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Perspectives Exam 1 Sem 1

Perspectives Exam 1 Sem 1 - Ion Are the basic assumptions...

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Ion : Are the basic assumptions of how we should live our life true? How can we base our lives on these poems if we don’t know they are true? Ion is proven to be a handsome man who cares about money and fame. He knows very little about the things that Homer is actually saying, he claims to become somewhat possessed when he performs. Compares being a rhapsode to being a general. Thus a good rhapsode would be a good general because he knows how a general should speak to the troops to inspire them. Magnetic rock and rings: no one but the god knows the truth, everyone is just divinely inspired by a ring to act things out. Thus they cannot teach others because they themselves do not know Greek society is thus based on a mutual need. Greeks want a way of life and the poets want a wealthy life. They each give the other what they want, but it leaves Greeks without actually knowing the truth of how to live. Socrates as a Philosopher : Begins philosophy with his challenging the Oracle’s statement that he is the wisest man. This is putting a god to the TEST OF REASON. Because he is willing to question a god he must always question: nothing can be safely assumed when even the god’s are put to the test. There is always someone who claims to have knowledge, thus always someone to refute He is like a gadfly to a horse, he doesn’t let society relax into a comfortable state Socrates as the Wisest : He is the wisest because he knows what he does not know o He discovers this as he tests the oracle’s statement by visiting wise men Why is he found guilt? : Socrates is charged originally with corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the God’s of the city o The charge is later changed to be that he does not believe in the gods at all He won’t compromise on the sentence, only gets up to 30 minas of silver He didn’t act as though he was sorry, didn’t cry etc…he tried to use reason to persuade them He said that he wouldn’t stop teaching Why didn’t he escape? : Never right to do injustice even if you have been harmed Always keep a just promise No society can exist without laws To destroy the law is to destroy society and harm its members To disobey the law is to destroy the law After his defense he cannot possible escape: it would kill his argument about not fearing death Must save philosophy because philosophers must live within the law because they must exist in society (philosophers as friends of the state)
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o If he goes against this he tries to put philosophy above the law Polemarchus : represents Greek Orthodox Ideology Defines justice as a list of duties This narrows justice, but justice should be broad and touch all parts of your life Good to friends and harm to enemies o One cannot know who is really a friend and who an enemy o Harming your enemies should not be justified o If you harm others you are making them worse with respect to virtue and
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