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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Stress Coping and Health[book notes...

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Chapter 13: Stress, Coping and Health [book notes] THE NATURE OF STRESS Stress : any circumstances that threaten or perceive to threaten one’s well being and therefore  taxing one’s coping capabilities.  Feeling stressed depends on what events one notices and how  one chooses to appraise or interpret them.   Acute stressors:  threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint.  (ex. Traffic jams) Chronic stressors:  threatening events that have a relatively long duration and no readily  apparent time limit.  (ex. Debt) Frustration:  occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted.   Most  frustrations are brief and insignificant while some can be sources of significant stress.  Failures  and losses are two that are often highly stressful. Conflict:  occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioral impulses compete  for expression.  Three Types:  approach approach— a choice between two attractive goals.  Least stressful  type of stress. Avoidance avoidance— a choice must be made between two unattractive goals.  Unpleasant and highly stressful. approach avoidance— a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single  goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects.  Common and quite  stressful. vacillation – going back and forth, beset by indecision.  Life changes:  any significant alterations in one’s living circumstances that require  readjustment.  Positive events produce stress because they produce change. ( Ex. Getting  married=changes in personal relationships, finances etc.) Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS): used to measure life change as a form of stress.  People with higher scores on the SRRS tend to be more vulnerable to many kinds of physical  illness.  Pressure:  involves expectations or demands that one behave in a certain way.  Perform: when you’re expected to execute tasks and responsibilities quickly, efficiently,  and successfully. 
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Conform: change yourself to fit other’s expectations. 
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