Anthropological Theory.pptx - Learning Objective Understand...

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Learning ObjectiveUnderstand the historical trajectory of theory inanthropology.
(within CulturalAnthopology)19thCentury EvolutionalismFunctionalismCultural EcologyCultural MaterialismStructuralismSymbolic & Interpretive AnthropologyFeminism & AnthropologyPostmodernism
19thCentury EvolutionalismDegenerationsim- biblical cause for variation in human society- prior to Tower of Babel, all people belongedto same cultureProgressivistsall societies started out primitive, but wereprogressing to a more advanced state ofbeing= towards civilization
Unilinear EvolutionistsUniversal evolutionary stages of cultural development(from primitive to complex)Psychic unityof humankind= fundamentalsimilarity of human thought throughout the worldHeavily influenced by Darwin’s Theory of EvolutionLewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) – AmericanSir Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) - English
Lewis Henry Morgan (1818 – 1881)Stages of human cultural development- savagery(lower, middle, upper)-barbarism(lower, middle, upper)-civilizationcorrelated with:- family structure- subsistence- technology
Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (1832 –1917)Construct earlier stages of cultural evolution bystudying “survivals”= everything in contemporary society that didnot have a function was asurvivalfrom aprevious stage of cultural evolutionEvolution of religion:-animism(souls or spirits to animals, plants…)-polytheism(multiple gods)-monotheism(one god)
Functionalism

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Term
Spring
Professor
anthro2
Tags
Anthropology, Sociology, Sir Edward Burnett Tylor, Symbolic Interpretive Anthropology, Feminism Anthropology

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