notes week of January 22

notes week of January 22 - January 22, 2008 ANCIENT EGYPT:...

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January 22, 2008 ANCIENT EGYPT: Chronology of Ancient Egypt : Pre-dynastic Period: 3000-2920 BC Early Dynastic: Dynasties I-III (2920-2575 BC) Old Kingdom Period: Dynasties IV-VIII (2575-2134 BC) First Intermediate Period: Dynasties IX-X (2134-2040 BC) Middle Kingdom: Dynasties XI-XIV (2040-1640 BC) Second Intermediate Period: Dynasties XV-XVII (1640-1550 BC) New Kingdom (Empire Period): Dynasties XVIII-XX (1550-1070 BC) Amarna Period: 1355-1335 BC Post-Amarna Period: 1335-1323 Third Intermediate Period: Dynasties XXI-XXIV (1070-712 BC) Late Period: Dynasties XXV-XXXI Persia conquers Egypt 525 BC (712-332 BC) Greek Period (Ptolemaic): Alexander conquers Egypt 332 BC (332-30 BC) Roman Period: Battle of Actium 31 BC; Egypt becomes a Roman Province 30 BC Herodotus (“Father of History, 5 th century BC, Greece): “Egypt is the gift of the Nile.” Geography: Nile flows south to north, South = Upper Egypt, North = Lower Egypt East (sunrise) = Land of the Living, West (sunset) = Land of the Dead Nile: annual flooding deposits layer of silt; transportation, communication Deserts with occasional oases; desert preserves artifacts, serves as defense Hieroglyphics (sacred writing): Rosetta Stone (Greek, Demotic, Hieroglyphics) Religion: polytheistic, Osiris (god of the Dead), belief in the afterlife; mummification History: divided into dynasties (families) and kingdoms: Pharaoh (“great house”) Pre-dynastic Period: Palette of Narmer (c. 3000-2920 BC) Old Kingdom: evolution of the pyramid, mastabas (Arabic = bench) Stepped Pyramid of Zoser, Saqqara, (2630-2611 BC); architect Imhotep Great Pyramids at Giza: Menkaure, Khafre, Khufu; (2551-2472 BC) Great Sphinx: (2520-2494BC), 65’ high, 240’ long Statue of Khafre : serdab statue, held ka if mummy was destroyed Reserve Head and Tomb Items
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2009 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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notes week of January 22 - January 22, 2008 ANCIENT EGYPT:...

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