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Unformatted text preview: POLITICAL SCIENCE 1 STUDY GUIDE EXAM #2 Public opinion and how is it measured? Types of surveys/polls The term Public opinion refers to the range of opinions expressed by citizens on any subject and is a collective expression of attitude and positions shared by some portion of citizens. Public opinion is a good way to know what the population is thinking and is known by the results of Elections, lobbying of interest groups and other group activities. Public opinion is measured through surveys and /or polls. Polls have evolved through time from 1824s straw polls have proved to be inaccurate to the new and accurate scientific polling perfected by Roper and Gallup that uses mathematics. Political socialization: what is it? What factors shape it? Political socialization is the term used to describe how a person forms their opinions about government and have various factors influencing their opinions. The factors that influence people include: 1. The family From early childhood family is the most powerful interest. 2. Education Introduces individuals to outside world. Early in childhood children are taught about political 3. The Mass Media Determines what is news and what is important. More sources and can be objective. Gives public direct contact with political process. Tends to be a negative factor 4. Education (The School) Introduces individuals to the outside world. Early in childhood children are taught symbols of politics from discipline, patriotism, ,and respect for the law. ie. pledge of allegiance People that are educated are more likely to vote and the knowledge of government increases understanding of government....
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- Fall '08