America moves to the city 1865

America moves to the city 1865 - America moves to the city...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
America moves to the city 1865-1900 By the census of 1870 doubled from 40 million The Urban Frontier -American metropolises - in 1860 no city in the United States could boast a million inhabitants - by 1890: NY, Chicago, and Philadelphia had vaulted past the million mark - by 1900: NY w/ some 3.5 million people was 2nd largest city in the world outranked by London -Louis Sullivan - famed architect working on and perfecting skyscrapers (first appearing in Chicago in 1885). -Commuters -The city grew from a small compact one that people could walk through to get around to a huge metropolis that required commuting by electric trolleys. -Electricity, indoor plumbing, and telephones made city life more alluring. -skyscrapers and New York’s awesome Brooklyn Bridge were a plus -Department stores like Macy’s (in New York) and Marshall Field’s (in Chicago) provided urban working-class jobs and also attracted urban middle-class shoppers. -era of consumerism and class divisions - Carrie Meeber -wrote sister Carrie : a woman’s escapades in the big city and made cities dazzling and attractive. - City trashed -because while farmers always reused everything or fed “trash” to animals, city dwellers, with their mail-order stores like Sears and Montgomery Ward, which made things cheap and easy to buy, could simply throw away the things that they didn’t like anymore. -In cities, criminals flourished, and impure water, uncollected garbage, unwashed bodies, and droppings made cities smelly and unsanitary. -Worst of all were the slums, which were crammed with people. dumbbell tenements” -(which gave a bit of fresh air down their airshaft) were the worst since they were dark, cramped, and had little sanitation or ventilation. -To escape, the wealthy of the city-dwellers fled to suburbs. The New Immigration -By 1870’s more than 2 million migrants had stepped onto America’s shores -1880s, most of the immigrants had come from the British Isles and western Europe (Germany and Scandinavia) and were quite literate -Many were Protestants, except for catholic Irish, and many Catholic Germans Old Immigration -accustomed to some type of representative government. -preferred to work in farms New Immigration .” -from Southern and Eastern Europe by the 1880s and 1890s -Italians, Croats, Slovaks, Greeks, and Poles -many worshiped in orthodox churches or synagogues -came from places with little history of democratic government -largely impoverished and illiterate -mostly seeking industrial jobs in cities than in farms -accounted for only 19% of immigrants to the U.S. in 1880’s -by the early 1900s, they were over 60%! -Many lived in NY and Chicago Southern Europe Uprooted -Many Europeans came to America because there was no room in Europe, nor was there much employment, since industrialization had eliminated many jobs. -America was also often praised to Europeans, as people boasted of eating everyday and having
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/24/2009 for the course APUSH 336F08-C20 taught by Professor Bradshaw during the Fall '09 term at Saddleback.

Page1 / 6

America moves to the city 1865 - America moves to the city...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online