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HDFS September 24

HDFS September 24 - HDFS Lecture Notes Emotional...

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HDFS Lecture Notes– September 24, 2008 Emotional Development in Infancy Brain Structures & Emotions - Cognitive and emotional functions of the mind cannot be separated - The portion of the brain that regulates emotions also influences the “higher thinking” activities of the brain Developmental Tasks: Thought, walking, speech, problem solving, emotion (not fully developed at birth) Development & Relationships - In infancy, both cognitive and emotional functions are developed through interpersonal relationships. o Interpersonal experiences directly influence how we mentally construct reality. - Emotion is the primary men’s by which attachment experiences shape the developing mind. Emotions Defined - Emotions are a complex set of interconnected feelings, thoughts, and behaviors - Emotions help and infant: o Assign meaning to a specific situation o Gain a general understanding of the world o Regulate feelings through coping strategies o Communicate with others - Emotions are a building block of trust Erikson & Trust - In Erikson’s first stage, an infant must resolve the psychosocial crisis between trust and mistrust (Pg 169) - During this stage, the child should develop a basic trust in him/herself and other people o Trust: a confidence that needs will be met and the sense that you are a valued person
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o Mistrust: a sense that one’s environment is not safe or predictable, which results in suspicion about one’s own worth Trust vs. Mistrust - Sources of mistrust in infancy: o Wariness – linked to the infant reflexes Startle response: reaction to loud noises Moro response: reaction to loss of support (falling) o Lack of Confidence in caregiver – because needs are not adequately met o Doubt in own lovableness – If infant is upset and does not please others, it sets up a cycle.
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