests there. The republic although still technically an independent nation, agreed to bring in soldiers form the US because of fear that Mexico would attack before annexation could be completed. Taylor prudently set up a camp for his nearly 4000 soldiers on the south side of the Nueces River near Corpus Christi and remained there, just inside the disputed territory, for the rest of 1845. PG 187-188 GONE TO TEXAS Battles of Palo Alto Resaca de Palma- On the afternoon of May 8 th , a Mexican army of nearly 3,500 troops commanded by General Mariano Arista attacked Taylor’s 2,200 men at Palo Alto north of Brownville. U.S army troops fought there early battles, and the only Texans to participate in the beginning the war were small units of scouts led by Samuel Walker and captain in the Texas Rangers who fought the Comanche’s alongside Jack Hays. Treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo- Mexican officials and Nicholas Trist, President Polk’s representative, began discussing for a peace treaty that August. On Feb 2, 1848 the treaty was signed in Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of the capital where the Mexican government had fled as U.S troops advanced. Its provisions called for Mexico to cede 55% of its territory (present day Arizona, California, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Nevada and Utah. In exchange of 15 million dollars in compensation for the war-related damage to Mexican property. Kelly Lecture October 31 st Richard King- ran business enterprises, built small towns, acquired huge estates and gradually transformed south Texas into a land of profit-oriented ranching and commerce. Born in New York city came here with the US army to fight Mexico. He was a stream boat driver. King began to buy real estate, most important 53,000 acres in Santa Gertudis In 1854. Juan Cortina-Family owned huge land grant near Brownsville following the Mexican war, in which he fought against the Americans. Hated Anglos. Shot a Lawman in Brownsville in 1859, when he witnessed a lawman use unnecessary force on a ranch hand. Took the ranch hand, and crossed the river into Mexico. Two months later he returned with forty to eighty men rode through the streets screaming “death to the gringos” killed at least three men and took over the town. Mexican authorities persuaded him to give up Brownsville. Where he retreated to his mother’s ranch west of Santa Rita. Cortina’s “army” increased to 400 Tejano volunteers. US army finally shut down Cortina and his army December 27, 1859. Civil war gave Cortina another chance to attack the Anglos in South Texas. Frontier Forts- Forts began in 1848 to secure the lower Rio Grande border with Mexico;
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2009 for the course HIS 2053 taught by Professor Kelly during the Spring '08 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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Final_review_Tx_Hist - Zachary Taylor- President James Polk...

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