HW#1 - formed; however, weak chemical forces or...

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Jin Bae 1. Carbohydrates are the biggest class within biological molecules. The molecule conveys information on its many functions which include structural components, energy transport, storage of energy, and development. These types of information are conveyed by the molecule through its structure. Basically, viewing the organic structure of a carbohydrate, which will either be an aldehyde or ketone with hydroxyl groups added, leads to the information necessary. 2. Structural complementarity refers to the property of molecules that share certain structural needs for certain types of molecules. The molecules that share this trait will perfectly align themselves to fit each other in order to carry out a certain function. The animation showed numerous structural complementarity, for example, the motor protein carrying the vesicle on the microtubule shows the property. 3. Covalent bonds are needed to hold the atoms together so that molecules are
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Unformatted text preview: formed; however, weak chemical forces or non-covalent bonds are the ones relevant to biochemical processes. Hydrogen bonds, van der Waals forces, ionic interactions, and hydrophobic interactions are all part of the non-covalent bond. These types of bonds are not strong enough to hold free atoms together, since the forces only range from 4 to 30 kJ/mol. Van der Waals forces results from a close interaction of tightly packed atoms or molecules with induced electrical interactions. Hydrogen bonds form between hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to electronegative atoms. It is very directional and specific in that it requires a complementary donor and acceptor. Ionic interactions refer to the attraction of oppositely charged polar functions, and can impart a high degree of structural specificity. Hydrophobic interactions are the result of water’s tendency to exclude non-polar groups and try to interact with one another....
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2009 for the course BIOL 501 taught by Professor Garrett during the Spring '09 term at UVA.

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