Philosophy Exam 1 Chapter 3

Philosophy Exam 1 Chapter 3 - Explain how Locke differs...

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Explain how Locke differs with Descartes. - Descartes was a rationalist and Locke was into empiricism. - Lived by Ockham’s razor: what can be done with fewer terms can be done in vain with more. - Says our knowledge is found from experience and it ultimately derives itself. - Wanted to establish the theory of a mind as a “blank slate.” - Locke’s empirical view says that, “there is a world out there and there are minds that contemplate IDEAS about the outside world. - “All ideas in the mind are derived from encounters of the world.” - Believed that innate ideas/A Priori Ideas are impossible. - Locke’s view: that the rationalist had confused these “abstract general ideas” with actual existing entities (Platonic forms) or with innate ideas. Explain how Berkley differs with Locke - Berkley was a more extreme empiricist than Locke. - “We can only know IDEAS about the world. We cannot know THE WORLD itself.” - Berkley uses Ockham’s Razor on Locke: o He explains sensory experience using fewer entities.
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