shintoism - CHAPTER 9 SHINTOISM a native Japanese religion...

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CHAPTER 9: SHINTOISM - a native Japanese religion; form of Japanese nationalism - its mythology describes the formation of Japan as a land superior to all  others and shrines commemorate heroes and events - believed that the emperors were descendants of the sun goddess - worshipful attitude toward the beauties of the land – especially mountains  and forests; thus, it includes aspects of animism and ancestor worship - word Shinto means “the way of the gods” Japanese Mythology - kami = “gods” or refers to the deities of heaven and earth as well as the  spirit that is in humans, animals, trees etc - source of knowledge of myths is the Kojiki, “Chronicles of Ancient Events” o “The Age of the Gods” includes the creation of two islands by  Izanagi and Izanami (became divine parents of other kami) o Chief spirit is Amaterasu – the sun goddess The History of Shinto Shinto prior to 300 CE - history of Japan beings in 3 rd  century, when they began to keep historical  records - the coming of Buddhism into Japan caused people to gather myths and  rituals to distinguish the native religion - the myths allowed for a limitless number of gods, ancestor worship, and  animism Chinese Influence on Shinto - after the 4 th  century the Japanese came under the influence of Buddhism,  Taoism, and Confucianism  - the Kojiki records the entrance of Chinese culture into Japan - the Japanese adopted the Chinese script and Confucius ethics to govern  them - the Chinese arts, particularly those associated with Buddhist ritual, were  also adopted - the chronicles explain that when the emperor began to venerate a Buddha  statue that a plague broke out so it ended when the emperor rejected the  foreign religion - Japanese reaction to Buddhism
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2009 for the course REL 526 taught by Professor Daughrity during the Spring '08 term at Pepperdine.

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shintoism - CHAPTER 9 SHINTOISM a native Japanese religion...

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