Zachary Taylor- President James Polk ordered General Taylor to move to a position on or
near the Rio Grande and stand ready to defend Texas and U.S. interests there. The
republic although still technically an independent nation, agreed to bring in soldiers form
the US because of fear that Mexico would attack before annexation could be completed.
Taylor prudently set up a camp for his nearly 4000 soldiers on the south side of the
Nueces River near Corpus Christi and remained there, just inside the disputed territory,
for the rest of 1845.
PG 187-188 GONE TO TEXAS
Battles of Palo Alto Resaca de Palma- On the afternoon of May 8
, a Mexican army of
nearly 3,500 troops commanded by General Mariano Arista attacked Taylor’s 2,200 men
at Palo Alto north of Brownville. U.S army troops fought there early battles, and the only
Texans to participate in the beginning the war were small units of scouts led by Samuel
Walker and captain in the Texas Rangers who fought the Comanche’s alongside Jack
Treat of Guadalupe Hidalgo- Mexican officials and Nicholas Trist, President Polk’s
representative, began discussing for a peace treaty that August. On Feb 2, 1848 the treaty
was signed in Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of the capital where the Mexican
government had fled as U.S troops advanced. Its provisions called for Mexico to cede
55% of its territory (present day Arizona, California, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado,
Nevada and Utah. In exchange of 15 million dollars in compensation for the war-related
damage to Mexican property.
Kelly Lecture October 31
Richard King- ran business enterprises, built small towns, acquired huge estates and
gradually transformed south Texas into a land of profit-oriented ranching and commerce.
Born in New York city came here with the US army to fight Mexico. He was a stream
boat driver. King began to buy real estate, most important 53,000 acres in Santa Gertudis
Juan Cortina-Family owned huge land grant near Brownsville following the Mexican
war, in which he fought against the Americans. Hated Anglos.
Shot a Lawman in
Brownsville in 1859, when he witnessed a lawman use unnecessary force on a ranch
hand. Took the ranch hand, and crossed the river into Mexico.
Two months later he
returned with forty to eighty men rode through the streets screaming “death to the
gringos” killed at least three men and took over the town. Mexican authorities persuaded
him to give up Brownsville. Where he retreated to his mother’s ranch west of Santa Rita.
Cortina’s “army” increased to 400 Tejano volunteers.
US army finally shut down Cortina
and his army December 27, 1859. Civil war gave Cortina another chance to attack the
Anglos in South Texas.
Frontier Forts- Forts began in 1848 to secure the lower Rio Grande border with Mexico;