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# Chapter 2 - G Rizzoni Principles and Applications of...

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G. Rizzoni, Principles and Applications of Electrical Engineering Problem solutions, Chapter 2 2 . 1 Chapter 2 Instructor Notes Chapter 2 develops the foundations for the first part of the book. Coverage of the entire Chapter would be typical in an introductory course. The first four sections provide the basic definitions and cover Kirchoff’s Laws and the passive sign convention; the box Focus on Methodology: The Passive Sign Convention (p. 35) and two examples illustrate the latter topic. The sidebars Make The Connection: Mechanical Analog of Voltage Sources (p. 20) and Make The Connection: Hydraulic Analog of Current Sources (p. 22) present the concept of analogies between electrical and other physical domains; these analogies will continue through the first six chapters. Sections 2.5and 2.6 introduce the i-v characteristic and the resistance element. Tables 2.1 and 2.2 on p. 41 summarize the resistivity of common materials and standard resistor values; Table 2.3 on p. 44 provides the resistance of copper wire for various gauges. The sidebar Make The Connection: Electric Circuit Analog of Hydraulic Systems – Fluid Resistance (p. 40) continues the electric-hydraulic system analogy. Finally, Sections 2.7 and 2.8 introduce some basic but important concepts related to ideal and non- ideal current sources, and measuring instruments. The Instructor will find that although the material in Chapter 2 is quite basic, it is possible to give an applied flavor to the subject matter by emphasizing a few selected topics in the examples presented in class. In particular, a lecture could be devoted to resistance devices , including the resistive displacement transducer of Focus on Measurements: Resistive throttle position sensor (pp. 52-54), the resistance strain gauges of Focus on Measurements: Resistance strain gauges (pp. 54-55), and Focus on Measurements: The Wheatstone bridge and force measurements (pp. 55-56). The instructor wishing to gain a more in-depth understanding of resistance strain gauges will find a detailed analysis in 1 . Early motivation for the application of circuit analysis to problems of practical interest to the non- electrical engineer can be found in the Focus on Measurements: The Wheatstone bridge and force measurements . The Wheatstone bridge material can also serve as an introduction to a laboratory experiment on strain gauges and the measurement of force (see, for example 2 ). Finally, the material on practical measuring instruments in Section2.8b can also motivate a number of useful examples. The homework problems include a variety of practical examples, with emphasis on instrumentation. Problem 2.36 illustrates analysis related to fuses; problems 2.44-47 are related to wire gauges; problem 2.52 discusses the thermistor; problems 2.54 and 2.55 discuss moving coil meters; problems 2.52 and 2.53 illustrate calculations related to temperature sensors; an problems 2.56-66 present a variety of problems related to practical measuring devices.

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Chapter 2 - G Rizzoni Principles and Applications of...

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