Exam 3-study guide-3

Exam 3-study guide-3 - 344K Lying & DeceptionFall 2008 Exam...

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Exam 3 Review Sheet Read and study Chapters 11-13 + videos and PowerPoints Public Lies (Ch. 11, 11/4 lecture + #65 PowerPoint 1. Know about the nature of public lies compared to private ones PUBLIC LIES a. Production (target audience, information control, message distribution and responsibility, detection responsibility) i. Multiple audiences are involved 1. You have to try and make it adaptable to everyone you are lying to. You need to be more abstract-ambiguous 2. Invoke abstract national/cultural ideas that appeal to every audience. 3. Lobbyists – hired to persuade politicians on own interests. 4. If too much or too little deception in politics, social order will break down. ii. Multiple methods of information control 1. Example: President Bush with Iraq soldiers was given a script. He knew what kind of questions to ask and how to answer, but to the public, it is portrayed as a spontaneous interaction 2. BUSH – 1) Iraq had WMDs and planned to use against U.S. 2) Iraq working w/ terrorist org Al Qaeda. Evidence lacking, key info not said. 3. Leader realize that their ability to create and access info is a crucial factor in maintaining power (deceiver classifies it “national security reasons” to hide pertinent info). 4. Public lies shaped in elaborate ways, using variety of resources at command of the leader – NIXON. Goal is to influence when issue discussed and how public should think about it. 5. Access/control of info allows presidents to falsely report or interpret events so that they fit a predetermined policy – Johnson bombing Vietnam. Gov controls almost all important channels of info and distorts. 6. Leaders may have legitimate reasons for not revealing info, but saying sources are classified or sensitive is strategy when don’t want scrutinized. iii. Responsibility for lies often diffusednj 1. Example: If Dr. Knapp said: Nick, you know that Lisa who sits in the second row in class, well, she bothers me. I don’t know how well she is doing on the tests, but she is probably doing better than she should be. Nick then goes in and adjusts her test grades. Dr. Knapp did not tell Nick specifically to change the grade, but he is responsible and has the ability to deny responsibility. 2. Plausible deniability: a. Given a certain degree of ambiguity with regard to your responsibility for what is said or done. b. Detection i. Detection responsibility may be assumed by multiple audiences 1. Any one of them or all of them may decide “I do not like this, I want to figure out what is going on.”
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2. They are a whole bunch of detectives who are trying to figure out the truth. ii. Question of whether the leader initiated the deceptive message can be hidden in a complex network of people and orgs who distribute message. iii.
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2009 for the course CMS 344K taught by Professor Knapp during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

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Exam 3-study guide-3 - 344K Lying & DeceptionFall 2008 Exam...

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