Ch 7 Stratification

Ch 7 Stratification - Chapter 7: Social Stratification...

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1 Chapter 7: Social Stratification Social stratification – a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Persistent Universal but variable Economic goods Honor (status) Power Involves material differences and beliefs Ideology—cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, particularly patterns of inequality
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2 Caste and Class Systems A caste system – social stratification based on ascription or birth. Status-based Little social mobility Stable and preindustrial societies Ideology: there are natural differences that make some people better than others Feudal system is a subtype of caste system. A class system – social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement. Economics-based More social mobility Industrial and post-industrial societies Ideology: your position is based on your own achievements. All systems are a mixture of caste and class.
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3 Caste in India Main caste groups Brahman priestly caste Kshatriya warriors, rulers Vaishya merchants Shudra servants and laborers Dalits untouchables Rules govern the relationships within and between groups. Caste position cannot be changed. ( ascribed ) Ideology: Reincarnation Positions are based on one’s transgressions and achievements in previous lives.
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4 Class in the U.S. Distinctions are based mainly on economic resources. Political participation is open to all. Class position can be changed. ( achieved ) Ideology: Meritocracy positions are based on personal merit and everyone has an equal chance.
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5 The Functions of Social Stratification Social stratification is essential for society. (Durkheim)
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2009 for the course LIN 173 taught by Professor Yushikoshi during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Ch 7 Stratification - Chapter 7: Social Stratification...

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