Philosophy Exam 1 Chapter 5

Philosophy Exam 1 Chapter 5 - Describe the Ontological...

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Describe the Ontological Proof for the existence of God. What is Hume’s criticism of the Ontological Proof for the existence of God? - Ontological Proof o A Rationalist Proof o Based on a Definition o Written by Anselm A believer who wanted to also use his Reason in order to understand. What does the name “God” mean? “God means “than which nothing greater can be conceived” or “the Greatest and most Perfect.” If you understand the definition of the word “God,” you understand that God exists. o The Proof The word “God” means “the Greatest and most Perfect.” It is more Perfect to exist in Reality than not to exist in Reality. Saying “God does not exist” is to say God is NOT the Greatest, most Perfect. This contradicts our definition. Therefore, “God exists” is necessarily true, by analytic definition. - Hume’s Criticism o An Empirical statement of fact cannot be derived from a Rationalist definition of an analytic term. o
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Philosophy Exam 1 Chapter 5 - Describe the Ontological...

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