IdentificationsRenaissance - Identifications: Renaissance...

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Identifications:RenaissanceHist 4B: Section Assignment #5Consular vs. Podestal Communes:In Florence, the consulate was a government organizationof several consuls in which nobles held most of the power. A podesta was someone from outsidethe consulate who would prevent and subdue the violence that was caused by the nobles in theconsulate.Francesco Petrarca:pg 100 KSP­ Petrarch studied and wrote a lot about Greek and Roman(classical) history and culture. He wrote the Letter to Livy and Letter to emperor Charles IV. HisLetter to Livy was written as though he was addressing it to Livy himself. In it he praises Livyand discusses the state of the many books that Livy wrote, of which there were only a fractionleft, and his discontent with today’s society and their failure to appreciate his great works.Niccolo Machiavelli:pg 119 KSP­ Machiavelli was a Florentine diplomat who was an advocatefor Italy to unite itself under a strong ruler in order to defeat and put off their attackers. In ThePrince, he provides a clear picture of what characteristics he imagines this leader should possess.For example, he tells us that a leader should be good and should use his goodness when it isnecessary, a leader should be “merciful and not cruel” but still do what is necessary to “keep hissubjects united and obedient.” In Machiavelli on the Papacy, he argues that the pope and his

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Term
Fall
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BERNSTEIN

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