ch 1 sols - Solutions to Chapter 1 The Corporation and the...

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Solutions to Chapter 1 The Corporation and the Financial Manager 1. Investment decisions: Should a new computer be purchased? Should the firm develop a new drug? Should the firm shut down an unprofitable factory? Financing decisions: Should the firm borrow money from a bank or sell bonds? Should the firm issue preferred stock or common stock? Should the firm buy or lease a new machine that it is committed to acquiring? 2. A corporation is a distinct legal entity, separate from its owners (i.e., stockholders). The stockholders have limited liability for the debts and other obligations of the corporation. The liability of the individual stockholder is generally limited to the amount of the stockholder’s investment in the shares of the corporation. Creation of a corporation is a legal process that requires the preparation of articles of incorporation. A distinctive feature of the typical large corporation is the separation between the ownership of the business and the management of the business. On the other hand, a sole proprietorship is not distinct from the individual who operates the business. Therefore, the sole proprietor (i.e., the individual) directly owns the business assets, manages the business, and is personally responsible for the debts of the sole proprietorship. 3. The key advantage of separating ownership and management in a large corporation is that it gives the corporation permanence. The corporation continues to exist if managers are replaced or if stockholders sell their ownership interests to other investors. The corporation’s permanence is an essential characteristic in allowing corporations to obtain the large amounts of financing required by many business entities. 4. The individual stockholders of a corporation (i.e., the owners) are legally distinct from the corporation itself, which is a separate legal entity. Consequently, the stockholders are not personally liable for the debts of the corporation; the stockholders’ liability for the debts of the corporation is limited to the investment each stockholder has made in the shares of the corporation. 5. Double taxation means that a corporation’s income is taxed first at the corporate tax rate, and then, when the income is distributed to shareholders as dividends, the income is taxed again at the shareholder’s personal tax rate. 6. a. A share of stock financial b. A personal IOU financial c. A trademark real d. A truck real e. Undeveloped land real f. The balance in the firm’s checking account financial g. An experienced and hardworking sales force real h. A bank loan agreement financial 7. a, c, d. 8. A corporation might cut its labor force dramatically which could reduce immediate expenses and increase profits in the short term. Over the long term, however, the firm might not be able to serve its customers properly or it might alienate its remaining 1-1
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course FINA 3315 taught by Professor Yong during the Fall '07 term at UT Arlington.

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ch 1 sols - Solutions to Chapter 1 The Corporation and the...

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