lec2_outline - Traits are inherited by offspring Meiosis-...

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Bio Pl 2400 Fall 2008 Cells- The Basic Unit of Life All Living things made up of cells Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes Eukaryotes- membrane bound organelles including a nucleus Cells differentiate into basic cell types which are organized into tissues tissues into organs Differentiation is based on genetic makeup- expression of genes All cells contain complete same genetic material-expression of genes varies Mitosis- cells divide, genetic material copied On the organism level- expression of genes makes up phenotype- physical appearance
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Unformatted text preview: Traits are inherited by offspring Meiosis- production of gametes- variation in genetic makeup of gametes leads to unique individuals We can select desirable traits and breed for them in some organisms Is genetic Engineering merely an acceleration of traditional Breeding Genetics in the end is the control and inheritance of information which is contained within chromosomes...
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