History 105 Test 2 Review

History 105 Test 2 Review - History Review Test #1 Ch. 7 9...

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History Review – Test #1 – Ch. 7 – 9 - Lecture 13 – American Government Articles of Confederation + Power to States – Fear of monarchy + Executive - Lack Real Leader – Robert Morris + Legislature – can’t bind states – prevents action Tariffs – taxed foreign goods – helped North – hurt South New Colonialism – Europe try to control US economically + Judiciary – no Supreme Court – state courts – no protection overseas Articles Strengths mostly land + Ohio River Valley – most wanted area for settlement – many Indians Land Ordinance 1785 – create townships – plots for education Northwest Ordinance 1787 – state borders – est. government before statehood Elect assemblies – appoint governor – est. rules – Bill of Rights Population – must have amount of smallest state – RI – 60,000 Articles Weaknesses + Loan-Debt Pyramid – top: foreign banks – middle: merchants – bottom: farmers + Shay’s Rebellion – Feb. 1787 – Daniel Shay - protest of short money supply + British still in Northwest Spanish declare US land – Barbary Pirates attack US ships - Virginia-Maryland Talks discuss navigational rights of Potomac – call another meeting Annapolis Convention decide articles are too weak – call another convention Constitutional Convention (1786) secret meeting to organize new government + Virginia Plan – Madison – bi-cameral leg. Determined by pop. – 3 branches + New Jersey Plan – William Patterson – one house with equal rep. – more federal power + Great Compromise – combine both plans - 3 branches Bi-cameral Houses – Representatives – population - Senate – by equal rep. Executive elected by electoral college – determined by # in both houses Ratifying the Constitution – required 9 out of 13 states approval + Federalists – supported constitution – Hamilton, Madison, Jay – Federalist Papers Strong Central Government – ruled by privileged, aggressive expansion + Anti-Federalists – opposed constitution – Adams, Henry, Mason, Clinton Limited Central Government – help poor, limited expansion, state power + Ratified in 1788 when the 9 th state – New Hampshire ratified + Why Ratified? – Bill of Rights promised – Federalist force – Federalist Papers New Government George Washington chosen leader – embodied American Spirit - Lecture 15 – George Washington’s Background Virginia roots – modest planter – strong sense of destiny – became lucky Love Life + Married Martha Custis – + Affair with Sally Fairfax – Revolutionary Commander freely gave up vast amount of power – embodied the Nation + Newburg Conspiracy – officers conspired to overthrow gov if states didn’t yield power
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History 105 Test 2 Review - History Review Test #1 Ch. 7 9...

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