Psyc 103 Lecture 4

Psyc 103 Lecture 4 - Psyc 103 Lecture 4 10:11:00 PM...

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Psyc 103 Lecture 4 11/10/2007 00:11:00 Aristotle’s Principles of Association Contiguity-the more closely together in space of time two items occur, the  more likely the association Similarity-thought of one concept often leads to the thought of similar  concepts Contrast-an item leads to the thought of its opposite  Thomas Brown’s nine secondary principles of association Length of time Liveliness Frequency Recency Free from strong associations Constitutional differences Emotional states State of the body Prior habits Ebbinghaus’ memory experiments One subject: Ebbinghaus Used nonsense syllables o No prior associations with these Rate of savings: o Decrease in number of repetitions needed to relearn list Learning curve-decelerating curve, learn less as you age Forgetting curve- list length x study time Repetition strengthens associations (overlearning effect)
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Psyc 103 Lecture 4 - Psyc 103 Lecture 4 10:11:00 PM...

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