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RULE OF AKBAR AND ITS HISTORICAL ROLE IN INDIANSUBCONTINENTCourse:History of South AsiaSubmitted to:Ms. Ayesha TariqSubmitted by:Nayyab GulRabia AsifSadia RiazWajiha ZainabMahnoor ParachaSemester:LLB-IX (2016-21)Spring 2020Date of Submission:Dec 19, 2020Department of LawFatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
TABLE OF CONTENTAbstract……………………………………………………………………………………. IIIIntroduction………………………………………………………………………………….1The Reign of Akbar the Great……………………………………………………………….12.1. Brief Biography of AkbarAkbar as Emperor……………………………………………………………………………2Akbar’s Struggle in unifying India…………………………………………………………..35.1. Conquest of Rajasthan5.2. Conquest of Gujarat and Bengal5.3. The FrontiersThe State and Society under Akbar…………………………………………………………56.1. Central, Provincial and Local Government6.2. The Composition of the Mughal Nobility6.3. Organization of Nobility and the Army6.4. Revenue System6.5.Fiscal Administration6.6. Coinage6.7. Evolution of a Nonsectarian StateArchitecture during Akbar Reign……………………………………………………………118.1. Tomb of Humayun8.2. Paintings during Akbar Reign8.3. Method and Techniques under AkbarI
Akbarnama…………………………………………………………………………………13Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………14Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………….15II
ABSTRACTAkbar the Great (1556-1605) was a well-known Mughal ruler and regarded as a great rulerdue to his achievements in the military, politics, development, and administration. In fact, hewas regarded as the definitive founder of the Mughal Empire after his victory over an armyled by Humayun the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. The victory has opened a way forAkbar to become the sole emperor in the Indian sub-continent and continued to wage warsagainst Hindu rajahs. To unify the vast Indian states under a single Mughal empire, Akbarintroduced several administrative policies. The objective of this study is to analyze the Indianunification efforts under the Mughal Empire. This research found that Akbar hasimplemented several policies to unify the whole of the Indian subcontinent in order toachieve his mission of ‘Mughal Union’.III
1. INTRODUCTIONThe Mughal Empire was established in 1526 in Northern India under the rule of the greatgrandson of Tamerlance, Zahir Ud Din Babur after he was invited into India by the IndianGovernor to assist in a battle against Ibrahim Lodi, the last head of the Delhi Sultanate.1Babur of the Tirmurid dynasty founded the Mughal Empire (and Mughal Dynasty) in 1526and ruled until 1530. He was followed by Humayun (1530-1540) and (1555-1556), Akbar(1556-1605) was his son, and this research discuss the rule of Akbar.21.2.Brief Biography of Akbar:Akbar also known as Abu al-Fath, Jalal al-Din and Akbar, Akbar’s real name wasMuhammad. The name ‘Akbar’ itself carried the meaning of ‘the greatest’. Born on the 15thof October 1542, he was the son of the second Mughal ruler, Nasir al-Din Humayun. Heascended to the throne of the Mughals at a very tender age of 14 years.32.AKBAR AS EMPERORAs he became an emperor at a very young age, Akbar did not have much time to learnknowledge and skills.

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