07-10-04 --- MMW 4 Lecture 3

07-10-04 --- MMW 4 Lecture 3 - Week 1.2 Between Orthodox...

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07-10-04 Week 1.2: Between Orthodox & Catholic: Europe in the High Middle Ages 1. Goal of LectureAt a. Orthodox World i. Byzantine Commonwealth 1. Byzantium Russia ii. Orthodox v. Catholic iii. Byzantine Identity iv. Impact of Crusades v. Significance for Future 2. Mt. Athos a. Peninsula off of Greece b. Monastic culture: c. Island consists only of Monks i. Monks go there to learn about orthodoxy ii. Learn of the great Byzantine writers iii. Copy over great texts; Athos serves as a publishing house d. A great mixing of cultures; many languages represented e. Mt. Athos is fabulously wealthy; receive money donated from rulers from around the area f. Women are not allowed on Athos g. Monastic center that serves to unite the world 3. Roman Empire a. Constantinople (Istanbul) i. Connects the Black sea to the Aegean and Mediterranean ii. Located in an incredible strategic area iii. Holds out for 900 years until taken by “smelly” westerners b. Orthodox East: i. Hagia Sophia 1. Emblem of their wealth 2. also had Gold Coinage ii. Travelers: 1. Benjamin of Tudela 2. Ibn Battuta 3. Catholic Crusaders 4. Medieval West a. Leadership of Christianity i. Bishop of Rome 1. Pope b. Language of Culture/Church i. Latin: common language that unites the people c. Catholic Positions i. Unleavened Bread: ii. Celibacy among priests
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iii. Purgatory: zone in between life and heaven where one ‘burns’ sins away from life 5. Orthodox East a. Leadership of Christianity i. Do not see Pope as the head of Church ii. Patriarchs and Church Council 1. Pentarchy (5 Top Bishops)
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