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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Study Guide Instructor: Ann Phillips Psych 111 University of Michigan Module 41- Behavioral Medicine : Based on the idea that mind and body interact Health Psychology: Studies how our attitudes, emotions, behaviors and personality influence our health, well-being, and risk of disease Stress- Process by which we respond to stressful events (which are called stressors)-Appraise event as threatening, challenging, or unimportant-Help determine whether our responses will be healthy of energized or overwhelming of distress Fight or flight response- sympathetic nervous system responds to stressor with adrenal glands, heart and respiration increased, blood flows toward skeletal muscles, pain diminishes, body releases stored sugar and fat-Slow part-:Cerebral cortex perceives stressor and stimulates hypothalamus and pituitary gland to trigger the release of glucocorticoid stress hormones, such as cortisol (outer part of adrenals) Three stages of general adaption system are 1) Alarm (temporary shock..mobilizes resources) 2) Resistance (Coping with stressor) and 3) Exhaustion (Depletion of reserves following prolonged stress)-Daily hassles (small, every day) most significant sources of stress for most people Stress increases risk of coronary heart disease..negative emotions..people with type A personalities (competitive, hard-driving, impatient, anger-prone) more reactive with lots of hormones to prevent plaque on artery walls (resulting in high blood pressure and increased risks of stroke/heart attack)-Type B personalities (easy going/relaxed) lower risk Psychophysiological illnesses- stress related physical illnesses (hypertension aka high blood pressure) and headaches. Hypochondriasis- misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease Stress can divert energy away from immune system activities making us more vulnerable to infection and disease AIDS caused by HIV, not stress..but stress/negative emotions can accelerate progression to AIDS Stress does not create cancer cells and avoiding stress and maintaining hopeful attitude cannot reverse...
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