History Test 1 Review

History Test 1 Review - History Review Test#1 Ch 1 7...

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History Review – Test #1 – Ch. 1 – 7 - Lecture 1 – Motives for Exploration Beginnings of North American Continent + Land bridge – migration from Asia + Egyptians – sailed here first + St. Brendan – 600 A.D. + Vikings – island hopped - for new land Leif Eriksson – main leader in search + New Continent Unknown after first discoveries Lack of Documentation - no permanent settlement + Columbus landed – San Salvador – 1492 Native Americans – called Indians Credit for discovering New World Colon’s Secret – Atlantic trade winds + Printing Press – Gutenberg – movable type European Motivation + Economics Mercantilism - Search for gold & resources = power Trade = $ = Power Captured market – colonies source of income Joint Stock Companies – investors share risk + Religion Catholicism – spread word of God Crusades – soldiers acquired taste for Asian food Protestant Reformation – split from European church + Adventure – Age of Renaissance Quest for Knowledge – Marco Polo spread hunger for exploration Quest for all water route to Asia Cheaper - carry more goods - less dangers + Political Change – fractured European power - Dynastic states rise France – 1453 – unification to push out England England – 1485 – War of the Roses England take 100 year exploration break Spain – 1469 – Moors Portugal – 1385 – + Technology Compass – Astrolathe – Caravel – Printing Press Chinese – Chang Ho disliked Europe – halted exploration - Portugal – exploration pioneers – great LOCATION – sail around Africa + War – allowed technological advancement + Prince Henry the Navigator – sailing school Established ports on west Africa + Bartholomew Diaz – discovered southern tip of Africa Spain – also great LOCATION + Centralized Government + War – spawned technology + Alternate Route than Portugal – to the West
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+ Conquest – South America Hernon Cortez – military leader – sought gold Aztecs believed Cortez was a god (Quetzalcoatl) Cortez returned and conquered Aztecs – took wealth Francisco Pizzaro – conquers Incas + Conquest – North America Hernando De Soto – landed in Florida Explored Mississippi R. valley Francisco Coronado – search for 7 cities of Sabula Pueblo Indians – mislead Coronado to Kansas No discovery of cities or gold + Spanish Empire most powerful in World History + Conquest Consequences – Biological Exchange Native American Death – disease, warfare, slavery Price Revolution – inflation in Europe – stress on low class
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History Test 1 Review - History Review Test#1 Ch 1 7...

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