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study - 1 Puritanism is a sect of Protestantism in England...

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1. Puritanism is a sect of Protestantism in England that opposed the Reformation of the Church of England and formed their own religion. Puritanism stresses a plain and “pure” style of preaching that all listeners could relate to. Puritans actively studied and discussed scripture readings. The tight relationship between the monarchy and the Church of England made the life of Puritans in England difficult and they saw New England as an escape. Entrepreneurs and a collection of Puritans obtained a charter for the Massachusetts Bay Company which went to settle the Massachusetts Bay colony. The conditions at home were worsening and jobs were scarce, so the proposal for overseas settlements was popular. During the next dozen years, more than 70,000 people left England for the New World. 2. Cahokia is a Mississippian Native American city in Illinois on the Cahokia Creek. Cahokia is the largest mound-building complex of the Mississippian culture. In 1697, the French chartered Catholic missions to Cahokia. Cahokia became a French settlement. Cahokia maintained trade links with communities as far away as the Great Lakes to the north and the Gulf Coast to the south. Cahokia also refers to the Native Americans living in the area of Cahokia when the first French explorers arrived in the area. 3. Virginia Company was chartered in 1606 by James I to obtain the entire Virginia region as an English settlement. The Virginia Company was a group of merchants seeking new fortune. The Virginia Company was composed of two companies, the London Company and the Plymouth Company. The London Company went to settle the Jamestown settlement. The Plymouth Company settled areas farther north on the Sagadahoc River in Maine. 4. The Glorious Revolution was royal efforts to tighten imperial control over New England. The Glorious Revolution refers to the overthrow of the Catholic King James II out of fear of the Catholic Church ruling England. King James II was overthrown by William and Mary who introduced a Bill of Rights limiting the power of the monarch. Even in America, James II limited the freedoms of the colonists because the leaders in the American colonies were Protestant. Even after James II was overthrown, the American colonists still struggled to govern themselves. England tried to create a “Dominion of New England” to make it easier for England to suppress dissent, enforce shipping regulations, and defend the Dominion’s frontiers. Unfortunately it was a disaster and colonists seethed with resentment. 5. Nathaniel Bacon was a wealthy gentleman who received a seat in Governor Berkeley’s council in Virginia. Nathaniel Bacon was unable to gain a license to become part of the fur trade due to the corruption in Berkeley’s administration. The tensions in Virginia were already heightened due to increased taxes, mutinies and Berkeley’s corruption.
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