Art Introduction

Art Introduction - Introduction Tuesday 1:34 PM 1 Viewers...

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Tuesday, January 27, 2009 1:34 PM 1. Viewers of artwork can react to what they see, interpret the work in the light of their own experience, and judge it a success or a failure 2. Throughout history, most artists created the paintings, sculptures, and other objects exhibited in museums today for specific patrons and settings and to fulfill a specific purpose. 3. Art appreciation does not require knowledge of the historical context of an artwork (or a building). 4. Art history does require knowledge of the historical context of an artwork (or a building). o Thus, a central aim of art history is to determine the original context of artworks . o Art historians seek to achieve a full understanding not only of why these "persisting events" of human history look the way they do but also of why the artistic events happened at all . o The study of history is vital to art history and art history is often very important to the study of history. 5. Art historians study the visual and tangible objects humans make and the structures humans build. 6. "Art" studied by historians includes architecture, sculpture, the pictorial arts (painting, drawing, printmaking, and photography), and the craft arts, or arts of design. o The range or objects art historians study is constantly expanding and now includes, for example, computer-generated images, whereas in the past almost anything produced using a machine would not have been regarded as art. o Most people still consider the performing arts (music, drama, and dance) as outside the art history's realm because these arts are fleeting, impermanent media. But recently even this distinction between "fine art" and performance art has become blurred. 7. Questions Art Historians Ask: o How old is it? An indispensable subject of art historical inquiry is chronology , the dating of art objects and buildings. Physical evidence : o The material used for a statue or painting may not have been invented before a certain time o Artist's may have ceased using certain materials (type of ink, paper, etc. .) o The material (or the manufacturing technique) of an object or a building can establish a very precise date of production or construction (ex: tree rings of wood statue or timber roof beam) Documentary evidence : o Can help pinpoint the date of an object or building when a dated written document mentions the work Visual evidence : o A painter might have depicted an identifiable person or a kind of hairstyle, clothing, or furniture fashionable only at a certain time Stylistic evidence : o The analysis of style (an artist's distinctive manner of producing an abject, the way a work looks) is the art historian's special sphere o Because it is a subjective assessment, stylistic evidence is by far the most unreliable chronological criterion. o
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2009 for the course ART 1440 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Art Introduction - Introduction Tuesday 1:34 PM 1 Viewers...

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