MUS 17 Lecture Notes

MUS 17 Lecture Notes - Music lecture Material Culture of...

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April 12, 2006 lecture- Material Culture of Music Material objects produced by people in a society that transmit music A. primary sound-producing media Instruments; voice. B. material forms of dissemination Books; notation; sheet music; recordings; DVDs; film Electronic media Note: We now need to include virtual objects Mp3s; services such as iTunes; downloadable formats Organology Classification of instruments Criteria: sound-producing medium From WHERE does the vibration emanate? -phone=sound 4 categories: o Idiophone (sound produced by the material itself) o Membranophone (sound produced by a membrane) o Chordophone (sound produced by chord/string) o Aerophone (sound produced by vibrating column of air Organology is an ETIC system I. Idiophone “Self sounding” Examples: bells, gongs, clappers, rattles Sound from material itself; produced by striking or shaking II. Membranophone Sound from thin membrane or skin Vibration caused by striking, sometimes rubbing Ex: frame drums/ tambourines, snare drum; Dineh/Navajo waterdrum, Brazilian cuica III. Chordophone Sound from string set into motion Vibration caused by striking, bowing, plucking Length of string affects pitch Examples: guitar, violin, sitar, kora, harp, piano IV. Aerophone Sound from air column that vibrates Examples: voice; flutes, whistles, clarinets, accordions Etic vs. Emic o Term from linguistics
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phon/etic all possible sounds o Phon/emic those sounds that are meaningful to particular linguistic group o Emic: a quality signifying relevance to an indigenous group; insider’s perspective o Etic: a quality signifying relevance to an outside observer rather than to the people being observed Notes from video (questions to ask) Where did they learn this song? April 17, 2006 Lecture- TRANSMISSION: MODES OF LEARNING o Performing and listening to music involves enculturation (socialization) o Learning can be oral, notated, individual, through institutions o How have you learned to listen to/play music? o How do the individuals in a given music culture learn? MOVEMENT o Physical activity associated with music o All types of music have specific values regarding movement/lack of movement o Some types of music interrelated with movement o Children’s game songs o Dance songs o Rap/hip hop MUSICAL ETHNOGRAPHY ASSIGNMENT o Do your own musical ethnography in order to learn about the music… o 2 principles o Choose something you are interested in o Choose something you have access to Note: you MUST interview someone(s) for your paper o 2 guidelines o This project is qualitative: the goal is to apply concepts from class to a topic o Do NOT do a quantitative survey; It will not count o Do NOT write a fan-based promotional piece on a band or a genre to prove why it is “the best”.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course MUS 17 taught by Professor Seeman during the Spring '06 term at UCSB.

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MUS 17 Lecture Notes - Music lecture Material Culture of...

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