HIST101 Final Exam - 4.How did the Great War for Empire...

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4.How did the Great War for Empire change the relationship between England and its American colonies? The Great War for Empire, also known as The French and Indian War or Seven Years’ War, took place from 1756-1763. Political, economical and ideological relations between Britain and American colonies were altered by the war, because of unfair taxation of the colonists. “A surge in trade boosted colonial consumption and placed Americans deeply in debt to British creditors” (Henretta & Brody, 2010 p. 115). Since England was left in such deep debt they began to strictly regulate trade and impose taxes on commonly used items. Although Britain attributed these changes to their virtual increase in territory, the colonists were infuriated. They felt this was unjust taxation. Other political changes included Britain's abandonment of their salutary neglect policy. The relationship between the colonists and England broke down due to the sudden taxation and all of the regulation that took place. Before the war, Americans shipped their materials to Britain, but with the new taxation the mercantilism was abandoned when the colonists decided to fight back. All the taxation and regulation added to the resentment colonists already felt prior to the Proclamation of 1763. Also, the French and Indian War, helped American soldiers realize they had less liberty than Englishmen The Proclamation of 1763 forbade white colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. Even though Britain thought this would prevent further conflict, it in turn angered the colonists more because they felt as if there were being deprived of their own right to be free, so they ignored the Proclamation. This was one of the first times that there was a major disagreement about what was best for the colonies, between the colonists and the British government and the relationship between the two would never be the same. When Parliament established the Proclamation of 1763 it made them have a strong resentment, because they perceived it as all of their prize and investments were taken away from them. The colonist’s felt that the object of the Proclamation was to pen them in along the Atlantic seaboard where they would be easier to regulate. The Proclamation in essence forbade colonists from settling or buying land west of the Appalachians and it made the colonies outraged because may of them had already acquired land in that area.
Reference: Henretta, J. & Brody, D. (2010) America: A Concise History, Volume I: To 1877. 4 th ed., Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.

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