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--- LTWL19A Final Study Material

--- LTWL19A Final Study Material - 6 Early Greek Philosophy...

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1. Greek Lyric Poetry : read Tyrtaeus a. Main Points i. Speaks of Historical junk about Sparta and how  it is good to die before an old man dies ii. Referneces the Gods??? A lot more historical   iii. Battle-hunger = good 2. Greek Lyric Poetry : read Sappho a. Main Points i. Speaks to Aphrodite; speaks of love ii. IS A WOMEN from Lesbos 3. Greek Lyric Poetry : read Solon a. Complains about that state of things 4. Greek Lyric Poetry : read Theognis a. Warns Cyrnus against trusting the “new” wealth of  Athens 5. Early Greek Philosophy  pp. 9-35 a. Thales – Water is the arche (beings concept of  arche) b. Anaximander – water cannot be arche, how does  water produce fire? Apeiron is the arche  (unbounded, eternally in motion) c. Anaximenes: ah, ah, ah, Air is the apeiron:  everything comes from hold,cold,wet,dry d. Pythagoras: I AM A CRAZY FUCK!! i. Reincarnation = possible? ii. Vegetarian; Pythagoreans; school of thought 
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Unformatted text preview: 6. Early Greek Philosophy pp. 48-91 a. Heraclitus- Change is the center of the Universe i. Endorsed war; as war brings change ii. Logos as the Fundamental idea of the universe b. Parmenides i. Existence as endless; cannot be described using material words, for it is not material and does not exist under material conditions as philosophers progress, they go from discussing the material world to using the material world as a means of explaining the not material to simply discussing the non-material c. 7. Aeschylus, Persians a. Democracy is superior to Monarchy 8. Aeschylus, Oresteia (all three plays) a. Justice reforms/mythological justification for the contemporary reforms of Ephialtes; Justice through revenge/death is not good, as it only leades to more death; justice through the courts is better b. Presents the Areopagus as a homicidal court...
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