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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 18 Quiz Answers To finance silver mining projects on the Comstock, businessmen organized mining companies and sold stock to investors. Investors and speculators like George Hearst, Daniel Mackay, and Adolph Sutro made millions of dollars trading silver mining stock, while Comstock himself sold his claim for $11,000. Unions hired nurses to tend to injured miners and provided wages in times of illness. Mine operators along the Comstock were spared the costs of providing for injured workers by the actions of miner's unions. Territorial appointments were the result of the patronage and the spoils system. Individuals who had demonstrated loyalty to the president's political party were often rewarded with political posts. The vast distance between the Capitol and the westernmost territories meant that neither the president nor officials at the Department of the Interior keep a very close watch over governmental concerns in the West. Farmers who settled on land under the terms of the Homestead Act of 1862 received the land itself for free. However, they still had to have money to construct shelter, purchase a team of farm animals, dig a well, build fencing, and obtain seed, which could cost a significant amount of money. For women, the daily necessities of life, like obtaining water and fuel, involved incredibly hard work. Water was scarce, and women had to collect it from creeks or springs that could be as much as half a mile away from their houses. The most common source of fuel was dried cattle and buffalo dung, which had to be gathered from the plains and grasslands. The majority of California's land was owned by a tiny fraction of the population: In the 1870s, fewer than 1 percent of Californians owned over half of the state's agricultural land. With little land available for purchase and the rigid economies of large-scale commercial farming, many Californians became migratory agricultural laborers who worked in the fields during the growing season and wintered in cities like San Francisco....
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- Spring '08
- The Significance of the Frontier in American History