07-10-01 --- LTWL19A Lecture 2

07-10-01 --- LTWL19A Lecture 2 - 07-10-01 2000 BCE...

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07-10-01 2000 BCE Indo-European speakers(~Mycenaean Greeks) enter Greek peninsula (not first inhabitants) Named after Agamemnon’s home in Ilia They settle places like Pylos and wrote on tablets Did not use the early alphabet we know, but used a syllabary alphabet Tablets contain names of early Gods and other familiar names This was all part of a massive migration by Indo-Europeans from somewhere (Russian steps) and don’t Asia Minor and into Mediterranean: 1600-1200 BCE apex of Mycenaean civilization 1200 BCE Mycenaean palaces destroyed (for unknown reasons) Could’ve been for hostile reasons, but no one is sure and hostility is not likely 1200-800 BCE “Dark Age” Circa 1050: Small chiefdoms; migration to Ionia; iron Circa 900: population increases; trade expands, manufacturing, settlements Circa 800 rapid population growth; alphabet; temples 750(658)??? HOMER! Tradition date of 750 Always described as beginning of the Archaic period/ the end of the Dark Age Homer and History 1. General introduction to the dating of Homer a. Overview of the evidence in the poems 1. The people mentioned in the Poem actually existed in History 2. People believe Trojan war to be 1200 BCE, and it is suggested that the was a loss of writing down thoughts, and picked back
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07-10-01 --- LTWL19A Lecture 2 - 07-10-01 2000 BCE...

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