Logical Reasoning Homework 1-1

# Logical Reasoning Homework 1-1 - 1 Logical Reasoning...

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1 Logical Reasoning Homework #1 Part I. Indicate whether the following statements are true or false. (2 points each) (1) True or False: Logic studies the criteria for differentiating sound arguments from unsound arguments. (2) True or False: Logic studies the criteria for differentiating valid arguments from invalid arguments. (3) True or False: Logic studies the workings of the human brain. (4) True or False: Logic is concerned with determining the strength of an argument. (5) True or False: An argument is any well articulated set of propositions. (6) True or False: Logic studies the psychology of reasoning. (7) True of False: Logic studies what works in persuasive argument. (8) True or False: Logic studies how to justify belief. (9) True or False: Logic and psychology are two ways of studying the human mind. (10) True or False: Logic studies psychological processes. (11) True or False: Logic studies strategies of creative though. (12) True or False: An argument is a set of propositions in which some of the members of the set, the premises, are offered in evidential support of another member of the set, the conclusion. (13) True or False: Psychology and logic both study how people think out solutions to problems. (14) True or False: In an argument, conclusions are offered in evidential support of premises. (15) True or False: An argument may have any number of premises. (16) True or False: An argument must have at least one premise. (17) True or False: It is possible for a premise to be true and irrelevant to its conclusion. (18) True or False: Premises in an argument are always preceded by premise indicator words. (19) True or False: The truth of a premise does not depend on the truth of the conclusion. (20) True or False: An argument can have one or more conclusions. (21) True or False: The least number of propositions that can make up an argument is two. (22) True or False: In an argument, conclusions are offered in evidential support of premises.

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2 (23) True or False: Some arguments are stronger than others. (24) True or False: If an argument does not convince anyone, then it does not have any strength. (25) True or False: The truth of a premise does not depend on the truth of the conclusion. Part II. Determine whether the following passages contain an argument. If they do, correctly identify the conclusion of the argument. (5 pts each) (1) Since the middle of the nineteenth century, humankind has been burning fossil fuels in ever increasing amounts. Subsequent to the beginning of this burning, the earth has been experiencing ever increasing warming. This is very strong evidence for believing that humankind's burning of fossil fuels is a major cause of global warming. So people should stop denying it
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Logical Reasoning Homework 1-1 - 1 Logical Reasoning...

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