Russia - A. Significant events that shape Russia from czars...

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A. Significant events that shape Russia from czars to fall of USSR Peter the Great – Modernized Russia, moved ideas closer to Europe, established St. Petersburg Russo-Persian War – Persians gave up land to Russia Alexander II – Liberated serfs, assassinated by terrorist group 1904 – Russo-Japanese War Important because western power defeated by Asian power, embarrassing for Russia, showed how far behind they were and need for development WWI – Started with assassination of Archduke Ferdinand WWII - Fought on our side Heartland Theory – proposed by MacKinder “He who controls Eastern Europe controls the Heartland. He who controls the Heartland, controls the world island. He who controls the world island, controls the world.” During WWII, Hitler tried to expand east into Russia for “lebensraum” (living room) Lenin Stalin – crazy, ruler up through 1953 Cold War with the Soviet Power vacuum WWII ended, Germany divided into 4 zones Truman needed help to stop expansion Gen. George Kenan – Russian expert developed the “Containment policy” (1946-1991)
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course GOV 120 taught by Professor Spangler during the Spring '08 term at Bentley.

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Russia - A. Significant events that shape Russia from czars...

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