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SG_Unit_I_Day_1_ - Study Guide Unit I(Ecology Day 1...

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Study Guide: Unit I (Ecology) Day 1 – Overview of Bio 111W Read: “Using the Study Guides and Past Exam Questions” This first chapter introduces you to the major concepts of Bio 111W (Organisms and Evolution) and its sister courses Bio 212 (Cell Biology) and 213 (Genetics). And it demonstrates one of the uses of Study Guide, by directing you to focus on those topics within the chapter relevant to Bio 111 while passing over those that you will study in Bio 212 and 213. Read: Campbell, Chapter 1 1. List, from highest to lowest, the levels of biological organization. Bio 111 will focus on Levels 1-5. 2. Define emergent property and explain how the concept relates to the hierarchy you outlined in Note 1. Then define reductionism and explain both its power and its limitations as a tool in science. 3. To test your understanding of how species are classified into groups within larger groups within yet larger groups (e.g., Fig. 1.14), copy the following list of species into your notes… Spider Mosquito Cricket Bullfrog Dog Fox Lion Cow Deer E. coli (a bacterium) … then draw circles around those pairs of species that you think are most closely related, then larger circles around the smaller ones, then larger circles yet, until a single circle surrounds everything. It’s not crucial to get every circle right at this point (that comes later) but rather that you understand the concept of classifying organisms as sets within sets. Try to name some of the circles (e.g.,
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