CMS 344K Lying and Deceptions 9-2 to 9-25-1

CMS 344K Lying and Deceptions 9-2 to 9-25-1 - CMS 344K...

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CMS 344K Lying and Deceptions Tuesday 9-2-08 I. Nature of Lies a. Who lies? i. We all do. ii. People with a social deficit to build themselves up b. How often do people lie? i. A few times a day. ii. People in close relationships tend to lie to their partners a lot less than people in less close relationships (because of how we define relationships -- trust) c. What do people lie about? i. Almost anything. ii. Sometimes people are asked questions that they are tempted to lie about 1. Ex: “How many times have you had sex?” iii. People like to benefit themselves and make themselves look good (put on a good impression) iv. Sometimes people lie to exploit people (scam them) v. People lie to avoid conflict d. How do we lie? i. Types of lies: 1. Lies of commission: a. Euphemisms i. Trying to make something look better than it is 1. “I misspoke” 2. “I left you with a false impression” b. Bullshit i. The deceiver doesn’t care about the facts c. Spin i. Designed to make people think the facts show one thing, when infact, they show something else. 1. Ex: If you have a program which allows cutting down trees in protective forests, you might call it a “healthy forest program” 2. Lies of Omission: a. “Letting it happen” i. By not saying something b. Half truths i. Partial lie ii. Ex: Selling a car
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1. The commercials about getting a car fax report a. Saying the car has a new paint job, even though the paint job is really because it has been in a hurricane c. Equivocation i. You do not want to tell the truth, but do not want to lie. ii. Ex: A guy who was hung over and took a test recently and then get’s his grade back. He get’s a bad grade and says “I heard she was a hard grader” d. Contexomy i. You take something out and put it somewhere, where it is not in its usual context 1. Taking words out that are significantly important or that might make you think differently about the subject matter ii. Ex: Movie reviews 1. Taking part of a review and putting it where other’s see it 3. Collaborative lies: a. Can occur when you agree with someone else to lie to a third person b. Can also occur when you say “You look really good in this green shirt” when she knows that you hate the color green and says “thank you” anyways. e. How lying, deception, and truth telling came to live together and why they stayed i. The nature of an evolving social system 1. Teams need trust and because of this, you develop a social trust. At this point, we have created an environment where trust is inevitable, but one person out of the group sees that and starts to deceive. 2. People who know when/where/how to tell lies were survivors and are today considered effective communicators 3. Truth Bias: Most of the time, most of the people tell the truth a. This is the system that tends to work for us: i. Keeps us alert b. There are people who use the truth biased system to deceive people
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ii. The desire to communicate effectively f. Issues of definitions: i. The nature of definitions:
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CMS 344K Lying and Deceptions 9-2 to 9-25-1 - CMS 344K...

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