Cms344k Exam3Lectures - Public Lies The political arena is...

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Public Lies 18:24 “ The political arena is second only to warfare as a domain where lies are expected, do in fact  occur and to a substantial extent are tolerated” CHARATERISTICS OF PUBLIC LIES     Production o Multiple audiences are involved Have to try to make it adaptable to everyone who you are lying to. More abstract-  ambiguous. o Multiple Methods of Information Control  Pres. Bush with Iraq soldiers- given a script, know what kind of questions to ask and  how to answer, but to the public is portrayed as a spontaneous interaction.  o Responsibility for Lies often Diffused For instance- If I said to nick, you know that Lisa that sits in the second row of the  class- she bothers me. I don’t know how well she’s doing on the tests- but she is  probably doing better than she should be. Nick goes in and adjust test grades. Dr.  Knapp didn’t tell Nick specifically to do so- but he is responsible and has the ability to  deny responsibility.  Plausible deniability     - given a certain degree of ambiguity with regard to your  responsibility for what is said or done.  Detection o Detection responsibility may be assumed by multiple audiences  Any one of them or all of them might decide- I don’t like this, I want to figure out  what’s going on.  A whole bunch of detectives who are tyring to figure out the truth.  MANY EXAMPLES OF PUBLIC LIES     Engineers and executives involved in the space shuttle challenger disaster.  o Engineers said with the cold weather the o-rings would break and casue problems The CIA to Jennifer Harbury 
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o Asked if they knew anything about her husbands death- the CIA told her, we have no  new information.  o She started her own campaign and figured it out- that his death had been covered up bc  he was killed by an informate to the CIA Oliver North to Congress about Iran-Contra Patriot Missle Accuracy in first gulf war to the world o Now people say that the missles are 20% accurate- but they said they were 100%  accurate. If you shoot enough of these at the incoming missle you will hit it- but if you hit  just one you have a 20% chance of hitting it.  Politician/Leaders PRESIDENTIAL LIES     Some History (enough to suggest this is nothing new) o Pres. Kennedy said no Americans were involved in pig war- but infact the CIA, flown by  Americans  took planes over and dropped missles.  o Pres. Johnson said Am warchip was attacted by N. Vietanmease ambiguous if that ever  took place. Used as a provocation to increase war in N. Vietnam.  o Sept 2003- Pres. Said 6mth and Iraq will have nuclear weapons- but they found that no 
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