Week 3 Notes

Week 3 Notes - The Eugenics Movement Eugenics 10/15/2007...

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The Eugenics Movement 15/10/2007 15:58:00 Eugenics Improvement of the human race by better breeding Positive Eugenics o “Good genes” breed more Negative Eugenics o “Bad genes” breed less Early History Political upheaval of early 20 th  century and trust in science to fix problems Debates of heredity and evolution following Darwin Francis Galton applies Darwin’s theory to humans and postulates heredity  transmitted unaltered generation to generation o Family studies Watched transmission of genius, madness, susceptibility to  drink and gambling, etc… o Questionnaires Interest in science was innate or encouraged? o Adoption studies o Twin studies Eugenics in the US US = First country to implement eugenic legislation for the sterilization for the  mentally unfit (1907) Indiana Family studies early focused on aspects of social failure
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o Ex: feebleminded, paupers, drunks, prostitutes o Interest: Limiting cost of asylums and prisons and the like The Jukes: A Study in Crime, Pauperism, Disease, and Herdity o 7 generations of criminals o Data used later to propose the futility of social reform and the need for  sterilization and the like Another case: The Kallikak family o Case for the feeble-minded case Eugenics Record Office (ERO) (1910) o Collected data on family history and whatnot Buck vs. Bell o Forcible sterilization Sterilization in California o California counted for nearly 50% of the sterilization cases 1924 Immigration Restrication Laws o Dude was brought in from ERO as a eugenics expert 1920s were hey days of eugenics o Mainline eugenics vs. reform eugenics o Reform eugenicists criticized overly racist, class-biased, and  “unscientific” claims of the ERO claims o Laughlin’s political activities became embarrassing for the Carnegie  Institute o ERO closes in 1939?
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Eugenics in Russia Eugenics imported from abroad in 1920s Eugenics seemed congruent with socialism Movement soon under pressure => first country to ban eugenics (1931)
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HIST 3C taught by Professor Porter during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.

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Week 3 Notes - The Eugenics Movement Eugenics 10/15/2007...

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