1 Philosophy, Ethics and Morale – the basic concept Octavianus Digdo Hartomo
2 Point to Discuss • What is “philosophy” ? • Areas of philosophy • Meaning of Ethics • Ethics and Morale • Ethics and Law • Ethics and Etiquette • Cases
3 Philosophy • Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality , existence , knowledge , values , reason , mind , and language . • Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument . • In more casual speech, by extension, "philosophy" can refer to "the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group".
4 PERBEDAAN FILSAFAT VS ILMU NO ASPEK FILSAFAT ILMU 1 Ontologis Objek->fisik & non fisik Fisik , melalui indera. 2 Epistemologi s Pendekatan bersifat reflektif, atau rasional- deduktif. Pendekatan ilmiah : pendekatan deduktif dan induktif secara saling melengkapi. 3 Aksiologis Sangat abstrak, bermanfaat tetapi tidak secara langsung bagi umat manusia Sangat konkrit, langsung dapat dimanfaatkan bagi kepentingan umat manusia 06/10/15 4 Bab 2 Filsafat ._ Sukrisno Agoes & I Cenik Ardana
5 Area of Philosophy – Epistemology :concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, such as the relationships between truth , belief , and theories of justification – Metaphysics is the study of the most general features of reality , such as existence , time , the relationship between mind and body , objects and their properties , wholes and their parts, events, processes, and causation
6 Area of philosophy • Ethics, or "moral philosophy," is concerned primarily with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the question of whether this question can be answered. • The main branches of ethics are : – Meta-ethics : The focus of meta-ethics is on how we understand, know about, and what we mean when we talk about what is right and what is wrong. – Normative ethics , are more concerned with the questions of how one ought to act, and what the right course of action is. Normative ethics is distinct from meta-ethics because it examines standards for the rightness and wrongness of actions.
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- Ethics, Ethics and Law