gov test review 1

gov test review 1 - Government Test#1 Review I Roots of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
5/23/05 Government Test #1 Review I. Roots of American Government A. From Aristotle to the Enlightenment Natural Law Thomas Aquinas Reformation – movement to reform doctrine & institutions of Roman Catholicism Protestants – believe direct communication to God. Altered how people viewed Gov Seperatists – split from Catholic Church, set up self-government in social compacts Enlightenment Isaac Newton Encouraged people to see alternatives to monarchy B. A Growing Idea: Popular Consent Social Contract Theory a. Hobbes and Locke Thomas Hobbes – Leviathan; monarchy necessary to restrain men; give up rights to government; Argued for strong single ruler to protect weak from strong John Locke – preserve private property; denied rights of kings; men born equal; consent of people only basis for sovereigns right to rule; governments role – preserve life, liberty, property, assure justice; president limited by law C. Setting Up U.S. Government Monarchy power held by heredity of Kings & Queens. Hobbes – called for single ruler – called for less centralized power Oligarchy – rule by the few or elite; based on wealth, property, social, military, or achievement status Perversion of aristocracy – rule of the highest Democracy – government that gives power to the people B. Theory of Democratic Government Direct Democracy – Colonists quick to create participatory forms of government Indirect Democracy – citizens vote representatives to work on their behalf
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POLY 206 taught by Professor Bailey during the Summer '06 term at Lone Star College.

Page1 / 3

gov test review 1 - Government Test#1 Review I Roots of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online