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Unformatted text preview: Ion : • Are the basic assumptions of how we should live our life true? • How can we base our lives on these poems if we don’t know they are true? • Ion is proven to be a handsome man who cares about money and fame. He knows very little about the things that Homer is actually saying, he claims to become somewhat possessed when he performs. • Compares being a rhapsode to being a general. Thus a good rhapsode would be a good general because he knows how a general should speak to the troops to inspire them. • Magnetic rock and rings: no one but the god knows the truth, everyone is just divinely inspired by a ring to act things out. Thus they cannot teach others because they themselves do not know • Greek society is thus based on a mutual need. Greeks want a way of life and the poets want a wealthy life. They each give the other what they want, but it leaves Greeks without actually knowing the truth of how to live. Socrates as a Philosopher : • Begins philosophy with his challenging the Oracle’s statement that he is the wisest man. This is putting a god to the TEST OF REASON. • Because he is willing to question a god he must always question: nothing can be safely assumed when even the god’s are put to the test. • There is always someone who claims to have knowledge, thus always someone to refute • He is like a gadfly to a horse, he doesn’t let society relax into a comfortable state Socrates as the Wisest : • He is the wisest because he knows what he does not know o He discovers this as he tests the oracle’s statement by visiting wise men Why is he found guilt? : • Socrates is charged originally with corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the God’s of the city o The charge is later changed to be that he does not believe in the gods at all • He won’t compromise on the sentence, only gets up to 30 minas of silver • He didn’t act as though he was sorry, didn’t cry etc…he tried to use reason to persuade them • He said that he wouldn’t stop teaching Why didn’t he escape? : • Never right to do injustice even if you have been harmed • Always keep a just promise • No society can exist without laws • To destroy the law is to destroy society and harm its members • To disobey the law is to destroy the law • After his defense he cannot possible escape: it would kill his argument about not fearing death • Must save philosophy because philosophers must live within the law because they must exist in society (philosophers as friends of the state) o If he goes against this he tries to put philosophy above the law Polemarchus : represents Greek Orthodox Ideology • Defines justice as a list of duties • This narrows justice, but justice should be broad and touch all parts of your life • Good to friends and harm to enemies o One cannot know who is really a friend and who an enemy o Harming your enemies should not be justified o If you harm others you are making them worse with respect to virtue and...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PHILOSOPHY 201 taught by Professor Tacelli during the Spring '08 term at BC.
- Spring '08